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Abbreviation: RO
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Long forms: 410

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
reverse osmosis
(1134 times)
Environmental Health
(674 times)
NF (198 times)
UF (102 times)
MF (52 times)
1981 Enzymatic Cleaning of Cellulose Acetate Membrane Reverse Osmosis Systems.
radiation oncology
(240 times)
Neoplasms
(157 times)
RT (23 times)
MO (14 times)
GTV (8 times)
1998 Clinical variability of target volume description in conformal radiotherapy planning.
renal oncocytoma
(91 times)
Pathology
(39 times)
ChRCC (49 times)
RCC (18 times)
ccRCC (10 times)
1999 Fine-needle aspiration biopsy of chromophobe renal cell carcinoma and oncocytoma: comparison of cytomorphologic features.
receptor occupancy
(88 times)
Pharmacology
(31 times)
PET (16 times)
PK (15 times)
PD (7 times)
2004 Association between platelet receptor occupancy after eptifibatide (integrilin) therapy and patency, myocardial perfusion, and ST-segment resolution among patients with ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction: an INTEGRITI (Integrilin and Tenecteplase in Acute Myocardial Infarction) substudy.
rapeseed oil
(80 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(24 times)
FO (26 times)
SO (24 times)
LO (13 times)
1978 Effects of cold stress on rats fed different levels of docosenoic acids.
relative odds
(35 times)
Epidemiology
(8 times)
CI (14 times)
Cl (2 times)
HIV-1 (2 times)
1983 Pituitary adenomas and oral contraceptives: a multicenter case-control study.
Reality Orientation
(25 times)
Geriatrics
(9 times)
RCTs (4 times)
GRA (2 times)
SMD (2 times)
1979 Reality orientation and staff attention: a controlled study.
Regional odontodysplasia
(22 times)
Dentistry
(14 times)
CBCT (1 time)
GTs (1 time)
SEM (1 time)
1998 Ultrastructural organization and microanalysis studies of deciduous enamel crystallites in regional odontodysplasia (RO).
reflux oesophagitis
(21 times)
Gastroenterology
(14 times)
BO (6 times)
GORD (4 times)
NERD (2 times)
1990 Treatment of acid-related disorders with gastric acid inhibitors: the state of the art.
10  robust optimization
(17 times)
Radiotherapy
(4 times)
IMPT (4 times)
PTV (3 times)
sCT (3 times)
2010 Prediction range estimation from noisy Raman spectra with robust optimization.
11  Rosmarinus officinalis
(16 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
Co (2 times)
EO (2 times)
Hs (2 times)
2007 Evaluation of the antinociceptive effect of Rosmarinus officinalis L. using three different experimental models in rodents.
12  retro-orbital
(15 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(2 times)
FITC-dextran (2 times)
GO (2 times)
IFN-gamma (2 times)
1993 Cytolytic T cells with Th1-like cytokine profile predominate in retroorbital lymphocytic infiltrates of Graves' ophthalmopathy.
13  resection
(14 times)
General Surgery
(5 times)
OS (2 times)
CT (1 time)
CTSB (1 time)
1992 Ductal adenocarcinoma of the pancreas. Histopathological features and prognosis.
14  ring oscillator
(13 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(6 times)
CMOS (2 times)
DNL (2 times)
AES (1 time)
2018 A Compact and Low Power RO PUF with High Resilience to the EM Side-Channel Attack and the SVM Modelling Attack of Wireless Sensor Networks.
15  radical orchiectomy
(12 times)
Urology
(6 times)
TSS (7 times)
GCT (2 times)
LCT (2 times)
2009 Testis-sparing surgery versus radical orchiectomy in patients with Leydig cell tumors.
16  raphe obscurus
(12 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
RP (7 times)
RM (5 times)
DMV (2 times)
1981 Monoamine cell distribution in the cat brain stem. A fluorescence histochemical study with quantification of indolaminergic and locus coeruleus cell groups.
17  renal osteodystrophy
(12 times)
Nephrology
(5 times)
PTH (4 times)
Al (2 times)
AP (2 times)
1992 Bone mineral and aluminum concentrations in patients undergoing CAPD.
18  relaxation oscillation
(11 times)
Ophthalmology
(5 times)
EOF (2 times)
EFL (1 time)
FBG (1 time)
2001 Quantum-noise-induced order in lasers placed in chaotic oscillation by frequency-shifted feedback.
19  retinal oximetry
(11 times)
Ophthalmology
(9 times)
RP (5 times)
RVA (4 times)
D-A (2 times)
1988 Effect of zinc deficiency on hepatic enzymes regulating vitamin A status.
20  radio occultation
(9 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
GNSS (4 times)
GPS (3 times)
ENSO (1 time)
2015 Deriving dynamics from GPS radio occultation: Three-dimensional wind fields for monitoring the climate.
21  reactive oxygen
(9 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
ABSSI (1 time)
AI (1 time)
FALS (1 time)
1985 Role of reactive oxygen in tumor promotion: implication of superoxide anion in promotion of neoplastic transformation in JB-6 cells by TPA.
22  reoxygenation
(9 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
OGD (4 times)
SI (3 times)
BBB (2 times)
2005 Phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitor sildenafil preconditions adult cardiac myocytes against necrosis and apoptosis. Essential role of nitric oxide signaling.
23  right ovary
(9 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(7 times)
LO (9 times)
CL (3 times)
DF (3 times)
2013 Adequacy of ovarian diathermy under ultrasound control: an experimental model.
24  readout
(8 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(8 times)
PE (2 times)
ARF (1 time)
ARFI (1 time)
2007 Optimized EPI for fMRI studies of the orbitofrontal cortex: compensation of susceptibility-induced gradients in the readout direction.
25  restricted ovulator
(8 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(5 times)
VLDLR (3 times)
WT (3 times)
AT (1 time)
1984 Plasma sex hormone and lipid patterns in normal and restricted-ovulator chicken hens.
26  reverse osmosis membrane
(8 times)
Environmental Health
(7 times)
AB (1 time)
AC (1 time)
CF (1 time)
2005 Impact of RO-desalted water on distribution water qualities.
27  Rieske non-heme iron oxygenase
(8 times)
Microbiology
(4 times)
FAD (2 times)
oxy (2 times)
BBR (1 time)
2005 Rieske business: structure-function of Rieske non-heme oxygenases.
28  Rondonia
(8 times)
Tropical Medicine
(4 times)
SP (3 times)
AR (2 times)
HCV (2 times)
2011 Cross-mating experiments with geographically different populations of Amblyomma cajennense (Acari: Ixodidae).
29  recent-onset
(7 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
T1D (3 times)
iTregs (2 times)
LS (2 times)
2010 Inducible regulatory T cells (iTregs) from recent-onset type 1 diabetes subjects show increased in vitro suppression and higher ITCH levels compared with controls.
30  reoperation
(7 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
PVE (3 times)
PY (3 times)
TE (3 times)
1995 [Double valve replacement with mechanical prostheses--an operative results].
31  restoration-oriented
(7 times)
Antisocial Personality Disorder
(3 times)
dpm (5 times)
LO (5 times)
IDWL (1 time)
2007 Toward the development of an inventory of daily widowed life (IDWL): guided by the dual process model of coping with bereavement.
32  Retinal vessel oximetry
(7 times)
Ophthalmology
(7 times)
D-A (4 times)
RP (3 times)
RCD (2 times)
2015 Metabolic and functional changes in retinitis pigmentosa: comparing retinal vessel oximetry to full-field electroretinography, electrooculogram and multifocal electroretinography.
33  Rieske oxygenase
(7 times)
Bacteriology
(3 times)
TPA (2 times)
GST (1 time)
PCBs (1 time)
2006 Structural basis for regioselectivity and stereoselectivity of product formation by naphthalene 1,2-dioxygenase.
34  risk organ
(6 times)
Hematology
(4 times)
LCH (5 times)
2-CdA (1 time)
AD-p (1 time)
2010 Outcome of pediatric patients with Langerhans cell histiocytosis treated with 2 chlorodeoxyadenosine: a nationwide survey in Japan.
35  Romosinuano
(6 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(6 times)
HS (3 times)
LPS (3 times)
TN (3 times)
2010 Evaluation of physiological and blood serum differences in heat-tolerant (Romosinuano) and heat-susceptible (Angus) Bos taurus cattle during controlled heat challenge.
36  Radix Ophiopogonis
(5 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
RG (2 times)
4NQO (1 time)
BFT (1 time)
1992 [A systematic study on comprehensive utilization of fibers of radix Ophiopogonis].
37  reduced-obese
(5 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
ANS (1 time)
FFA (1 time)
fMRI (1 time)
1985 Alterations in adipocyte free fatty acid re-esterification associated with obesity and weight reduction in man.
38  replication organelle
(5 times)
Virology
(2 times)
DMVs (3 times)
HCV (3 times)
ER (2 times)
2017 Hepatitis C Virus Replication Depends on Endosomal Cholesterol Homeostasis.
39  reproductive output
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
Go (1 time)
GSI (1 time)
SGR (1 time)
1990 Ecological and evolutionary importance of neighbors in the grass Anthoxanthum odoratum.
40  reset osmostat
(5 times)
Nephrology
(2 times)
SIADH (4 times)
C/RSW (2 times)
FEurate (2 times)
2012 Normal fractional urate excretion identifies hyponatremic patients with reset osmostat.
41  residual oil
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
DIE (2 times)
RD (2 times)
SN (2 times)
2005 PM source apportionment for short-term cardiac function changes in ApoE-/- mice.
42  right-side-out
(5 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
IO (5 times)
PG (1 time)
SDS (1 time)
1982 Exposure of the Rh0(D) antigen on the surface and cytoplasmic domains of the red cell membrane.
43  role overload
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
CNSP (1 time)
COVID-19 (1 time)
HR (1 time)
2015 Association between occupational stressors and type 2 diabetes among Chinese police officers: a 4-year follow-up study in Tianjin, China.
44  reflective observation
(4 times)
Education
(2 times)
AC (4 times)
CE (4 times)
AE (3 times)
1996 Comparison of pediatric resident and faculty learning styles: implications for medical education.
45  responses of others
(4 times)
Psychiatry
(3 times)
RS (4 times)
CCRT (3 times)
CT (1 time)
2001 The study on core conflictual relationship of short-term counseling.
46  responsible officer
(4 times)
Education
(2 times)
GMC (2 times)
CPD (1 time)
DBs (1 time)
2012 The implications of enhancing appraisal to meet the requirements of revalidation, as perceived by appraisers: a qualitative study in Scotland.
47  retinol
(4 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
RA (2 times)
BSA (1 time)
CASA (1 time)
1987 Preliminary toxicity profile of arotinoids SMR-2 and SMR-6 in male B6D2F1 mice.
48  Romania
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
IT (2 times)
PL (2 times)
PT (2 times)
2014 Resistance surveillance program report for selected European nations (2011).
49  romifidine
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
Gc (2 times)
HR (2 times)
Amp (1 time)
2002 The cardiopulmonary effects of romifidine in dogs with and without prior or concurrent administration of glycopyrrolate.
50  rose oxide
(4 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
BP (1 time)
CFA (1 time)
DHDAB (1 time)
2008 Impact of model perfumes on surfactant and mixed surfactant self-assembly.
51  rosuvastatin
(4 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
BDL (1 time)
DOI (1 time)
EA (1 time)
2010 Effect of rosuvastatin on cholestasis-induced hepatic injury in rat livers.
52  rotenone
(4 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
PD (2 times)
AIF (1 time)
CA (1 time)
2005 Rotenone-induced caspase 9/3-independent and -dependent cell death in undifferentiated and differentiated human neural stem cells.
53  round-off
(4 times)
Sports Medicine
(3 times)
CW (2 times)
ES (2 times)
vGRF (2 times)
2016 The influence of hand positions on biomechanical injury risk factors at the wrist joint during the round-off skills in female gymnastics.
54  Roundup Original
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
RT (3 times)
RWG (3 times)
AChE (1 time)
2016 Effects of glyphosate and the glyphosate based herbicides Roundup Original() and Roundup Transorb() on respiratory morphophysiology of bullfrog tadpoles.
55  Rubus occidentalis
(4 times)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
AC (1 time)
cAMP (1 time)
cGMP (1 time)
2016 Effect of Rubus Occidentalis Extract on Metabolic Parameters in Subjects with Prediabetes: A Proof-of-concept, Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Clinical Trial.
56  radiopaque
(3 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
BDS (1 time)
CBCT (1 time)
CRE (1 time)
2001 Phenotypic consequences of red-white colony type variation in Mycobacterium avium.
57  Ramadan observance
(3 times)
Health
(2 times)
6MWT (2 times)
BBS (1 time)
COPD (1 time)
2019 Practical recommendations to improve sleep during Ramadan observance in healthy practitioners of physical activity.
58  random optimization
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
ML (3 times)
VTE (2 times)
AUC-PR (1 time)
2016 Risk Assessment for Venous Thromboembolism in Chemotherapy-Treated Ambulatory Cancer Patients.
59  rapid oxidation
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
CA (3 times)
CN (3 times)
OL (3 times)
2014 Influence of thermally oxidized vegetable oils and animal fats on growth performance, liver gene expression, and liver and serum cholesterol and triglycerides in young pigs.
60  replication origin
(3 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
erm (1 time)
erm80 (1 time)
1982 Site-specific recA-independent recombination (fusion) of pMB8-related replicons in Escherichia coli in the region of the replication origins.
61  restricted-open-shell
(3 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
HOMA (1 time)
LMP2 (1 time)
2016 Restricted-Open-Shell G4(MP2)-Type Procedures.
62  rete ovarii
(3 times)
Pathology
(2 times)
alpha-SMA (1 time)
BT (1 time)
CK7 (1 time)
1998 Adenomas of the rete ovarii.
63  reversible oligomerization
(3 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
DSC (2 times)
AUC (1 time)
CD (1 time)
2020 Thermodynamic Analysis of Point Mutations Inhibiting High-Temperature Reversible Oligomerization of PDZ3.
64  Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
ACR (1 time)
AD (1 time)
BLO (1 time)
2008 Regional cerebral blood flow correlates of visuospatial tasks in Alzheimer's disease.
65  Rheum officinale
(3 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
AMA (1 time)
AME (1 time)
AS (1 time)
1993 [Effects of Rheum on renal hypertrophy and hyperfiltration of experimental diabetes in rat].
66  rolled oats
(3 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
ALF (1 time)
DF (1 time)
EPI (1 time)
1996 Effects of varying content of soluble dietary fibre from wheat flour and oat milling fractions on gastric emptying in pigs.
67  Rondonia State
(3 times)
Virology
(1 time)
HCV (2 times)
MCMC (1 time)
PA (1 time)
2011 Distribution of hepatitis c virus (hcv) genotypes in patients with chronic infection from Rondonia, Brazil.
68  rounded opacities
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
EM (2 times)
HRCT (2 times)
IR (2 times)
2015 Relationships (II) of International Classification of High-resolution Computed Tomography for Occupational and Environmental Respiratory Diseases with ventilatory functions indices for parenchymal abnormalities.
69  rubber seed oil
(3 times)
Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
FO (3 times)
ALA (2 times)
CLA (1 time)
2016 Effectiveness of rubber seed oil and flaxseed oil to enhance the alpha-linolenic acid content in milk from dairy cows.
70  rabbit odor
(2 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(2 times)
CO (2 times)
ACTH (1 time)
CORT (1 time)
2020 Repeated predator odor exposure alters maternal behavior of postpartum Brandt's voles and offspring's locomotor activity.
71  Raffinose oligosaccharides
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
rhoNPGal (1 time)
2001 Characterization of alpha-galactosidases from germinating soybean seed and their use for hydrolysis of oligosaccharides.
72  Ramberg-Osgood
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
FOD (1 time)
RSC (1 time)
2019 STUDIES ON RAMBERG-OSGOOD EQUATION PARAMETERS OF CORTICAL BONE.
73  range-only
(2 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(2 times)
SLAM (2 times)
SEIF (1 time)
UAS (1 time)
2014 An adaptive scheme for robot localization and mapping with dynamically configurable inter-beacon range measurements.
74  rapid onset
(2 times)
Aerospace Medicine
(1 time)
ECP (1 time)
GO (1 time)
1975 Re-evaluation of a tilt-back seat as a means of increasing acceleration tolerance.
75  raspberry seed oil
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
CRP (1 time)
GAE (1 time)
HF/LF (1 time)
2015 Dietary Supplementation with Raspberry Seed Oil Modulates Liver Functions, Inflammatory State, and Lipid Metabolism in Rats.
76  ray-optics
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
FDTD (1 time)
FR (1 time)
2006 Surface stress on the erythrocyte under laser irradiation with finite-difference time-domain calculation.
77  Reactive Orange
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
AOP (1 time)
BDD (1 time)
HFCVD (1 time)
2011 Anodic oxidation of wastewater containing the Reactive Orange 16 Dye using heavily boron-doped diamond electrodes.
78  reactive oxidants
(2 times)
Dermatology
(1 time)
PMNL (2 times)
CB (1 time)
fMLP (1 time)
1988 Clofazimine-mediated enhancement of reactive oxidant production by human phagocytes as a possible therapeutic mechanism.
79  real options
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
CCS (1 time)
2021 Valuation of a Company Producing and Trading Seaweed for Human Consumption: Classical Methods vs. Real Options.
80  receive-only
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
GMM (1 time)
NCST (1 time)
PF (1 time)
2012 Whole body sodium MRI at 3T using an asymmetric birdcage resonator and short echo time sequence: first images of a male volunteer.
81  red ochre
(2 times)
COC (2 times)
FTIR (1 time)
GO (1 time)
2020 Application of Earth Pigments in Cycloolefin Copolymer: Protection against Combustion and Accelerated Aging in the Full Sunlight Spectrum.
82  reference object
(2 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
LO (2 times)
2013 Object orientation affects spatial language comprehension.
83  refined olive oil
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
EVOO (2 times)
BHT (1 time)
EMA (1 time)
2015 Effect of an olive phenolic extract on the quality of vegetable oils during frying.
84  Regina Ostuni
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
NUE (2 times)
NUpE (1 time)
NUtE (1 time)
2016 Phenotyping two tomato genotypes with different nitrogen use efficiency.
85  regurgitant orifice
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
AITA (1 time)
Ao (1 time)
AR (1 time)
1993 [Ultrasonic evaluation of chronic aortic regurgitation. Personal investigations].
86  Reinke's oedema
(2 times)
Otolaryngology
(2 times)
ECM (1 time)
RS (1 time)
TSH (1 time)
1991 Reinke's oedema and thyroid function.
87  relative overlay
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
166 Ho (1 time)
166 Ho TARE (1 time)
DSC (1 time)
2016 A computerized volumetric segmentation method applicable to multi-centre MRI data to support computer-aided breast tissue analysis, density assessment and lesion localization.
88  reopened
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
FTC (1 time)
PC (1 time)
PO (1 time)
2019 FIRST FAILED MACULAR HOLE SURGERY OR REOPENING OF A PREVIOUSLY CLOSED HOLE: Do We Gain by Reoperating?-A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.
89  reproductive organ
(2 times)
Urology
(1 time)
CG (1 time)
ELLSA (1 time)
EP (1 time)
1991 Lectin binding analysis of Argas polonicus tissue glycoproteins.
90  Research Object
(2 times)
Semantics
(1 time)
ISA (1 time)
NP (1 time)
2014 Structuring research methods and data with the research object model: genomics workflows as a case study.
91  respiratory quotient
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
INT (1 time)
LBD (1 time)
UBD (1 time)
1995 The Effects of Fat Distribution on Resting Energy Expenditure in Premenopausal Morbidly Obese Females.
92  responses
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
--- 1965 ACQUISITION OF OBSERVING RESPONSES (RO) WITH WATER REWARD.
93  resting oxidized
(2 times)
Chemistry, Physical
(1 time)
TNC (2 times)
BOD (1 time)
NI (1 time)
2018 Structural Changes of the Trinuclear Copper Center in Bilirubin Oxidase upon Reduction.
94  resuscitation officer
(2 times)
Emergency Medicine
(2 times)
ILS (1 time)
LMAs (1 time)
2004 Does attendance at an immediate life support course influence nurses' skill deployment during cardiac arrest?
95  reticular opacity
(2 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
FVC (2 times)
AQS (1 time)
CONS (1 time)
2012 Quantitative assessment of change in regional disease patterns on serial HRCT of fibrotic interstitial pneumonia with texture-based automated quantification system.
96  retina organoids
(2 times)
Cell Death
(1 time)
hiPSC (1 time)
mTORC1 (1 time)
PSCs (1 time)
2021 Directed Induction of Retinal Organoids from Human Pluripotent Stem Cells.
97  retinal vascular occlusion
(2 times)
Eye Diseases
(1 time)
IOI (2 times)
RV (2 times)
IRIS (1 time)
2021 Safety Outcomes of Brolucizumab in Neovascular Age-Related Macular Degeneration: Results From the IRIS Registry and Komodo Healthcare Map.
98  retrieval orientation
(2 times)
Psychology
(1 time)
EEG (1 time)
LDA (1 time)
RIF (1 time)
2020 May the source be with you! Electrophysiological correlates of retrieval orientation are associated with source memory performance.
99  reversibly oligomerized
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
BPTI (1 time)
2020 Reversible Oligomerization and Reverse Hydrophobic Effect Induced by Isoleucine Tags Attached at the C-Terminus of a Simplified BPTI Variant.
100  Rey-Osterrieth
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
ESL (1 time)
WCST (1 time)
1991 Four studies comparing the Rey-Osterrieth and Taylor complex figures.