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Abbreviation: PU
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Long forms: 317

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
polyurethane
(1515 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(456 times)
SEM (90 times)
FTIR (69 times)
PCL (51 times)
1975 Interaction between polymeric materials and tissue -- biodeterioration of polymeric materials.
pressure ulcer
(417 times)
Nursing
(205 times)
SCI (37 times)
ICU (32 times)
CI (13 times)
1991 Incidence and prediction of pressure ulcers in five patient care settings.
perfusion units
(162 times)
Vascular Diseases
(26 times)
LDF (40 times)
PBF (12 times)
LDI (9 times)
1990 Analysis of vascular responses evoked in the cutaneous circulation of one hand by cooling the contralateral hand.
peptic ulcer
(134 times)
Medicine
(39 times)
DU (15 times)
GC (13 times)
H. pylori (13 times)
1981 The complex wane of peptic ulcer. I. Recent national trends in deaths and hospital care in the United States.
perceived usefulness
(56 times)
Medical Informatics
(23 times)
PEOU (29 times)
TAM (23 times)
PEU (9 times)
1998 Determinants of microcomputer technology use: implications for education and training of health staff.
putamen
(41 times)
Neurology
(12 times)
GP (18 times)
CN (14 times)
TH (13 times)
1984 The thalamostriatal projection in the cat.
puerarin
(36 times)
Toxicology
(10 times)
Cd (6 times)
rPT (5 times)
ROS (4 times)
2001 Comparison between chinese medical herb Pueraria lobata crude extract and its main isoflavone puerarin antioxidant properties and effects on rat liver CYP-catalysed drug metabolism.
putrescine
(35 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
SD (12 times)
Sp (7 times)
Spd (7 times)
1980 Age-related abnormalities of circulating polyamines and diamine oxidase activity in cystic fibrosis heterozygotes and homozygotes.
proteinuria
(30 times)
Nephrology
(8 times)
Ccr (4 times)
CGN (4 times)
BWL (3 times)
1985 Circadian variation of ova excretion, proteinuria, hematuria, and leukocyturia in urinary schistosomiasis.
10  polyetherurethane
(28 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(14 times)
PCL (4 times)
PLGA (4 times)
AF (2 times)
1992 Albumin-binding surfaces for implantable devices.
11  primary user
(27 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(23 times)
SU (11 times)
CR (6 times)
CSS (4 times)
2013 Optimal periodic cooperative spectrum sensing based on weight fusion in cognitive radio networks.
12  perineal urethrostomy
(24 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(10 times)
BMI (3 times)
BMG (2 times)
LS (2 times)
1993 Surgical management of urolithiasis in small ruminants.
13  posterior uveitis
(22 times)
Rheumatology
(11 times)
VA (8 times)
BD (7 times)
RV (7 times)
1983 HLA antigens in uveitis.
14  polyurethane foam
(21 times)
Biotechnology
(5 times)
COD (2 times)
PE (2 times)
SEM (2 times)
2000 The use of silica gel prepared by sol-gel method and polyurethane foam as microbial carriers in the continuous degradation of phenol.
15  positive unit
(21 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
CCA (2 times)
CRP (2 times)
ESCs (2 times)
2002 [A qualititative study on p16 mutiple tumor suppressor gene, ras oncogene p21 and DNA content in parotid tumor and its' contiguous acini].
16  positive-unlabeled
(19 times)
Medical Informatics
(11 times)
RN (2 times)
AdaSampling (1 time)
DCF (1 time)
2010 Genome-wide sequence-based prediction of peripheral proteins using a novel semi-supervised learning technique.
17  particle units
(18 times)
Therapeutics
(9 times)
Ad (6 times)
CF (2 times)
IM (2 times)
1999 Variability of human systemic humoral immune responses to adenovirus gene transfer vectors administered to different organs.
18  polyurea
(18 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
IPDI (4 times)
SEM (3 times)
TGA (3 times)
2004 Hemolysate-filled polyethyleneimine and polyurea microcapsules as potential red blood cell substitutes: effect of aqueous monomer type on properties of the prepared microcapsules.
19  Punicalagin
(14 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(6 times)
HFD (4 times)
PE (4 times)
Nrf2 (3 times)
2014 Mitochondrial dysfunction in obesity-associated nonalcoholic fatty liver disease: the protective effects of pomegranate with its active component punicalagin.
20  push-up
(14 times)
Physical Education and Training
(6 times)
SU (5 times)
BMI (4 times)
DS (3 times)
1999 Use of EMG analysis in challenging kinetic chain terminology.
21  perfusion
(10 times)
Critical Care
(1 time)
LDF (2 times)
Ac, p.u (1 time)
AVA (1 time)
2004 Measurement of the skin microcirculation through intact bandages using laser Doppler flowmetry.
22  prostatic utricle
(10 times)
Urology
(4 times)
APUC (1 time)
ED (1 time)
EDO (1 time)
1999 Abnormal prostatic utricle configuration in hypospadias and intersex patients.
23  pediatric urologists
(8 times)
Urology
(6 times)
PS (4 times)
LN (2 times)
MIS (2 times)
2013 Adolescents and adults in pediatric urology clinics.
24  perceptual upright
(8 times)
Sensation
(2 times)
SVV (3 times)
HDBR (1 time)
OCHART (1 time)
2009 The effect of altered gravity states on the perception of orientation.
25  phytase units
(8 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(5 times)
AP (1 time)
BD (1 time)
BU (1 time)
1993 Supplementing corn-soybean meal diets with microbial phytase linearly improves phytate phosphorus utilization by weanling pigs.
26  polycarbonate urethane
(8 times)
Histology
(2 times)
AF (3 times)
ECM (2 times)
IAF (2 times)
2004 Nano-biotechnology: carbon nanofibres as improved neural and orthopaedic implants.
27  previously undernourished
(8 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(4 times)
--- 1976 Undernutrition in early life: lasting effects on activity and social behavior of male and female rats.
28  pull-up
(8 times)
Exercise
(5 times)
BP (2 times)
CMJ (2 times)
ST (2 times)
1990 Passing rates of American children and youth on the FITNESSGRAM criterion-referenced physical fitness standards.
29  phase unwrapping
(7 times)
Ophthalmology
(5 times)
MCF (2 times)
AUKF (1 time)
CRT (1 time)
2004 A class of solution-invariant transformations of cost functions for minimum cost flow phase unwrapping.
30  physical urticaria
(7 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(4 times)
AIU (1 time)
BAT (1 time)
CIU (1 time)
2002 Evaluation of inflammatory parameters in physical urticarias and effects of an anti-inflammatory/antiallergic treatment.
31  polyunsaturated
(7 times)
Metabolism
(3 times)
MU (3 times)
FA (2 times)
AA (1 time)
1987 Muscle and brown adipose tissue fatty acid profiles in cold-exposed rats.
32  palindromic units
(6 times)
Molecular Biology
(4 times)
REP (3 times)
Chi (1 time)
ERIC (1 time)
1986 A subfamily of E. coli palindromic units implicated in transcription termination?
33  polyurethane-based
(6 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
CF (1 time)
GC-MS (1 time)
GF (1 time)
1989 Patency and long-term biological fate of a two-ply biodegradable microarterial prosthesis in the rat.
34  positive urgency
(6 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
NU (5 times)
ALFF (1 time)
BED (1 time)
2013 Emotion-based impulsivity, smoking expectancies, and nicotine dependence in college students.
35  premonitory urges
(6 times)
Neurosciences
(2 times)
TS (4 times)
ADHD (2 times)
OCD (2 times)
2011 Sensory gating scales and premonitory urges in Tourette syndrome.
36  prilled urea
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
SCU (3 times)
AWD (2 times)
NO (2 times)
2015 Effect of coated urea on cadmium accumulation in Oryza sativa L. grown in contaminated soil.
37  prostatic urethra
(6 times)
Urology
(3 times)
TCC (3 times)
CIS (2 times)
BC (1 time)
2004 Conservative management of mucosal prostatic urethral involvement in patients with superficial transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder.
38  partial ureterectomy
(5 times)
Urology
(2 times)
RNU (5 times)
CSS (3 times)
UTUC (3 times)
2013 Comparative analysis of oncologic outcomes of partial ureterectomy vs radical nephroureterectomy in upper tract urothelial carcinoma.
39  Phyllanthus urinaria
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
DOX (2 times)
BGL (1 time)
gamma-GCS (1 time)
1992 [Hypoglycemic effects of Siamese Momordica charantia and Phyllanthus urinaria extracts in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats (the 1st report)].
40  polyurethane elastomer
(5 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
FTIR (2 times)
CEs (1 time)
CP (1 time)
2004 Analysis and evaluation of a biomedical polycarbonate urethane tested in an in vitro study and an ovine arthroplasty model. Part I: materials selection and evaluation.
41  proximal urethra
(5 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
UVJ (4 times)
PUD (2 times)
SUI (2 times)
2006 Intra-abdominal pressure measurement during ultrasound assessment of women with stress urinary incontinence: a novel model.
42  pullulan
(5 times)
Food
(1 time)
OSA (2 times)
BW (1 time)
CDCA (1 time)
1997 High-performance capillary electrophoresis of hyaluronic acid: determination of its amount and molecular mass.
43  patient unit
(4 times)
Medical Informatics
(3 times)
MU (2 times)
T-IDDM (2 times)
DB (1 time)
2002 A telemedicine support for diabetes management: the T-IDDM project.
44  peptic ulceration
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CagA (1 time)
CFU (1 time)
CG (1 time)
1996 Effect of omeprazole therapy on the survival of Helicobacter pylori, urease activity, and antral gastric histology in patients with duodenal ulcer.
45  Periotron units
(4 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
Aa (1 time)
CAL (1 time)
CFF (1 time)
1994 The reliability of the Periotron 6000 in the presence of plaque.
46  plasma ultrafiltrate
(4 times)
Antineoplastic Agents
(3 times)
CLCR (1 time)
CRF (1 time)
MD (1 time)
1987 In vitro stability, plasma protein binding and blood cell partitioning of 14C-carboplatin.
47  plasma urea
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
PCr (2 times)
ART (1 time)
BCT (1 time)
1981 Assessment of glomerular filtration rate in dogs with renal insufficiency: analysis of the 51Cr-EDTA clearance and its relation to the plasma concentrations of urea and creatinine.
48  polyunsaturated fatty acids
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
MU (3 times)
LS (2 times)
MS (2 times)
1985 Histochromatographical determination of cholesteryl ester composition in the human atherosclerotic aorta.
49  positive and unlabeled
(4 times)
Medical Informatics
(3 times)
CPIs (1 time)
kNN (1 time)
2017 Effectively Identifying Compound-Protein Interactions by Learning from Positive and Unlabeled Examples.
50  production units
(4 times)
Image Processing, Computer-Assisted
(1 time)
CO2eq (1 time)
EHEC (1 time)
EPEC (1 time)
2007 Influence of the technological know-how of producers on the biochemical characteristics of red sorghum malt from small scale production units in Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso).
51  protein-undernourished
(4 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
Se (2 times)
AFB1 (1 time)
CaM (1 time)
2002 Consequence of aflatoxin B1 ingestion on the membrane-bound liver endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase of protein-undernourished Fischer F344 rats.
52  P utilization
(3 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
BWG (1 time)
CaU (1 time)
FC (1 time)
2020 Ileal Transcriptome Profiles of Japanese Quail Divergent in Phosphorus Utilization.
53  patent urachus
(3 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
HPS (1 time)
POMD (1 time)
US (1 time)
2014 Hypertrophic Pyloric Stenosis developing In a Patient Operated for Patent Urachus - A Case Report.
54  pepsanurin
(3 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
ANF (2 times)
ANP (1 time)
CHF (1 time)
1988 Atrial natriuretic factors (ANF) and antidiuretic agents.
55  peripheral uveitis
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
IRA (1 time)
ODV (1 time)
RV (1 time)
1997 [Clinical and immunological features of peripheral uveitis in children and adolescents. Differentiated treatment strategy].
56  phosphorus utilization
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
BWG (1 time)
2016 Inferring relationships between Phosphorus utilization, feed per gain, and bodyweight gain in an F2 cross of Japanese quail using recursive models.
57  pigmentary uveitis
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
CERF (1 time)
GRPU (1 time)
OFA (1 time)
2013 Prevalence of uveal cysts and pigmentary uveitis in Golden Retrievers in three Midwestern states.
58  pornography use
(3 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(2 times)
PPU (1 time)
2016 What Matters: Quantity or Quality of Pornography Use? Psychological and Behavioral Factors of Seeking Treatment for Problematic Pornography Use.
59  production of urea
(3 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
FFA (1 time)
1983 [Effect of surgery and anesthesia on the plasma catecholamine level and rate of urea production in severely burned patients].
60  ProTaper Universal
(3 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
CBCT (2 times)
PG (2 times)
NiTi (1 time)
2014 Comparative study of different novel nickel-titanium rotary systems for root canal preparation in severely curved root canals.
61  pudendal urethral branch
(3 times)
Urology
(3 times)
PV (3 times)
1989 [Effects of amygdaloid stimulation on efferent activities of the vesical branch of the pelvic nerve and the urethral branch of the pudendal nerve in dogs].
62  pull-up exercise
(3 times)
Sports Medicine
(2 times)
1RM (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
HR (1 time)
2017 Movement Velocity as Indicator of Relative Intensity and Level of Effort Attained During the Set in Pull-Up Exercise.
63  pulmonary
(3 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
ARDS (1 time)
Epu (1 time)
ET (1 time)
2001 Short-term effects of inhaled nitric oxide and prone position in pulmonary and extrapulmonary acute respiratory distress syndrome.
64  Pulmonary ultrasound
(3 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
ARF (1 time)
COVID-19 (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2017 Pulmonary ultrasound scoring system for intubated critically ill patients and its association with clinical metrics and mortality: A prospective cohort study.
65  Puyau
(3 times)
Sports Medicine
(3 times)
EV (3 times)
MT (3 times)
TR (3 times)
2010 Comparison of accelerometer cut points for predicting activity intensity in youth.
66  1-propyl-urea
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
BU (1 time)
EU (1 time)
MU (1 time)
1982 Metabolism of 1-propyl-1-nitrosourea (PNU) in rats.
67  6-propyluracil
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
ANA (1 time)
DAT (1 time)
PTU (1 time)
1979 Oxidative metabolites of [2-14C]propylthiouracil in rat thyroid.
68  panuveitis
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
AAU (1 time)
AH (1 time)
DMARDs (1 time)
2004 Intracellular T lymphocyte cytokine profiles in the aqueous humour of patients with uveitis and correlation with clinical phenotype.
69  Papular urticaria
(2 times)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
CFSE (1 time)
2002 Oral desensitization in papular urticaria in children.
70  partial uropygialectomy
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
--- 2016 Partial ablation of uropygial gland effects on growth hormone concentration and digestive system histometrical aspect of akar putra chicken.
71  pelvis urine
(2 times)
Urology
(1 time)
AMBP (1 time)
BU (1 time)
CON (1 time)
2005 [Rapid diagnosis of donor infection and renal allograft contamination using a polymerase chain reaction technique and rapid shaking culture].
72  pepsin units
(2 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
2-DG (1 time)
DMV (1 time)
NRO (1 time)
1979 Augmented vagal release of antral gastrin by 2-deoxyglucose after fundic vagotomy in dogs.
73  peptic ulcer disease
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
AS (1 time)
CagA (1 time)
NLCR (1 time)
1986 Psychosomatic factors and peptic ulcer disease.
74  peri-urban
(2 times)
Tropical Medicine
(2 times)
PCR (1 time)
2004 Does irrigated urban agriculture influence the transmission of malaria in the city of Kumasi, Ghana?
75  perineal ultrasound
(2 times)
Nephrology
(1 time)
BOO (1 time)
SUI (1 time)
TVT (1 time)
2008 Tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) for the treatment of female stress urinary incontinence (SUI): evaluating perineal ultrasound (PU) findings in postoperative voiding obstructive complaints.
76  phenolic urethane
(2 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
FA (1 time)
MS (1 time)
2005 Pyrolysis of foundry sand resins: a determination of organic products by mass spectrometry.
77  phone use
(2 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
FoMO (2 times)
FoMOS (1 time)
PMPU (1 time)
2011 Associations between problematic mobile phone use and psychological parameters in young adults.
78  phosphate uptake
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
BL (1 time)
FA (1 time)
PL (1 time)
2009 Change of crystallinity and mineral composition of fly ash with mechanical and chemical activation for the improvement of phosphate uptake.
79  plantar ulcers
(2 times)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
POD (1 time)
1997 [Simplification and codification of treatment for leprous plantar ulcers].
80  plaque ulceration
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CEA (1 time)
CTA (1 time)
CVE (1 time)
1998 In search of biological markers of high-risk carotid artery atherosclerotic plaque: enhanced LDL oxidation.
81  Plough units
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
IDA (1 time)
2005 Supermacroporous cryogel matrix for integrated protein isolation. Immobilized metal affinity chromatographic purification of urokinase from cell culture broth of a human kidney cell line.
82  polydrug users
(2 times)
Mental Health Services
(1 time)
APD (1 time)
CU (1 time)
DVA (1 time)
2021 Antisocial personality disorder as a predictor of polydrug use: a longitudinal study of the dual mediating roles of deviant peer association and self-control among juvenile offenders.
83  polyester urethane-based oligomers
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
FCM (1 time)
GC-MS (1 time)
NIAS (1 time)
2020 Development and validation of a fast gas chromatography mass spectrometry method for the quantification of selected non-intentionally added substances and polystyrene/polyurethane oligomers in liquid food simulants.
84  polyurethane hydrogel
(2 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
LOD (1 time)
MF (1 time)
NB (1 time)
2017 Development of Ratiometric Fluorescent Biosensors for the Determination of Creatine and Creatinine in Urine.
85  polyurethane sponge
(2 times)
Traumatology
(1 time)
CS (1 time)
GO (1 time)
PS (1 time)
1981 Comparison of newer synthetic and biological wound dressings.
86  polyurethane-urea
(2 times)
Transplantation
(1 time)
DMPA (1 time)
Hep (1 time)
IPDI (1 time)
1992 Heparin immobilization by surface amplification.
87  posterior urethra
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
EPs (1 time)
1990 Cerebral evoked potentials after stimulation of the posterior urethra in man.
88  postoperative retention of urine
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
--- 1990 [Urinary retention in connection with postoperative pain treatment with epidural opioids].
89  postoperative urinary retention
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1994 [Postoperative urinary retention requiring surgery].
90  potentially unsuccessful
(2 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
EX (1 time)
ITB (1 time)
IVDU (1 time)
2001 [Outcome of treating initial tuberculosis in the area south of Seville in a 5-year period (1994-1998].
91  pragmatic utility
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
SPMI (1 time)
2015 Context and implementation: A concept analysis towards conceptual maturity.
92  preceded by 'premonitory sensory/urge phenomena
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
CSTC (2 times)
SCN (2 times)
TS (2 times)
2020 The role of the insula in the generation of motor tics and the experience of the premonitory urge-to-tic in Tourette syndrome.
93  premature unit
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
PFGE (1 time)
PICU (1 time)
SBCU (1 time)
1990 Mortality determinants and prediction of outcome in high risk newborns.
94  pressure-velocity
(2 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
HRTFs (1 time)
RWes (1 time)
2012 Estimating head-related transfer functions of human subjects from pressure-velocity measurements.
95  Printex-U
(2 times)
Chemical Phenomena
(1 time)
PM (1 time)
2021 Influence of Different Thermal Aging Conditions on Soot Combustion with Catalyst by Thermogravimetric Analysis.
96  processing unit
(2 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
C-RAN (1 time)
C-RoFN (1 time)
CS (1 time)
2017 Developing and evaluating a mobile driver fatigue detection network based on electroencephalograph signals.
97  Proliferative urethritis
(2 times)
Internal Medicine
(2 times)
BD (1 time)
FISH (1 time)
LP (1 time)
2018 Clinical, histopathologic, cystoscopic, and fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis of proliferative urethritis in 22 dogs.
98  proportionate universalism
(2 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
--- 2020 Theoretical and practical challenges of proportionate universalism: a review.
99  prostamol-Uno
(2 times)
Urology
(2 times)
PA (2 times)
CAP (1 time)
QoL (1 time)
2008 [Prostamol-Uno treatment in patients with prostatic adenoma and chronic non-infectious prostatitis].
100  protease units
(2 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
LU (1 time)
NSP (1 time)
XAP (1 time)
2003 [Reliability of extracellular protease and lipase activities of Beauveria bassiana isolates used as their virulence indices].