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Abbreviation: SAD
Appearance Frequency: 4171 time(s)
Long forms: 321

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
social anxiety disorder
(1328 times)
Psychiatry
(660 times)
CBT (130 times)
GAD (117 times)
PD (76 times)
2001 Social anxiety disorder and the risk of depression: a prospective community study of adolescents and young adults.
seasonal affective disorder
(654 times)
Psychiatry
(370 times)
SPAQ (63 times)
S-SAD (32 times)
GSS (23 times)
1976 N-methylnicotinamide excretion and affective disorders.
sinoaortic denervation
(291 times)
Physiology
(115 times)
MAP (59 times)
HR (55 times)
BP (31 times)
1980 Influence of CO2 on cardiovascular response to hypoxia in conscious dogs.
sporadic Alzheimer's disease
(162 times)
Neurology
(84 times)
STZ (33 times)
FAD (25 times)
AD (24 times)
1992 Positron emission tomography and familial Alzheimer's disease: a pilot study.
single-wavelength anomalous diffraction
(146 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(58 times)
MAD (10 times)
SIRAS (5 times)
SeMet (3 times)
2000 Novel approach to phasing proteins: derivatization by short cryo-soaking with halides.
separation anxiety disorder
(132 times)
Psychiatry
(86 times)
GAD (39 times)
ADHD (20 times)
OCD (13 times)
1989 Boyhood separation anxiety disorder: thought disorder and object relations psychopathology as manifested in Rorschach imagery.
sporadic AD
(116 times)
Neurology
(65 times)
AD (104 times)
FAD (35 times)
APP (27 times)
1996 Familial and sporadic Alzheimer's disease: neuropathology cannot exclude a final common pathway.
sagittal abdominal diameter
(105 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(21 times)
BMI (44 times)
WC (37 times)
WHR (23 times)
1998 Diabetes in urban African Americans. XII. Anthropometry for assessing municipal hospital outpatients recently diagnosed with type 2 diabetes.
small artery disease
(79 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(19 times)
COPD (9 times)
LAD (9 times)
CE (7 times)
1977 Pulmonary function in scleroderma.
10  single ascending dose
(78 times)
Pharmacology
(36 times)
MAD (54 times)
PK (29 times)
AEs (14 times)
2006 Pharmacokinetics of itraconazole and hydroxyitraconazole in healthy subjects after single and multiple doses of a novel formulation.
11  schizoaffective disorder
(67 times)
Psychiatry
(47 times)
BD (17 times)
SZ (17 times)
SCZ (10 times)
1989 Delusional disorders. I. Comparative long-term outcome.
12  supraglottic airway device
(53 times)
Anesthesiology
(26 times)
LMA (6 times)
ETI (5 times)
ETT (5 times)
2009 A critique of elective pediatric supraglottic airway devices.
13  systemic autoimmune diseases
(49 times)
Rheumatology
(17 times)
SLE (8 times)
SS (6 times)
APS (5 times)
1999 Antiphosphatidylserine antibodies in patients with autoimmune diseases and HIV-infected patients: effects of Tween 20 and relationship with antibodies to beta2-glycoprotein I.
14  source-to-axis distance
(42 times)
Biophysics
(24 times)
SSD (7 times)
TPS (5 times)
IMRT (4 times)
1989 Comparison of contralateral breast doses from 1/2 beam block and isocentric treatment techniques for patients treated with primary breast irradiation with 60CO.
15  sinoaortic baroreceptor denervation
(39 times)
Physiology
(26 times)
MAP (9 times)
HR (6 times)
AP (5 times)
1983 Norepinephrine release and vascular response elicited by nerve stimulation in rats with chronic neurogenic hypertension.
16  species abundance distribution
(39 times)
Environmental Health
(11 times)
SAR (5 times)
OTUs (4 times)
HMs (2 times)
2006 On plotting species abundance distributions.
17  small airway dysfunction
(35 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(13 times)
IOS (12 times)
R5-R20 (4 times)
ACT (3 times)
1992 Small airways dysfunction in systemic sclerosis. A controlled study.
18  secalonic acid D
(33 times)
Toxicology
(15 times)
CP (10 times)
PCNA (5 times)
GD (4 times)
1981 High-performance liquid chromatographic analysis of the mycotoxin secalonic acid D and its application to biological fluids.
19  sinoaortic deafferentation
(25 times)
Physiology
(6 times)
MAP (11 times)
HR (6 times)
APL (4 times)
1984 Regional hemodynamic effects of antihypertensive renomedullary lipids in conscious rats.
20  specific antibody deficiency
(25 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(14 times)
CRS (6 times)
CVID (6 times)
Ig (3 times)
2006 Memory switched B cell percentage and not serum immunoglobulin concentration is associated with clinical complications in children and adults with specific antibody deficiency and common variable immunodeficiency.
21  sum of absolute differences
(25 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(4 times)
SSD (6 times)
SSC (3 times)
AD (2 times)
1993 Automated iterative three-dimensional registration of positron emission tomography images.
22  selected area diffraction
(21 times)
Nanotechnology
(6 times)
TEM (10 times)
HRTEM (5 times)
XRD (3 times)
1987 Microdiffraction and analysis.
23  simultaneous anammox and denitrification
(21 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(9 times)
SBR (3 times)
AnAOB (2 times)
NRE (2 times)
2012 Simultaneous ANAMMOX and denitrification (SAD) process in batch tests.
24  Social Avoidance and Distress Scale
(20 times)
Psychology
(7 times)
FNE (7 times)
BDI (2 times)
BITE (2 times)
1982 Social avoidance and distress as a predictor of perceived locus of control and level of self-esteem.
25  stearoyl-ACP desaturase
(20 times)
Botany
(8 times)
FAD2 (3 times)
omega-6 FAD (3 times)
ACA (1 time)
1997 Intra- and extracellular lipid composition and associated gene expression patterns during pollen development in Brassica napus.
26  short-axis diameter
(19 times)
Radiology
(11 times)
LAD (11 times)
MDCT (4 times)
LN (3 times)
2010 Size of the largest lymph node visualized on multi-detector-row computed tomography (MDCT) is useful in predicting metastatic lymph node status of gastric cancer.
27  stearoyl-acyl carrier protein desaturase
(14 times)
Botany
(5 times)
ACP (1 time)
CsSAD (1 time)
FA (1 time)
2007 The biochemical characterization of a high-stearic acid sunflower mutant reveals the coordinated regulation of stearoyl-acyl carrier protein desaturases.
28  sulfur autotrophic denitrification
(13 times)
Environmental Health
(10 times)
TN (3 times)
BAF (1 time)
C/N (1 time)
2016 Sulfur-based autotrophic denitrification with eggshell for nitrate-contaminated synthetic groundwater treatment.
29  subacromial decompression
(12 times)
Orthopedics
(8 times)
Abd-ROM (1 time)
ACDF (1 time)
ACLR (1 time)
2000 [Revisions after arthroscopic interventions in the subacromial space].
30  sporadic
(10 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
AD (8 times)
APP (2 times)
CSF (2 times)
1993 Comparison of the severity of neuropathologic changes in familial and sporadic Alzheimer's disease.
31  sinapyl alcohol dehydrogenase
(9 times)
Botany
(8 times)
CAD (8 times)
COMT (2 times)
F5H (2 times)
2001 The last step of syringyl monolignol biosynthesis in angiosperms is regulated by a novel gene encoding sinapyl alcohol dehydrogenase.
32  Street Alabama Dufferin
(9 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(4 times)
ORV (2 times)
EBLV-1 (1 time)
IL (1 time)
1988 Oral immunization of wildlife against rabies: concept and first field experiments.
33  succinic acid dimethyl ester
(9 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
GLP-1 (2 times)
Ex-4 (1 time)
1995 Hydrolysis of succinic acid dimethyl ester in rat pancreatic islets.
34  seasonal affective disorder/winter type
(8 times)
Psychiatry
(5 times)
ANCOVA (1 time)
BLT (1 time)
DATs (1 time)
1998 Effects of tryptophan depletion in fully remitted patients with seasonal affective disorder during summer.
35  Secondary antibody deficiencies
(8 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(5 times)
IgRT (4 times)
PAD (4 times)
PID (2 times)
2011 [Antibody deficiencies. A survey from three Clinical Immunology Centers for adults in Buenos Aires city].
36  stigma and discrimination
(8 times)
Science
(3 times)
CINAHL (2 times)
EMBASE (2 times)
PsycINFO (2 times)
2012 Validation of an HIV-related stigma scale among health care providers in a resource-poor Ethiopian setting.
37  structured antedependence
(8 times)
Genetics
(5 times)
RR (3 times)
FI (2 times)
ABW (1 time)
2004 Use of structured antedependence models for the genetic analysis of growth curves.
38  sudden arrhythmic death
(8 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
SCD (4 times)
CI (2 times)
SCDs (2 times)
2011 Short-term variability of repolarization predicts ventricular tachycardia and sudden cardiac death in patients with structural heart disease: a comparison with QT variability index.
39  swallowing apnea duration
(8 times)
Otolaryngology
(4 times)
BSC (1 time)
CVA (1 time)
2001 Effects of age, gender, bolus volume, and trial on swallowing apnea duration and swallow/respiratory phase relationships of normal adults.
40  San'ao decoction
(7 times)
Complementary Therapies
(3 times)
BALF (4 times)
OVA (3 times)
EOS (2 times)
2009 [Effects of San'ao decoction and its analogous prescriptions on airway inflammation in mice with respiratory syncytial virus- and ovalbumin-induced asthma].
41  single anomalous dispersion
(7 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
MR (2 times)
ABC (1 time)
GIMAPs (1 time)
2005 The crystal structure of PfFabZ, the unique beta-hydroxyacyl-ACP dehydratase involved in fatty acid biosynthesis of Plasmodium falciparum.
42  spinal arachnoid diverticula
(7 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(7 times)
MRI (3 times)
cine bFFE (1 time)
CSF (1 time)
2017 Spinal Arachnoid Diverticula: Outcome in 96 Medically or Surgically Treated Dogs.
43  succinic acid
(7 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
b.wt (1 time)
GLP-1 (1 time)
LPS (1 time)
1994 Enhancement by succinic acid dimethyl ester of insulin release evoked by D-glucose and glimepiride in the perfused pancreas of normoglycemic and hyperglycemic rats.
44  supination-adduction
(7 times)
Orthopedics
(4 times)
PER (3 times)
CT (2 times)
SER (2 times)
2010 A novel methodology for the study of injury mechanism: ankle fracture analysis using injury videos posted on YouTube.com.
45  Sepsis-associated delirium
(6 times)
Critical Care
(3 times)
ICU (2 times)
AR (1 time)
BBB (1 time)
2012 Impaired cerebrovascular autoregulation in patients with severe sepsis and sepsis-associated delirium.
46  single anomalous diffraction
(6 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
BOD (1 time)
CU (1 time)
MPD (1 time)
2006 Substructure determination in multiwavelength anomalous diffraction, single anomalous diffraction, and single isomorphous replacement with anomalous scattering data using Shake-and-Bake.
47  sporadic form of AD
(6 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
AD (5 times)
FAD (2 times)
AN (1 time)
2013 Thapsigargin affects presenilin-2 but not presenilin-1 regulation in SK-N-BE cells.
48  substance abuse disorder
(6 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
ADHD (1 time)
AUDIT (1 time)
BDQ (1 time)
1994 The clinical management of co-morbidity.
49  sexual arousal disorder
(5 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(3 times)
CAD (1 time)
FT (1 time)
GAD (1 time)
2001 Effect of sildenafil on subjective and physiologic parameters of the female sexual response in women with sexual arousal disorder.
50  Standard American Diet
(5 times)
Metabolism
(1 time)
AID (2 times)
REG (2 times)
BDK (1 time)
2010 The Standard American Diet and its relationship to the health status of Americans.
51  Secondary aluminum dross
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
AlN (3 times)
EDAX (1 time)
FESEM (1 time)
2018 Enhanced alumina recovery from secondary aluminum dross for high purity nanostructured gamma-alumina powder production: Kinetic study.
52  selected area electron diffraction
(4 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(3 times)
ATR FT-IR (1 time)
DLPC (1 time)
PLs (1 time)
1981 Biomineralization on crinoid echinoderms. Characterization of crinoid skeletal elements using TEM and STEM microanalysis.
53  sensory afterdischarge
(4 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
SNW (2 times)
GVG (1 time)
HI (1 time)
1975 [Electrographic activity in rats during elaboration of fine distinctions].
54  Sharpless asymmetric dihydroxylation
(4 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
--- 2009 Peptides containing gamma,delta-dihydroxy-L-leucine.
55  skip-a-day
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
CaP (1 time)
EDF (1 time)
LH (1 time)
1989 Effect of daily restriction and age at initiation of a skip-a-day program for young broiler breeders.
56  subclavian artery dissection
(4 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
CTA (1 time)
2010 Spontaneous left subclavian artery dissection with concurrent thrombosis and embolic occlusion of the lower limbs: report of a case.
57  subclinical arterial damage
(4 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
CVD (2 times)
AIx (1 time)
BP (1 time)
2019 Current Data on Dietary Sodium, Arterial Structure and Function in Humans: A Systematic Review.
58  sagittal diameter
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
AD (2 times)
MRI (2 times)
VST (2 times)
2012 Laser beam measurement of abdominal sagittal diameter in obese children: a validation study.
59  selenazole-4-carboxamide adenine dinucleotide
(3 times)
Hematology
(1 time)
TAD (3 times)
BAD (2 times)
IMPDH (2 times)
1991 Induction of HL60 cell differentiation by tiazofurin and its analogues: characterization and efficacy.
60  sexual aversion disorder
(3 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
HSDD (2 times)
ADD (1 time)
DISF (1 time)
2008 Sexual desire disorders.
61  Somatic, Anxiety, Depression
(3 times)
Emigration and Immigration
(1 time)
--- 1978 Chronic pain and the psychiatrist.
62  specific polysaccharide antibody deficiency
(3 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
AAAAI (2 times)
AHA (2 times)
PPV (2 times)
2012 Specific antibody deficiency in children with chronic wet cough.
63  stress, anxiety, and depression
(3 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
DASS-21 (1 time)
EI (1 time)
KAP (1 time)
2017 Comparison of nurses and general caregivers' knowledge, attitude, and practice on medication administration process and their distress level in long-term care facilities across Penang, Kuala Lumpur, and Selangor of Malaysia.
64  sudden and/or arrhythmic death
(3 times)
Cardiovascular Diseases
(1 time)
LVEF (3 times)
CAD (1 time)
CHD (1 time)
2018 Sudden Death in Patients With Coronary Heart Disease Without Severe Systolic Dysfunction.
65  sum-absolute-difference
(3 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
NCC (1 time)
SSD (1 time)
1993 A real time system for quantifying and displaying two-dimensional velocities using ultrasound.
66  sustained accumulation of disability
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
DMT (1 time)
DMTs (1 time)
EIT (1 time)
2019 Clinical Outcomes of Escalation vs Early Intensive Disease-Modifying Therapy in Patients With Multiple Sclerosis.
67  Synapses of amphids defective
(3 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
KO (1 time)
2008 Microtubule stabilization specifies initial neuronal polarization.
68  sagittal atlas diameter
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
ADI (1 time)
C5SAC (1 time)
SCD (1 time)
2004 Surgical treatment for atlantoaxial subluxation with myelopathy in spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia congenita.
69  Scala di Autovalutazione per la Depressione
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
MPQ (1 time)
SAMe (1 time)
1987 Evaluation of S-adenosylmethionine in primary fibromyalgia. A double-blind crossover study.
70  Schizoaffective disorder, bipolar type
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
BD (1 time)
BD-I (1 time)
DTH (1 time)
2013 Treatment adherence in bipolar I and schizoaffective disorder, bipolar type.
71  seasonal depression
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
BLT (1 time)
1993 [New experiences with phototherapy: seasonal depression (SAD) and further indications].
72  seasonal subtype of major depression
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
FFM (1 time)
1999 Five-factor personality traits in patients with seasonal depression: treatment effects and comparisons with bipolar patients.
73  sedative and analgesia drugs
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
MASS (1 time)
PD (1 time)
RASS (1 time)
2009 [Analysis of 4 sedation rating scales in the critical patient].
74  selective aldosterone deficiency
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
AM (1 time)
RTA (1 time)
TA (1 time)
1988 Effect of selective aldosterone deficiency on acidification in nephron segments of the rat inner medulla.
75  selective area deposition
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
SALD (2 times)
ALD (1 time)
TFTs (1 time)
2015 Improving yield and performance in ZnO thin-film transistors made using selective area deposition.
76  selective axillary dissection
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
ARM (2 times)
AD (1 time)
ALND (1 time)
2013 Selective axillary dissection after axillary reverse mapping to prevent breast-cancer-related lymphoedema.
77  semi-automatic defibrillator
(2 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
BLS (1 time)
PCT (1 time)
VF (1 time)
2002 [Use of semi-automatic defibrillators outside the hospital].
78  senile AD
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
AD (2 times)
APP (1 time)
GFAP (1 time)
1994 Gene expression in Alzheimer neocortex as a function of age and pathologic severity.
79  separase activity distribution
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
AML (1 time)
CML (1 time)
MDS (1 time)
2018 Increased separase activity and occurrence of centrosome aberrations concur with transformation of MDS.
80  severe acute diverticulitis
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
MAD (2 times)
POD (1 time)
2013 Laparoscopic sigmoidectomy in moderate and severe diverticulitis: analysis of short-term outcomes in a continuous series of 121 patients.
81  short-chain alcohol dehydrogenase-like protein
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
UVB (1 time)
2008 Expression of Pisum sativum SAD polypeptides in production hosts and in planta: tetrameric organization of the protein.
82  Simultaneous Ammonium oxidation denitrifying
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
PD (1 time)
PN-SBR (1 time)
SAD-UASB (1 time)
2019 Simultaneous Ammonium oxidation denitrifying (SAD) in an innovative three-stage process for energy-efficient mature landfill leachate treatment with external sludge reduction.
83  single agrometeorological disaster
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CAD (1 time)
MAD (1 time)
SAD-d (1 time)
2021 [Identification and characteristics of multiple agrometeorological disaster of maize in Liaoning Province, China].
84  sinus and aortic depressor nerve fibers
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
HR (1 time)
Pa (1 time)
1985 Sleep-wake state organization in infant rats with episodic respiratory disturbance following sinoaortic denervation.
85  skeletal age deviation
(2 times)
Metabolism
(2 times)
BMD (1 time)
DXA (1 time)
MI (1 time)
2005 Skeletal age deviation assessed by the Tanner-Whitehouse 2 method is associated with bone mass and fracture risk in children.
86  skills assessment device
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
--- 2001 Assessing laparoscopic manipulative skills.
87  Smad activation domain
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
NES (1 time)
NLS (1 time)
SIS3 (1 time)
2000 Crystal structure of a transcriptionally active Smad4 fragment.
88  smoking attributable deaths
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
cMRTP (1 time)
CT (1 time)
PHIM (1 time)
2012 Can a national lung cancer screening program in combination with smoking cessation policies cause an early decrease in tobacco deaths in Italy?
89  smoking-and-drinking subjects
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
CTR (2 times)
DRN (2 times)
fMRI (2 times)
2016 Alterations of resting state functional network connectivity in the brain of nicotine and alcohol users.
90  social ambivalence and disease
(2 times)
Psychology
(1 time)
--- 2019 Social Ambivalence and Disease (SAD): A Theoretical Model Aimed at Understanding the Health Implications of Ambivalent Relationships.
91  sodium alginate dialdehyde
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
ACH (1 time)
CECs (1 time)
HPCTS (1 time)
2010 An in situ formed biodegradable hydrogel for reconstruction of the corneal endothelium.
92  speech activity detection
(2 times)
Audiology
(1 time)
SID (1 time)
SNR (1 time)
STRFs (1 time)
2015 A Framework for Speech Activity Detection Using Adaptive Auditory Receptive Fields.
93  spontaneous arthritis disease
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
Ifi (1 time)
IL-1ra (1 time)
RA (1 time)
2016 Decreased expression levels of Ifi genes is associated to the increased resistance to spontaneous arthritis disease in mice deficiency of IL-1RA.
94  spreading acidification and depression
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
DTX-K (1 time)
EA1 (1 time)
TsTX (1 time)
2003 Spreading acidification and depression in the cerebellar cortex.
95  standard agar-dilution
(2 times)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
SGE (2 times)
1990 Development and evaluation of the spiral gradient endpoint method for susceptibility testing of anaerobic gram-negative bacilli.
96  Standard area diagrams
(2 times)
Botany
(1 time)
ACC (1 time)
2014 Development and Validation of Standard Area Diagrams as Assessment Aids for Estimating the Severity of Citrus Canker on Unripe Oranges.
97  Statement of Advance Directives
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
SNS (1 time)
2016 [Advance directives. Representatives' opinions].
98  stochastic approximation with a dynamic update factor
(2 times)
Physical Phenomena
(2 times)
SAMC (2 times)
WL (1 time)
2020 Stochastic approximation Monte Carlo with a dynamic update factor.
99  strategies analysis diagram
(2 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
CWA (1 time)
2013 Using cognitive work analysis and the strategies analysis diagram to understand variability in road user behaviour at intersections.
100  Stress/Anxiety/Depression
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
FD (1 time)
GAD-7 (1 time)
HHD (1 time)
1986 Psychological etiology in cardiovascular disorders. Basic findings and new trends.