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Abbreviation: RD
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
risk difference
(1457 times)
Medicine
(577 times)
CI (642 times)
RR (558 times)
RCTs (259 times)
1982 Causal and preventive interdependence. Elementary principles.
retinal detachment
(1108 times)
Ophthalmology
(791 times)
PVR (157 times)
PPV (133 times)
VA (99 times)
1978 Retinal detachment in the second eye.
radial diffusivity
(876 times)
Neurology
(228 times)
FA (793 times)
AD (563 times)
DTI (534 times)
2007 Diffusion properties of NAA in human corpus callosum as studied with diffusion tensor spectroscopy.
recommended dose
(307 times)
Neoplasms
(219 times)
MTD (158 times)
DLT (106 times)
DLTs (47 times)
1999 Therapeutic effects of some antihaematozoal drugs against Haemoproteus columbae in domestic pigeons.
reading disability
(249 times)
Psychology
(115 times)
ADHD (68 times)
LI (12 times)
TD (11 times)
1988 Separate brain potential characteristics in children with reading disability and attention deficit disorder: color and letter relevance effects.
rhabdomyosarcoma
(219 times)
Virology
(68 times)
EV71 (54 times)
HFMD (43 times)
CPE (21 times)
1976 Limitation of multinucleation by dibutyryl adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate in tumor cells treated with cytochalasin B.
retinal degeneration
(199 times)
Ophthalmology
(50 times)
ERG (20 times)
RPE (20 times)
RP (15 times)
1973 Contributions of the genes albinism (c) and retinal degeneration (rd) to a strain-by-training procedure interaction in avoidance learning.
residual disease
(189 times)
Neoplasms
(112 times)
OS (39 times)
PCR (37 times)
TNBC (20 times)
1989 Treatment of aggressive multiple myeloma by high-dose chemotherapy and total body irradiation followed by blood stem cells autologous graft.
respiratory distress
(156 times)
Environmental Health
(34 times)
CVD (21 times)
CI (13 times)
COPD (10 times)
1978 Association of neonatal respiratory distress with birth asphyxia and deficiency of red cell mass in premature infants.
10  rheumatic diseases
(149 times)
Rheumatology
(48 times)
RA (18 times)
SLE (16 times)
COVID-19 (7 times)
1975 Aspects of the psychology and epidemiology of rheumatoid disease.
11  reward dependence
(138 times)
Psychiatry
(61 times)
HA (103 times)
NS (93 times)
TCI (44 times)
1991 Further contribution to the conceptual validity of the unified biosocial model of personality: US and Yugoslav data.
12  renal dysfunction
(132 times)
Cardiology
(47 times)
eGFR (33 times)
HF (22 times)
CI (20 times)
1979 Acute renal failure following cardiac surgery.
13  regular diet
(129 times)
Endocrinology
(15 times)
HFD (66 times)
HSD (6 times)
SOD (6 times)
1976 Altered thyroidal responsivity to thyrotropin induced by circulating thyroid hormones. A "short-loop" regulatory mechanism?
14  rare disease
(112 times)
Medicine
(32 times)
FAIR (4 times)
IRDiRC (4 times)
OD (4 times)
2004 [Rare diseases: a new chapter in medicine].
15  recession depth
(107 times)
Dentistry
(72 times)
CAL (75 times)
PD (71 times)
RW (51 times)
1995 Effects of tetracycline HCl conditioning and fibrin-fibronectin system application in the treatment of buccal gingival recession with guided tissue regeneration.
16  registered dietitian
(97 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(52 times)
MNT (4 times)
FTE (3 times)
ICC (3 times)
1984 The nutrition care profile: an aid to delivery of quality nutrition care in a small community hospital.
17  radial
(89 times)
Neurology
(28 times)
FA (81 times)
DTI (49 times)
WM (29 times)
2001 Distribution of median, ulnar and radial motoneurons in the monkey spinal cord: a retrograde triple-labeling study.
18  reaction-diffusion
(88 times)
Biology
(23 times)
CA (2 times)
MSMs (2 times)
RA (2 times)
1985 Spatial patterns produced by a reaction-diffusion system in primary hair follicles.
19  region of difference
(79 times)
Microbiology
(20 times)
TB (31 times)
PCR (13 times)
BCG (12 times)
2002 Bacterial artificial chromosome-based comparative genomic analysis identifies Mycobacterium microti as a natural ESAT-6 deletion mutant.
20  reading disorder
(70 times)
Psychology
(25 times)
ADHD (19 times)
LI (6 times)
MD (6 times)
1997 Auditory event-related potentials in the study of developmental language-related disorders.
21  regulatory domain
(67 times)
Molecular Biology
(18 times)
CFTR (8 times)
DBD (7 times)
CaM (6 times)
1994 Protein kinase C isozymes in progressively transformed rat embryo fibroblasts.
22  reading difficulties
(51 times)
Psychology
(16 times)
ADHD (9 times)
EF (6 times)
MD (4 times)
2003 Time perception deficits in attention-deficit/ hyperactivity disorder and comorbid reading difficulties in child and adolescent samples.
23  renal denervation
(46 times)
Vascular Diseases
(15 times)
BP (18 times)
RAS (4 times)
AF (3 times)
1988 Renal nerves in exaggerated water and sodium excretion by hypertrophied kidney of anesthetized rats.
24  restrictive dermopathy
(45 times)
Genetics, Medical
(11 times)
HGPS (17 times)
MAD (4 times)
FTI (3 times)
1997 Restrictive dermopathy: report and review.
25  radiation dermatitis
(44 times)
Neoplasms
(30 times)
RT (15 times)
IMRT (5 times)
CI (2 times)
2013 Post mastectomy linac IMRT irradiation of chest wall and regional nodes: dosimetry data and acute toxicities.
26  regression discontinuity
(41 times)
Health Services Research
(8 times)
CI (3 times)
RCTs (3 times)
NRCMS (2 times)
2006 Evaluating disease management programme effectiveness: an introduction to the regression discontinuity design.
27  relative difference
(39 times)
Radiology
(5 times)
CI (5 times)
AC (2 times)
CV (2 times)
1992 Time related bias in longitudinal studies using dual photon absorptiometry.
28  relaxation dispersion
(36 times)
Physiology
(8 times)
CPMG (3 times)
LV (3 times)
CEST (2 times)
1990 How countercurrent blood flow and uneven perfusion affect the motion of inert gas.
29  replication-dependent
(36 times)
Molecular Biology
(12 times)
RI (5 times)
HLB (3 times)
SLBP (3 times)
1961 Advances in the study of respiration-deficient (RD) mutation in yeast and other microorganisms.
30  reduced dose
(35 times)
Radiology
(11 times)
SD (16 times)
FD (9 times)
FBP (6 times)
1988 Chemotherapy-related toxicity in infants treated according to the Second National Wilms' Tumor Study.
31  respiratory depression
(35 times)
Anesthesiology
(7 times)
CI (4 times)
ED (4 times)
PACU (3 times)
1987 Sensory irritation of methylisocyanate vapor.
32  road dust
(31 times)
Environmental Health
(30 times)
ILCR (4 times)
PAHs (4 times)
PMF (4 times)
2008 Oxidative stress, inflammation, and pulmonary function assessment in rats exposed to laboratory-generated pollutant mixtures.
33  rectal distension
(28 times)
Gastroenterology
(10 times)
EA (5 times)
IBS (3 times)
LPS (3 times)
1994 Influence of 5-HT3 receptor antagonists in visceromotor and nociceptive responses to rectal distension before and during experimental colitis in rats.
34  raphe dorsalis
(27 times)
Neurology
(10 times)
LC (4 times)
OB (3 times)
RM (3 times)
1979 Behavioural reactions and changes in the spontaneous and evoked EEG-activity upon microinjection of noradrenaline and isoprenaline in cat nucleus raphe dorsalis.
35  related donor
(27 times)
Hematology
(13 times)
URD (13 times)
GVHD (5 times)
HSCT (5 times)
1987 Therapeutic use of OKT3 monoclonal antibody for acute renal allograft rejection.
36  rhabdomyosarcoma cells
(27 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
EV71 (3 times)
CaEP (2 times)
MMP-2 (2 times)
1973 A type-C virus in human rhabdomyosarcoma cells after inoculation into NIH Swiss mice treated with antithymocyte serum.
37  radial diffusion
(24 times)
Neurology
(10 times)
FA (19 times)
AD (16 times)
DTI (15 times)
2011 Reduced white matter integrity is related to cognitive instability.
38  reading disabled
(24 times)
Psychology
(7 times)
ADD (4 times)
NA (2 times)
ND (2 times)
1980 Genetic models of reading disability.
39  IgG4-related disease
(23 times)
Pathology
(5 times)
CT (2 times)
Ig (2 times)
IgG4 (2 times)
2013 Immunoglobulin G4-related lung disease accompanied by organizing pneumonia.
40  radiation dose
(22 times)
Radiology
(7 times)
CT (4 times)
FT (4 times)
FBP (2 times)
2001 Dose-response relationships on the expression profile of cytokeratins and vimentin in rat submandibular glands following fractionated irradiation.
41  Raynaud's disease
(21 times)
Vascular Diseases
(5 times)
PSS (4 times)
RP (4 times)
SS (4 times)
1982 Acid lysosomal hydrolases in systemic sclerosis and other connective tissue diseases.
42  redistribution
(21 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(14 times)
PD (5 times)
RI (3 times)
CABG (2 times)
1984 Assessment of viable myocardium within infarct zone by exercise thallium-201 scintigraphy.
43  reference diameter
(21 times)
Cardiology
(14 times)
MLD (10 times)
DS (5 times)
QCA (5 times)
1993 Can the same edge-detection algorithm be applied to on-line and off-line analysis systems? Validation of a new cinefilm-based geometric coronary measurement software.
44  reference diet
(21 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(10 times)
IDE (5 times)
SRD (4 times)
TD (4 times)
2001 A method to improve the dose distribution of interstitial breast implants using geometrically optimized stepping source techniques and dose normalization.
45  residual dizziness
(21 times)
Otolaryngology
(10 times)
BPPV (18 times)
DHI (6 times)
CRP (5 times)
2013 Residual dizziness after successful repositioning maneuvers for idiopathic benign paroxysmal positional vertigo.
46  relative deprivation
(20 times)
Public Health
(6 times)
RS (2 times)
SRH (2 times)
AC (1 time)
1987 Relative deprivation theory and responses to discrimination in a gay male and lesbian sample.
47  repressor domain
(19 times)
Science
(5 times)
CARDs (4 times)
ds (2 times)
RIG-I (2 times)
2001 Sharp, an inducible cofactor that integrates nuclear receptor repression and activation.
48  retinal dystrophies
(19 times)
Ophthalmology
(11 times)
NGS (5 times)
RP (4 times)
BCVA (2 times)
1985 Outline for a comprehensive classification of retinal dystrophy and its consequences.
49  receiver domain
(18 times)
Molecular Biology
(5 times)
DBD (4 times)
HK (4 times)
RR (3 times)
1992 [Phosphatidylinositides as biochemical modulators of the process of receptor domain formation].
50  recurrent disease
(18 times)
Neoplasms
(8 times)
PD (3 times)
CRC (2 times)
DFS (2 times)
1992 Morbidity and mortality after pelvic exenteration for colorectal adenocarcinoma.
51  response duration
(18 times)
Neoplasms
(10 times)
OS (7 times)
PFS (5 times)
ORR (4 times)
2000 Phase III comparative study of vinorelbine combined with doxorubicin versus doxorubicin alone in disseminated metastatic/recurrent breast cancer: National Cancer Institute of Canada Clinical Trials Group Study MA8.
52  relative density
(17 times)
Biotechnology
(2 times)
RA (4 times)
SLM (3 times)
SSRs (3 times)
1995 Effects of gas density and ambient pressure on myocardial contractility in the rat.
53  retinal determination
(17 times)
Biology
(12 times)
eya (5 times)
Dac (4 times)
ato (3 times)
2003 Functional dissection of eyes absent reveals new modes of regulation within the retinal determination gene network.
54  rhododendrol
(17 times)
Dermatology
(6 times)
RK (3 times)
NQO1 (2 times)
ROS (2 times)
2015 Tyrosinase-catalyzed metabolism of rhododendrol (RD) in B16 melanoma cells: production of RD-pheomelanin and covalent binding with thiol proteins.
55  Reiter's disease
(16 times)
Rheumatology
(5 times)
AS (4 times)
RA (3 times)
PA (2 times)
1976 HL-A antigens in clinical medicine.
56  relative distance
(16 times)
Physiology
(5 times)
CUMS (2 times)
ES (2 times)
HSR (2 times)
1998 On the kinetics of phase separation in aqueous two-phase systems.
57  Renal dysplasia
(16 times)
Pediatrics
(7 times)
COX-2 (2 times)
AGTR2 (1 time)
BMP-7 (1 time)
1978 Hereditary retinal dysplasia (RD) in a family of Yorkshire terriers.
58  rolling direction
(16 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
TD (7 times)
ND (4 times)
CD (2 times)
2013 EBSD study of angular deviations from the Goss component in grain-oriented electrical steels.
59  Runt domain
(16 times)
Molecular Biology
(6 times)
AP-1 (3 times)
Arm (1 time)
CBF (1 time)
1998 Site-directed mutagenesis supports a three-dimensional model of the runt domain.
60  read depth
(14 times)
Medical Informatics
(5 times)
CNV (6 times)
CNVs (6 times)
NGS (4 times)
2011 CNVnator: an approach to discover, genotype, and characterize typical and atypical CNVs from family and population genome sequencing.
61  reductive dechlorination
(13 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
VC (4 times)
cis-DCE (3 times)
Dhc (3 times)
2003 Kinetic and phylogenetic characterization of an anaerobic dechlorinating microbial community.
62  Refsum disease
(13 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
PA (3 times)
PAHX (2 times)
PhyH (2 times)
1986 Partial deficiency of dihydroxyacetone phosphate acyltransferase activity in both classical and infantile Refsum's diseases.
63  respirable dust
(13 times)
Occupational Health
(6 times)
GM (2 times)
NIOSH (2 times)
OEL (2 times)
2013 State of toner exposure of workers who handle toners.
64  restricted diet
(13 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
AL (2 times)
ACEIs (1 time)
ALD (1 time)
1994 [Effect of food consumption restriction in adult rats on the growth and tissue composition of their suckling offspring].
65  revolving door
(13 times)
Psychiatry
(7 times)
ADRs (2 times)
BDs (2 times)
TFs (2 times)
1995 Predicting revolving-door patients in a 9-year national sample.
66  rhombic dodecahedron
(13 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
DO (3 times)
EBM (2 times)
TEM (2 times)
2008 Selective synthesis of single-crystalline rhombic dodecahedral, octahedral, and cubic gold nanocrystals.
67  rubber dam
(13 times)
Dentistry
(11 times)
CR (1 time)
DeltaT (1 time)
FS (1 time)
2005 Pit and fissure sealants: results at five and ten years.
68  resistant disease
(12 times)
Hematology
(5 times)
CR (12 times)
AML (8 times)
OS (3 times)
1987 Day 4 bone marrow aspirate for prediction of resistance to induction chemotherapy in acute myeloid leukemia.
69  root diameter
(12 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
RL (5 times)
RES (3 times)
RTD (3 times)
1996 Cancellous bone screw thread design and holding power.
70  racial discrimination
(11 times)
Psychopharmacology
(2 times)
AA (1 time)
AAs (1 time)
AWM (1 time)
2008 Cognitive effects of psychotomimetic drugs in rats discriminating number cues.
71  range-Doppler
(11 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(6 times)
SAR (6 times)
ISAR (5 times)
RID (3 times)
2008 High-resolution ISAR imaging of maneuvering targets by means of the range instantaneous Doppler technique: modeling and performance analysis.
72  recommended phase II dose
(11 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
MTD (8 times)
DLT (5 times)
DLTs (2 times)
2000 Phase I dose-finding study of a new taxane, RPR 109881A, administered as a one-hour intravenous infusion days 1 and 8 to patients with advanced solid tumors.
73  rectus diastasis
(11 times)
General Surgery
(9 times)
AGREE (1 time)
BAPFMT (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2010 Rectus diastasis corrected with absorbable suture: a long-term evaluation.
74  reduced dimensionality
(11 times)
Molecular Biology
(5 times)
FD (2 times)
ESI-MS (1 time)
LC (1 time)
2002 Novel projected 4D triple resonance experiments for polypeptide backbone chemical shift assignment.
75  Responsibility Deal
(11 times)
Public Health
(8 times)
CVD (1 time)
GCa (1 time)
IQR (1 time)
2013 The Public Health Responsibility Deal: how should such a complex public health policy be evaluated?
76  reticular dysgenesis
(11 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
SCID (5 times)
HSCT (2 times)
iPSCs (2 times)
1990 [Reticular dysgenesis: primary disorder in differentiation of hematopoietic stem cells?].
77  rolandic discharges
(11 times)
Brain
(8 times)
EEG (3 times)
BCECT (2 times)
BECCT (2 times)
1992 Relationship between benign epilepsy of children with centro-temporal EEG foci and febrile convulsions.
78  radial distance
(10 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
JD (5 times)
EPE (2 times)
MRI (2 times)
2011 Quantification of extraprostatic extension in prostate cancer: different parameters correlated to biochemical recurrence after radical prostatectomy.
79  Recognition Discriminability
(10 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
AD (3 times)
CVLT (3 times)
HD (3 times)
2002 Identifying retrieval problems using the California Verbal Learning Test.
80  repeat domain
(10 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
AD (3 times)
BSA (1 time)
CTE (1 time)
2003 Regulation of alternative splicing of Gtf2ird1 and its impact on slow muscle promoter activity.
81  ropivacaine with dexmedetomidine
(10 times)
Anesthesiology
(3 times)
RC (6 times)
ASA (3 times)
PCA (2 times)
2011 Dexmedetomidine and clonidine in epidural anaesthesia: A comparative evaluation.
82  Rebound depolarization
(9 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
DCN (2 times)
HCN (2 times)
IPSPs (2 times)
1997 Sustained outward rectification of oxytocinergic neurones in the rat supraoptic nucleus: ionic dependence and pharmacology.
83  regular dose
(9 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
HD (4 times)
LD (2 times)
ULD (2 times)
1993 Acutely psychotic patients receiving high-dose haloperidol therapy.
84  remitted depressed
(9 times)
Psychiatry
(5 times)
MDD (3 times)
ND (3 times)
HC (2 times)
2006 Amygdala reactivity and mood-congruent memory in individuals at risk for depressive relapse.
85  Retinal dystrophies
(9 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
WES (3 times)
RP (2 times)
AMD (1 time)
2006 Protein aggregation in retinal cells and approaches to cell protection.
86  reversible defect
(9 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(4 times)
LV (2 times)
SMI (2 times)
ECG (1 time)
1993 Reverse redistribution in resting thallium-201 myocardial scintigraphy in patients with coronary artery disease: relation to coronary anatomy and ventricular function.
87  right dominant
(9 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
LD (9 times)
CD (5 times)
CAD (2 times)
2015 Corpus Callosum Diffusion and Language Lateralization in Patients with Brain Tumors: A DTI and fMRI Study.
88  radicicol
(8 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
GA (5 times)
Hsp90 (5 times)
ATP (1 time)
2004 A time-resolved fluorescence resonance energy transfer-based HTS assay and a surface plasmon resonance-based binding assay for heat shock protein 90 inhibitors.
89  radiographic density
(8 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
CBCT (3 times)
AB (1 time)
allo-HSCT (1 time)
2004 Incidence, pathology and prevention of keel bone deformities in the laying hen.
90  random deposition
(8 times)
Physics
(8 times)
KPZ (2 times)
BBD (1 time)
BD (1 time)
2004 Initial-stage growth phenomena and distribution of local configurations of the restricted solid-on-solid model.
91  random-dot
(8 times)
Optometry
(3 times)
BOLD (1 time)
fNIRS (1 time)
HD (1 time)
1985 Effect of stimulus parameters on fusional and stereoscopic performance.
92  retail display
(8 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(5 times)
PUFA (3 times)
MDGS (2 times)
TBARS (2 times)
2017 Impact of feeding de-oiled wet distillers grains plus solubles on beef shelf life.
93  rheumatic disorders
(8 times)
Rheumatology
(4 times)
4-ISFMP (1 time)
AS (1 time)
CSTAR (1 time)
1983 Sebaceous glands in the buccal mucosa in patients with rheumatic disorders.
94  riboflavin-deficient
(8 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
ETC (2 times)
4-PBA (1 time)
ACAD9 (1 time)
1986 The influence of riboflavin deficiency on absorption and liver storage of iron in the growing rat.
95  radiodermatitis
(7 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
PBMT (3 times)
RT (3 times)
OM (2 times)
2012 Topical agent therapy for prevention and treatment of radiodermatitis: a meta-analysis.
96  radiology department
(7 times)
Specialties, Nursing
(2 times)
CT (2 times)
MET (2 times)
ED (1 time)
1988 Physician assessments of practice patterns in emergency department radiograph interpretation.
97  ratio difference spectrophotometric method
(7 times)
Molecular Biology
(7 times)
MCR (3 times)
CC (2 times)
DW (2 times)
2014 Spectrophotometric methods manipulating ratio spectra for simultaneous determination of binary mixtures with sever overlapping spectra: a comparative study.
98  receptor-dependent
(7 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
RI (3 times)
PLS (2 times)
QSAR (2 times)
2006 Structure-based QSAR analysis of a set of 4-hydroxy-5,6-dihydropyrones as inhibitors of HIV-1 protease: an application of the receptor-dependent (RD) 4D-QSAR formalism.
99  recurrent depression
(7 times)
Psychiatry
(5 times)
FED (3 times)
MDD (3 times)
AS (1 time)
2005 [Comparative efficacy and tolerability of paroxetine and amitriptiline in long-term therapy preventing depressive recurrences].
100  REM sleep deprivation
(7 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
REM (4 times)
AM-K (1 time)
CD (1 time)
1992 Cardiopulmonary regulation after rapid-eye-movement sleep deprivation.