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Abbreviation: SD
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
standard deviation
(15848 times)
Medicine
(1191 times)
CI (1656 times)
OR (641 times)
BMI (594 times)
1974 Neonatal plasma lipids as measured in cord blood.
Sprague-Dawley
(6480 times)
Pharmacology
(910 times)
TNF-alpha (274 times)
WKY (271 times)
ELISA (263 times)
1966 Carcinogenic effects of intragastric 3-methylcholanthrene and 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene in Wistar and Sprague-Dawley rats.
stable disease
(2439 times)
Neoplasms
(1621 times)
PR (1735 times)
PD (1090 times)
CR (987 times)
1982 Aminoglutethimide in the treatment of advanced postmenopausal breast cancer.
sleep deprivation
(824 times)
Neurology
(228 times)
EEG (60 times)
NREM (40 times)
REM (34 times)
1976 Sleep deprivation in the treatment of elderly depressed patients.
short-day
(491 times)
Botany
(143 times)
LD (361 times)
FT (37 times)
CO (26 times)
1967 The control by gibberellic acid of stem elongation and flowering in biennial plants of Centaurium minus Moench.
spreading depression
(431 times)
Neurology
(199 times)
NMDA (23 times)
DC (21 times)
CBF (15 times)
1975 An injury-induced diffuse slow potential from brain.
semantic dementia
(386 times)
Neurology
(275 times)
AD (119 times)
FTD (95 times)
PNFA (86 times)
1995 The contribution of single photon emission tomography to the clinical differentiation of degenerative cortical brain disorders.
sexual dysfunction
(347 times)
Urology
(80 times)
FSFI (51 times)
MS (42 times)
ED (32 times)
1980 [Basal prolactinaemia and responses to TRH and to sulpiride in different categories of male sexual dysfunctions (author's transl)].
study, the mean
(305 times)
Medicine
(24 times)
OR (10 times)
CT (8 times)
CI (7 times)
1986 Single breath induction of anaesthesia, using a vital capacity breath of halothane, nitrous oxide and oxygen.
10  spectral-domain
(301 times)
Ophthalmology
(188 times)
OCT (178 times)
RNFL (56 times)
OCTA (40 times)
2007 Optical coherence tomography as an orientation guide in cochlear implant surgery?
11  Shine-Dalgarno
(271 times)
Molecular Biology
(97 times)
RBS (13 times)
ASD (11 times)
ORF (9 times)
1983 Construction and application of a novel plasmid "ATG vector" for direct expression of foreign genes in Escherichia coli.
12  solid dispersion
(265 times)
Pharmacology
(157 times)
DSC (65 times)
SEM (35 times)
FTIR (32 times)
1990 Physiochemical properties of phenobarbital solid dispersion with phosphatidylcholine.
13  standard diet
(258 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(37 times)
HFD (108 times)
KD (24 times)
WT (15 times)
1979 Effect of diet on dichlorovinyl dimethyl phosphate toxicity in rats.
14  significant difference in the mean
(218 times)
Medicine
(20 times)
CT (6 times)
CI (5 times)
BMI (4 times)
1986 Treatment of angina pectoris with nifedipine and atenolol: efficacy and effect on cardiac function.
15  sudden death
(208 times)
Cardiology
(131 times)
HCM (28 times)
ICD (22 times)
MI (16 times)
1979 Sudden coronary death and coronary artery disease. A clinicopathologic appraisal.
16  seborrheic dermatitis
(168 times)
Dermatology
(85 times)
AD (14 times)
PV (11 times)
SDASI (6 times)
1981 [In vitro blastogenic response of lymphocytes in pityriasis capitis and dermatitis seborrheica (using PHA-mitogen, Pityrosporum ovale and bacteria)].
17  standard-dose
(144 times)
Radiology
(27 times)
HD (60 times)
LD (35 times)
FBP (16 times)
1976 Very high dose fluphenazine decanoate: a controlled trial in chronic schizophrenia.
18  spasmodic dysphonia
(137 times)
Otolaryngology
(84 times)
ADSD (10 times)
BT (9 times)
BTX (9 times)
1985 Magnetic resonance imaging findings and correlations in spasmodic dysphonia patients.
19  self-directedness
(114 times)
Psychiatry
(64 times)
HA (80 times)
TCI (64 times)
NS (44 times)
1996 Migraine: temperament and character.
20  system dynamics
(110 times)
Environmental Health
(38 times)
CLD (5 times)
ABM (4 times)
GIS (4 times)
1998 Simulation applied to health services: opportunities for applying the system dynamics approach.
21  spreading depolarization
(109 times)
Neurology
(45 times)
aSAH (8 times)
ECoG (8 times)
SAH (7 times)
2000 Regional differences in hypoxic depolarization and swelling in hippocampal slices.
22  Sprague-Dawley rats
(98 times)
Physiology
(19 times)
SHR (35 times)
WKY (19 times)
SBP (8 times)
1981 Hypersensitivity of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) to heat, ether, and immobilization.
23  single dose
(92 times)
Neoplasms
(15 times)
MD (19 times)
DD (13 times)
NVP (8 times)
1981 Single-dose ampicillin therapy for severe shigellosis in Bangladesh.
24  spatial disorientation
(90 times)
Aerospace Medicine
(43 times)
PTA (5 times)
CD (3 times)
CSD (3 times)
1978 Spatial disorientation in general aviation accidents.
25  spray drying
(85 times)
Pharmacology
(49 times)
FD (18 times)
SFD (14 times)
DSC (7 times)
1999 Protein inhalation powders: spray drying vs spray freeze drying.
26  slit diaphragm
(74 times)
Nephrology
(24 times)
CD2AP (8 times)
FSGS (8 times)
FP (5 times)
2003 Dynamic (re)organization of the podocyte actin cytoskeleton in the nephrotic syndrome.
27  stem diameter
(67 times)
Radiology
(10 times)
LD (20 times)
PH (10 times)
CT (7 times)
1977 Hemodynamic assessment of the glutaraldehyde-preserved porcine heterograft in the aortic and mitral positions.
28  Striae distensae
(67 times)
Dermatology
(48 times)
SA (7 times)
PIH (5 times)
PRP (4 times)
1991 Mast cell degranulation and elastolysis in the early stage of striae distensae.
29  succinate dehydrogenase
(65 times)
Neoplasms
(27 times)
SDI (21 times)
ADM (15 times)
MMC (15 times)
1963 A histochemical study of phagocytic and enzymatic functions of rabbit mononuclear and polymorphonuclear exudate cells and alveolar macrophages. I. Survey and quantitation of enzymes, and states of cellular activation.
30  sulfadiazine
(64 times)
Environmental Health
(29 times)
SMZ (9 times)
SAs (7 times)
OTC (6 times)
1976 Detection of sulfonamides in animal feeds.
31  swine dysentery
(63 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(40 times)
MIC (4 times)
MLST (4 times)
RS (4 times)
1978 Transmission of swine dysentery by carrier pigs.
32  solvent/detergent
(62 times)
Hematology
(44 times)
FFP (18 times)
MB (8 times)
TTP (6 times)
1988 Treatment of type III von Willebrand's disease with solvent/detergent-treated factor VIII concentrates.
33  steam distillation
(62 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(15 times)
GC-MS (14 times)
HD (14 times)
SE (8 times)
2003 Comparative study of extraction techniques for determination of garlic flavor components by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.
34  Sandhoff disease
(61 times)
Neurology
(16 times)
Hex (15 times)
TSD (11 times)
AAV (7 times)
2002 Inclusions in novel perivascular macrophages (Mato's fluorescent granular perithelial cells) and neurons in the cerebral cortex of Hex A- and Hex B-deficient mice.
35  standard
(61 times)
Biochemistry
(11 times)
HF (13 times)
HFD (11 times)
SED (6 times)
1990 Behavioural changes on diet selection and serotonin (5-HT) turnover in rats under pizotifen treatment.
36  somatization disorder
(58 times)
Psychiatry
(39 times)
FC (6 times)
DMN (5 times)
fMRI (4 times)
1984 Somatization disorder and Briquet's syndrome. An assessment of their diagnostic concordance.
37  severe dengue
(57 times)
Communicable Diseases
(10 times)
DHF (13 times)
WHO (13 times)
DF (10 times)
2011 Dengue classification: current WHO vs. the newly suggested classification for better clinical application?
38  sleep disturbance
(57 times)
Psychiatry
(10 times)
SRI (10 times)
PSQI (9 times)
AD (8 times)
2004 Nocturnal sleep disturbances and daytime dysfunction in patients with Parkinson's disease and in their caregivers.
39  stomatal density
(54 times)
Botany
(21 times)
SI (12 times)
LMA (7 times)
SL (7 times)
2001 Relationships between flag leaf carbon isotope discrimination and several morpho-physiological traits in durum wheat genotypes under Mediterranean conditions.
40  Segregation Distorter
(53 times)
Genetics
(31 times)
Rsp (10 times)
Sd (5 times)
Ago3 (1 time)
1972 Genetic analysis of sex chromosomal meiotic mutants in Drosophilia melanogaster.
41  sawdust
(52 times)
Environmental Health
(24 times)
RH (7 times)
CC (5 times)
CS (4 times)
2001 The removal of heavy metals from aqueous solutions by sawdust adsorption--removal of lead and comparison of its adsorption with copper.
42  social defeat
(52 times)
Neurology
(13 times)
BDNF (5 times)
CPP (5 times)
SA (4 times)
1999 Social stress effects on territorial marking and ultrasonic vocalizations in mice.
43  serum deprivation
(49 times)
Cell Biology
(17 times)
MSCs (9 times)
ROS (7 times)
BMSCs (4 times)
2002 Importance of FADD signaling in serum deprivation- and hypoxia-induced cardiomyocyte apoptosis.
44  steroid-dependent
(49 times)
Nephrology
(27 times)
FR (20 times)
SR (20 times)
NS (16 times)
1977 Physiology of steroid dependent and non-steroid dependent asthmatic youths.
45  short photoperiod
(48 times)
Physiology
(14 times)
LD (35 times)
LH (4 times)
MBH (4 times)
1985 Dinitrogen fixation in soybean in response to leaf water stress and seed growth rate.
46  sleep disorders
(48 times)
Neurology
(17 times)
PSQI (7 times)
CI (5 times)
HR (5 times)
1992 [Sleep disorders in patients in recovery. Preliminary results in 20 patients].
47  sudden deafness
(47 times)
Otolaryngology
(35 times)
BPPV (3 times)
MRI (3 times)
CI (2 times)
1983 [Evaluation of platelet function and coagulation in deafness and sudden vestibular disorders].
48  substance dependence
(45 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(17 times)
EAs (12 times)
AAs (10 times)
AD (7 times)
1997 Influences on adolescent substance dependence: conduct disorder, depression, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, and gender.
49  shoulder dystocia
(41 times)
Obstetrics
(22 times)
BPI (4 times)
BW (4 times)
CI (4 times)
1991 Shoulder dystocia recognition: differences in neonatal risks for injury.
50  semantic differential
(38 times)
Psychology
(9 times)
POMS (7 times)
HRV (4 times)
AT (2 times)
1976 Students' Ratings of Their Instructors and the Instructors' Ratings of Students in Educational Psychology.
51  study, mean
(37 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
HR (2 times)
ISS (2 times)
LDL-C (2 times)
2001 A randomized controlled trial of three years growth hormone and gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist treatment in children with idiopathic short stature and intrauterine growth retardation.
52  standard chow diet
(36 times)
Medicine
(5 times)
HFD (18 times)
KD (4 times)
WD (3 times)
1999 Nutritional support in patients with cancer of the esophagus: impact on nutritional status, patient compliance to therapy, and survival.
53  spray-dried
(35 times)
Pharmacology
(21 times)
SEM (6 times)
DSC (5 times)
FPF (5 times)
2004 Effect of shape of sodium salicylate particles on physical property and in vitro aerosol performance of granules prepared by pressure swing granulation method.
54  Secchi depth
(33 times)
Environmental Health
(28 times)
TN (17 times)
TP (15 times)
Chl-a (9 times)
2004 Prediction and setup of phytoplankton statistical model of Qiandaohu Lake.
55  senile dementia
(32 times)
Neurology
(12 times)
AD (15 times)
ATD (3 times)
AChE (2 times)
1980 Serum parathyroid hormone concentrations in senile dementia (Alzheimer's disease).
56  septal deviation
(30 times)
Otolaryngology
(11 times)
CT (5 times)
CB (4 times)
SS (3 times)
1992 Changes in facial recognition memory across the adult life span.
57  serologically defined
(30 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(12 times)
MHC (8 times)
LD (7 times)
MLC (4 times)
1973 Phenotypic expression of the main histocompatibility complex (DL-A) in randomly selected mongrel dogs. I. Serologically detectable (SD) DL-A antigens and mixed leukocyte (MLC) reactivity.
58  spondylodiscitis
(30 times)
Communicable Diseases
(4 times)
MRI (6 times)
CRP (3 times)
CT (3 times)
2000 Diagnostic and therapeutic management of lumbar and thoracic spondylodiscitis--an evaluation of 59 cases.
59  sustainable development
(30 times)
Environmental Health
(16 times)
CE (2 times)
DEA (2 times)
EC (2 times)
2004 Short-term model of the production of construction aggregates in Taiwan based on artificial neural networks.
60  sex determination
(29 times)
Genetics
(11 times)
AMH (3 times)
LG (3 times)
Oa (3 times)
2010 Temporal ordering of motivational quality and athlete burnout in elite sport.
61  sedentary diabetic
(28 times)
Endocrinology
(6 times)
SC (22 times)
TD (18 times)
TC (14 times)
1990 Beneficial effect of exercise training on cardiac long-chain acylcarnitine levels in diabetic rats.
62  sexual desire
(28 times)
Urology
(13 times)
EF (19 times)
OF (15 times)
IS (13 times)
2003 [Effect of aging on male sexual function in 93 patients using international index of erectile function].
63  subthreshold depression
(28 times)
Psychiatry
(14 times)
MDD (7 times)
HCs (3 times)
DD (2 times)
2003 A comparison of GMS-A/AGECAT, DSM-III-R for dementia and depression, including subthreshold depression (SD)--results from the Berlin Aging Study (BASE).
64  sexual dimorphism
(27 times)
Biology
(7 times)
AR (1 time)
AUTR (1 time)
BW (1 time)
1972 A study of the genetic basis of the sexual dimorphism for wing length in Drosophila melanogaster.
65  sleep-deprived
(27 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
NSD (6 times)
SC (3 times)
NC (2 times)
1993 Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) extracted immediately after REM sleep deprivation prevents REM rebound and contains vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP).
66  splice donor
(27 times)
Virology
(15 times)
HIV-1 (4 times)
PBS (4 times)
SA (3 times)
1989 HTLV-1 rex and HIV-1 rev act through similar mechanisms to relieve suppression of unspliced RNA expression.
67  spermidine
(26 times)
Botany
(4 times)
Sm (13 times)
PU (11 times)
Put (5 times)
1980 Age-related abnormalities of circulating polyamines and diamine oxidase activity in cystic fibrosis heterozygotes and homozygotes.
68  Subjects had a mean
(26 times)
Psychiatry
(3 times)
SCOUTS (2 times)
AD (1 time)
ADNI (1 time)
1988 Prediction of oxygenation during sleep in patients with chronic obstructive lung disease.
69  disease stabilization
(25 times)
Neoplasms
(19 times)
PR (17 times)
PD (7 times)
CR (6 times)
1992 Phase II study of epirubicin sequential methotrexate and 5-fluorouracil for advanced colorectal cancer.
70  segmental duplication
(23 times)
Molecular Biology
(4 times)
CNVs (4 times)
TD (2 times)
WGD (2 times)
1991 Visualization of myosin exchange between synthetic thick filaments.
71  severely diabetic
(22 times)
Complementary Therapies
(5 times)
MD (17 times)
FBG (5 times)
HDL-C (3 times)
1978 Insulin responsiveness of isolated perfused livers from rats with streptozotocin induced diabetes.
72  social desirability
(22 times)
Psychology
(10 times)
ADJ (2 times)
MC-SDS (2 times)
PIC (2 times)
1976 Causal priority of social desirability over self-concept: a cross-lagged correlation analysis.
73  somatoform disorders
(22 times)
Psychiatry
(11 times)
MUPS (3 times)
GPs (2 times)
SERT (2 times)
1988 Somatoform disorder in a psychiatric setting. Systematic comparisons with depression and anxiety disorders.
74  source-detector
(22 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(5 times)
fNIRS (8 times)
NIRS (3 times)
BCI (2 times)
2003 Preliminary studies on the photon path in breast tissue model by NIR-TRS.
75  sulcus depth
(22 times)
Dentistry
(9 times)
CT (5 times)
CTC (5 times)
FD (5 times)
1994 A comparison of alveolar bone grafting with and without simultaneous maxillary osteotomies in cleft palate patients.
76  segregation distortion
(21 times)
Genetics
(14 times)
DH (2 times)
RILs (2 times)
AES (1 time)
1978 Population Dynamics of the Segregation Distorter Polymorphism of DROSOPHILA MELANOGASTER.
77  sleep duration
(21 times)
Psychophysiology
(4 times)
PA (7 times)
BMI (5 times)
SE (5 times)
2012 High sleep duration variability is an independent risk factor for weight gain.
78  standard deviation of glucose
(21 times)
Endocrinology
(5 times)
MAGE (5 times)
MODD (5 times)
24-h MG (2 times)
1997 Reproducibility of time-domain indexes of heart rate variability in patients with vasovagal syncope.
79  scleroderma
(20 times)
Rheumatology
(7 times)
SLE (4 times)
DM (2 times)
PAH (2 times)
1976 Standstill of nailfold capillary blood flow during cooling in scleroderma and Raynaud's syndrome.
80  short day length
(20 times)
Endocrinology
(7 times)
LD (12 times)
CSF (2 times)
OTR (2 times)
1992 Effect of reproductive function on cold tolerance in deer mice.
81  sodium diacetate
(20 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(16 times)
SL (12 times)
PS (5 times)
SB (4 times)
2004 Control of Listeria monocytogenes on frankfurters with antimicrobials in the formulation and by dipping in organic acid solutions.
82  spastic diplegia
(20 times)
Pediatrics
(9 times)
CP (6 times)
SQ (4 times)
GMFCS (3 times)
1981 Spastic diplegia in premature infants. Etiologic and diagnostic considerations.
83  spinal dysraphism
(19 times)
Pediatrics
(12 times)
MRI (7 times)
ARA (4 times)
ARM (4 times)
1994 The incidence of occult spinal dysraphism and the onset of neurovesical dysfunction in children with anorectal anomalies.
84  systolic dysfunction
(19 times)
Cardiology
(11 times)
DD (9 times)
HF (5 times)
EF (4 times)
2003 Exercise responses of elderly patients with diastolic versus systolic heart failure.
85  screen-detected
(18 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
NSD (6 times)
CRC (5 times)
IC (4 times)
1997 Post screen-detected breast cancer within the Screening Mammography Program of British Columbia.
86  Sjogren's disease
(18 times)
Therapeutics
(13 times)
RA (4 times)
SLE (3 times)
CP (2 times)
1984 [Clinico-morphological characteristics of Sjogren's syndrome (biopsy and autopsy data)].
87  stabilization of disease
(18 times)
Neoplasms
(12 times)
PR (11 times)
PD (6 times)
CR (5 times)
1985 Aziridinylbenzoquinone in recurrent, progressive glioma of the central nervous system. A Phase II study by the Illinois Cancer Council.
88  Status dystonicus
(18 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
DBS (6 times)
GPi (4 times)
BAD (1 time)
2005 Status Dystonicus: study of five cases.
89  stocking density
(18 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(10 times)
BW (3 times)
AA (1 time)
AMU (1 time)
1992 Interactive effects of high stocking density and triiodothyronine-administration on aspects of the in vivo intermediary metabolism and in vitro hepatic response to catecholamine and pancreatic hormone stimulation in brook charr, Salvelinus fontinalis.
90  scapular dyskinesis
(17 times)
Physical Medicine
(4 times)
CI (2 times)
LT (2 times)
SE (2 times)
2014 Effectiveness of global postural reeducation compared to segmental exercises on function, pain, and quality of life of patients with scapular dyskinesis associated with neck pain: a preliminary clinical trial.
91  Scheuermann's disease
(17 times)
Orthopedics
(8 times)
PI (3 times)
BMI (2 times)
LBP (2 times)
1984 Scheuermann's disease. Clinical and radiological survey of 17 and 18 year olds.
92  score improved from a mean
(17 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
QoL (3 times)
A/PSF (1 time)
A1R (1 time)
2006 Overlapping anal sphincter repair and anterior levatorplasty: effect of patient's age and duration of follow-up.
93  seconds
(17 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
AAI (1 time)
ABOG (1 time)
AEP (1 time)
1982 Verapamil versus placebo in relieving stable angina pectoris.
94  single domain
(17 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
MD (11 times)
aMCI (6 times)
AD (3 times)
1991 Modulation of spike frequencies by varying the ambient magnetic field and magnetite candidates in bees (Apis mellifera).
95  sodium deoxycholate
(17 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
SDS (6 times)
BP (2 times)
ECM (2 times)
1992 Toxic effect of bile acid ingestion in rats.
96  soma-dendritic
(17 times)
Physiology
(9 times)
IS (14 times)
AHP (3 times)
LC (2 times)
1972 Studies of antidromically identified neurosecretory cells of the hypothalamus by intracellular and extracellular recordings.
97  sports drink
(17 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
BW (2 times)
AJ (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
1998 Fluid replacement needs of well-trained male and female athletes during indoor and outdoor steady state running.
98  discriminative stimulus
(16 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(9 times)
COC (1 time)
DA (1 time)
DRC (1 time)
1978 Brief communication. Inability of hexamethonium to block the discriminative stimulus (SD) property of nicotine.
99  severe dysplasia
(16 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
CIS (10 times)
MD (10 times)
MOD (3 times)
1996 Relationship of esophageal dysplasia to associated head and neck cancer in patients with esophageal carcinoma.
100  spin density
(16 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
PL (2 times)
QTL (2 times)
RILs (2 times)
1985 Accurate T1 and spin density NMR images.