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Abbreviation: PWL
Appearance Frequency: 325 time(s)
Long forms: 36

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
paw withdrawal latency
(229 times)
Neurology
(81 times)
PWT (66 times)
CCI (55 times)
CFA (30 times)
1992 Studies on the spinal interaction of morphine and the NMDA antagonist MK-801 on the hyperesthesia observed in a rat model of sciatic mononeuropathy.
piecewise linear
(17 times)
Neural Networks (Computer)
(4 times)
HCM (2 times)
AWGN (1 time)
BER (1 time)
1995 Canonical piecewise-linear networks.
percentage weight loss
(12 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
BMI (3 times)
BSA (2 times)
LRYGB (2 times)
1996 In vitro biodegradation of poly(beta-hydroxybutyrate-hydroxyvalerate) microspheres exposed to Hanks' buffer, newborn calf serum, pancreatin and synthetic gastric juice.
paw withdrawal
(9 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
i.pl (3 times)
i.t (3 times)
Fos-LI (2 times)
2002 Excitatory amino acid receptor antagonists and electroacupuncture synergetically inhibit carrageenan-induced behavioral hyperalgesia and spinal fos expression in rats.
paw withdrawal thermal latency
(6 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
PWT (5 times)
3'UTR (1 time)
ACC (1 time)
2016 Involvement of Spinal PKMzeta Expression and Phosphorylation in Remifentanil-Induced Long-Term Hyperalgesia in Rats.
physical workload
(5 times)
Occupational Medicine
(2 times)
MSP (2 times)
CI (1 time)
JEM (1 time)
2012 Muscle- and task-dependent responses to concurrent physical and mental workload during intermittent static work.
Prader Willi like
(5 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
PWS (3 times)
SIM1 (2 times)
BMI (1 time)
2016 Copy number variation (CNV) analysis and mutation analysis of the 6q14.1-6q16.3 genes SIM1 and MRAP2 in Prader Willi like patients.
paw thermal withdrawal latency
(4 times)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(2 times)
PWT (4 times)
EA (3 times)
CCI (1 time)
2018 Orientin and neuropathic pain in rats with spinal nerve ligation.
preoperative weight loss
(4 times)
Metabolism
(2 times)
BMI (2 times)
CI (1 time)
DLP (1 time)
2008 Preoperative weight gain does not predict failure of weight loss or co-morbidity resolution of laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass for morbid obesity.
10  pictorial warning labels
(3 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
FDA (1 time)
RYO (1 time)
2016 Potential Effectiveness of Pictorial Warning Labels That Feature the Images and Personal Details of Real People.
11  peak work load
(2 times)
Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
(1 time)
AE (1 time)
BEP (1 time)
PD (1 time)
1987 [Release of beta-endorphin and beta-lipotropin during submaximal exertion in sedentary and active subjects. Endogenous opiate peptides during exertion in sedentary and active subjects].
12  peripheral late wave
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
AR (1 time)
1986 A late motor response: the peripheral late wave (PWL).
13  pokeweed lectin
(2 times)
Anatomy
(1 time)
Con A (2 times)
EPEC (1 time)
LPL (1 time)
1986 Developmental modulation of neuronal cell surface determinants.
14  polarized white light
(2 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
QLF (2 times)
TF (1 time)
2012 Quantitative light fluorescence (QLF) and polarized white light (PWL) assessments of dental fluorosis in an epidemiological setting.
15  preoperative wire localization
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
BCS (1 time)
CRR (1 time)
IUL (1 time)
1999 Intraoperative ultrasound localization of nonpalpable breast lesions.
16  palm weevil larvae
(1 time)
Metabolic Diseases
(1 time)
FB (1 time)
PB (1 time)
2020 Palm Weevil Larvae (Rhynchophorus phoenicis Fabricius) and Orange-Fleshed Sweet Potato-Enriched Biscuits Improved Nutritional Status in Female Wistar Albino Rats.
17  patients with welders' lung
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
CAT (1 time)
IMA (1 time)
2019 Thiol-disulfide homeostasis and ischemia-modified albumin levels as indicators of oxidative stress in welders' lung disease.
18  paw reflex latency
(1 time)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
CAIs (1 time)
2003 Spinal carbonic anhydrase contributes to nociceptive reflex enhancement by midazolam, pentobarbital, and propofol.
19  Paw withdrawal latency to heat
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
TENS (1 time)
2006 Differences in waveform characteristics have no effect on the anti-hyperalgesia produced by transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) in rats with joint inflammation.
20  paw withdrawal latency to light-brushing
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
CCI (1 time)
PWD (1 time)
PWT (1 time)
2017 A bacosides containing Bacopa monnieri extract alleviates allodynia and hyperalgesia in the chronic constriction injury model of neuropathic pain in rats.
21  paw withdrawal threshold
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
HO-1 (1 time)
2015 [Overexpression of heme oxygenase 1 in spinal cord alleviates bone cancer pain in mice].
22  percentage water loss
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
CARS (1 time)
LS-SVM (1 time)
PFL (1 time)
2013 Application of visible and near infrared hyperspectral imaging for non-invasively measuring distribution of water-holding capacity in salmon flesh.
23  percentage WL
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
CCRT (1 time)
LAPC (1 time)
OS (1 time)
2016 Impact of presence and degree of pretreatment weight loss in locally-advanced pancreatic cancer patients treated with definitive concurrent chemoradiotherapy.
24  peritumoral white matter of low density
(1 time)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
--- 1994 Peritumoral edema in meningioma: a contrast enhanced CT study.
25  phenolic-enriched wine lees
(1 time)
Antioxidants
(1 time)
BP (1 time)
WL (1 time)
2021 Enzyme-Assisted Extraction to Obtain Phenolic-Enriched Wine Lees with Enhanced Bioactivity in Hypertensive Rats.
26  physiological weight loss
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CF (1 time)
2019 Composite edible coatings from commercial pectin, corn flour and beetroot powder minimize post-harvest decay, reduces ripening and improves sensory liking of tomatoes.
27  pickling waste liquor
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
BBD (1 time)
EPW (1 time)
2011 Flash fixation of heavy metals from two industrial wastes into ferrite by microwave hydrothermal co-treatment.
28  pictorial health warning label
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
--- 2018 Temporal Effects of Message Congruency on Attention to and Recall of Pictorial Health Warning Labels on Cigarette Packages.
29  Picture Word Learning
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
MTR (1 time)
2015 Association between changes in brain microstructure and cognition in older subjects at increased risk for vascular disease.
30  planar waveguide layer
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
GMR (1 time)
TM (1 time)
2019 Resonant Grating without a Planar Waveguide Layer as a Refractive Index Sensor.
31  polychromatic white light
(1 time)
Neural Pathways
(1 time)
BSR (1 time)
EEGs (1 time)
LC (1 time)
2020 Monochromatic Blue Light Activates Suprachiasmatic Nucleus Neuronal Activity and Promotes Arousal in Mice Under Sevoflurane Anesthesia.
32  post-harvest water loss
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
NILs (1 time)
QTL (1 time)
2016 Genetic and biochemical analysis reveals linked QTLs determining natural variation for fruit post-harvest water loss in pepper (Capsicum).
33  premature work loss
(1 time)
Rheumatology
(1 time)
--- 2013 Frequency and predictors of premature work loss in primary care consulters for osteoarthritis: prospective cohort study.
34  prescription warning label
(1 time)
Pharmaceutical Services
(1 time)
--- 2014 Perceptions of prescription warning labels within an underserved population.
35  progressive weight loss
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
--- 1975 Altered glucose metabolism in metastatic carcinoma.
36  psychological workload
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
GWA (1 time)
SH (1 time)
2005 Retirement and drinking outcomes: lingering effects of workplace stress?