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Abbreviation: PTR
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Long forms: 196

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
primary tumor resection
(67 times)
Neoplasms
(36 times)
OS (33 times)
mCRC (12 times)
CRC (11 times)
2005 Analysis of prognostic factors and applicability of Kohne's prognostic groups in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer treated with first-line irinotecan or oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy.
platelet transfusion refractoriness
(45 times)
Hematology
(29 times)
HLA (17 times)
FNAIT (5 times)
PTP (5 times)
1997 Increased frequency of autoaggression syndrome associated with autologous stem cell transplantation in breast cancer patients.
posterior thalamic radiation
(26 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
DTI (17 times)
FA (17 times)
WM (11 times)
2006 Potential of diffusion tensor MRI in the assessment of periventricular leukomalacia.
pressure transmission ratio
(24 times)
Urology
(17 times)
MUCP (7 times)
UPP (7 times)
FUL (5 times)
1989 Successful colposuspension in stress urinary incontinence reduces bladder neck mobility and increases pressure transmission to the urethra.
prothrombin time ratio
(24 times)
Hematology
(6 times)
INR (6 times)
PT (5 times)
APTT (2 times)
1986 Safety: cimetidine and concomitant theophylline or warfarin--drug interactions and their implications.
proton transfer reaction
(23 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(17 times)
MS (4 times)
ETD (3 times)
UVPD (3 times)
2005 Optimization of the irradiation power in chemical exchange dependent saturation transfer experiments.
peptide transporter
(16 times)
Botany
(6 times)
NRT1 (2 times)
OPT (2 times)
ABA (1 time)
2003 Peptide and amino acid transporters are differentially regulated during seed development and germination in faba bean.
post-transcriptional regulation
(14 times)
Molecular Biology
(5 times)
RBPs (3 times)
miRNA (2 times)
miRNAs (2 times)
1999 Identification of AUF-1 ligands reveals vast diversity of early response gene mRNAs.
patellar tendon reflex
(13 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
BTR (2 times)
RT (2 times)
ARDS (1 time)
1984 Arousal response induced by postural changes in patients with subacute myelo-optico-neuropathy, "SMON".
10  photo-thermo-refractive
(10 times)
Ophthalmology
(9 times)
VBGs (4 times)
BCF (1 time)
fs (1 time)
2003 High-speed two-dimensional laser scanner based on Bragg gratings stored in photothermorefractive glass.
11  photothermal radiometry
(10 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
LUM (3 times)
TMR (3 times)
SEM (2 times)
1991 The use of photothermal radiometry in assessing leaf photosynthesis: I. General properties and correlation of energy storage to P700 redox state.
12  ProTaper Universal Retreatment
(8 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
PTN (3 times)
NiTi (2 times)
TFA (2 times)
2014 Comparison of the efficacy of nickel-titanium rotary systems with or without the retreatment instruments in the removal of gutta-percha in the apical third.
13  peak-to-trough ratio
(7 times)
Microbiology
(3 times)
CI (2 times)
ABU (1 time)
CUB (1 time)
2003 Seasonal variation in meningococcal disease in Denmark: relation to age and meningococcal phenotype.
14  post-transfusion recovery
(7 times)
Hematology
(5 times)
RBCs (4 times)
G6PD (2 times)
RBC (2 times)
1997 Comparison of in vivo red cell survival of donations collected by Haemonetics MCS versus conventional collection.
15  Pan troglodytes
(6 times)
Genetics
(5 times)
PPY (4 times)
GGO (3 times)
hsa (2 times)
1995 The immunoglobulin kappa locus of primates.
16  proteoglycan tandem repeat
(6 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
HA (2 times)
Ig (2 times)
CNS (1 time)
1989 Immunoglobulin fold and tandem repeat structures in proteoglycan N-terminal domains and link protein.
17  prothrombin ratio
(6 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
AAA (1 time)
APL (1 time)
APPT (1 time)
1986 Problems of anticoagulation with warfarin in hyperthyroidism.
18  Pap Test Register
(5 times)
Public Health
(4 times)
CSW (1 time)
NCSP (1 time)
NSW (1 time)
2002 Opting off the New South Wales Pap Test Register in a sexual health setting.
19  peritoneal transport rate
(5 times)
Nephrology
(5 times)
Ccr (3 times)
PD (3 times)
CRP (2 times)
1997 Peritoneal transport kinetics correlate with serum albumin but not with the overall nutritional status in CAPD patients.
20  peritumoral region
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
AUC (3 times)
BM (1 time)
Cho (1 time)
2010 Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy in differentiating glioblastomas from primary cerebral lymphomas and brain metastases.
21  Pleurotus tuber-regium
(5 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
CPE (1 time)
CRC (1 time)
CWPs (1 time)
2004 Evaluation of sulfated fungal beta-glucans from the sclerotium of Pleurotus tuber-regium as a potential water-soluble anti-viral agent.
22  puddled transplanted rice
(5 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
DSR (2 times)
SRI (2 times)
An-Ps (1 time)
2018 Can productivity and profitability be enhanced in intensively managed cereal systems while reducing the environmental footprint of production? Assessing sustainable intensification options in the breadbasket of India.
23  pulp/tooth area ratio
(5 times)
Jurisprudence
(3 times)
CBCT (2 times)
SEE (2 times)
CEJ (1 time)
2011 Age estimation from pulp/tooth area ratio (PTR) in an Indian sample: A preliminary comparison of three mandibular teeth used alone and in combination.
24  patellar
(4 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
ATR (1 time)
ET (1 time)
1991 Interactions in human quadriceps-triceps surae motoneuron pathways.
25  physical therapy and rehabilitation
(4 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
AS (1 time)
GMFM (1 time)
HCP (1 time)
2011 Effects of functional electrical stimulation on trunk control in children with diplegic cerebral palsy.
26  posterior tibial reduction
(4 times)
Sports Medicine
(2 times)
ACL (3 times)
PPS (2 times)
ATT (1 time)
1994 [Doppler and echocardiography parameters in detection of acute graft rejection after heart transplantation].
27  proton transport
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CAIII (1 time)
CG (1 time)
COX (1 time)
2004 Studies of proton translocations in biological systems: simulating proton transport in carbonic anhydrase by EVB-based models.
28  9-phenanthrol
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
PHE (3 times)
PQn (2 times)
DOM (1 time)
2011 Sorption comparison between phenanthrene and its degradation intermediates, 9,10-phenanthrenequinone and 9-phenanthrol in soils/sediments.
29  palliative thoracic radiotherapy
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
NSCLC (3 times)
OS (1 time)
PS (1 time)
2010 Palliative thoracic radiotherapy in non-small cell lung cancer. An analysis of 1250 patients. Palliation of symptoms, tolerance and toxicity.
30  patched-related
(3 times)
Genetics
(2 times)
PTCHD (1 time)
qPCR (1 time)
SSD (1 time)
2008 Molecular characterization of a novel patched-related protein in Apis mellifera and Drosophila melanogaster.
31  patellar tendon rupture
(3 times)
Rehabilitation
(2 times)
FR (1 time)
KSS (1 time)
QTR (1 time)
2016 Long-term functional outcomes after primary surgical repair of acute and chronic patellar tendon rupture: Series of 25patients.
32  pathological treatment response
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
CT (1 time)
EAC (1 time)
ESCC (1 time)
2018 PET-based Treatment Response Assessment for Neoadjuvant Chemoradiation in Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma: An Exploratory Study.
33  percutaneous transluminal recanalization
(3 times)
Brain
(2 times)
CBF (2 times)
ROIs (2 times)
CBV (1 time)
1996 Effects of acute percutaneous transluminal recanalization on cerebral embolism.
34  peripheral tissue reaction
(3 times)
Nephrology
(1 time)
AI (2 times)
CD (2 times)
CI (2 times)
1997 Peritumoral tissue reaction at transrectal US as a possible cause of overstaging in rectal cancer: histopathologic correlation.
35  phenyl thiyl radical
(3 times)
Chemistry, Physical
(3 times)
BBPS (1 time)
BBR (1 time)
BNMPS (1 time)
2006 Photoinduced omega-bond dissociation in the higher excited singlet (S2) and lowest triplet (T1) states of a benzophenone derivative in solution.
36  PT ratio
(3 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
PT (2 times)
ACR (1 time)
ASD (1 time)
2018 Clinical bleeding and thrombin generation in admissions to critical care with prolonged prothrombin time: an exploratory study.
37  pullthrough with ileal reservoir
(3 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
UC (1 time)
1990 Changes in mucosal nutrient transport in small and large ileal reservoirs after endorectal ileal pullthrough.
38  puncture to recanalization times
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
mRS (2 times)
AIS (1 time)
BAO (1 time)
2018 Real-world treatment of large vessel occlusions: combined outcomes of directly presenting and transferred-in patients to a stroke center.
39  parallel-type transosseous repair
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
SBCR (2 times)
ICG (1 time)
2015 Healing disturbance with suture bridge configuration repair in rabbit rotator cuff tear.
40  patellar tendon
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
BTR (2 times)
IA (1 time)
KSS (1 time)
2015 Extensor mechanism ruptures of the knee: differences in demographic data and long-term outcome after surgical treatment.
41  pathological tumor response
(2 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
ROC (2 times)
AUC (1 time)
cN (1 time)
2015 Tumor volume reduction rate is superior to RECIST for predicting the pathological response of rectal cancer treated with neoadjuvant chemoradiation: Results from a prospective study.
42  patient-therapist ratio
(2 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
--- 2012 Therapist effects in the therapeutic alliance-outcome relationship: a restricted-maximum likelihood meta-analysis.
43  Peptide TRansport
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
--- 2005 Substrate preference is altered by mutations in the fifth transmembrane domain of Ptr2p, the di/tri-peptide transporter of Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
44  percutaneous trigeminal rhizotomy
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
MVD (1 time)
OR (1 time)
1981 Trigeminal neuralgia: a comparison of the results of percutaneous rhizotomy and microvascular decompression.
45  periodontal tissue regeneration
(2 times)
Therapeutics
(1 time)
ADSCs (1 time)
AL (1 time)
BMSCs (1 time)
2020 Stem cell therapies for periodontal tissue regeneration: a network meta-analysis of preclinical studies.
46  peripapillary total retinal
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
OCT (2 times)
PO (2 times)
RNFL (2 times)
2011 Detection of mild papilloedema using spectral domain optical coherence tomography.
47  Phosphate tubular reabsorbtion
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
AP (2 times)
PTH (2 times)
Ca (1 time)
1989 [Parathormone, cyclic AMP, 1,25 dihydroxyvitamin D and osteocalcin in hypercalciuric renal lithiasis].
48  Photothermal response
(2 times)
Optics and Photonics
(1 time)
SD NPs (1 time)
2008 Integration of laser trapping for continuous and selective monitoring of photothermal response of a single microparticle.
49  platinum-resistant
(2 times)
Obstetrics
(1 time)
EOC (2 times)
iTRAQ (2 times)
PTS (2 times)
2016 [Identification and prognostic value of differentially expressed proteins of patients with platinum resistance epithelial ovarian cancer in serum].
50  polarized-thermoreflectance
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
--- 2005 Optical study of the structural change in ReS2 single crystals using polarized thermoreflectance spectroscopy.
51  poor treatment response
(2 times)
Internal Medicine
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
CNR (1 time)
CRT (1 time)
2016 Evaluation of treatment response and tissue necrosis as prognostic indicators following neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy in rectal cancer patients.
52  post-tetanic repetitive activity
(2 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
PTP (1 time)
1963 POST-TETANIC REPETITIVE ACTIVITY IN THE CAT SOLEUS NERVE. ITS ORIGIN, COURSE, AND MECHANISM OF GENERATION.
53  post-transfusion refractoriness to platelets
(2 times)
Transplantation
(1 time)
HPA (2 times)
CGA (1 time)
FMAIT (1 time)
2002 Platelet antigens. The role of human platelet alloantigens (HPA) in blood transfusion and transplantation.
54  prevent-teach-reinforce
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
IBRST (1 time)
2012 Using the prevent-teach-reinforce model with families of young children with ASD.
55  probe-treatment-reference
(2 times)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
LAD (1 time)
2008 A probe-treatment-reference (PTR) model for the analysis of oligonucleotide expression microarrays.
56  programmed translational read-through
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CUT (1 time)
hnRNP (1 time)
MoTTs (1 time)
2014 Programmed translational readthrough generates antiangiogenic VEGF-Ax.
57  proximal tibial replacement
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
DFR (2 times)
KSS (1 time)
rTKA (1 time)
2017 Implant Survival and Complication Profiles of Endoprostheses for Treating Tumor Around the Knee in Adults: A Systematic Review of the Literature Over the Past 30 Years.
58  proximal tubular reabsorption
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
BW (1 time)
1979 Relationship between serum albumin concentration and tubular reabsorption of glucose in renal disease.
59  Puerariae Thomsonii Radix
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
PLR (4 times)
UPLC (2 times)
DPPH (1 time)
2014 Differentiating Puerariae Lobatae Radix and Puerariae Thomsonii Radix using HPTLC coupled with multivariate classification analyses.
60  Pulp/teeth ratio
(2 times)
Dentistry
(1 time)
--- 2006 Reliability in age determination by pulp/tooth ratio in upper canines in skeletal remains.
61  Pyramidal tract response
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
LH (1 time)
1976 Pyramidal tract responses (PTR) during hypoxia and hypotension.
62  EGFP-pBi-DeltaTbetaRII construct
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
CMV-tTA (1 time)
TGFbetas (1 time)
2005 Transgenic mice carrying a tetracycline-inducible, truncated transforming growth factor beta receptor (TbetaRII).
63  N,N-phenyl-1,2,3,4-thiatriazol-5-yl-2,4-beta-resorcylcarbothioamide
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
MIC (1 time)
SB (1 time)
2003 In vitro antifungal activity of N,N-phenyl-1,2,3,4-thiatriazole-5-yl-2,4-beta-resorcylcarbothioamide.
64  P. trimera root
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CE (1 time)
EE (1 time)
GAE (1 time)
2016 Physicochemical, Antioxidant, and Cytotoxic Properties of Xao Tam Phan (Paramignya trimera) Root Extract and Its Fractions.
65  Pakke Tiger Reserve
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
ISA (1 time)
SECR (1 time)
2014 Tiger density in a tropical lowland forest in the Eastern Himalayan Mountains.
66  pancreas transplant recipient
(1 time)
CMV (1 time)
KTR (1 time)
2021 Geographic Distribution of Cytomegalovirus Serology in Kidney and Pancreas Transplant Recipients in the United States.
67  para-testicular region
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
EM (1 time)
IHC (1 time)
1998 Tumours and tumour-like conditions of the para-testicular region--a study of morphological features.
68  Parallel Tempering Rosetta
(1 time)
Computational Biology
(1 time)
--- 2008 Extensive exploration of conformational space improves Rosetta results for short protein domains.
69  Paramignya trimera root
(1 time)
Therapeutics
(1 time)
PA (1 time)
2019 Cytotoxic activity of extracts and fractions from Paramignya trimera root and Phyllanthus amarus against pancreatic cancer cell lines.
70  partial resection
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
CPH (1 time)
GTR (1 time)
NTR (1 time)
2020 Craniopharyngiomas in children - experience of consecutive 152 operated cases.
71  partial tumor removal
(1 time)
Clinical Medicine
(1 time)
GTR (1 time)
2015 Endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal surgery for treating pituitary adenoma via a sub-septum mucosa approach.
72  partial tumor resection
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CS (1 time)
CSF (1 time)
GTR (1 time)
2021 Outcomes and Complications of Aggressive Resection Strategy for Pituitary Adenomas in Knosp Grade 4 With Transsphenoidal Endoscopy.
73  passive time-reversal
(1 time)
Speech-Language Pathology
(1 time)
CIR (1 time)
MAI (1 time)
SIC (1 time)
2021 Iterative channel estimation-based soft successive interference cancellation for multiuser underwater acoustic communications.
74  passively transferred resistance
(1 time)
Parasitology
(1 time)
--- 2002 Further characterization of passively transferred resistance to Schistosoma mansoni in the snail intermediate host Biomphalaria glabrata.
75  patellar tendon insertion ratio
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
AKP (1 time)
EXL (1 time)
ISR (1 time)
2015 Patellar Height Decreasing After Distal Femur Endoprosthesis Reconstruction Does Not Affect Functional Outcome.
76  patent term restoration
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 2018 Patent term restoration for top-selling drugs in the United States.
77  pathological tonic reflexes
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
ICP (1 time)
1991 [Pathological tonic reflexes in adolescents with infantile cerebral palsy].
78  Pathways to recovery
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
--- 2010 Pathways to recovery (PTR): impact of peer-led group participation on mental health recovery outcomes.
79  Pathways to Recovery: A Strengths Recovery Self-Help Workbook
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
--- 2010 Pathways to recovery (PTR): impact of peer-led group participation on mental health recovery outcomes.
80  patient within the target range
(1 time)
Pharmacological Phenomena
(1 time)
DA (1 time)
ESA (1 time)
2020 A pharmacist-managed dosing algorithm for darbepoetin alfa and iron sucrose in hemodialysis patients: A randomized, controlled trial.
81  patients were included
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
IQR (1 time)
2021 Impact of Primary Tumor Resection on Mortality in Patients with Stage IV Colorectal Cancer with Unresectable Metastases: A Multicenter Retrospective Cohort Study.
82  Pavlov-Torg Ratio
(1 time)
Nervous System Diseases
(1 time)
CSA (1 time)
CT (1 time)
SCD (1 time)
2020 Computerized Tomography-Based Morphometric Analysis of Cervical Spinal Canal in Central Indian Population.
83  peak torque ratio
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
EPT (1 time)
FPT (1 time)
1994 Time-of-day dependence of isokinetic leg strength and associated interday variability.
84  Pediatric Trauma Registry
(1 time)
ED (1 time)
MVC (1 time)
2021 Epidemiology of pediatric trauma in the Kingdom of Bahrain: a national pediatric trauma registry pilot study.
85  pelvic tilt range
(1 time)
Therapeutics
(1 time)
HML (1 time)
LBP (1 time)
2017 Hamstring muscle length and pelvic tilt range among individuals with and without low back pain.
86  penthoxyresorufin
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
BQ (1 time)
BZR (1 time)
DFB (1 time)
2009 DP7, a novel dihydropyridine multidrug resistance reverter, shows only weak inhibitory activity on human CYP3A enzyme(s).
87  peptide transport systems, the dipeptide/tripeptide transporters
(1 time)
Eukaryotic Cells
(1 time)
OPT (1 time)
2013 Roles of different peptide transporters in nutrient acquisition in Candida albicans.
88  peptidyl transferase reaction
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
NPET (1 time)
2020 Investigation of Allosteric Effect of 2,8-Dimethylation of A2503 in E. coli 23S rRNA by Molecular-Dynamics Simulations.
89  percent time in range
(1 time)
Therapeutics
(1 time)
ESRD (1 time)
US (1 time)
2014 The economic impact of improving phosphate binder therapy adherence and attainment of guideline phosphorus goals in hemodialysis patients: a Medicare cost-offset model.
90  percutaneous transluminal angioplasty
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 1978 [Percutaneous transluminal recanalization in a patient with arterial occlusive disease and multiple injuries (author's transl)].
91  periodic resistance training
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
CSA (1 time)
CTR (1 time)
2012 Comparison of muscle hypertrophy following 6-month of continuous and periodic strength training.
92  periodic tap retardation
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
DTE (1 time)
MTI (1 time)
PTH (1 time)
2008 Coordination of a discrete response with periodic finger tapping: additional experimental aspects for a subtle mechanism.
93  Peritumoral resections
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
DFS (1 time)
GIST (1 time)
OS (1 time)
2004 Prognostic factors after surgery of primary resectable gastrointestinal stromal tumours.
94  permeability type resistance
(1 time)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
--- 1986 Survey of aminoglycoside resistance patterns.
95  petrolatum
(1 time)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
BAC (1 time)
NEO (1 time)
SIL (1 time)
1995 Prospective evaluation of topical antibiotics for preventing infections in uncomplicated soft-tissue wounds repaired in the ED.
96  pharmacotherapy rotation
(1 time)
Education, Medical
(1 time)
PICU (1 time)
2021 Impact and feasibility of a pharmacist-delivered pharmacotherapy rotation on pediatric resident education.
97  phase transition release
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CF (1 time)
PLA2 (1 time)
1984 Stimulation of phospholipase A2 activity by high osmotic pressure on cholesterol-containing phospholipid vesicles.
98  phosphotungstate reagent
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
--- 2004 Adaptation of the phosphotungstate method to determine reduced and oxidized vitamin C in blood plasma.
99  Photo-Thermal-Refractive
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
--- 2007 Large-aperture chirped volume Bragg grating based fiber CPA system.
100  photo-thermo-refractive glass
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
VBGs (1 time)
2014 Diffraction of volume Bragg gratings under high flux laser irradiation.