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Abbreviation: SAL
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Long forms: 245

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
saline
(550 times)
Neurology
(89 times)
DA (25 times)
LPS (22 times)
AMPH (19 times)
1976 Plasma corticosterone levels as an index of the strength of illness induced taste aversions.
salinomycin
(124 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(23 times)
CSCs (22 times)
MON (16 times)
NAR (8 times)
1995 The effect of salinomycin on the control of Clostridium perfringens type-A infection in growing pigs.
Salidroside
(119 times)
Pharmacology
(27 times)
LPS (15 times)
SOD (15 times)
MDA (14 times)
2011 [Effects of salidroside on proliferation, apoptosis, phagocytosis, ROS and NO production of murine peritoneal macrophages in vitro].
salbutamol
(95 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(21 times)
RAC (14 times)
ISO (12 times)
CLB (8 times)
1979 [Pharmacological properties of procaterol, a newly synthetized, specific beta 2-adrenoceptor stimulant. Part I. Effects on the CNS (author's transl)].
salsolinol
(71 times)
Neurology
(14 times)
DA (23 times)
PRL (15 times)
TIQs (9 times)
1983 The effect of alcoholism on salsolinol and biogenic amines in human brain.
salicylate
(53 times)
Pharmacology
(9 times)
AMPK (3 times)
ASA (3 times)
OHC (3 times)
1981 Selective enrichment of Pseudomonas spp. defective in catabolism after exposure to halogenated substrates.
salicylic acid
(45 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(9 times)
ASA (4 times)
ASP (4 times)
2,3-DHBA (3 times)
1982 The nature of salicylate inhibition of sugar transport in yeast.
salmeterol
(40 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(16 times)
FP (23 times)
ICS (18 times)
FF (8 times)
2003 Improved ability to perform strenuous activities after treatment with fluticasone propionate/salmeterol combination in patients with persistent asthma.
suction-assisted lipectomy
(21 times)
General Surgery
(16 times)
BMI (2 times)
UAL (2 times)
AVF (1 time)
1987 Controversies in plastic surgery: suction-assisted lipectomy (SAL) and the hCG (human chorionic gonadotropin) protocol for obesity treatment.
10  saline solution
(19 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(9 times)
FLU (3 times)
NAL (2 times)
TEY (2 times)
1996 Ability of flumazenil, butorphanol, and naloxone to reverse the anesthetic effects of oxymorphone-diazepam in dogs.
11  suction-assisted lipoplasty
(19 times)
General Surgery
(18 times)
UAL (8 times)
PAL (3 times)
LAL (2 times)
1998 Tumescent abdominoplasty: full abdominoplasty under local anesthesia with i.v. sedation in an ambulatory surgical facility.
12  salience network
(17 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
DMN (11 times)
DAN (6 times)
AD (5 times)
2012 Loss of intranetwork and internetwork resting state functional connections with Alzheimer's disease progression.
13  sterility assurance level
(16 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(4 times)
AAMI (1 time)
BI (1 time)
CFU (1 time)
1993 Bioburden and theoretical sterility dose calculation for radiation sterilization of surgical cotton and bandages.
14  salience
(14 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
DAN (6 times)
RSNs (4 times)
FC (3 times)
2013 Resting state functional connectivity of five neural networks in bipolar disorder and schizophrenia.
15  short attack latency
(14 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(5 times)
LAL (12 times)
HPA (3 times)
TA (2 times)
1992 Differential effects of neonatal testosterone treatment on aggression in two selection lines of mice.
16  suction-assisted liposuction
(14 times)
General Surgery
(9 times)
UAL (5 times)
ASCs (3 times)
LAL (2 times)
2008 Safety of ultrasound-assisted liposuction: a survey of 660 operations.
17  SALLRSIPA
(13 times)
Obstetrics
(5 times)
NAP (10 times)
ADNF (3 times)
ADNP (3 times)
2002 Peptide antagonists of ethanol inhibition of l1-mediated cell-cell adhesion.
18  salubrinal
(11 times)
Neurosciences
(2 times)
ER (8 times)
CHOP (2 times)
ERS (2 times)
2008 A pharmacoproteomic approach implicates eukaryotic elongation factor 2 kinase in ER stress-induced cell death.
19  splenic artery ligation
(11 times)
General Surgery
(6 times)
LDLT (3 times)
PIM (2 times)
SFSS (2 times)
1976 Splenic artery ligation in experimental hypersplenism.
20  salicylaldehyde
(8 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
dpen (2 times)
STL (2 times)
BSA (1 time)
1996 Salicylaldehyde-metal-amino acid ternary complex: a new tool for immobilized metal affinity chromatography.
21  saline infusion
(8 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
BCS (1 time)
BH (1 time)
BW (1 time)
1986 Renal noradrenergic and dopaminergic activity in patients with borderline essential hypertension.
22  saliva
(8 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
Ct (2 times)
ED (2 times)
MT (2 times)
2002 Relationship between serum, saliva and urinary cortisol and its implication during recovery from training.
23  Salmonella
(8 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
EC (3 times)
CF (2 times)
CPY (2 times)
1990 Evaluation of four in vitro genetic toxicity tests for predicting rodent carcinogenicity: confirmation of earlier results with 41 additional chemicals.
24  sensorineural acuity level
(8 times)
Otolaryngology
(3 times)
ABR (1 time)
ABRt (1 time)
BC (1 time)
1961 The sensorineural acuity level (SAL) technique. An experiment with some observations.
25  serum albumin levels
(8 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
CS (2 times)
AHFS (1 time)
AMI (1 time)
1985 The significance of hypoalbuminemia following injury and infection.
26  Silurus asotus lectin
(8 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
RBL (3 times)
aa (1 time)
CDK (1 time)
1997 The structure of Silurus asotus (catfish) roe lectin (SAL): identification of a noncovalent trimer by mass spectrometry and analytical ultracentrifugation.
27  space available for the lung
(8 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
VEPTR (3 times)
AP (1 time)
CCW (1 time)
2010 Safety and efficacy of growing rod technique for pediatric congenital spinal deformities.
28  synthetic aperture ladar
(8 times)
Ophthalmology
(8 times)
DPF (1 time)
FMCW-SAL (1 time)
HAL (1 time)
2002 Photon-limited synthetic-aperture imaging for planet surface studies.
29  System for Augmenting Language
(8 times)
Speech-Language Pathology
(3 times)
--- 1994 Adult-directed communications of youth with mental retardation using the system for augmenting language.
30  sodium alginate
(7 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
CG (2 times)
CS (2 times)
BSA (1 time)
2001 Excipient-excipient interaction in the design of sustained-release theophylline tablets: in vitro and in vivo evaluation.
31  student approaches to learning
(6 times)
Education
(6 times)
AG (1 time)
CFA (1 time)
IP (1 time)
1993 What do inventories of students' learning processes really measure? A theoretical review and clarification.
32  saline injection
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
COC (1 time)
DEP9 (1 time)
DM (1 time)
1992 Influences of chemical sympathectomy, demedullation, and hindlimb suspension on the VO2max of rats.
33  saline vehicle
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
DEX (2 times)
IL-2 (2 times)
ACTH (1 time)
1991 Removal of nocturnal secretion of melatonin fails to reduce antibody synthesis and interleukin-2 production of lambs.
34  salinity
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
EC (2 times)
TH (2 times)
AP (1 time)
2005 Impact of effluents from a car battery manufacturing plant in Nigeria on water, soil, and food qualities.
35  salvianic acid
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
MI (2 times)
AST (1 time)
CK (1 time)
2011 Differential cardioprotective effects of salvianolic acid and tanshinone on acute myocardial infarction are mediated by unique signaling pathways.
36  Single-access laparoscopy
(5 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
LAGBR (1 time)
2010 Single-access laparoscopic surgery using new curved reusable instruments: initial hundred patients.
37  Spinal angiolipoma
(5 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
MRI (2 times)
mJOA (1 time)
SEAs (1 time)
2008 Spinal angiolipoma: case report and literature review.
38  stapedial annular ligament
(5 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
DMA (2 times)
FTS (2 times)
AOM (1 time)
2010 Mechanical properties of stapedial annular ligament.
39  Study Alliance Leukemia
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
AML (4 times)
CI (2 times)
OS (2 times)
2014 Two cycles of risk-adapted consolidation therapy in patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia. Results from the SAL-AIDA2000 trial.
40  sulfuric acid lignin
(5 times)
Technology
(4 times)
HL (1 time)
MB (1 time)
Ph-SAL (1 time)
2004 Preparation and evaluation of lignosulfonates as a dispersant for gypsum paste from acid hydrolysis lignin.
41  salbutamol sulfate
(4 times)
Pharmaceutical Preparations
(2 times)
BCD (1 time)
BD (1 time)
DOB (1 time)
2010 Spectrofluorimetric estimation of salbutamol sulphate in different dosage forms by formation of inclusion complex with β-cyclodextrin.
42  saline control
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
BG (1 time)
FLU (1 time)
FLU/SAL (1 time)
2011 Efficacy of single-dose intravenous phenylbutazone and flunixin meglumine before, during and after exercise in an experimental reversible model of foot lameness in horses.
43  saline-treated
(4 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
AQ (1 time)
BLA (1 time)
BN (1 time)
1983 Role of catecholamines and vasopressin in cardiovascular responses to bilateral dorsolateral transection of the medulla oblongata in the rat.
44  salmeterol xinafoate
(4 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
FP (2 times)
ICS (2 times)
COPD (1 time)
2014 COST-effectiveness of salmeterol/fluticasone propionate combination (Advair()) in uncontrolled asthma in Canada.
45  selected aggressive
(4 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(3 times)
ALS (1 time)
GR (1 time)
LD (1 time)
1996 Studies on wild house mice. VII. Prenatal maternal environment and aggression.
46  Shoulder Activity Level
(4 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
ASES (3 times)
SANE (3 times)
SST (3 times)
2018 Does total shoulder arthroplasty improve patients' activity levels?
47  shrinking action level
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
eNAL (1 time)
NAL (1 time)
SD (1 time)
2001 A protocol for the reduction of systematic patient setup errors with minimal portal imaging workload.
48  single agar layer
(4 times)
Virology
(2 times)
CSO (1 time)
D- HFUF (1 time)
ENR (1 time)
2004 Development and evaluation of methods to detect coliphages in large volumes of water.
49  Staphylococcus aureus lipase
(4 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
pNPP (1 time)
SHL (1 time)
1998 Substrate specificity of Staphylococcus hyicus lipase and Staphylococcus aureus lipase as studied by in vivo chimeragenesis.
50  sugar-assisted ligation
(4 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
Acm (1 time)
NCL (1 time)
2007 Sugar-assisted ligation for the synthesis of glycopeptides.
51  supraphysiological androgen levels
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
AR (4 times)
PCa (4 times)
BAT (3 times)
2020 Senolytic compounds control a distinct fate of androgen receptor agonist- and antagonist-induced cellular senescent LNCaP prostate cancer cells.
52  S. aureus lipase
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
cat (2 times)
SHL (2 times)
SAL3 (1 time)
1998 The phospholipase activity of Staphylococcus hyicus lipase strongly depends on a single Ser to Val mutation.
53  SAIDS-associated lymphoma
(3 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(2 times)
SIV (2 times)
EBV (1 time)
PBMC (1 time)
2000 Rhesus lymphocryptovirus infection during the progression of SAIDS and SAIDS-associated lymphoma in the rhesus macaque.
54  saline alone
(3 times)
Brain
(1 time)
ATLPL (1 time)
CAF (1 time)
DA (1 time)
1984 Fat feeding decreases insulin responsiveness of adipose tissue lipoprotein lipase.
55  saline-group
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
BAL (1 time)
CCI (1 time)
DIC (1 time)
2009 A porcine model to study ex vivo reconditioning of injured donor lungs.
56  salivary
(3 times)
Dentistry
(1 time)
SUB (2 times)
SUP (2 times)
BC (1 time)
1987 Effect of dental plaque on the oxidative metabolism of normal neutrophils.
57  salivary lipocalin
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
AGP (1 time)
NM (1 time)
OBP (1 time)
2000 Cloning, post-translational modifications, heterologous expression and ligand-binding of boar salivary lipocalin.
58  salmon
(3 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
HER (3 times)
CAS (2 times)
ACE (1 time)
2016 Dietary fish protein hydrolysates containing bioactive motifs affect serum and adipose tissue fatty acid compositions, serum lipids, postprandial glucose regulation and growth in obese Zucker fa/fa rats.
59  salsalate
(3 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
CUR (2 times)
HFDs (2 times)
AOM (1 time)
2017 Curcumin and Salsalate Suppresses Colonic Inflammation and Procarcinogenic Signaling in High-Fat-Fed, Azoxymethane-Treated Mice.
60  Salvicine
(3 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
ATM (1 time)
ATR (1 time)
dCK (1 time)
2006 [The mechanism of resistance to 2', 2'-difluorodeoxycytidine (gemcitabine) in a pancreatic cancer cell line].
61  Schisanhenol
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
ROS (1 time)
1992 Protective effect of schisanhenol against oxygen radical induced mitochondrial toxicity on rat heart and liver.
62  Sexual Activity Log
(3 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
PFSF (2 times)
GRADE (1 time)
HSCT (1 time)
2007 Testosterone treatment for hypoactive sexual desire disorder in postmenopausal women.
63  sham-operated rats fed ad libitum
(3 times)
Nephrology
(2 times)
SPF (2 times)
CRF (1 time)
ECM (1 time)
1999 Growth plate cartilage formation and resorption are differentially depressed in growth retarded uremic rats.
64  skin acceleration levels
(3 times)
Otolaryngology
(3 times)
ACC (2 times)
SPL (2 times)
MIC (1 time)
2006 An exploration of skin acceleration level as a measure of phonatory function in singing.
65  spectral arc length
(3 times)
Neurosciences
(1 time)
ADL (1 time)
ARAT (1 time)
CV (1 time)
2015 Test-retest reliability of Kinect's measurements for the evaluation of upper body recovery of stroke patients.
66  spin labels
(3 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
--- 1983 Lower levels of erythrocyte membrane fluidity in diabetic patients. A spin label study.
67  Spirotrichea, Armophorea, and Litostomatea
(3 times)
Biology
(3 times)
MROs (1 time)
2014 Large-scale phylogenomic analysis reveals the phylogenetic position of the problematic taxon Protocruzia and unravels the deep phylogenetic affinities of the ciliate lineages.
68  still-alert state
(3 times)
Brain
(2 times)
SWS (3 times)
MR (2 times)
CGU (1 time)
1980 Influence of raphe nuclei on neuronal transmission from perforant pathway through dentate gyrus.
69  saccharic acid 1,4-lactone
(2 times)
Plant Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
beta-GUS (1 time)
2004 Saccharic acid 1.4-lactone protects against CPT-11-induced mucosa damage in rats.
70  Salary
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
AHC (1 time)
PCA (1 time)
2014 Bark essential oil of Cedrelopsis grevei from Madagascar: investigation of steam-distillation conditions.
71  saline only
(2 times)
Hematology
(1 time)
FFA (1 time)
Hep (1 time)
PAI-1 (1 time)
1997 Role of epinephrine and norepinephrine in the metabolic response to stress hormone infusion in the conscious dog.
72  saline-treated controls
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
DEX (1 time)
HAAF (1 time)
2004 A single episode of central glucoprivation reduces the adrenomedullary response to subsequent hypoglycemia in rats.
73  salinomycin sodium
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
FCM (1 time)
FPL (1 time)
1991 Flow cytometric analysis of Eimeria tenella sporozoite populations exposed to salinomycin sodium in vitro: a comparative study using light and electron microscopy and an in vitro sporozoite invasion-inhibition test.
74  Salmonella mutagenicity test
(2 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
IVMNT (2 times)
MLA (2 times)
NRU (2 times)
2012 The effect of a novel tobacco process on the in vitro cytotoxicity and genotoxicity of cigarette smoke particulate matter.
75  Salmonella-infected
(2 times)
Animal Husbandry
(1 time)
B. subtilis CSL2 (1 time)
CON (1 time)
HLB (1 time)
2017 Protective effects of Bacillus subtilis against Salmonella infection in the microbiome of Hy-Line Brown layers.
76  self-assembled layer
(2 times)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
AFM (1 time)
APTT (1 time)
DA (1 time)
2010 Synthesis of a zwitterionic silane and its application in the surface modification of silicon-based material surfaces for improved hemocompatibility.
77  Short Attack Latencies
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
LAL (2 times)
non-PAR (1 time)
1995 Autosomal and Y chromosomal effects on the stereotyped response to apomorphine in wild house mice.
78  single-antigen-expressing cell line
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
HLA (2 times)
AMs (1 time)
C-SCR (1 time)
2007 Identification of acceptable HLA mismatches in immunized patients using single-antigen-expressing cell lines.
79  slightly aspherical lenslets
(2 times)
Neurosciences
(1 time)
HAL (2 times)
AL (1 time)
AULCSF (1 time)
2021 One-year myopia control efficacy of spectacle lenses with aspherical lenslets.
80  smaller, agranular lymphocytes
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
MACS (1 time)
NK (1 time)
1991 CD3 negative "small agranular lymphocytes" are natural killer cells.
81  solid-air-liquid
(2 times)
Microbiological Phenomena
(2 times)
A-L (2 times)
Cu (1 time)
EPS (1 time)
2018 Metal-Adapted Bacteria Isolated From Wastewaters Produce Biofilms by Expressing Proteinaceous Curli Fimbriae and Cellulose Nanofibers.
82  sonomicrometry array localization
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
AHCWR (1 time)
AIMR (1 time)
MDS (1 time)
1995 Use of sonomicrometry and multidimensional scaling to determine the three-dimensional coordinates of multiple cardiac locations: feasibility and initial implementation.
83  Sophora alopecuroides lectin
(2 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
CM (1 time)
DEAE (1 time)
HeLa (1 time)
2012 Isolation and characterization of a novel lectin with antifungal and antiproliferative activities from Sophora alopecuroides seeds.
84  spalt
(2 times)
Cytogenetics
(1 time)
--- 2003 Cloning and expression analysis of SALL4, the murine homologue of the gene mutated in Okihiro syndrome.
85  specificed antilymphocytic serum
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
BMT (1 time)
PTC (1 time)
SAT (1 time)
1984 Restitution of the thymus in lethally irradiated mice after transplantation of syngeneic or allogeneic bone marrow.
86  sport activity level
(2 times)
Traumatology
(1 time)
ADL (2 times)
VAS (2 times)
PHO (1 time)
2015 Rectus Femoris Tendon Calcification: Arthroscopic Excision in 6 Top Amateur Athletes.
87  stabilized affibody liposomes
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
EGFR (1 time)
2009 Targeting of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-expressing tumor cells with sterically stabilized affibody liposomes (SAL).
88  step anticipation tau-leaping
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
--- 2009 Accurate stochastic simulation via the step anticipation tau-leaping (SAL) algorithm.
89  sulfasalazine
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
CS (1 time)
DHA (1 time)
DSS (1 time)
2003 Treatment of early RA in clinical practice: a comparative study of two different DMARD/corticosteroid options.
90  sulfomethylated alkali lignin
(2 times)
Technology
(1 time)
AL (2 times)
GSBAL (1 time)
HRP (1 time)
2014 Polymerization reactivity of sulfomethylated alkali lignin modified with horseradish peroxidase.
91  16-stearic acid label
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
EHT (1 time)
ESR (1 time)
NT (1 time)
1991 [Erythrocyte membrane abnormality of essential hypertension with special reference to membrane fluidity and Na(+)-K+ ATPase activity].
92  16-stearic acid nitroxide labels
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
AcA (1 time)
LDH (1 time)
1996 Effects of Actinomyces amphiphile on the fluidity of endothelial cells: a spin label study.
93  anti-salbutamol
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
BSA (1 time)
MPA (1 time)
PA (1 time)
2020 Label-Free Impedimetric Immunosensors Modulated by Protein A/Bovine Serum Albumin Layer for Ultrasensitive Detection of Salbutamol.
94  compounds--salidroside
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
IR (1 time)
Tyr (1 time)
2012 Salidroside and tyrosol from Rhodiola protect H9c2 cells from ischemia/reperfusion-induced apoptosis.
95  metabolites--salicylic acid
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
ASA (1 time)
GEN (1 time)
HDP (1 time)
2004 Life-history traits of standard and autochthonous cladocerans: II. Acute and chronic effects of acetylsalicylic acid metabolites.
96  non-supplemented diet was used for the control group
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
CIS (1 time)
DYS (1 time)
MZ (1 time)
2006 Effect of the co-administration of phenobarbital, quercetin and mancozeb on nitrosomethylurea-induced pancreatic tumors in rats.
97  S. asotus lectin
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 1993 Purification and characterization of Silurus asotus (catfish) roe lectin.
98  SA Luting Plus
(1 time)
Prosthodontics
(1 time)
EDS (1 time)
GCO (1 time)
HSCRB (1 time)
2019 Bonding of different self-adhesive resins to high-strength composite resin block treated with surface conditioning.
99  SA was determined by a language
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
AC (1 time)
HC (1 time)
SA (1 time)
1999 [Anthropometric assessment and school achievement in school-age children from high school in Valparaiso, Chile].
100  safe apical limit
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
--- 1988 [The safe apical limit (SAL)].