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Abbreviation: Pro
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Long forms: 228

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
proline
(583 times)
Biochemistry
(77 times)
Arg (96 times)
MDA (78 times)
SOD (58 times)
1976 Plasma amino acids in patients with the carcinoid syndrome.
L-proline
(45 times)
Chemistry
(16 times)
Hyp (7 times)
Glu (5 times)
Gly (4 times)
1978 Determination of stability constants of fixed-site complexes of copper(II) ions and of sorbed copper-l-proline complexes with an asymmetric resin containing l-proline groups.
protamine
(14 times)
Nanotechnology
(4 times)
AIE (2 times)
CHL (2 times)
PAP (2 times)
1992 Protamine interaction with the epithelial cell surface.
proline content
(11 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
SOD (6 times)
CAT (5 times)
MDA (4 times)
2008 [Photosynthesis and active-oxygen-scavenging enzyme activities in rice varieties with different phosphorus efficiency under phosphorus stress].
Propofol
(11 times)
Nutrition Disorders
(1 time)
ALI (2 times)
ACI (1 time)
ASA (1 time)
2013 [Effects of acupuncture combined general anesthesia on endorphin and hemodynamics of laparoscopic cholecystectomy patients in the perioperative phase].
probenecid
(10 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
MDR (3 times)
MRP (3 times)
3H-DM (2 times)
1975 Host-mediated assay with yeast and rats using probenecid (Benemid) to block the renal tubular excretion of cyclophosphamide metabolites.
propafenone
(9 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
FLE (2 times)
IM (2 times)
VFT (2 times)
1988 Long term inotropic effects of flecainide and propafenone.
pro region
(7 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
alphaLP (7 times)
Pro C-domain (1 time)
Pro N-domain (1 time)
1998 Structure of alpha-lytic protease complexed with its pro region.
probimane
(7 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
Bim (1 time)
Biz (1 time)
BLE (1 time)
1994 Synergistic effect of probimane on anticancer cytotoxicity of doxorubicin in vitro.
10  proinsulin
(6 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
CP (2 times)
IRI (2 times)
PG (2 times)
1989 Effect of human proinsulin on blood glucose control and metabolic instability in type 1 diabetes mellitus.
11  Pro-tRNA
(5 times)
Science
(2 times)
Phe (2 times)
Ala (1 time)
Asn (1 time)
2008 Slow peptide bond formation by proline and other N-alkylamino acids in translation.
12  promoter
(4 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
AS-PCT (1 time)
Dep (1 time)
GDNF (1 time)
2007 Intravenous glial-derived neurotrophic factor gene therapy of experimental Parkinson's disease with Trojan horse liposomes and a tyrosine hydroxylase promoter.
13  ion-pair dimer
(3 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
H-bonds (1 time)
2010 Theoretical study on the structure and cation-anion interaction of amino acid cation based amino acid ionic liquid [Pro]+[NO3]−.
14  PBS complementary to tRNA
(3 times)
Virology
(3 times)
PBS (3 times)
MuLV (1 time)
Trp-AC (1 time)
1996 Mutations in both the U5 region and the primer-binding site influence the selection of the tRNA used for the initiation of HIV-1 reverse transcription.
15  proline-charged tRNA
(3 times)
Science
(1 time)
ORFs (1 time)
2012 Tandem attenuators control expression of the Salmonella mgtCBR virulence operon.
16  proline-rich
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
MAVS (2 times)
AdVs (1 time)
CAR (1 time)
2009 Transduction of adenovirus vectors modified with cell-penetrating peptides.
17  prolyl-tRNA
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
A-site (1 time)
Cys (1 time)
tmRNA (1 time)
2000 One polypeptide with two aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase activities.
18  Patient-Reported Outcome
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
Mcd (1 time)
2014 Patient-Reported Outcomes (Pro) in Go/No-Go Decision Making in Drug Development.
19  point mutation in the mitochondrial tRNA
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
mtDNA (1 time)
1994 Clinical and morphologic features of a myopathy associated with a point mutation in the mitochondrial tRNA(Pro) gene.
20  presence of propranolol
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
CLO (1 time)
NE (1 time)
PE (1 time)
1990 [Effects of clonidine and norepinephrine on rabbit pulmonary artery strips with or without endothelium].
21  probiotic blend
(2 times)
Anatomy
(1 time)
Con A, UEA I (1 time)
2018 Probiotic supplementation affects the glycan composition of mucins secreted by Brunner's glands of the pig duodenum.
22  Processed
(2 times)
Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
MF (1 time)
PF (1 time)
PFf (1 time)
2015 Assessment of membrane stabilizing activity from honey. An in-vitro approach.
23  Prodesse
(2 times)
Virology
(2 times)
LOD (2 times)
AdV (1 time)
hMPV (1 time)
2014 Comparison of three commercial RT-PCR systems for the detection of respiratory viruses.
24  prolactin
(2 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
ADD (1 time)
CLZ (1 time)
G.vs.H.r (1 time)
1985 [Effect of chlorpromazine on the graft versus host reaction].
25  prolidase
(2 times)
Clinical Medicine
(1 time)
CML (1 time)
ET (1 time)
GAD (1 time)
2013 The decrease in prolidase activity in myeloproliferative neoplasms.
26  propanoate (Cho)
(2 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
Cho (4 times)
Ch (3 times)
ABS (1 time)
2015 Structural studies on choline-carboxylate bio-ionic liquids by x-ray scattering and molecular dynamics.
27  prophylactic
(2 times)
Surgical Wound Infection
(1 time)
AIS (1 time)
DMBA (1 time)
Emp (1 time)
2005 The biochemical and morphological alterations following administration of melatonin, retinoic acid and Nigella sativa in mammary carcinoma: an animal model.
28  propionate (C(n)mim)
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
av (1 time)
ILs (1 time)
2014 Determination of the enthalpy of vaporization and prediction of surface tension for ionic liquid 1-alkyl-3-methylimidazolium propionate [C(n)mim][Pro](n = 4, 5, 6).
29  prorenin
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
ACE (1 time)
Ang II (1 time)
IRAP (1 time)
1995 Regulation of utero-placental prorenin.
30  prostriata
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
area 29i (1 time)
PaSi (1 time)
PrSi (1 time)
2003 Topography, cytoarchitecture, and cellular phenotypes of cortical areas that form the cingulo-parahippocampal isthmus and adjoining retrocalcarine areas in the monkey.
31  prothrombin
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
Pre 1 (2 times)
Pre 2 (2 times)
2003 Effects of activation peptide bond cleavage and fragment 2 interactions on the pathway of exosite I expression during activation of human prethrombin 1 to thrombin.
32  protocatechuic acid
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
Ali (1 time)
BEN (1 time)
CAF (1 time)
2017 Antithrombotic Effect and Mechanism of Radix Paeoniae Rubra.
33  proximal
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
Dis (2 times)
ACSAs (1 time)
AL (1 time)
1999 Effects of 2.5 s mouse nerve growth factor on regeneration of injured sciatic nerves in mice and rats.
34  psi C loop of tRNA
(2 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
ASV (1 time)
PBS (1 time)
Trp (1 time)
1994 Cloning of Frankia species putative tRNA(Pro) genes and their efficacy for pSAM2 site-specific integration in Streptomyces lividans.
35  puromycin cleavage of TnaC-tRNA
(2 times)
Science
(1 time)
--- 2006 Changes produced by bound tryptophan in the ribosome peptidyl transferase center in response to TnaC, a nascent leader peptide.
36  (X)-Cys-proline
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CP (1 time)
CPase Y (1 time)
Cys (1 time)
2020 Sequence-Independent Traceless Method for Preparation of Peptide/Protein Thioesters Using CPaseY-Mediated Hydrazinolysis.
37  262-to-proline
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
IIb (2 times)
GT (1 time)
Leu (1 time)
2000 A Leu262Pro mutation in the integrin beta(3) subunit results in an alpha(IIb)-beta(3) complex that binds fibrin but not fibrinogen.
38  4F-Pro-4F
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
apo (1 time)
NAb (1 time)
2010 4F Peptide reduces nascent atherosclerosis and induces natural antibody production in apolipoprotein E-null mice.
39  5'-promoter-tRNA
(1 time)
Bacteriology
(1 time)
--- 1988 Highly repetitive tRNA(Pro)-tRNA(His) gene cluster from Photobacterium phosphoreum.
40  AIR-Professional
(1 time)
Emergency Medical Services
(1 time)
AIR (1 time)
ALiEM (1 time)
2017 ALiEM Blog and Podcast Watch: Toxicology.
41  anti-prothrombin antibodies
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
aCL (1 time)
aPL (1 time)
APS (1 time)
2005 Identification of thrombin antibodies in patients with antiphospholipid syndrome.
42  CHO-protein
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
CHO (1 time)
1998 Postexercise protein-carbohydrate and carbohydrate supplements increase muscle glycogen in men and women.
43  cis-proline
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
abA (1 time)
IPC (1 time)
2022 Solution cis-Proline Conformation of IPCs Inhibitor Aureobasidin A Elucidated via NMR-Based Conformational Analysis.
44  dl-propranol
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
ATE (1 time)
d-Tim (1 time)
NE (1 time)
1994 Identification of beta-adrenoceptors in mouse myometrium by radioligand binding study.
45  dl-Propranolol
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
AR (1 time)
1990 [Inhibition of guinea pig sperm capacitation, the acrosome reaction and sperm-egg fusion by dl-propranolol in vitro].
46  ion-pair (SIP) configurations for (Chl)
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
CIP (1 time)
ILs (1 time)
SIP (1 time)
2019 Spectroscopic and computational insights into the ion-solvent interactions in hydrated aprotic and protic ionic liquids.
47  ion-pair associations in (NMP)
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
CIP (1 time)
ILs (1 time)
SIP (1 time)
2019 Spectroscopic and computational insights into the ion-solvent interactions in hydrated aprotic and protic ionic liquids.
48  ion-pair unit
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
H-bonds (1 time)
2010 Theoretical study on the structure and cation-anion interaction of amino acid cation based amino acid ionic liquid [Pro]+[NO3]−.
49  L-alpha-proline
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
Pro-ZW (1 time)
2016 Proline hydration at low temperatures: its role in the protection of cell from freeze-induced stress.
50  L-proline oligopeptides
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
VCD (1 time)
1991 Vibrational circular dichroism spectra of unblocked proline oligomers.
51  leukocyte-platelet aggregates in immune-competent TM
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
EPCR (1 time)
TF (1 time)
2013 Contributions of thrombin targets to tissue factor-dependent metastasis in hyperthrombotic mice.
52  non-post-translationally modified form
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2013 A 'conovenomic' analysis of the milked venom from the mollusk-hunting cone snail Conus textile--the pharmacological importance of post-translational modifications.
53  oligo-prolines
(1 time)
Biocompatible Materials
(1 time)
--- 2020 Surfaces immobilized with oligo-prolines prevent protein adsorption and cell adhesion.
54  packaging element and annealing of replication primer tRNA
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
NC (1 time)
1993 Basic amino acids flanking the zinc finger of Moloney murine leukemia virus nucleocapsid protein NCp10 are critical for virus infectivity.
55  packaging of tRNA
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
HIV-1 (1 time)
MuLV (1 time)
2008 Inability of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 produced in murine cells to selectively incorporate primer formula.
56  packaging, and replication primer tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1993 Two short basic sequences surrounding the zinc finger of nucleocapsid protein NCp10 of Moloney murine leukemia virus are critical for RNA annealing activity.
57  packaging-dimerization signal and annealing of replication primer tRNA
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
MuLV (1 time)
mutation Y28S (1 time)
1996 The zinc finger of nucleocapsid protein of Friend murine leukemia virus is critical for proviral DNA synthesis in vivo.
58  pain inquiry of specific body regions
(1 time)
Pain
(1 time)
OFP (1 time)
2016 Multimodal Assessment of Body Pain in Orofacial Pain Patients.
59  pair at the anticodon loop of tRNA
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
ASO (1 time)
mtDNA (1 time)
RFLP (1 time)
2004 Enhanced detection of deleterious mutations by TTGE analysis of mother and child's DNA side by side.
60  pairs of the mitochondrial tRNA
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
--- 2008 Hybridization between Crocodylus acutus and Crocodylus moreletii in the Yucatan Peninsula: I. Evidence from mitochondrial DNA and morphology.
61  pancreatic cancer compared with homozygous carriers of the C allele
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
PPARG (1 time)
2009 Association between the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma Pro12Ala variant and haplotype and pancreatic cancer in a high-risk cohort of smokers: a pilot study.
62  parachor values of (C(n)mim)
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
DSC (1 time)
PrAILs (1 time)
2012 Ionic parachor and its application II. Ionic liquid homologues of 1-alkyl-3-methylimidazolium propionate {[C(n)mim][Pro] (n = 2-6)}.
63  parathyroid hormone-like hormone Pthlh
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
Thr (1 time)
2003 Allele-specific patterns of the mouse parathyroid hormone-related protein: influences on cell adhesion and migration.
64  part of the tRNA
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2001 Classification and phylogenetic relationships of African tilapiine fishes inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequences.
65  part, by elements in the acceptor stem of tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
ARSs (1 time)
ProRSs (1 time)
2013 Exclusive use of trans-editing domains prevents proline mistranslation.
66  particular anticodon variant of Af-tRNA
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
PhProRS (1 time)
ProRS (1 time)
UAAs (1 time)
2012 Evolution of multiple, mutually orthogonal prolyl-tRNA synthetase/tRNA pairs for unnatural amino acid mutagenesis in Escherichia coli.
67  pathogenic tRNA
(1 time)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
mt (1 time)
2009 A novel mutation in the mitochondrial tRNA(Pro) gene associated with late-onset ataxia, retinitis pigmentosa, deafness, leukoencephalopathy and complex I deficiency.
68  patients must be followed lifelong by annual CTA/MRA
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2012 Part One: For the motion. All TEVAR patients must be followed lifelong by annual CTA/MRA. [Pro].
69  patients with higher soluble
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
--- 2018 Greater reductions in plasma aldosterone with aliskiren in hypertensive patients with higher soluble (Pro)renin receptor level.
70  pattern for the Pthlh
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
--- 2006 Specific gene expression profiles distinguish among functional allelic variants of the mouse Pthlh gene in transfected human cancer cells.
71  patterns of Pthlh
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
Thr (1 time)
2003 Allele-specific patterns of the mouse parathyroid hormone-related protein: influences on cell adhesion and migration.
72  peaks, most likely corresponding to tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1994 Fractionation of rat liver tRNA by reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatography: isolation of Iso-tRNAs(Pro).
73  penetrance of the TM
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
TM (1 time)
2001 Characterization of a mouse model for thrombomodulin deficiency.
74  peptide linked to tRNA
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
--- 1998 Ribosomal release without peptidyl tRNA hydrolysis at translation termination in a eukaryotic system.
75  peptide or a tandem helix apoA-I mimetic peptide
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
apo (1 time)
NAb (1 time)
2010 4F Peptide reduces nascent atherosclerosis and induces natural antibody production in apolipoprotein E-null mice.
76  peptides, a (hydroxy)proline content of 12-25%, and Ser
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
ECM (1 time)
2001 Transcriptional activation by the sexual pheromone and wounding: a new gene family from Volvox encoding modular proteins with (hydroxy)proline-rich and metalloproteinase homology domains.
77  peptidyl transfer of TnaC of TnaC-tRNA
(1 time)
Bacteriology
(1 time)
--- 2009 23S rRNA nucleotides in the peptidyl transferase center are essential for tryptophanase operon induction.
78  peptidyl-tRNA also appears, TnaC-tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
cAMP (1 time)
tna (1 time)
2000 Reproducing tna operon regulation in vitro in an S-30 system. Tryptophan induction inhibits cleavage of TnaC peptidyl-tRNA.
79  peptidyl-tRNA of the tna operon of E. coli, TnaC-tRNA
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
--- 2005 Features of ribosome-peptidyl-tRNA interactions essential for tryptophan induction of tna operon expression.
80  performance liquid chromatography: isolation of Iso-tRNAs
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1994 Fractionation of rat liver tRNA by reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatography: isolation of Iso-tRNAs(Pro).
81  performed kinetic assays of Escherichia coli tRNA
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
--- 1995 Transfer RNA aminoacylation: identification of a critical ribose 2'-hydroxyl-base interaction.
82  phosphate backbone of the acceptor stem of misacylated tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
ProRSs (1 time)
2014 Strictly conserved lysine of prolyl-tRNA Synthetase editing domain facilitates binding and positioning of misacylated tRNA(Pro.).
83  photoinduced ring-opening of provitamin D
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
CHD (1 time)
LR-TDDFT-SH (1 time)
Pre (1 time)
2011 Unravelling the details of vitamin D photosynthesis by non-adiabatic molecular dynamics simulations.
84  phylogenetic distribution of a translocation of tRNA
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2012 Phylogenetically informative rearrangements in mitochondrial genomes of Coleoptera, and monophyly of aquatic elateriform beetles (Dryopoidea).
85  phylum-specific combinations in tRNA
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
tRNA (1 time)
2008 Sequence evidence in the archaeal genomes that tRNAs emerged through the combination of ancestral genes as 5' and 3' tRNA halves.
86  Pip>Pro>Aze>DeltaPro
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2017 Conformational properties of ascydiacyclamide analogues with cyclic alpha-amino acids instead of oxazoline residues.
87  Plasma Concentrations of Soluble
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
DH (1 time)
2016 Water Deprivation Increases (Pro)renin Receptor Levels in the Kidney and Decreases Plasma Concentrations of Soluble (Pro)renin Receptor.
88  polarity of (C(n)mim)
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
av (1 time)
ILs (1 time)
2014 Determination of the enthalpy of vaporization and prediction of surface tension for ionic liquid 1-alkyl-3-methylimidazolium propionate [C(n)mim][Pro](n = 4, 5, 6).
89  polymorphic allele
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
--- 2003 Chilean pilot study on the risk of lung cancer associated with codon 72 polymorphism in the gene of protein p53.
90  polyproline
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
PPI (1 time)
PPII (1 time)
2005 Stereoelectronic effects on polyproline conformation.
91  polypropylene
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
FLL (1 time)
FLT (1 time)
2008 Regeneration of abdominal wall musculofascial defects by a human acellular collagen matrix.
92  position of the tRNA
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
bp (1 time)
Phe (1 time)
rRNA (1 time)
2001 Complete mitochondrial DNA sequence of Conger myriaster (Teleostei: Anguilliformes): novel gene order for vertebrate mitochondrial genomes and the phylogenetic implications for anguilliform families.
93  positional effect of conformationally constrained
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AMA (1 time)
MOrPHs (1 time)
2012 Macrocyclization of organo-peptide hybrids through a dual bio-orthogonal ligation: insights from structure-reactivity studies.
94  positions of E. coli tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
ProRS (1 time)
2000 Evolutionary coadaptation of the motif 2--acceptor stem interaction in the class II prolyl-tRNA synthetase system.
95  positively charged residue leads to a significant increase in Ala-tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
ProRSs (1 time)
2014 Strictly conserved lysine of prolyl-tRNA Synthetase editing domain facilitates binding and positioning of misacylated tRNA(Pro.).
96  possessing repeating amino acid motifs, notably X
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
HRGPs (1 time)
1989 Molecular characterization of a zygote wall protein: an extensin-like molecule in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii.
97  possible mechanisms of Ala-tRNA
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
ProRS (1 time)
2012 Substrate and enzyme functional groups contribute to translational quality control by bacterial prolyl-tRNA synthetase.
98  post-transfer editing mechanism to hydrolyze Ala-tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
ProRSs (1 time)
2014 Strictly conserved lysine of prolyl-tRNA Synthetase editing domain facilitates binding and positioning of misacylated tRNA(Pro.).
99  potato and bean tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
Ser (1 time)
tRNA (1 time)
1993 Editing corrects mispairing in the acceptor stem of bean and potato mitochondrial phenylalanine transfer RNAs.
100  precursor of proline
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
GUS (1 time)
1998 A gene encoding proline dehydrogenase is not only induced by proline and hypoosmolarity, but is also developmentally regulated in the reproductive organs of Arabidopsis.