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Abbreviation: RD
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Long forms: 898

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
risk difference
(1277 times)
Medicine
(531 times)
CI (583 times)
RR (521 times)
RCTs (228 times)
1982 Causal and preventive interdependence. Elementary principles.
retinal detachment
(1017 times)
Ophthalmology
(758 times)
PVR (146 times)
PPV (115 times)
VA (86 times)
1978 Retinal detachment in the second eye.
radial diffusivity
(757 times)
Neurology
(202 times)
FA (684 times)
AD (478 times)
DTI (463 times)
2007 Diffusion properties of NAA in human corpus callosum as studied with diffusion tensor spectroscopy.
recommended dose
(296 times)
Neoplasms
(216 times)
MTD (153 times)
DLT (104 times)
DLTs (45 times)
1999 Therapeutic effects of some antihaematozoal drugs against Haemoproteus columbae in domestic pigeons.
reading disability
(240 times)
Psychology
(112 times)
ADHD (66 times)
LI (12 times)
TD (10 times)
1988 Separate brain potential characteristics in children with reading disability and attention deficit disorder: color and letter relevance effects.
rhabdomyosarcoma
(192 times)
Virology
(64 times)
EV71 (47 times)
HFMD (36 times)
CPE (19 times)
1976 Limitation of multinucleation by dibutyryl adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate in tumor cells treated with cytochalasin B.
retinal degeneration
(190 times)
Ophthalmology
(55 times)
ERG (18 times)
RPE (17 times)
RP (12 times)
1973 Contributions of the genes albinism (c) and retinal degeneration (rd) to a strain-by-training procedure interaction in avoidance learning.
residual disease
(159 times)
Neoplasms
(99 times)
OS (34 times)
PCR (26 times)
HR (17 times)
1989 Treatment of aggressive multiple myeloma by high-dose chemotherapy and total body irradiation followed by blood stem cells autologous graft.
reward dependence
(136 times)
Psychiatry
(61 times)
HA (102 times)
NS (92 times)
TCI (44 times)
1991 Further contribution to the conceptual validity of the unified biosocial model of personality: US and Yugoslav data.
10  renal dysfunction
(128 times)
Cardiology
(46 times)
eGFR (31 times)
HF (21 times)
GFR (19 times)
1979 Acute renal failure following cardiac surgery.
11  respiratory distress
(128 times)
Pediatrics
(25 times)
CVD (16 times)
CI (10 times)
COPD (8 times)
1977 Respiratory diseases in calves. An economic analysis.
12  rheumatic diseases
(123 times)
Rheumatology
(39 times)
RA (16 times)
SLE (13 times)
IBD (5 times)
1975 Aspects of the psychology and epidemiology of rheumatoid disease.
13  regular diet
(121 times)
Endocrinology
(15 times)
HFD (61 times)
HSD (6 times)
SOD (6 times)
1976 Altered thyroidal responsivity to thyrotropin induced by circulating thyroid hormones. A "short-loop" regulatory mechanism?
14  recession depth
(95 times)
Dentistry
(65 times)
CAL (69 times)
PD (66 times)
RW (42 times)
1995 Effects of tetracycline HCl conditioning and fibrin-fibronectin system application in the treatment of buccal gingival recession with guided tissue regeneration.
15  radial
(86 times)
Neurology
(27 times)
FA (79 times)
DTI (46 times)
WM (28 times)
2001 Distribution of median, ulnar and radial motoneurons in the monkey spinal cord: a retrograde triple-labeling study.
16  rare diseases
(86 times)
Medicine
(25 times)
ERNs (3 times)
FAIR (3 times)
MS (3 times)
2004 [Rare diseases: a new chapter in medicine].
17  registered dietitian
(85 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(48 times)
MNT (4 times)
FTE (3 times)
ICC (3 times)
1984 The nutrition care profile: an aid to delivery of quality nutrition care in a small community hospital.
18  reaction-diffusion
(81 times)
Biology
(21 times)
CA (2 times)
RA (2 times)
AB (1 time)
1985 Spatial patterns produced by a reaction-diffusion system in primary hair follicles.
19  region of difference
(72 times)
Microbiology
(20 times)
TB (28 times)
PCR (13 times)
BCG (11 times)
2002 Bacterial artificial chromosome-based comparative genomic analysis identifies Mycobacterium microti as a natural ESAT-6 deletion mutant.
20  reading disorder
(64 times)
Psychology
(22 times)
ADHD (19 times)
MD (6 times)
LI (5 times)
1997 Auditory event-related potentials in the study of developmental language-related disorders.
21  regulatory domain
(64 times)
Molecular Biology
(18 times)
CFTR (8 times)
CaM (6 times)
CARDs (6 times)
1994 Protein kinase C isozymes in progressively transformed rat embryo fibroblasts.
22  reading difficulties
(50 times)
Psychology
(16 times)
ADHD (9 times)
EF (6 times)
MD (4 times)
2003 Time perception deficits in attention-deficit/ hyperactivity disorder and comorbid reading difficulties in child and adolescent samples.
23  rate-distortion
(49 times)
Medical Informatics
(43 times)
HEVC (11 times)
CU (7 times)
PSNR (4 times)
1993 Best wavelet packet bases in a rate-distortion sense.
24  restrictive dermopathy
(43 times)
Genetics, Medical
(11 times)
HGPS (17 times)
MAD (4 times)
FTI (3 times)
1997 Restrictive dermopathy: report and review.
25  renal denervation
(41 times)
Vascular Diseases
(13 times)
BP (16 times)
RAS (4 times)
HF (3 times)
1988 Renal nerves in exaggerated water and sodium excretion by hypertrophied kidney of anesthetized rats.
26  relaxation dispersion
(36 times)
Physiology
(8 times)
CPMG (3 times)
LV (3 times)
CEST (2 times)
1990 How countercurrent blood flow and uneven perfusion affect the motion of inert gas.
27  replication-dependent
(35 times)
Molecular Biology
(12 times)
RI (5 times)
HLB (3 times)
COPD (2 times)
1961 Advances in the study of respiration-deficient (RD) mutation in yeast and other microorganisms.
28  relative difference
(34 times)
Radiology
(5 times)
CI (4 times)
AC (2 times)
CV (2 times)
1992 Time related bias in longitudinal studies using dual photon absorptiometry.
29  regression discontinuity
(31 times)
Health Services Research
(8 times)
CI (3 times)
RCTs (3 times)
NRCMS (2 times)
2006 Evaluating disease management programme effectiveness: an introduction to the regression discontinuity design.
30  respiratory depression
(31 times)
Anesthesiology
(7 times)
CI (4 times)
ED (4 times)
PACU (3 times)
1987 Sensory irritation of methylisocyanate vapor.
31  reduced dose
(30 times)
Radiology
(11 times)
SD (14 times)
FD (8 times)
FBP (6 times)
1988 Chemotherapy-related toxicity in infants treated according to the Second National Wilms' Tumor Study.
32  road dust
(30 times)
Environmental Health
(29 times)
ILCR (4 times)
CD (3 times)
HI (3 times)
2008 Oxidative stress, inflammation, and pulmonary function assessment in rats exposed to laboratory-generated pollutant mixtures.
33  retinal dystrophies
(28 times)
Ophthalmology
(11 times)
RP (6 times)
NGS (5 times)
WES (4 times)
1985 Outline for a comprehensive classification of retinal dystrophy and its consequences.
34  radiation dermatitis
(27 times)
Neoplasms
(20 times)
RT (7 times)
IMRT (4 times)
CROs (2 times)
2013 Post mastectomy linac IMRT irradiation of chest wall and regional nodes: dosimetry data and acute toxicities.
35  raphe dorsalis
(27 times)
Neurology
(10 times)
LC (4 times)
OB (3 times)
RM (3 times)
1979 Behavioural reactions and changes in the spontaneous and evoked EEG-activity upon microinjection of noradrenaline and isoprenaline in cat nucleus raphe dorsalis.
36  rectal distension
(27 times)
Gastroenterology
(10 times)
EA (5 times)
LPS (3 times)
GI (2 times)
1994 Influence of 5-HT3 receptor antagonists in visceromotor and nociceptive responses to rectal distension before and during experimental colitis in rats.
37  related donor
(26 times)
Hematology
(13 times)
URD (12 times)
GVHD (5 times)
HSCT (5 times)
1987 Therapeutic use of OKT3 monoclonal antibody for acute renal allograft rejection.
38  reading disabled
(24 times)
Psychology
(7 times)
ADD (4 times)
NA (2 times)
ND (2 times)
1980 Genetic models of reading disability.
39  rhabdomyosarcoma cells
(24 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
CaEP (2 times)
EV71 (2 times)
MMP-2 (2 times)
1973 A type-C virus in human rhabdomyosarcoma cells after inoculation into NIH Swiss mice treated with antithymocyte serum.
40  Raynaud's disease
(21 times)
Vascular Diseases
(5 times)
PSS (4 times)
RP (4 times)
SS (4 times)
1982 Acid lysosomal hydrolases in systemic sclerosis and other connective tissue diseases.
41  redistribution
(21 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(14 times)
PD (5 times)
RI (3 times)
CABG (2 times)
1984 Assessment of viable myocardium within infarct zone by exercise thallium-201 scintigraphy.
42  reference diameter
(21 times)
Cardiology
(14 times)
MLD (10 times)
DS (5 times)
QCA (5 times)
1993 Can the same edge-detection algorithm be applied to on-line and off-line analysis systems? Validation of a new cinefilm-based geometric coronary measurement software.
43  radial diffusion
(20 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
FA (17 times)
AD (13 times)
MD (13 times)
2011 Reduced white matter integrity is related to cognitive instability.
44  IgG4-related disease
(19 times)
Internal Medicine
(4 times)
IgG4 (2 times)
AERD (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2013 Immunoglobulin G4-related lung disease accompanied by organizing pneumonia.
45  radiation dose
(19 times)
Radiology
(7 times)
FT (4 times)
CT (3 times)
FBP (2 times)
2001 Dose-response relationships on the expression profile of cytokeratins and vimentin in rat submandibular glands following fractionated irradiation.
46  repressor domain
(19 times)
Science
(5 times)
CARDs (4 times)
ds (2 times)
RIG-I (2 times)
2001 Sharp, an inducible cofactor that integrates nuclear receptor repression and activation.
47  response duration
(18 times)
Neoplasms
(10 times)
OS (7 times)
PFS (5 times)
ORR (4 times)
2000 Phase III comparative study of vinorelbine combined with doxorubicin versus doxorubicin alone in disseminated metastatic/recurrent breast cancer: National Cancer Institute of Canada Clinical Trials Group Study MA8.
48  receiver domain
(17 times)
Molecular Biology
(5 times)
HK (4 times)
DBD (3 times)
RR (3 times)
1992 [Phosphatidylinositides as biochemical modulators of the process of receptor domain formation].
49  reference diet
(17 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(9 times)
IDE (5 times)
TD (4 times)
CM (2 times)
2001 A method to improve the dose distribution of interstitial breast implants using geometrically optimized stepping source techniques and dose normalization.
50  relative deprivation
(17 times)
Public Health
(5 times)
RS (2 times)
SRH (2 times)
AC (1 time)
1987 Relative deprivation theory and responses to discrimination in a gay male and lesbian sample.
51  retinal determination
(17 times)
Biology
(12 times)
EYA (5 times)
Dac (4 times)
ato (3 times)
2003 Functional dissection of eyes absent reveals new modes of regulation within the retinal determination gene network.
52  recurrent disease
(16 times)
Neoplasms
(8 times)
PD (3 times)
CRC (2 times)
DFS (2 times)
1992 Morbidity and mortality after pelvic exenteration for colorectal adenocarcinoma.
53  Reiter's disease
(16 times)
Rheumatology
(5 times)
AS (4 times)
RA (3 times)
PA (2 times)
1976 HL-A antigens in clinical medicine.
54  relative distance
(16 times)
Physiology
(5 times)
CUMS (2 times)
ES (2 times)
HSR (2 times)
1998 On the kinetics of phase separation in aqueous two-phase systems.
55  rhododendrol
(16 times)
Dermatology
(6 times)
RK (2 times)
ROS (2 times)
4-TBP (1 time)
2015 Tyrosinase-catalyzed metabolism of rhododendrol (RD) in B16 melanoma cells: production of RD-pheomelanin and covalent binding with thiol proteins.
56  Runt domain
(16 times)
Molecular Biology
(6 times)
AP-1 (3 times)
Arm (1 time)
CBF (1 time)
1998 Site-directed mutagenesis supports a three-dimensional model of the runt domain.
57  Renal dysplasia
(15 times)
Pediatrics
(7 times)
COX-2 (2 times)
AGTR2 (1 time)
BMP-7 (1 time)
1978 Hereditary retinal dysplasia (RD) in a family of Yorkshire terriers.
58  replication-defective
(14 times)
Genetics, Medical
(4 times)
RC (5 times)
Ad (4 times)
ND (2 times)
1975 RNA of replication-defective strains of Rous sarcoma virus.
59  read depth
(13 times)
Medical Informatics
(5 times)
CNV (6 times)
CNVs (5 times)
NGS (4 times)
2011 CNVnator: an approach to discover, genotype, and characterize typical and atypical CNVs from family and population genome sequencing.
60  Refsum disease
(13 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
PA (3 times)
PAHX (2 times)
PhyH (2 times)
1986 Partial deficiency of dihydroxyacetone phosphate acyltransferase activity in both classical and infantile Refsum's diseases.
61  reductive dechlorination
(12 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
VC (4 times)
cis-DCE (3 times)
Dhc (3 times)
2003 Kinetic and phylogenetic characterization of an anaerobic dechlorinating microbial community.
62  relative density
(12 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
SLM (3 times)
ADC (1 time)
AQP4 (1 time)
1995 Effects of gas density and ambient pressure on myocardial contractility in the rat.
63  residual dizziness
(12 times)
Otolaryngology
(8 times)
BPPV (10 times)
CRP (4 times)
DHI (4 times)
2013 Residual dizziness after successful repositioning maneuvers for idiopathic benign paroxysmal positional vertigo.
64  resistant disease
(12 times)
Hematology
(5 times)
CR (12 times)
AML (8 times)
OS (3 times)
1987 Day 4 bone marrow aspirate for prediction of resistance to induction chemotherapy in acute myeloid leukemia.
65  revolving door
(12 times)
Psychiatry
(7 times)
ADRs (2 times)
BDs (2 times)
TFs (2 times)
1995 Predicting revolving-door patients in a 9-year national sample.
66  rolling direction
(12 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
TD (5 times)
ND (3 times)
EBSD (2 times)
2013 EBSD study of angular deviations from the Goss component in grain-oriented electrical steels.
67  recommended phase II dose
(11 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
MTD (8 times)
DLT (5 times)
DLTs (2 times)
2000 Phase I dose-finding study of a new taxane, RPR 109881A, administered as a one-hour intravenous infusion days 1 and 8 to patients with advanced solid tumors.
68  reduced dimensionality
(11 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(5 times)
FD (2 times)
ESI-MS (1 time)
LC (1 time)
2002 Novel projected 4D triple resonance experiments for polypeptide backbone chemical shift assignment.
69  respirable dust
(11 times)
Occupational Health
(5 times)
GM (2 times)
NIOSH (2 times)
OEL (2 times)
2013 State of toner exposure of workers who handle toners.
70  Responsibility Deal
(11 times)
Public Health
(8 times)
CVD (1 time)
GCa (1 time)
IQR (1 time)
2013 The Public Health Responsibility Deal: how should such a complex public health policy be evaluated?
71  restricted diet
(11 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
AL (2 times)
ACEIs (1 time)
ALD (1 time)
1994 [Effect of food consumption restriction in adult rats on the growth and tissue composition of their suckling offspring].
72  rhombic dodecahedron
(11 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
DO (3 times)
EBM (2 times)
TEM (2 times)
2008 Selective synthesis of single-crystalline rhombic dodecahedral, octahedral, and cubic gold nanocrystals.
73  rolandic discharges
(11 times)
Brain
(8 times)
EEG (3 times)
BCECT (2 times)
BECCT (2 times)
1992 Relationship between benign epilepsy of children with centro-temporal EEG foci and febrile convulsions.
74  rubber dam
(11 times)
Dentistry
(9 times)
CR (1 time)
DeltaT (1 time)
FS (1 time)
2005 Pit and fissure sealants: results at five and ten years.
75  range-Doppler
(10 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(6 times)
ISAR (5 times)
SAR (5 times)
RID (3 times)
2008 High-resolution ISAR imaging of maneuvering targets by means of the range instantaneous Doppler technique: modeling and performance analysis.
76  reticular dysgenesis
(10 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
SCID (4 times)
HSCT (2 times)
iPSCs (2 times)
1990 [Reticular dysgenesis: primary disorder in differentiation of hematopoietic stem cells?].
77  root diameter
(10 times)
Genetics
(2 times)
RL (5 times)
LRN (2 times)
PH (2 times)
1996 Cancellous bone screw thread design and holding power.
78  recognition discriminability
(9 times)
Psychology
(7 times)
AD (2 times)
BVMT-R (2 times)
CVLT (2 times)
2002 Identifying retrieval problems using the California Verbal Learning Test.
79  remitted depressed
(9 times)
Psychiatry
(5 times)
MDD (3 times)
ND (3 times)
HC (2 times)
2006 Amygdala reactivity and mood-congruent memory in individuals at risk for depressive relapse.
80  reversible defect
(9 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(4 times)
LV (2 times)
SMI (2 times)
ECG (1 time)
1993 Reverse redistribution in resting thallium-201 myocardial scintigraphy in patients with coronary artery disease: relation to coronary anatomy and ventricular function.
81  radial distances
(8 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
JD (5 times)
EPE (2 times)
MRI (2 times)
2011 Quantification of extraprostatic extension in prostate cancer: different parameters correlated to biochemical recurrence after radical prostatectomy.
82  radicicol
(8 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
GA (5 times)
Hsp90 (5 times)
ATP (1 time)
2004 A time-resolved fluorescence resonance energy transfer-based HTS assay and a surface plasmon resonance-based binding assay for heat shock protein 90 inhibitors.
83  random deposition
(8 times)
Physiology
(8 times)
KPZ (2 times)
BBD (1 time)
BD (1 time)
2004 Initial-stage growth phenomena and distribution of local configurations of the restricted solid-on-solid model.
84  random-dot
(8 times)
Optometry
(3 times)
BOLD (1 time)
fNIRS (1 time)
HD (1 time)
1985 Effect of stimulus parameters on fusional and stereoscopic performance.
85  ratio difference spectrophotometry
(8 times)
Molecular Biology
(7 times)
MCR (3 times)
CC (2 times)
DW (2 times)
2014 Spectrophotometric methods manipulating ratio spectra for simultaneous determination of binary mixtures with sever overlapping spectra: a comparative study.
86  rebound depolarization
(8 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
DCN (2 times)
HCN (2 times)
IPSPs (2 times)
1997 Sustained outward rectification of oxytocinergic neurones in the rat supraoptic nucleus: ionic dependence and pharmacology.
87  repeat domain
(8 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
AD (1 time)
BSA (1 time)
CyaA (1 time)
2003 Regulation of alternative splicing of Gtf2ird1 and its impact on slow muscle promoter activity.
88  retail display
(8 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(5 times)
PUFA (3 times)
MDGS (2 times)
TBARS (2 times)
2017 Impact of feeding de-oiled wet distillers grains plus solubles on beef shelf life.
89  right dominant
(8 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
LD (8 times)
CD (4 times)
CAD (2 times)
2015 Corpus Callosum Diffusion and Language Lateralization in Patients with Brain Tumors: A DTI and fMRI Study.
90  ropivacaine with dexmedetomidine
(8 times)
Anesthesia
(3 times)
RC (6 times)
ASA (2 times)
RF (2 times)
2011 Dexmedetomidine and clonidine in epidural anaesthesia: A comparative evaluation.
91  racial discrimination
(7 times)
Healthcare Disparities
(2 times)
AA (1 time)
AAs (1 time)
BWL (1 time)
2008 Cognitive effects of psychotomimetic drugs in rats discriminating number cues.
92  receptor-dependent
(7 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
RI (3 times)
PLS (2 times)
QSAR (2 times)
2006 Structure-based QSAR analysis of a set of 4-hydroxy-5,6-dihydropyrones as inhibitors of HIV-1 protease: an application of the receptor-dependent (RD) 4D-QSAR formalism.
93  regular dose
(7 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
HD (4 times)
ADHD (1 time)
AR (1 time)
1993 Acutely psychotic patients receiving high-dose haloperidol therapy.
94  responsive disease
(7 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
PD (5 times)
GIST (2 times)
GP (2 times)
1988 Comparison of CA15-3 and carcinoembryonic antigen in monitoring the clinical course of patients with metastatic breast cancer.
95  rheumatic disorders
(7 times)
Rheumatology
(4 times)
4-ISFMP (1 time)
AS (1 time)
CSTAR (1 time)
1983 Sebaceous glands in the buccal mucosa in patients with rheumatic disorders.
96  riboflavin-deficient
(7 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
ETC (2 times)
ACAD9 (1 time)
CD (1 time)
1986 The influence of riboflavin deficiency on absorption and liver storage of iron in the growing rat.
97  Riccardin D
(7 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
PCa (2 times)
AR (1 time)
CIP1 (1 time)
2012 In vitro and in vivo evaluation of riccardin D nanosuspensions with different particle size.
98  radiation damping
(6 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(4 times)
ARISE (1 time)
BMP (1 time)
bSSFP (1 time)
1996 Amplification of radiation damping in a 600-MHz NMR spectrometer: Application to the study of water-protein interactions.
99  radiodermatitis
(6 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
PBMT (3 times)
RT (3 times)
OM (2 times)
2012 Topical agent therapy for prevention and treatment of radiodermatitis: a meta-analysis.
100  radiographic density
(6 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
CBCT (3 times)
AB (1 time)
ANOVA (1 time)
2004 Incidence, pathology and prevention of keel bone deformities in the laying hen.