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Abbreviation: RI
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
resistance index
(4775 times)
Ophthalmology
(602 times)
PI (1088 times)
PSV (502 times)
EDV (389 times)
1975 Tracking respiratory therapy in the trauma patient.
recombinant inbred
(552 times)
Genetics
(213 times)
QTL (140 times)
Chr (36 times)
SHR (19 times)
1976 Glk: a locus controlling galactokinase activity in the mouse.
risk index
(315 times)
Environmental Health
(244 times)
EF (57 times)
PLI (44 times)
PCA (36 times)
1981 Early exercise tests after uncomplicated acute myocardial infarction before early discharge from hospital.
reference interval
(240 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(84 times)
TSH (11 times)
CLSI (6 times)
RIA (6 times)
1988 Use of "average of normals" quality control procedure in the detection and resolution of assay discrepancies.
renal impairment
(235 times)
Pharmacology
(41 times)
MM (49 times)
eGFR (44 times)
PK (27 times)
1989 Ticarcillin/clavulanate in severe infections in patients with varying renal function.
resistance
(195 times)
Physiology
(31 times)
PI (55 times)
Re (19 times)
BALF (9 times)
1978 Selection of increased quinine resistance in Plasmodium falciparum in Aotus monkeys.
renal insufficiency
(185 times)
Cardiology
(44 times)
eGFR (32 times)
GFR (22 times)
CI (17 times)
1979 [Renal insufficiency (RI) evolving to a definitive cure in sarcoidosic granulomatous nephritis (SGN)].
relapse incidence
(177 times)
Hematology
(50 times)
OS (72 times)
LFS (67 times)
NRM (53 times)
1977 Epidemiology of endometrial cancer.
radioisotope
(146 times)
Neoplasms
(40 times)
SLN (20 times)
ICG (19 times)
CT (13 times)
1973 [Production of short-life RI(radio-isotopes) with CS-22 cyclotron (U.C.L.A.)].
10  relative importance
(99 times)
Social Sciences
(28 times)
UV (20 times)
RFC (15 times)
DCE (14 times)
2004 Species richness and seasonal abundance of ectomycorrhizal fungi in plantations of Eucalyptus dunnii and Pinus taeda in southern Brazil.
11  remodeling index
(98 times)
Cardiology
(57 times)
IVUS (34 times)
ACS (14 times)
CCTA (10 times)
1997 Role of compensatory enlargement and shrinkage in transplant coronary artery disease. Serial intravascular ultrasound study.
12  resolution of the identity
(88 times)
Chemistry
(85 times)
DFT (9 times)
RPA (7 times)
CD (4 times)
2003 An improvement of the resolution of the identity approximation for the formation of the Coulomb matrix.
13  Rhode Island
(87 times)
Medicine
(28 times)
MA (10 times)
CT (6 times)
ED (5 times)
2000 Improving surveillance of intimate partner violence by use of multiple data sources.
14  routine immunization
(76 times)
Medicine
(22 times)
SIAs (13 times)
OPV (7 times)
LGAs (6 times)
2008 Recommendations of 2nd National Consultative Meeting of Indian Academy of Pediatrics (IAP) on polio eradication and improvement of routine immunization.
15  replicative intermediate
(70 times)
Virology
(41 times)
RF (21 times)
RNA (5 times)
BVDV (4 times)
1967 Denaturation and renaturation of viral ribonucleic acid. I. Annealing R17 ribonucleic acid with denatured replicative form or with denatured replicative intermediate.
16  rotator interval
(69 times)
Orthopedics
(19 times)
MRI (10 times)
AC (7 times)
ROM (7 times)
1983 The Generality of the Retention Interval Model.
17  reproductive isolation
(66 times)
Biology
(33 times)
CI (3 times)
SNPs (3 times)
HHS (2 times)
2007 Evolution of reproductive isolation within a parasitic fungal species complex.
18  ribonuclease inhibitor
(64 times)
Biochemistry
(34 times)
RNase A (5 times)
Ang (4 times)
BS-RNase (4 times)
1976 Extended RNA synthesis in isolated nuclei from rat pituitary tumor cells.
19  reflux index
(49 times)
Pediatrics
(29 times)
GER (25 times)
GERD (11 times)
EA (5 times)
1989 Area under pH 4: advantages of a new parameter in the interpretation of esophageal pH monitoring data in infants.
20  response index
(48 times)
Rheumatology
(8 times)
IgG4-RD (12 times)
RCT (5 times)
TRG (5 times)
1976 Regional myocardial perfusion during atrial pacing in patients with coronary artery disease.
21  risk
(48 times)
Environmental Health
(41 times)
EF (13 times)
PLI (10 times)
Cd (7 times)
2012 Assessment and sources of heavy metals in surface sediments of Miyun Reservoir, Beijing.
22  regulatory subunit
(46 times)
Biochemistry
(21 times)
PKA (15 times)
cAMP (5 times)
CHO (5 times)
1978 Protein kinases in developing rat brain.
23  reperfusion injury
(43 times)
Cardiology
(9 times)
MI (6 times)
AAR (4 times)
STEMI (4 times)
1983 Beneficial metabolic effect of nucleoside augmentation on reperfusion injury following cardioplegic arrest.
24  reciprocal inhibition
(41 times)
Neurology
(27 times)
SOL (7 times)
TA (7 times)
SICI (6 times)
1992 [Reciprocal inhibition of human motor neurons at different firing rates].
25  response inhibition
(41 times)
Psychiatry
(12 times)
ADHD (7 times)
WM (5 times)
HCs (4 times)
2004 Response inhibition can affect reaction time to abrupt-onset visual displays.
26  random interval
(39 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(24 times)
RR (13 times)
FI (5 times)
FT (2 times)
1980 The effects of chlordiazepoxide HCl administration upon punishment and conditioned suppression in the rat.
27  recurrent inhibition
(37 times)
Neurology
(8 times)
CI (6 times)
MSM (6 times)
IPI (3 times)
1983 Participation of cortical recurrent inhibition in the genesis of spike and wave discharges in feline generalized penicillin epilepsy.
28  respiratory infections
(37 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(7 times)
RRI (5 times)
CI (3 times)
GI (2 times)
1999 Maternal reports of child illness and the biochemical status of the child: the use of morbidity interviews in rural Bangladesh.
29  retroactive interference
(36 times)
Psychology
(15 times)
PI (8 times)
HP (2 times)
LTM (2 times)
1982 Role of retroactive interference in the spatial memory of normal rats and rats with hippocampal lesions.
30  radioiodine
(35 times)
Endocrinology
(12 times)
SG (7 times)
Tg (5 times)
ATD (4 times)
1987 [Diagnosis and therapy of Basedow hyperthyroidism. Results of an Austrian study].
31  residual inhibition
(30 times)
Audiology
(9 times)
THI (7 times)
MML (6 times)
VAS (5 times)
1983 Parametric studies of tinnitus masking and residual inhibition.
32  recovery index
(27 times)
Anesthesiology
(12 times)
TOF (7 times)
PA (2 times)
TDT (2 times)
1986 [Pharmacodynamics of vecuronium in infants during intravenous induction of anesthesia with ketamine].
33  recommended intake
(25 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(17 times)
NNR (4 times)
UL (4 times)
AI (3 times)
1996 Dietary intake of a physically active elderly Spanish male group of high socioeconomic status.
34  radiation-induced
(24 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
CI (5 times)
HSPC (3 times)
BC (2 times)
1999 The reduction of in vitro radiation-induced Fas-related apoptosis in CD34+ progenitor cells by SCF, FLT-3 ligand, TPO, and IL-3 in combination resulted in CD34+ cell proliferation and differentiation.
35  replication-independent
(24 times)
Molecular Biology
(7 times)
RC (5 times)
RD (5 times)
ASF1 (2 times)
2002 The histone variant H3.3 marks active chromatin by replication-independent nucleosome assembly.
36  regional ischemia
(23 times)
Cardiology
(11 times)
BUN (3 times)
AAR (2 times)
CR (2 times)
1977 Evaluation of saphenous vein bypass surgery with multistage treadmill test and ventricular function studies.
37  resistive
(23 times)
Radiology
(4 times)
PI (23 times)
MCA (3 times)
US (3 times)
1991 Role of duplex imaging and fine needle aspiration cytology of renal allografts in monitoring response to anti-rejection therapy.
38  radial inclination
(22 times)
Orthopedics
(6 times)
UV (17 times)
VT (11 times)
RL (5 times)
2004 Clinical results of external fixation for unstable Colles' fractures.
39  resin infiltration
(22 times)
Dentistry
(12 times)
WSLs (6 times)
LF (2 times)
SEM (2 times)
2006 Development of a rapid infiltration system for wastewater and river water treatment in Japan using granulated materials.
40  rest intervals
(22 times)
Sports Medicine
(10 times)
La (3 times)
CP (2 times)
DOMS (2 times)
2007 The effect of rest interval length on metabolic responses to the bench press exercise.
41  retro-inverso
(21 times)
Biochemistry
(9 times)
AD (2 times)
CD (2 times)
PBMC (2 times)
1992 Effect of tuftsin and its retro-inverso analogue on the release of interferon (IFN-gamma) and tumor necrosis factor (TNF-alpha) by human leucocytes.
42  ramp incremental
(19 times)
Physiology
(9 times)
VL (6 times)
RCP (4 times)
CWR (3 times)
2005 A test to establish maximum O2 uptake despite no plateau in the O2 uptake response to ramp incremental exercise.
43  roundness index
(19 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
MWA (2 times)
AML (1 time)
ARI (1 time)
1990 [Abdominal lymph nodes: the echographic evaluation criteria].
44  recognition index
(18 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
NOR (6 times)
DI (2 times)
NIMO (2 times)
2007 Comparison of single vs. multiple administrations of the AMPA receptors modulator S 18986 in the object recognition task in rats.
45  remote infection
(17 times)
Urology
(10 times)
SSI (16 times)
AMP (4 times)
POD (4 times)
2004 Assessment of a protocol for prophylactic antibiotics to prevent perioperative infection in urological surgery: a preliminary study.
46  respiratory insufficiency
(17 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
HV (2 times)
NIV (2 times)
ALS (1 time)
1986 [Gas exchange, microcirculation and blood kinins in patients with chronic nonspecific lung diseases].
47  ribonuclease inhibitor protein
(17 times)
Biochemistry
(10 times)
ONC (6 times)
RNase A (5 times)
Amph (1 time)
2000 A ribonuclease A variant with low catalytic activity but high cytotoxicity.
48  RNase inhibitor
(17 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
Ang (3 times)
bFGF (2 times)
EDN (2 times)
1989 Multiple splice forms of ribonuclease-inhibitor mRNA differ in the 5'-untranslated region.
49  reduced-intensity
(16 times)
Hematology
(8 times)
GVHD (7 times)
MA (3 times)
NMA (3 times)
2003 High complete response rate after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation with reduced-intensity conditioning regimens in advanced malignant lymphoma.
50  regular insulin
(16 times)
Endocrinology
(5 times)
IDDM (3 times)
NPH (3 times)
DKA (2 times)
1981 Hypoglycemic depression of hepatic phagocytosis in vivo and in the in situ perfused rat liver.
51  renal infarction
(16 times)
Medicine
(7 times)
CT (4 times)
OR (3 times)
CI (2 times)
1996 [Prevalence of renal infarcts in autopsies of chronic Chagas disease patients].
52  resident-intruder
(16 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
AER (2 times)
CSC (2 times)
SFC (2 times)
2000 Fighting in NIH/S male mice: consequences for behaviour in resident-intruder tests and physiological parameters.
53  retained intron
(16 times)
Cells
(2 times)
AS (9 times)
AD (4 times)
SE (4 times)
2017 Transcriptome analysis of hypoxic cancer cells uncovers intron retention in EIF2B5 as a mechanism to inhibit translation.
54  receptor I
(15 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
TGF (3 times)
TGF-beta (3 times)
TNF (3 times)
1996 Endoglin is a component of the transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta receptor complex of human pre-B leukemic cells.
55  Research Institute
(15 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(14 times)
PTM (6 times)
ISO (2 times)
FDA-BAM (1 time)
2010 Comparison of FoodChek E. coli test and AOAC Research Institute Performance Tested Method 010603 for detection of E. coli O157 in raw ground beef.
56  radiographic inclination
(14 times)
Orthopedics
(6 times)
THA (9 times)
RA (8 times)
AOI (3 times)
2015 The difference between the radiographic and the operative angle of inclination of the acetabular component in total hip arthroplasty: use of a digital protractor and the circumference of the hip to improve orientation.
57  rectal intussusception
(14 times)
Gastroenterology
(8 times)
FI (4 times)
STARR (3 times)
MRP (2 times)
1984 Defecography: II. Contribution to the diagnosis of defecation disorders.
58  repeatability index
(14 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
ICC (3 times)
LDA (2 times)
LOA (2 times)
1991 Studying the "referability" of child clinical problems.
59  Rothman Index
(14 times)
Wounds and Injuries
(2 times)
EMR (2 times)
LOS (2 times)
SICU (2 times)
2013 Identifying patients at increased risk for unplanned readmission.
60  receptor type I
(13 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
TGF-beta (5 times)
TGF (4 times)
RII (3 times)
1997 Transforming growth factor-beta receptor expression in human cornea.
61  recrystallization inhibition
(13 times)
Biology
(6 times)
TH (6 times)
AFPs (3 times)
IRIPs (2 times)
2002 Semipurification and ice recrystallization inhibition activity of ice-active substances associated with Antarctic photosynthetic organisms.
62  reduction of immunosuppression
(13 times)
Transplantation
(5 times)
PTLD (11 times)
CR (4 times)
EBV (4 times)
2006 Treatment of PTLD with rituximab or chemotherapy.
63  relative improvement
(13 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
RCSI (3 times)
ESs (2 times)
IAPT (2 times)
1982 Sensitivity of enzymatic release due to ischemia in the isolated rat heart.
64  renal interstitial
(13 times)
Vascular Diseases
(11 times)
MAP (3 times)
Ang (2 times)
Ang II (2 times)
2001 Renal interstitial cGMP mediates natriuresis by direct tubule mechanism.
65  relative intensity
(12 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
AAA (1 time)
ACE (1 time)
AL (1 time)
1991 Effects of some radical scavengers on reperfusion-induced arrhythmias in the canine heart.
66  random integration
(11 times)
Biotechnology
(7 times)
TI (4 times)
CHO (3 times)
CLD (3 times)
2011 An improved PCR strategy for fast screening of specific and random integrations in rAAV-mediated gene targeted cell clones.
67  relative inhibition
(11 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
AI (1 time)
CAX (1 time)
CVLT (1 time)
1976 Retroactive inhibition as a function of the locus of categorized response sets.
68  repetitive ischemia
(11 times)
Physiology
(8 times)
CCG (9 times)
CZ (3 times)
ROS (3 times)
1997 Inhibition of elastase improves myocardial function after repetitive ischaemia and myocardial infarction in the rat heart.
69  research integrity
(11 times)
Ethics
(10 times)
DMP (1 time)
IRBs (1 time)
NTU (1 time)
2011 Views and experiences of IRBs concerning research integrity.
70  reduced inhibition
(10 times)
Virology
(9 times)
HRI (7 times)
NA (6 times)
NAIs (6 times)
2014 Global update on the susceptibility of human influenza viruses to neuraminidase inhibitors, 2012-2013.
71  remission induction
(10 times)
Hematology
(3 times)
AML (6 times)
CR (2 times)
MPO (2 times)
1987 High risk of streptococcal septicemia after high dose cytosine arabinoside treatment for acute myelogenous leukemia.
72  Responsiveness Index
(10 times)
Critical Care
(3 times)
ICU (3 times)
EMG (2 times)
RASS (2 times)
1993 Does functional reach improve with rehabilitation?
73  restorative index
(10 times)
Dentistry
(8 times)
CI (5 times)
CLD (2 times)
CNLD (2 times)
2011 Dental caries experience, oral health status and treatment needs of dental patients with autism.
74  retrograde index
(10 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(4 times)
MTT (10 times)
RF (9 times)
RETT (4 times)
1992 The effects of hyperthyroidism on oesophageal motility.
75  rigidity index
(10 times)
Vascular Diseases
(3 times)
EA (2 times)
RA (2 times)
RBC (2 times)
1989 Filterability of sickle cells as a function of pO2: role of physico-chemical factors.
76  ratio index
(9 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
DI (3 times)
3D TSE (1 time)
ADC (1 time)
1988 The validity of radiolabeled anti fibrin antibody for deep vein thrombosis imaging.
77  relative importance index
(9 times)
Social Sciences
(5 times)
ICF (3 times)
RFC (3 times)
UV (3 times)
2002 Size, sex and seasonal dynamics in the dietary composition of Brycinus nurse (Pisces: Characidae), from Asa reservoir, Ilorin, Nigeria.
78  religious involvement
(9 times)
Psychiatry
(4 times)
MI (2 times)
PTSD (2 times)
QoL (2 times)
2015 Gender and Race Variations in the Intersection of Religious Involvement, Early Trauma, and Adult Health.
79  reversal index
(9 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
RT-PCR (2 times)
ADM (1 time)
AISBE (1 time)
2004 [Reversal of multidrug resistance in leukemic cell line K562/AO2 by chlordelazine in vitro].
80  radioactive iodine
(8 times)
Endocrinology
(4 times)
DM (2 times)
GD (2 times)
MMI (2 times)
2008 Evidence-based management of toxic multinodular goiter (Plummer's Disease).
81  radioactive isotope
(8 times)
Histocytochemistry
(2 times)
EMARG (2 times)
SN (2 times)
111In (1 time)
1981 High-speed electron microscope autoradiographic studies of diffusible compounds.
82  Rand Index
(8 times)
Medical Informatics
(2 times)
ARI (2 times)
BDE (2 times)
FMI (2 times)
2012 Consensus clustering based on a new Probabilistic Rand Index with application to subtopic retrieval.
83  receptor-independent
(8 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
QSAR (3 times)
RD (3 times)
FEFF (2 times)
2002 Free energy force field (FEFF) 3D-QSAR analysis of a set of Plasmodium falciparum dihydrofolate reductase inhibitors.
84  reinjection
(8 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
RD (3 times)
EAR (2 times)
PI (2 times)
1994 [Superiority of the reinjection method compared with the redistribution of thallium-201 in the evaluation of reversibility after myocardial infarction].
85  renin inhibitor
(8 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
ANG II (3 times)
ACE (2 times)
PRA (2 times)
1990 Comparison of the acute hypotensive effects of renin inhibition, converting enzyme inhibition, and angiotensin II antagonism in rats.
86  I receptor
(7 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
RII (4 times)
TGF (2 times)
TGF-beta (2 times)
1994 Expression of transforming growth factor beta type II receptor leads to reduced malignancy in human breast cancer MCF-7 cells.
87  I regulatory
(7 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
SLE (2 times)
A-kinase (1 time)
C alpha (1 time)
1987 Characterization of two mutants of the LLC-PK1 porcine kidney cell line affected in the catalytic subunit of the cAMP-dependent protein kinase.
88  radionuclide imaging
(7 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(2 times)
CCT (1 time)
CDU (1 time)
CH (1 time)
1977 Computerized cranial tomography and radionuclide imaging in the detection of intracranial mass lesions.
89  Ramazzini Institute
(7 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
HLTs (2 times)
RFR (2 times)
ADI (1 time)
2013 Scientific considerations for evaluating cancer bioassays conducted by the Ramazzini Institute.
90  refractive index detector
(7 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(5 times)
MALS (3 times)
HPLC (2 times)
SEC (2 times)
1990 [Comparison of refractometric and ultraviolet detection methods in lactulose assay by high performance liquid chromatography].
91  regional intravenous
(7 times)
Molecular Biology
(4 times)
IM (4 times)
NHP (4 times)
rAAV (4 times)
2008 Safety and efficacy of regional intravenous (r.i.) versus intramuscular (i.m.) delivery of rAAV1 and rAAV8 to nonhuman primate skeletal muscle.
92  replication
(7 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
MI (6 times)
NDI (6 times)
MN (5 times)
2000 Cytogenetic effects of aqueous extracts of the medicinal plant paico (chenopodium multifidum L.).
93  reverse iontophoresis
(7 times)
Biotechnology
(2 times)
ISF (3 times)
DM (1 time)
EP (1 time)
2010 Non-invasive and transdermal measurement of blood uric acid level in human by electroporation and reverse iontophoresis.
94  Ritchie index
(7 times)
Rheumatology
(5 times)
RA (4 times)
ESR (3 times)
VAS (3 times)
1995 Population pharmacodynamics of romazarit.
95  racial isolation
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
NHB (2 times)
NHW (2 times)
BLL (1 time)
2016 Racial isolation and exposure to airborne particulate matter and ozone in understudied US populations: Environmental justice applications of downscaled numerical model output.
96  Radiolocalization indices
(6 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
mAb (3 times)
ELISA (1 time)
i.p (1 time)
1987 Radiolabeled monoclonal antibody B72.3 localization in metastatic lesions of colorectal cancer patients.
97  rapid intensification
(6 times)
Biological Science Disciplines
(1 time)
LMI (2 times)
TC (2 times)
TCs (2 times)
1994 Misidentification of clinical yeast isolates by using the updated Vitek Yeast Biochemical Card.
98  recently infected
(6 times)
Science
(3 times)
DR (2 times)
AMR (1 time)
BCoV (1 time)
2004 Factors associated with a decrease in the prevalence of drug resistance in newly HIV-1 infected individuals in Montreal.
99  rectification index
(6 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
AMPARs (2 times)
AMPA (1 time)
EPSCs (1 time)
2004 Polyamines modulate AMPA receptor-dependent synaptic responses in immature layer v pyramidal neurons.
100  region I
(6 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
CK2 (1 time)
CSP (1 time)
hpi (1 time)
1995 A classical enhancer element responsive to both lipopolysaccharide and interferon-gamma augments induction of the iNOS gene in mouse macrophages.