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Abbreviation: RAF
Appearance Frequency: 386 time(s)
Long forms: 114

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
radical adduct formation
(48 times)
Chemistry
(24 times)
HAT (24 times)
SET (18 times)
DFT (8 times)
2009 Reactions of OOH radical with beta-carotene, lycopene, and torulene: hydrogen atom transfer and adduct formation mechanisms.
relative activity factor
(40 times)
Pharmacology
(24 times)
HLM (9 times)
UGT (5 times)
HIM (3 times)
1998 Involvement of CYP1A2 in mexiletine metabolism.
Royal Air Force
(40 times)
Aerospace Medicine
(8 times)
AA (3 times)
CI (2 times)
G-LOC (2 times)
1989 Bone scintigraphy in the evaluation of ejection injuries.
rapidly accelerated fibrosarcoma
(37 times)
Neoplasms
(9 times)
ERK (13 times)
RAS (12 times)
MEK (9 times)
2012 Cyclic AMP/PKA-dependent paradoxical activation of Raf/MEK/ERK signaling in polycystin-2 defective mice treated with sorafenib.
rigid amorphous fraction
(15 times)
Chemistry
(8 times)
MAF (4 times)
CRR (2 times)
DSC (2 times)
2013 The role of the crystallization temperature on the nanophase structure evolution of poly[(R)-3-hydroxybutyrate].
root-associated fungi
(13 times)
Microbiology
(7 times)
DSE (3 times)
ECM (3 times)
AM (1 time)
2010 Molecular characterization of coprophilous fungal communities reveals sequences related to root-associated fungal endophytes.
repetitive atrial firing
(11 times)
Cardiology
(8 times)
FAA (4 times)
PAF (3 times)
AF (2 times)
1980 Mechanical hyperventilation: effect on specialized atrioventricular conduction, supraventricular refractoriness, and experimental atrial arrhythmias in dogs anesthetized with pentobarbital or pentobarbital-halothane.
risk allele frequency
(8 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
OR (5 times)
CI (3 times)
SNPs (3 times)
2010 Detection of susceptibility genes as modifiers due to subgroup differences in complex disease.
randomly amplified DNA fingerprinting
(7 times)
Genetics
(4 times)
AFLP (2 times)
AMP (1 time)
CAPS (1 time)
2002 A DNA fingerprinting procedure for ultra high-throughput genetic analysis of insects.
10  renal arterial flow
(7 times)
Nephrology
(2 times)
MRI (2 times)
AA (1 time)
ACRS (1 time)
1977 Beneficial effect of arachidonic acid during hemorrhagic shock in the dog.
11  Radiation Amplification Factor
(6 times)
Biology
(3 times)
UV (2 times)
COD (1 time)
COF (1 time)
1994 Continuous dosimetry of the biologically harmful UV-radiation in Antarctica with the biofilm technique.
12  relative accumulation factor
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
CF (3 times)
PLI (2 times)
Cr (1 time)
2016 Biomonitoring of heavy metals contamination by mosses and lichens around Slovinky tailing pond (Slovakia).
13  rafoxanide
(4 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
ASDs (1 time)
CLOS (1 time)
FEN (1 time)
2010 Interaction of anthelmintic drugs with P-glycoprotein in recombinant LLC-PK1-mdr1a cells.
14  relative advantage factor
(4 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(3 times)
LQ (2 times)
BED (1 time)
RIT (1 time)
1994 Application of the linear-quadratic model to radioimmunotherapy: further support for the advantage of longer-lived radionuclides.
15  resistance allele frequencies
(4 times)
Tropical Medicine
(3 times)
LOD (2 times)
MOI (2 times)
SNPs (2 times)
2014 Quantification of the pirimicarb resistance allele frequency in pooled cotton aphid (Aphis gossypii Glover) samples by TaqMan SNP genotyping assay.
16  Raf proto-oncogene Ser/Thr kinase
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
ERK (2 times)
MEK (2 times)
AMPK (1 time)
2018 The AMPK inhibitor overcomes the paradoxical effect of RAF inhibitors through blocking phospho-Ser-621 in the C terminus of CRAF.
17  ranking analysis of F-statistics
(3 times)
Computational Biology
(1 time)
FDR (2 times)
ODP (2 times)
SAM (2 times)
2008 Ranking analysis of F-statistics for microarray data.
18  rapidly growing fibrosarcoma
(3 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
ERK (2 times)
MEK (2 times)
CAM (1 time)
2009 Ginkgo biloba extract EGb 761 exerts anti-angiogenic effects via activation of tyrosine phosphatases.
19  recent-onset atrial fibrillation
(3 times)
Emergency Medicine
(2 times)
ACEM (1 time)
ACEP (1 time)
CAEP (1 time)
2012 An international view of how recent-onset atrial fibrillation is treated in the emergency department.
20  receptor accessory factor
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
AR (1 time)
GR (1 time)
IDE (1 time)
1979 Stimulation of oligonucleotide binding of estradiol receptor complexes by accessory proteins.
21  regulation, assessment, follow-up
(3 times)
Health Services Research
(2 times)
TRF (1 time)
1995 Licensing, quality of care and the surveillance process.
22  renal arterial blood flow
(3 times)
Transplantation
(1 time)
ACh (1 time)
DA (1 time)
EO (1 time)
1979 Renal cortical blood flow distribution measured by hydrogen clearance during dopamine and acetylcholine infusion. Effect of electrode thickness and position in cortex.
23  routine angiographic follow-up
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
CF (3 times)
CI (3 times)
DES (3 times)
2017 Routine angiographic follow-up versus clinical follow-up in patients with multivessel coronary artery diseases following percutaneous coronary intervention with drug-eluting stents: a nested case-control study within a Korean population.
24  c-Raf
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CRD (1 time)
2011 Activation kinetics of RAF protein in the ternary complex of RAF, RAS-GTP, and kinase on the plasma membrane of living cells: single-molecule imaging analysis.
25  RAF protooncogene serine/threonine-protein kinase
(2 times)
Science
(2 times)
LA (1 time)
lncRNAs (1 time)
MAPK (1 time)
2016 Preclinical efficacy of a RAF inhibitor that evades paradoxical MAPK pathway activation in protein kinase BRAF-mutant lung cancer.
26  random forest
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
AI-CALS (1 time)
CAD (1 time)
CTU (1 time)
2017 Urinary bladder cancer staging in CT urography using machine learning.
27  rapid atrial fibrillation
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
EMS (1 time)
HR (1 time)
NSTE-ACS (1 time)
2001 Prehospital management of rapid atrial fibrillation: recommendations for treatment protocols.
28  rat amniotic fluid
(2 times)
Perinatology
(1 time)
MAF (1 time)
1983 Extracts of rat amniotic fluid contain a potent inducer of intestinal crypt formation.
29  rate-amplitude function
(2 times)
Audiology
(1 time)
BF (2 times)
DR (2 times)
IC (2 times)
2008 Neurons in the inferior colliculus of the big brown bat show maximal amplitude sensitivity at the best duration.
30  Real-world Action Field
(2 times)
Science
(1 time)
--- 2016 Getting nowhere fast: trade-off between speed and precision in training to execute image-guided hand-tool movements.
31  realistic anthropomorphic flexible
(2 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
B-Rep (1 time)
2018 Development and Validation of the Realistic Anthropomorphic Flexible (RAF) Phantom.
32  receptor auxiliary factor
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
VDRE (2 times)
hVDR (1 time)
RXRs (1 time)
1993 Retinoid X receptors stimulate and 9-cis retinoic acid inhibits 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3-activated expression of the rat osteocalcin gene.
33  receptor neurons of the crayfish Orconectes limosus
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
--- 1978 [Frequency response of the abdominal stretch receptor neurons of the crayfish Orconectes limosus (RAF.) to intracellular current stimulation].
34  recombinant activated factor
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
CaLa (1 time)
CRC (1 time)
FAK (1 time)
2009 Sorafenib induces growth inhibition and apoptosis in human synovial sarcoma cells via inhibiting the RAF/MEK/ERK signaling pathway.
35  recreationally active females
(2 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
ETM (2 times)
RAM (2 times)
EE (1 time)
2007 Effects of endurance training status and sex differences on Na+,K+-pump mRNA expression, content and maximal activity in human skeletal muscle.
36  rectal advancement flap
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
AFP (1 time)
CD (1 time)
MF (1 time)
2017 Surgical Treatment of Rectovaginal Fistula in Crohn's Disease: A Tertiary Center Experience.
37  recurrence of AF
(2 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
AF (2 times)
CBA (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2019 Patient characteristics as predictors of recurrence of atrial fibrillation following cryoballoon ablation.
38  Reflexively Autocatalytic and Food set generated
(2 times)
Intelligence
(1 time)
MRs (1 time)
2013 Autocatalytic sets and biological specificity.
39  Regionally Aligned Forces
(2 times)
Military Medicine
(2 times)
PA (2 times)
SOCM (1 time)
2018 Patella Fracture in US Servicemember in an Austere Location.
40  relative allelic frequency
(2 times)
AF (1 time)
DCR (1 time)
DCRs (1 time)
2020 Low T790M relative allele frequency indicates concurrent resistance mechanisms and poor responsiveness to osimertinib.
41  resource allocation formula
(2 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
MOHP (1 time)
NT (1 time)
PHC (1 time)
1996 Outcomes-based resource allocation for indigenous health services: a model for northern Australia?
42  rheumatoid arthritis factor
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
ANF (1 time)
ASOT (1 time)
CCP (1 time)
2005 An audit of serological tests carried out at clinical laboratory of Ayub Teaching Hospital, Abbottabad.
43  risk assessment factor
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
DSL (1 time)
EAF (1 time)
HAF (1 time)
2005 Are we good at thromboembolic disease prophylaxis - an audit of the use of risk assessment forms in emergency medical admissions.
44  rye aleurone flour
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
AX (1 time)
DF (1 time)
WFL (1 time)
2009 The role of whole-wheat grain and wheat and rye ingredients on the digestion and fermentation processes in the gut--a model experiment with pigs.
45  v-raf-1 murine leukemia viral oncogene homolog
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
RAS (2 times)
AKT (1 time)
EGFR (1 time)
2019 BRAF Inhibitors in Thyroid Cancer: Clinical Impact, Mechanisms of Resistance and Future Perspectives.
46  AF recurrence
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
GM (1 time)
2020 Shifts in gut microbiome and metabolome are associated with risk of recurrent atrial fibrillation.
47  KRAS-rapidly accelerated fibrosarcoma kinase
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
EGFR (1 time)
ERK (1 time)
HER2 (1 time)
2014 Co-treatment with panitumumab and trastuzumab augments response to the MEK inhibitor trametinib in a patient-derived xenograft model of pancreatic cancer.
48  RA and FM
(1 time)
Rheumatology
(1 time)
FM (1 time)
RA (1 time)
2009 Rheumatoid arthritis and fibromyalgia: a frequent unrelated association complicating disease management.
49  RA failure
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
FA (1 time)
OR (1 time)
2014 Effect of radial-to-femoral access crossover on adverse outcomes in primary percutaneous coronary intervention.
50  rabeprazole, amoxicillin, and furazolidone
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
BAF (1 time)
BCF (1 time)
HP (1 time)
2009 [Efficacy of 4 kinds of triple strategy for Helicobacter pylori eradication].
51  Radiofrequency ablation for atrial fibrillation
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
AEF (1 time)
2009 Neurological consequences of atrioesophageal fistula after radiofrequency ablation in atrial fibrillation.
52  RAF in each matrix; the alpha
(1 time)
Physics
(1 time)
CF (1 time)
CNT (1 time)
PE (1 time)
2019 Effects of CNTs on thermal transitions, thermal diffusivity and electrical conductivity in nanocomposites: comparison between an amorphous and a semicrystalline polymer matrix.
53  Rapid Access Format
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2001 ASTRAL compendium enhancements.
54  rapid alkalinisation factor
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
AOS (1 time)
CAT (1 time)
CBL (1 time)
2018 Proteomic and ecophysiological responses of soybean (Glycine max L.) root nodules to Pb and hg stress.
55  rapid atrial fibrillation or flutter
(1 time)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
ORs (1 time)
VRR (1 time)
2001 The use of diltiazem for treating rapid atrial fibrillation in the out-of-hospital setting.
56  Rapidly Accelerated Fibrosarcoma protein
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
ERK (1 time)
HCC (1 time)
lncRNA (1 time)
2019 Role of BRAF in Hepatocellular Carcinoma: A Rationale for Future Targeted Cancer Therapies.
57  rapidly adapting field receptor
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
--- 1987 Stimulation of cutaneous mechanoreceptors by 60-Hz electric fields.
58  Ras activating factor
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
DFG (1 time)
2017 Bisarylureas Based on 1H-Pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidine Scaffold as Novel Pan-RAF Inhibitors with Potent Anti-Proliferative Activities: Structure-Based Design, Synthesis, Biological Evaluation and Molecular Modelling Studies.
59  rat amnion fibroblasts
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
gd (1 time)
PCBs (1 time)
2006 PCB 50 stimulates release of arachidonic acid and prostaglandins from late gestation rat amnion fibroblast cells.
60  Rat annulus fibrosus
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
qPCR (1 time)
2014 Toxic effects of levofloxacin on rat annulus fibrosus cells: an in-vitro study.
61  rationale about automation failures
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
--- 2019 Some cues are more equal than others: Cue plausibility for false alarms in baggage screening.
62  Reconfigurable Assembly Fixture
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
FAHP (1 time)
FSE (1 time)
FWA (1 time)
2020 Hybridized fuzzy analytic hierarchy process and fuzzy weighted average for identifying optimal design concept.
63  rectus abdominis flap
(1 time)
Traumatology
(1 time)
ALT (1 time)
ATV (1 time)
GSW (1 time)
2019 Selecting a free flap for soft tissue coverage in lower extremity reconstruction.
64  recurrence persistent AF
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
IQR (1 time)
NTP-BNP (1 time)
2008 Sinus rhythm restoration after atrial fibrillation: the clinical value of N-terminal pro-BNP measurements.
65  recurrent AF after catheter ablation
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
FWHM (1 time)
LA LGE (1 time)
2014 Evaluation of quantification methods for left arial late gadolinium enhancement based on different references in patients with atrial fibrillation.
66  Recurrent atrial fibrillation
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
2018 Immunopathogenesis and biomarkers of recurrent atrial fibrillation following ablation therapy in patients with preexisting atrial fibrillation.
67  Reference Asian Female
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
RAM (1 time)
2001 Evaluation of body mass index for a reference Pakistani man and woman.
68  referred to more formally as a 'reflexively autocatalytic food-generated
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
--- 2019 Autocatalytic networks in biology: structural theory and algorithms.
69  Reflexive Autocatalytic, Food-generated
(1 time)
GMMs (1 time)
2014 Growth and division in a dynamic protocell model.
70  refractory to the AF
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
MMPs (1 time)
OR (1 time)
2009 Impact of matrix metalloproteinase-2 levels on long-term outcome following pharmacological or electrical cardioversion in patients with atrial fibrillation.
71  region A factor
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
--- 1987 Yeast HAP1 activator competes with the factor RC2 for binding to the upstream activation site UAS1 of the CYC1 gene.
72  regional area fraction
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
CCR (1 time)
EDA (1 time)
ESA (1 time)
2011 Reduced preload elicits increased LV twist in healthy humans: an echocardiographic speckle-tracking study during lower body negative pressure.
73  registration-based autofocusing
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
TB (1 time)
2014 Registration-based autofocusing technique for automatic correction of motion artifacts in time-series studies of high-resolution bone MRI.
74  Relationship Assessment Form
(1 time)
Substance-Related Disorders
(1 time)
FOS (1 time)
SFI (1 time)
1996 Family functioning of perinatal substance abusers in treatment.
75  relative abdominal fat
(1 time)
Aging
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
2011 Survival benefit of abdominal adiposity: a 6-year follow-up study with Dual X-ray absorptiometry in 3,978 older adults.
76  relative AF
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
NSCLC (1 time)
PR (1 time)
2018 High-throughput sequencing reveals distinct genetic features and clinical implications of NSCLC with de novo and acquired EGFR T790M mutation.
77  Relative Aggregate Footprint
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
MENA (1 time)
2019 The importance of considering resource availability restrictions in energy planning: What is the footprint of electricity generation in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA)?
78  released-active forms
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
Abs (1 time)
IFNG (1 time)
2016 Use of Piezoelectric Immunosensors for Detection of Interferon-Gamma Interaction with Specific Antibodies in the Presence of Released-Active Forms of Antibodies to Interferon-Gamma.
79  remote assistant fitting
(1 time)
Audiology
(1 time)
CIs (1 time)
SSQ-C (1 time)
2017 Self-Adjustment of Upper Electrical Stimulation Levels in CI Programming and the Effect on Auditory Functioning.
80  renal arteriovenous fistula
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
--- 2010 Transcatheter embolization of a huge renal arteriovenous fistula with Amplatzer Vascular Plug.
81  reproductively arrested females
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
GPx (1 time)
GSI (1 time)
GST (1 time)
2015 Relation between increased oxidative stress and histological abnormalities in the ovaries of Alburnus tarichi in Lake Van, Turkey.
82  requiring antifungal therapy
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
CDI (1 time)
CRP (1 time)
FUO (1 time)
2012 Significance of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and C-reactive protein (CRP) in children and young adults with febrile neutropenia during chemotherapy for cancer: a prospective study.
83  Research and Advocacy Fund
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
MNH (1 time)
2016 Bridging evidence, policy, and practice to strengthen health systems for improved maternal and newborn health in Pakistan.
84  residential airborne culturable fungi
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
--- 2021 Residential airborne culturable fungi under general living scenario: On-site investigation in 12 typical cities, China.
85  residual aqueous fractions
(1 time)
Chemistry, Pharmaceutical
(1 time)
CLF (1 time)
CNS (1 time)
EAF (1 time)
2019 Central nervous system depressant effects of fractions of methanol leaf extract of Cissus cornifolia (Baker) Planch.
86  resin-air hole-full
(1 time)
Dental Implantation
(1 time)
CLF (1 time)
CR (1 time)
RA (1 time)
2020 Effects of cementless fixation of implant prosthesis: A finite element study.
87  resistant A. fumigatus
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2021 Prevalence of Azole-Resistant Aspergillus fumigatus is Highly Associated with Azole Fungicide Residues in the Fields.
88  resolution-aware fitting
(1 time)
Pattern Recognition, Automated
(1 time)
AAM (1 time)
2007 The asymmetry of image registration and its application to face tracking.
89  resonant acoustic fields
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
--- 2005 Retroviral transduction of adherent cells in resonant acoustic fields.
90  response to atrial fibrillation
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
ICU (1 time)
SSR (1 time)
1983 Efficacy of i.v. amiodarone in converting rapid atrial fibrillation and flutter to sinus rhythm in intensive care patients.
91  resulting from the formation of an immobilized interphase
(1 time)
Physics
(1 time)
--- 2020 Competition of nanoparticle-induced mobilization and immobilization effects on segmental dynamics of an epoxy-based nanocomposite.
92  Retinol Accumulation Factor
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
--- 2007 Beta-carotene from cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) leaves improves vitamin A status in rats.
93  retroangular flap
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2013 Facial artery flaps in facial oncoplastic reconstruction.
94  rheumatic atrial fibrillation
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
--- 2006 [Human inward rectifying potassium current in myocytes isolated from patients with rheumatic atrial fibrillation].
95  right atrial free wall
(1 time)
Cardiovascular Diseases
(1 time)
ACh (1 time)
AF (1 time)
LAF (1 time)
2007 Mechanisms of the preventive effect of pilsicainide on atrial fibrillation originating from the pulmonary vein.
96  right atrial specialized fibers
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
--- 1978 Alpha and beta adrenergic effects on human atrial specialized conducting fibers.
97  right to adequate food
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
PHC (1 time)
2019 Can primary health care strengthen the right to adequate food as a human right in Latin America??Como la atencion primaria de salud puede fortalecer la alimentacion adecuada como derecho en America Latina?
98  ring apophysis fracture
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
LDH (1 time)
2013 Ring apophysis fracture in pediatric lumbar disc herniation: a common entity.
99  ring-arrayed forward-viewing
(1 time)
US (1 time)
2020 Ring-arrayed Forward-viewing Ultrasound Imaging System: A Feasibility Study.
100  Risk Acknowledgement Form
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 2020 Valproate risk form-Surveying 215 clinicians involving 4775 encounters.