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Abbreviation: PTV
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
planning target volume
(2816 times)
Neoplasms
(1526 times)
IMRT (687 times)
CTV (413 times)
VMAT (407 times)
1993 The effect on tumour control probability of varying the setting of a multileaf collimator with respect to the planning target volume.
programmable temperature vaporizer
(129 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(104 times)
GC-MS (20 times)
LVI (19 times)
GC (17 times)
1990 Determination of plasma free fatty acids, free cholesterol, cholesteryl esters, and triacylglycerols directly from total lipid extract by capillary gas chromatography.
Periotest value
(68 times)
Dentistry
(59 times)
ISQ (20 times)
ITV (8 times)
BIC (4 times)
1991 Periotest: an objective clinical diagnosis of bone apposition toward implants.
particle tracking velocimetry
(44 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(9 times)
PIV (7 times)
CFD (2 times)
EPS (2 times)
1995 Quantitative flow analysis around aquatic animals using laser sheet particle image velocimetry
planning tumor volume
(40 times)
Neoplasms
(15 times)
GTV (11 times)
IMRT (10 times)
SBRT (9 times)
2006 Intensity-modulated radiation therapy with concurrent chemotherapy for locally advanced cervical and upper thoracic esophageal cancer.
porcine teschovirus
(38 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(17 times)
PSV (4 times)
PAstV (3 times)
PCV2 (3 times)
2002 Unique characteristics of a picornavirus internal ribosome entry site from the porcine teschovirus-1 talfan.
Punta Toro virus
(30 times)
Virology
(20 times)
RVFV (7 times)
IFN (2 times)
rEA (2 times)
1988 Antigenic analysis of Punta Toro virus and identification of protective determinants with monoclonal antibodies.
patient triggered ventilation
(24 times)
Pediatrics
(13 times)
SIMV (6 times)
HFPPV (5 times)
RDS (4 times)
1990 Causes of failure of neonatal patient triggered ventilation.
paritaprevir
(16 times)
Gastroenterology
(5 times)
OBV (15 times)
RBV (9 times)
GT (8 times)
2015 Randomized phase 3 trial of ombitasvir/paritaprevir/ritonavir for hepatitis C virus genotype 1b-infected Japanese patients with or without cirrhosis.
10  primary tumor volume
(15 times)
Neoplasms
(10 times)
NPC (6 times)
CT (3 times)
OS (3 times)
1997 Volumetric analysis of tumor extent in nasopharyngeal carcinoma and correlation with treatment outcome.
11  pitavastatin
(12 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
RSV (6 times)
LDL (2 times)
AII (1 time)
2003 Pitavastatin inhibits upregulation of intermediate conductance calcium-activated potassium channels and coronary arteriolar remodeling induced by long-term blockade of nitric oxide synthesis.
12  percutaneous transtracheal ventilation
(10 times)
Emergency Medicine
(3 times)
MAP (2 times)
CICO (1 time)
JV (1 time)
1979 Emergency percutaneous transtracheal ventilation (PTV).
13  peak treadmill velocity
(8 times)
Sports Medicine
(4 times)
RE (2 times)
VT (2 times)
12 MRT (1 time)
1999 African runners exhibit greater fatigue resistance, lower lactate accumulation, and higher oxidative enzyme activity.
14  pathological tumor volume
(7 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
CT (4 times)
MPM (2 times)
MTV (2 times)
2015 A comparison of radiologic tumor volume and pathologic tumor volume in renal cell carcinoma (RCC).
15  percutaneous transluminal valvuloplasty
(7 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
AS (1 time)
AVA (1 time)
CVOD (1 time)
1985 [Percutaneous transluminal valvuloplasty in pulmonary stenosis. Apropos of 24 cases].
16  posterior tibial vein
(7 times)
Vascular Diseases
(3 times)
DVT (4 times)
AP (2 times)
FV (2 times)
1996 The site of residual abnormalities in the leg veins in long-term follow-up after deep vein thrombosis and their relationship to the development of the post-thrombotic syndrome.
17  posttraumatic vasospasm
(7 times)
Neurosurgery
(4 times)
TBI (5 times)
ICH (2 times)
ADL (1 time)
2008 A review of cerebral vasospasm. Part IV. Post-traumatic vasospasm.
18  periodically time-varying
(5 times)
Biophysics
(4 times)
HIS (2 times)
BLTI (1 time)
CS (1 time)
2010 A two-channel overlapped block transform for image compression.
19  poly(thienylene vinylene)
(5 times)
Chemistry, Physical
(3 times)
EPR (1 time)
OPVs (1 time)
PCEs (1 time)
2006 Incorporation of fused tetrathiafulvalenes (TTFs) into polythiophene architectures: varying the electroactive dominance of the TTF species in hybrid systems.
20  postero-temporal visual
(5 times)
Brain
(2 times)
CRF (2 times)
CRFs (1 time)
ECRF (1 time)
2006 'Simplification' of responses of complex cells in cat striate cortex: suppressive surrounds and 'feedback' inactivation.
21  programmed temperature vaporization injector
(5 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(5 times)
GC (2 times)
MS (2 times)
BSTFA (1 time)
2003 Stir bar sorptive extraction and large volume injection gas chromatography to determine a group of endocrine disrupters in water samples.
22  protein-truncating variants
(5 times)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
apoB (1 time)
CHD (1 time)
EOAD (1 time)
2017 Diverse type 2 diabetes genetic risk factors functionally converge in a phenotype-focused gene network.
23  percent tumor volume
(4 times)
Urology
(2 times)
BCR (4 times)
PSA (2 times)
RP (2 times)
2011 Tumor volume, surgical margin, and the risk of biochemical recurrence in men with organ-confined prostate cancer.
24  Policlinico Tor Vergata
(4 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
HCWs (2 times)
BMI (1 time)
CRS (1 time)
2008 [Evaluation and prevention of type II diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular diseases in obese children and adolescents: a public health intervention in a local health organisation in Rome (Italy)].
25  posttransfusion viability
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
2,3-DPG (3 times)
ATP (2 times)
FDA (2 times)
1988 Evaluation of citrate-phosphate-dextrose-adenine as a storage medium for packed canine erythrocytes.
26  peak-to-valley
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
--- 1997 Evaluation of a mirror-polishing technique for fluorocarbon polymer surfaces for reduction of contamination from containers used in ultratrace analysis.
27  peritumoral volume
(3 times)
Radiology
(1 time)
AUC (2 times)
GTV (2 times)
CI (1 time)
2021 Integrative nomogram of intratumoral, peritumoral, and lymph node radiomic features for prediction of lymph node metastasis in cT1N0M0 lung adenocarcinomas.
28  primary target volume
(3 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
4DCT (1 time)
GI (1 time)
RT (1 time)
2004 Acute radiation toxicity assessment of a 3-D conformal head and neck radiation treatment technique.
29  Proliferative tumor volume
(3 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(3 times)
T/N (2 times)
TLP (2 times)
CR (1 time)
2021 Interim 4'-[methyl-11C]-thiothymidine PET for predicting the chemoradiotherapeutic response in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma: comparison with [18F]FDG PET.
30  planning TV
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CT (2 times)
IMRT (2 times)
OARs (2 times)
2013 Spot-scanning beam proton therapy vs intensity-modulated radiation therapy for ipsilateral head and neck malignancies: a treatment planning comparison.
31  post-traumatic ventriculomegaly
(2 times)
Neurosurgery
(2 times)
DC (1 time)
GCS (1 time)
NAHT (1 time)
2012 CSF dynamics analysis in patients with post-traumatic ventriculomegaly.
32  posterior third ventricular
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
ETV (1 time)
FTM (1 time)
OTT (1 time)
2007 Endoscopic options in management of posterior third ventricular tumors.
33  posterior truncal vagotomy
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
ALG (2 times)
1996 Laparoscopic surgery for duodenal ulcer: first results of a multicentre study applying a personal procedure.
34  pretreatment tumor volume
(2 times)
NSCLC (1 time)
OS (1 time)
PD-1 (1 time)
2019 A retrospective study evaluating the pretreatment tumor volume (PTV) in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) as a predictor of response to program death-1 (PD-1) inhibitors.
35  protein transport vesicles
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
VTV (2 times)
BMP (1 time)
ER (1 time)
2008 VLDL exits from the endoplasmic reticulum in a specialized vesicle, the VLDL transport vesicle, in rat primary hepatocytes.
36  pterygoid vertical
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
FMA (1 time)
MM (1 time)
2016 The effectiveness of pendulum, K-loop, and distal jet distalization techniques in growing children and its effects on anchor unit: A comparative study.
37  PTV-Dmax
(2 times)
Radiology
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
Dmax (1 time)
HI (1 time)
2016 A new three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3DCRT) technique for large breast and/or high body mass index patients: evaluation of a novel fields assessment aimed to reduce extra-target-tissue irradiation.
38  pulmonary thermal volume
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
CT (2 times)
APACHE II (1 time)
ARDS (1 time)
2005 Measurement of pulmonary edema in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome.
39  KPS, tumor volume
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
re-RT (1 time)
2017 Modification and optimization of an established prognostic score after re-irradiation of recurrent glioma.
40  lumpectomyplanning target volume
(1 time)
ANOVA (1 time)
AveIP (1 time)
COVID-19 (1 time)
2021 Dosimetric Comparisons of Simulation Techniques for Left-Sided Breast Cancer in the COVID-19 Era: Techniques to Reduce Viral Transmission and Respect the Therapeutic Ratio.
41  Paired testes volume
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
MT (1 time)
NE (1 time)
TX (1 time)
1990 Effect of location and season on body and testicular growth in Brahman and Hereford bulls.
42  paired testicular volume
(1 time)
Zoology
(1 time)
AGE (1 time)
BYW (1 time)
FSH (1 time)
2004 Quantitative trait loci for male reproductive traits in beef cattle.
43  Pan troglodytes verus
(1 time)
Zoology
(1 time)
KIV (1 time)
LDL (1 time)
PPA (1 time)
2017 Significant differentiation in the apolipoprotein(a)/lipoprotein(a) trait between chimpanzees from Western and Central Africa.
44  parachute tricuspid valve
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2021 Techniques to repair parachute tricuspid valve.
45  paratyphoid vaccin
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
PALS (1 time)
SRBC (1 time)
1975 The postnatal development of the white pulp in the rat spleen and the onset of immunocompetence against a thymus-independent and a thymus-dependent antigen.
46  particle tracking velocimetry experiments
(1 time)
Biocompatible Materials
(1 time)
CFD (1 time)
2017 -Particle tracking velocimetry and computational fluid dynamics study of cell seeding within a 3D porous scaffold.
47  particle transport velocity
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
GM (1 time)
ROS (1 time)
ZYM (1 time)
2015 Galactomannan and Zymosan Block the Epinephrine-Induced Particle Transport in Tracheal Epithelium.
48  pasteurized tomato vinegar
(1 time)
ANN (1 time)
RSM (1 time)
TTV (1 time)
2021 Ultrasound Processing of Vinegar: Modelling the Impact on Bioactives and Other Quality Factors.
49  patellar tendon vibration
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
CBR (1 time)
CC (1 time)
EPR (1 time)
2002 Role of central command in carotid baroreflex resetting in humans during static exercise.
50  peak torque values
(1 time)
Rehabilitation
(1 time)
CDRC (1 time)
SCR (1 time)
1990 The reliability of two different cybex isokinetic systems.
51  peak treadmill running velocity
(1 time)
Mechanical Phenomena
(1 time)
RE (1 time)
SEE (1 time)
2017 10 km running performance predicted by a multiple linear regression model with allometrically adjusted variables.
52  peak trunk velocities
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
ABC (1 time)
2020 Balance confidence and turning behavior as a measure of fall risk.
53  peak turn velocity
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
6MWT (1 time)
ABC (1 time)
MS (1 time)
2018 Turning is an important marker of balance confidence and walking limitation in persons with multiple sclerosis.
54  peak twist velocity
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
HTU (1 time)
LVrot (1 time)
LVtw (1 time)
2008 Assessment of age-related changes in left ventricular twist by two-dimensional ultrasound speckle tracking imaging.
55  Penetrance table variance
(1 time)
Computational Biology
(1 time)
COR (1 time)
EDM (1 time)
2012 Predicting the difficulty of pure, strict, epistatic models: metrics for simulated model selection.
56  percentage of total variance
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
AMOVA (1 time)
MHC (1 time)
Na (1 time)
2020 Evolutionary relationship and population structure of domestic Bovidae animals based on MHC-linked and neutral autosomal microsatellite markers.
57  Percutaneous transhepatic venography
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
CE (1 time)
CT (1 time)
PTS (1 time)
2013 Percutaneous transhepatic sclerotherapy for recurrent bleeding ileal varices diagnosed by capsule endoscopy and computed tomography during percutaneous transhepatic venography.
58  percutaneous transvenous balloon venoplasty
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
BCS (1 time)
IVC (1 time)
2009 A three-decade experience of radical open endvenectomy with pericardial patch graft for correction of Budd-Chiari syndrome.
59  percutaneous tricuspid valvuloplasty
(1 time)
Therapeutics
(1 time)
PAV (1 time)
PMV (1 time)
2010 Immediate and long-term outcome of multiple percutaneous interventions in patients with rheumatic valvular stenosis.
60  percutaneous venoplasty
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
CVO (1 time)
ESRF (1 time)
HD (1 time)
2015 CT-Guided Superior Vena Cava Puncture: A Solution to Re-Establishing Access in Haemodialysis-Related Central Venous Occlusion Refractory to Conventional Endovascular Techniques.
61  peritumoral tumor volume
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
ccRCC (1 time)
ROC (1 time)
TMV (1 time)
2021 CT-based peritumoral radiomics signatures for malignancy grading of clear cell renal cell carcinoma.
62  Peru tomato virus
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
PepMoV (1 time)
PVA (1 time)
PVV (1 time)
2003 Molecular resolution of a complex of potyviruses infecting solanaceous crops at the centre of origin in Peru.
63  phantom with a concave kidney-shaped target
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
NT (1 time)
2002 Evaluation of concave dose distributions created using an inverse planning system.
64  Piccolo-Bassoon transport vesicle
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
AZs (1 time)
2003 Unitary assembly of presynaptic active zones from Piccolo-Bassoon transport vesicles.
65  pig teschovirus
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
RT-PCR (1 time)
2003 Teschoviruses as indicators of porcine fecal contamination of surface water.
66  planning target tumor volume
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
--- 2012 Prone accelerated partial breast irradiation after breast-conserving surgery: compliance to the dosimetry requirements of RTOG-0413.
67  Planning target volume margins
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
CTVs (1 time)
LN (1 time)
OAR (1 time)
2009 Clinical application of high-dose, image-guided intensity-modulated radiotherapy in high-risk prostate cancer.
68  plans to the target volume
(1 time)
Brachytherapy
(1 time)
APBI (1 time)
BT (1 time)
CK (1 time)
2020 Is stereotactic CyberKnife radiotherapy or multicatheter HDR brachytherapy the better option dosimetrically for accelerated partial breast irradiation?
69  plans were optimized to obtain an equivalentplanning target volume
(1 time)
DIBH (1 time)
FB (1 time)
HT (1 time)
2020 Cardiac Sparing with Personalized Treatment Planning for Early-stage Left Breast Cancer.
70  plans, respectively, showed for the target
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
IMPT (1 time)
RP (1 time)
2020 Knowledge-based intensity-modulated proton planning for gastroesophageal carcinoma.
71  polymer trileaflet valves
(1 time)
Transplantation
(1 time)
TAH (1 time)
TDV (1 time)
1996 Variation in artificial heart acceleration and sound production with prosthetic valve selection in vitro.
72  polymorphic transcript variation
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
SNP (1 time)
2009 Common polymorphic transcript variation in human disease.
73  Ponteves
(1 time)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1970 Ponteves (PTV) strain. Larves 6.
74  possible to achieve a reproducible and consistent definition of CTV
(1 time)
Radiotherapy
(1 time)
APBI (1 time)
2015 Recommendations from GEC ESTRO Breast Cancer Working Group (I): Target definition and target delineation for accelerated or boost Partial Breast Irradiation using multicatheter interstitial brachytherapy after breast conserving closed cavity surgery.
75  possible tubercular vasculitis
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
PRV (1 time)
2020 A Long-Term Follow-up of Retinal Vasculitis - Do They Develop Systemic Disease?
76  post-thaw viability
(1 time)
--- 2018 Cryopreservation studies of an artificial co-culture between the cobalamin-requiring green alga Lobomonas rostrata and the bacterium Mesorhizobium loti.
77  post-transcriptional variation
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
--- 2018 The development of a new parameter for tracking post-transcriptional regulation allows the detailed map of the Pseudomonas aeruginosa Crc regulon.
78  posterior translational velocity
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
ACL (1 time)
AD (1 time)
AE (1 time)
2013 Dynamic evaluation of pivot-shift kinematics in physeal-sparing pediatric anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction techniques.
79  postoperative telehealth visits
(1 time)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
EDV (1 time)
2021 Postoperative Telehealth Visits Reduce Emergency Department Visits and 30-Day Readmissions in Elective Thoracic Surgery Patients.
80  Pre-Traumatic Vaccination Intervention
(1 time)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2010 Pre-Traumatic Vaccination Intervention: can dissociative symptoms be reduced?
81  pre-treatment value
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
--- 1984 Respiratory function tests after mantle irradiation in patients with Hodgkin's disease.
82  precondition of assuring significant dose to the target volume
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
DVH (1 time)
EI (1 time)
IMRT (1 time)
2006 [The relationship between the parotid glands function and the dose-volume effect in nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients with intensity-modulated radiation therapy].
83  prelaminar tissue volume
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
AS (1 time)
BM (1 time)
2014 Variation of laminar depth in normal eyes with age and race.
84  premature truncating variants
(1 time)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
FDRs (1 time)
FPC (1 time)
PDAC (1 time)
2021 Whole genome sequencing identifies rare germline variants enriched in cancer related genes in first degree relatives of familial pancreatic cancer patients.
85  prescribed treatment volume
(1 time)
Radiotherapy
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
GBM (1 time)
NRI (1 time)
2013 Dosimetry in brain tumor phantom at 15 MV 3D conformal radiation therapy.
86  preterm ventilated
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
I-FABP (1 time)
NEC (1 time)
PTA (1 time)
2016 Brain caspase-3 and intestinal FABP responses in preterm and term rats submitted to birth asphyxia.
87  preterminal valve
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
CFV (1 time)
GSV (1 time)
MSTVs (1 time)
2009 Venous valves and major superficial tributary veins near the saphenofemoral junction.
88  pretreatment visit
(1 time)
Therapeutics
(1 time)
DGP (1 time)
EOTV (1 time)
2017 Exploring the Diabetic Gastroparesis Patient Experience: Patient Exit Interviews.
89  produce a 'planning target volume
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
CTV (1 time)
2006 Ideal spatial radiotherapy dose distributions subject to positional uncertainties.
90  produced and compared to the counterpart conventional margin
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
CTV (1 time)
EMT (1 time)
OARs (1 time)
2013 Robust plan optimization for electromagnetic transponder guided hypo-fractionated prostate treatment using volumetric modulated arc therapy.
91  proliferative tumor
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
18F-FLT (1 time)
18F-FMISO (1 time)
FRT (1 time)
2020 Dual-Tracer Assessment of Dynamic Changes in Reoxygenation and Proliferation Decrease During Fractionated Radiotherapy in Murine Tumors.
92  PROPOSED RECOMMENDATIONS: Appropriate delineation of CTV
(1 time)
Radiotherapy
(1 time)
APBI (1 time)
2015 Recommendations from GEC ESTRO Breast Cancer Working Group (I): Target definition and target delineation for accelerated or boost Partial Breast Irradiation using multicatheter interstitial brachytherapy after breast conserving closed cavity surgery.
93  proximal temperature variability
(1 time)
Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
--- 2020 Skin temperature variability is an independent predictor of survival in patients with cirrhosis.
94  PTV elective
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
--- 2012 A study on conventional IMRT and RapidArc treatment planning techniques for head and neck cancers.
95  PTV TOTAL
(1 time)
Biophysical Phenomena
(1 time)
3DCRT (1 time)
AAA (1 time)
DD (1 time)
2021 Comparison of dosimetric accuracy of acuros XB and analytical anisotropic algorithm against Monte Carlo technique.
96  PTV-based plan
(1 time)
Radiation Oncology
(1 time)
ITV (2 times)
SBRT (1 time)
2018 ITV-Based Robust Optimization for VMAT Planning of Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy of Lung Cancer.
97  PTV-margin
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
gEUD (1 time)
MC (1 time)
PB (1 time)
2012 SU-E-T-487: Spatial Assessment of Dose Distributions for Patients with Lung Cancer Treated with Stereotactic Ablative Radiotherapy (SABR).
98  PTVConv
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
CTV (1 time)
PTVs (1 time)
2008 Comparison of different strategies to use four-dimensional computed tomography in treatment planning for lung cancer patients.
99  PTVdom
(1 time)
Radiotherapy
(1 time)
dose to ml (1 time)
EQD2 (1 time)
IMRT (1 time)
2016 Simultaneous integrated protection : Anew concept for high-precision radiation therapy.
100  PTVE/PTVB
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
AIO (1 time)
APs (1 time)
CL (1 time)
2016 Detailed evaluation of an automated approach to interactive optimization for volumetric modulated arc therapy plans.