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Abbreviation: SD
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
standard deviation
(17706 times)
Medicine
(1335 times)
CI (1941 times)
OR (773 times)
BMI (675 times)
1974 Neonatal plasma lipids as measured in cord blood.
Sprague-Dawley
(7089 times)
Pharmacology
(985 times)
TNF-alpha (307 times)
ELISA (295 times)
WKY (271 times)
1966 Carcinogenic effects of intragastric 3-methylcholanthrene and 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene in Wistar and Sprague-Dawley rats.
stable disease
(2705 times)
Neoplasms
(1766 times)
PR (1924 times)
PD (1221 times)
CR (1106 times)
1982 Aminoglutethimide in the treatment of advanced postmenopausal breast cancer.
sleep deprivation
(920 times)
Neurology
(246 times)
EEG (63 times)
NREM (41 times)
REM (37 times)
1976 Sleep deprivation in the treatment of elderly depressed patients.
short-day
(522 times)
Botany
(153 times)
LD (383 times)
FT (39 times)
CO (28 times)
1967 The control by gibberellic acid of stem elongation and flowering in biennial plants of Centaurium minus Moench.
spreading depression
(429 times)
Neurology
(198 times)
NMDA (23 times)
DC (21 times)
CBF (15 times)
1975 An injury-induced diffuse slow potential from brain.
sexual dysfunction
(407 times)
Urology
(86 times)
FSFI (59 times)
MS (47 times)
ED (39 times)
1980 [Basal prolactinaemia and responses to TRH and to sulpiride in different categories of male sexual dysfunctions (author's transl)].
semantic dementia
(396 times)
Neurology
(279 times)
AD (124 times)
FTD (97 times)
PNFA (89 times)
1995 The contribution of single photon emission tomography to the clinical differentiation of degenerative cortical brain disorders.
study, the mean
(378 times)
Clinical Medicine
(32 times)
OR (12 times)
CI (10 times)
CT (9 times)
1986 Single breath induction of anaesthesia, using a vital capacity breath of halothane, nitrous oxide and oxygen.
10  spectral-domain
(318 times)
Ophthalmology
(194 times)
OCT (181 times)
RNFL (59 times)
OCTA (43 times)
2007 Optical coherence tomography as an orientation guide in cochlear implant surgery?
11  standard diet
(292 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(41 times)
HFD (121 times)
KD (27 times)
WT (19 times)
1979 Effect of diet on dichlorovinyl dimethyl phosphate toxicity in rats.
12  solid dispersion
(283 times)
Pharmacology
(168 times)
DSC (67 times)
SEM (36 times)
FTIR (33 times)
1990 Physiochemical properties of phenobarbital solid dispersion with phosphatidylcholine.
13  Shine-Dalgarno
(277 times)
Molecular Biology
(98 times)
RBS (14 times)
aSD (12 times)
ORF (9 times)
1983 Construction and application of a novel plasmid "ATG vector" for direct expression of foreign genes in Escherichia coli.
14  significant difference in mean
(232 times)
Medicine
(22 times)
CT (6 times)
CI (5 times)
QoL (5 times)
1986 Treatment of angina pectoris with nifedipine and atenolol: efficacy and effect on cardiac function.
15  sudden death
(216 times)
Cardiology
(135 times)
HCM (30 times)
ICD (24 times)
MI (16 times)
1979 Sudden coronary death and coronary artery disease. A clinicopathologic appraisal.
16  seborrheic dermatitis
(191 times)
Dermatology
(94 times)
AD (18 times)
PV (12 times)
SDASI (7 times)
1981 [In vitro blastogenic response of lymphocytes in pityriasis capitis and dermatitis seborrheica (using PHA-mitogen, Pityrosporum ovale and bacteria)].
17  standard-dose
(166 times)
Radiology
(30 times)
HD (67 times)
LD (40 times)
FBP (17 times)
1976 Very high dose fluphenazine decanoate: a controlled trial in chronic schizophrenia.
18  spasmodic dysphonia
(144 times)
Otolaryngology
(88 times)
ADSD (13 times)
BT (12 times)
BTX (9 times)
1985 Magnetic resonance imaging findings and correlations in spasmodic dysphonia patients.
19  system dynamics
(139 times)
Environmental Health
(47 times)
ABM (5 times)
CLD (5 times)
GIS (4 times)
1998 Simulation applied to health services: opportunities for applying the system dynamics approach.
20  spreading depolarization
(134 times)
Neurology
(54 times)
ECoG (10 times)
DC (9 times)
aSAH (8 times)
2000 Regional differences in hypoxic depolarization and swelling in hippocampal slices.
21  self-directedness
(120 times)
Psychiatry
(66 times)
HA (86 times)
TCI (69 times)
NS (45 times)
1996 Migraine: temperament and character.
22  Sprague-Dawley rats
(104 times)
Physiology
(19 times)
SHR (37 times)
WKY (19 times)
SBP (9 times)
1981 Hypersensitivity of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) to heat, ether, and immobilization.
23  spray drying
(99 times)
Pharmacology
(53 times)
FD (22 times)
SFD (15 times)
DSC (8 times)
1999 Protein inhalation powders: spray drying vs spray freeze drying.
24  spatial disorientation
(98 times)
Aerospace Medicine
(43 times)
ATSET (5 times)
PTA (5 times)
CD (4 times)
1978 Spatial disorientation in general aviation accidents.
25  single dose
(96 times)
Neoplasms
(15 times)
MD (20 times)
DD (13 times)
NVP (8 times)
1981 Single-dose ampicillin therapy for severe shigellosis in Bangladesh.
26  stem diameter
(79 times)
Radiology
(11 times)
LD (24 times)
PH (12 times)
CT (9 times)
1977 Hemodynamic assessment of the glutaraldehyde-preserved porcine heterograft in the aortic and mitral positions.
27  Striae distensae
(79 times)
Dermatology
(54 times)
SA (8 times)
PIH (5 times)
PRP (5 times)
1991 Mast cell degranulation and elastolysis in the early stage of striae distensae.
28  slit diaphragm
(78 times)
Nephrology
(24 times)
CD2AP (8 times)
FSGS (8 times)
FP (5 times)
2003 Dynamic (re)organization of the podocyte actin cytoskeleton in the nephrotic syndrome.
29  sulfadiazine
(77 times)
Environmental Health
(38 times)
SAs (10 times)
OTC (9 times)
SMZ (9 times)
1976 Detection of sulfonamides in animal feeds.
30  sleep disturbance
(72 times)
Psychiatry
(12 times)
AD (12 times)
SRI (11 times)
PROMIS (10 times)
2004 Nocturnal sleep disturbances and daytime dysfunction in patients with Parkinson's disease and in their caregivers.
31  standard
(69 times)
Biochemistry
(12 times)
HFD (14 times)
HF (13 times)
SED (6 times)
1990 Behavioural changes on diet selection and serotonin (5-HT) turnover in rats under pizotifen treatment.
32  steam distillation
(69 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(16 times)
HD (17 times)
GC-MS (16 times)
HS-SPME (8 times)
2003 Comparative study of extraction techniques for determination of garlic flavor components by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.
33  severe dengue
(67 times)
Communicable Diseases
(14 times)
DF (15 times)
WHO (14 times)
DHF (13 times)
2011 Dengue classification: current WHO vs. the newly suggested classification for better clinical application?
34  swine dysentery
(67 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(41 times)
MIC (4 times)
MLST (4 times)
RS (4 times)
1978 Transmission of swine dysentery by carrier pigs.
35  stomatal density
(66 times)
Botany
(24 times)
SI (12 times)
SL (11 times)
LMA (9 times)
2001 Relationships between flag leaf carbon isotope discrimination and several morpho-physiological traits in durum wheat genotypes under Mediterranean conditions.
36  succinate dehydrogenase
(65 times)
Neoplasms
(27 times)
SDI (21 times)
ADM (15 times)
MMC (15 times)
1963 A histochemical study of phagocytic and enzymatic functions of rabbit mononuclear and polymorphonuclear exudate cells and alveolar macrophages. I. Survey and quantitation of enzymes, and states of cellular activation.
37  Sandhoff disease
(64 times)
Neurology
(17 times)
Hex (15 times)
TSD (13 times)
AAV (7 times)
2002 Inclusions in novel perivascular macrophages (Mato's fluorescent granular perithelial cells) and neurons in the cerebral cortex of Hex A- and Hex B-deficient mice.
38  solvent/detergent
(63 times)
Hematology
(44 times)
FFP (18 times)
MB (8 times)
TTP (6 times)
1988 Treatment of type III von Willebrand's disease with solvent/detergent-treated factor VIII concentrates.
39  sleep disorders
(62 times)
Neurology
(22 times)
PSQI (9 times)
CI (5 times)
HR (5 times)
1992 [Sleep disorders in patients in recovery. Preliminary results in 20 patients].
40  sawdust
(61 times)
Environmental Health
(25 times)
RH (8 times)
CC (7 times)
CS (5 times)
2001 The removal of heavy metals from aqueous solutions by sawdust adsorption--removal of lead and comparison of its adsorption with copper.
41  social defeat
(58 times)
Neurology
(14 times)
CPP (6 times)
SA (6 times)
BDNF (5 times)
1999 Social stress effects on territorial marking and ultrasonic vocalizations in mice.
42  somatization disorder
(57 times)
Psychiatry
(39 times)
FC (6 times)
DMN (5 times)
fMRI (4 times)
1984 Somatization disorder and Briquet's syndrome. An assessment of their diagnostic concordance.
43  Segregation Distorter
(55 times)
Genetics
(31 times)
Rsp (10 times)
Sd (5 times)
AGO3 (1 time)
1972 Genetic analysis of sex chromosomal meiotic mutants in Drosophilia melanogaster.
44  steroid-dependent
(54 times)
Nephrology
(29 times)
FR (22 times)
SR (22 times)
NS (18 times)
1977 Physiology of steroid dependent and non-steroid dependent asthmatic youths.
45  sudden deafness
(50 times)
Otolaryngology
(35 times)
MRI (4 times)
BPPV (3 times)
BV (2 times)
1983 [Evaluation of platelet function and coagulation in deafness and sudden vestibular disorders].
46  serum deprivation
(49 times)
Cell Biology
(17 times)
MSCs (9 times)
ROS (7 times)
BMSCs (4 times)
2002 Importance of FADD signaling in serum deprivation- and hypoxia-induced cardiomyocyte apoptosis.
47  short photoperiod
(49 times)
Physiology
(14 times)
LD (35 times)
LH (4 times)
MBH (4 times)
1985 Dinitrogen fixation in soybean in response to leaf water stress and seed growth rate.
48  shoulder dystocia
(46 times)
Obstetrics
(25 times)
BPI (4 times)
BW (4 times)
CI (4 times)
1991 Shoulder dystocia recognition: differences in neonatal risks for injury.
49  substance dependence
(46 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(17 times)
EAs (12 times)
AAs (10 times)
AD (7 times)
1997 Influences on adolescent substance dependence: conduct disorder, depression, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, and gender.
50  semantic differential
(43 times)
Public Health
(11 times)
POMS (7 times)
HRV (4 times)
AT (2 times)
1976 Students' Ratings of Their Instructors and the Instructors' Ratings of Students in Educational Psychology.
51  sustainable development
(42 times)
Environmental Health
(19 times)
CE (4 times)
CSR (3 times)
DEA (2 times)
2004 Short-term model of the production of construction aggregates in Taiwan based on artificial neural networks.
52  spray-dried
(40 times)
Pharmacology
(23 times)
FPF (6 times)
SEM (6 times)
DSC (5 times)
2004 Effect of shape of sodium salicylate particles on physical property and in vitro aerosol performance of granules prepared by pressure swing granulation method.
53  study, mean
(40 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
HR (2 times)
ISS (2 times)
LDL-C (2 times)
2001 A randomized controlled trial of three years growth hormone and gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist treatment in children with idiopathic short stature and intrauterine growth retardation.
54  standard chow diet
(38 times)
Medicine
(5 times)
HFD (19 times)
KD (4 times)
WD (3 times)
1999 Nutritional support in patients with cancer of the esophagus: impact on nutritional status, patient compliance to therapy, and survival.
55  Secchi depth
(35 times)
Environmental Health
(30 times)
TN (18 times)
TP (17 times)
Chl-a (9 times)
2004 Prediction and setup of phytoplankton statistical model of Qiandaohu Lake.
56  sex determination
(35 times)
Genetics
(11 times)
AMH (4 times)
LG (3 times)
LGs (3 times)
2010 Temporal ordering of motivational quality and athlete burnout in elite sport.
57  subthreshold depression
(35 times)
Psychiatry
(16 times)
MDD (8 times)
HCs (4 times)
CES-D (3 times)
2003 A comparison of GMS-A/AGECAT, DSM-III-R for dementia and depression, including subthreshold depression (SD)--results from the Berlin Aging Study (BASE).
58  senile dementia
(32 times)
Neurology
(12 times)
AD (15 times)
ATD (3 times)
AChE (2 times)
1980 Serum parathyroid hormone concentrations in senile dementia (Alzheimer's disease).
59  septal deviation
(32 times)
Otolaryngology
(12 times)
CT (5 times)
CB (4 times)
SS (3 times)
1992 Changes in facial recognition memory across the adult life span.
60  spondylodiscitis
(32 times)
Communicable Diseases
(4 times)
MRI (6 times)
CRP (3 times)
CT (3 times)
2000 Diagnostic and therapeutic management of lumbar and thoracic spondylodiscitis--an evaluation of 59 cases.
61  Subjects had a mean
(32 times)
Therapeutics
(3 times)
HR (2 times)
SCOUTS (2 times)
AD (1 time)
1988 Prediction of oxygenation during sleep in patients with chronic obstructive lung disease.
62  sexual dimorphism
(31 times)
Biology
(7 times)
SSD (2 times)
AR (1 time)
AUTR (1 time)
1972 A study of the genetic basis of the sexual dimorphism for wing length in Drosophila melanogaster.
63  serologically defined
(30 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(12 times)
MHC (8 times)
LD (7 times)
MLC (4 times)
1973 Phenotypic expression of the main histocompatibility complex (DL-A) in randomly selected mongrel dogs. I. Serologically detectable (SD) DL-A antigens and mixed leukocyte (MLC) reactivity.
64  sleep duration
(30 times)
Psychophysiology
(6 times)
PA (7 times)
BMI (5 times)
SE (5 times)
2012 High sleep duration variability is an independent risk factor for weight gain.
65  sexual desire
(29 times)
Urology
(14 times)
EF (20 times)
OF (16 times)
IS (14 times)
2003 [Effect of aging on male sexual function in 93 patients using international index of erectile function].
66  sleep-deprived
(29 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
NSD (6 times)
SC (3 times)
NC (2 times)
1993 Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) extracted immediately after REM sleep deprivation prevents REM rebound and contains vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP).
67  splice donor
(29 times)
Virology
(15 times)
HIV-1 (4 times)
PBS (4 times)
SA (3 times)
1989 HTLV-1 rex and HIV-1 rev act through similar mechanisms to relieve suppression of unspliced RNA expression.
68  sedentary diabetic
(28 times)
Endocrinology
(6 times)
SC (22 times)
TD (18 times)
TC (14 times)
1990 Beneficial effect of exercise training on cardiac long-chain acylcarnitine levels in diabetic rats.
69  spermidine
(27 times)
Botany
(4 times)
Sm (13 times)
PU (11 times)
Put (5 times)
1980 Age-related abnormalities of circulating polyamines and diamine oxidase activity in cystic fibrosis heterozygotes and homozygotes.
70  disease stabilization
(26 times)
Neoplasms
(20 times)
PR (18 times)
PD (7 times)
CR (6 times)
1992 Phase II study of epirubicin sequential methotrexate and 5-fluorouracil for advanced colorectal cancer.
71  segmental duplication
(26 times)
Molecular Biology
(5 times)
CNVs (4 times)
TD (4 times)
WGD (3 times)
1991 Visualization of myosin exchange between synthetic thick filaments.
72  standard deviation of glucose
(25 times)
Endocrinology
(6 times)
MAGE (8 times)
MODD (6 times)
CV (5 times)
1997 Reproducibility of time-domain indexes of heart rate variability in patients with vasovagal syncope.
73  sulcus depth
(25 times)
Dentistry
(9 times)
CT (6 times)
FD (6 times)
GI (6 times)
1994 A comparison of alveolar bone grafting with and without simultaneous maxillary osteotomies in cleft palate patients.
74  social desirability
(24 times)
Psychology
(10 times)
ADJ (2 times)
MCSDS (2 times)
PIC (2 times)
1976 Causal priority of social desirability over self-concept: a cross-lagged correlation analysis.
75  social distancing
(24 times)
Public Health
(5 times)
COVID-19 (6 times)
NPIs (3 times)
SEIR (3 times)
2020 Modeling the effects of intervention strategies on COVID-19 transmission dynamics.
76  somatoform disorders
(24 times)
Psychiatry
(12 times)
MUPS (3 times)
GPs (2 times)
PD (2 times)
1988 Somatoform disorder in a psychiatric setting. Systematic comparisons with depression and anxiety disorders.
77  source-detector
(24 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(5 times)
fNIRS (8 times)
DOT (3 times)
MC (3 times)
2003 Preliminary studies on the photon path in breast tissue model by NIR-TRS.
78  spinal dysraphism
(24 times)
Pediatrics
(13 times)
MRI (7 times)
ARA (4 times)
ARM (4 times)
1994 The incidence of occult spinal dysraphism and the onset of neurovesical dysfunction in children with anorectal anomalies.
79  seconds
(23 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
COPD (2 times)
1L-HH (1 time)
1L-NH (1 time)
1982 Verapamil versus placebo in relieving stable angina pectoris.
80  spin density
(23 times)
Chemistry
(6 times)
QTL (3 times)
SL (3 times)
PL (2 times)
1985 Accurate T1 and spin density NMR images.
81  scapular dyskinesis
(22 times)
Physical Medicine
(6 times)
CI (2 times)
LT (2 times)
SE (2 times)
2014 Effectiveness of global postural reeducation compared to segmental exercises on function, pain, and quality of life of patients with scapular dyskinesis associated with neck pain: a preliminary clinical trial.
82  segregation distortion
(22 times)
Genetics
(14 times)
DH (2 times)
RILs (2 times)
AES (1 time)
1978 Population Dynamics of the Segregation Distorter Polymorphism of DROSOPHILA MELANOGASTER.
83  severely diabetic
(22 times)
Complementary Therapies
(5 times)
MD (17 times)
FBG (5 times)
HDL-C (3 times)
1978 Insulin responsiveness of isolated perfused livers from rats with streptozotocin induced diabetes.
84  stocking density
(22 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(12 times)
BW (3 times)
aa (1 time)
AMU (1 time)
1992 Interactive effects of high stocking density and triiodothyronine-administration on aspects of the in vivo intermediary metabolism and in vitro hepatic response to catecholamine and pancreatic hormone stimulation in brook charr, Salvelinus fontinalis.
85  short day length
(21 times)
Physiology
(7 times)
LD (13 times)
CSF (2 times)
LT (2 times)
1992 Effect of reproductive function on cold tolerance in deer mice.
86  standard drink
(21 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(6 times)
AD (2 times)
IT (2 times)
QC (2 times)
2003 Comparative analysis of hemostatic agents in a swine model of lethal groin injury.
87  study population, the mean
(21 times)
Drug Therapy
(4 times)
BMI (2 times)
AF (1 time)
AS (1 time)
1999 Reproducibility of home spirometry in children with newly diagnosed asthma.
88  scleroderma
(20 times)
Rheumatology
(7 times)
SLE (4 times)
DM (2 times)
PAH (2 times)
1976 Standstill of nailfold capillary blood flow during cooling in scleroderma and Raynaud's syndrome.
89  screen-detected
(20 times)
Neoplasms
(8 times)
NSD (7 times)
CRC (5 times)
IC (4 times)
1997 Post screen-detected breast cancer within the Screening Mammography Program of British Columbia.
90  sodium deoxycholate
(20 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
SDS (8 times)
BP (2 times)
CHAPS (2 times)
1992 Toxic effect of bile acid ingestion in rats.
91  sodium diacetate
(20 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(16 times)
SL (12 times)
PS (5 times)
SB (4 times)
2004 Control of Listeria monocytogenes on frankfurters with antimicrobials in the formulation and by dipping in organic acid solutions.
92  spastic diplegia
(20 times)
Pediatrics
(9 times)
CP (6 times)
SQ (4 times)
GMFCS (3 times)
1981 Spastic diplegia in premature infants. Etiologic and diagnostic considerations.
93  systolic dysfunction
(20 times)
Cardiology
(11 times)
DD (10 times)
EF (5 times)
HF (5 times)
2003 Exercise responses of elderly patients with diastolic versus systolic heart failure.
94  score improved from a mean
(19 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
QoL (5 times)
LUTS/BPH (2 times)
A/PSF (1 time)
2006 Overlapping anal sphincter repair and anterior levatorplasty: effect of patient's age and duration of follow-up.
95  Sjogren's disease
(19 times)
Therapeutics
(13 times)
RA (4 times)
SLE (3 times)
CP (2 times)
1984 [Clinico-morphological characteristics of Sjogren's syndrome (biopsy and autopsy data)].
96  skeletal dysplasia
(19 times)
Genetics, Medical
(6 times)
NGS (3 times)
3D-CT (1 time)
BO (1 time)
2010 Skeletal dysplasias: evaluation with impulse oscillometry and thoracoabdominal motion analysis.
97  stabilization of disease
(19 times)
Neoplasms
(13 times)
PR (11 times)
PD (6 times)
CR (5 times)
1985 Aziridinylbenzoquinone in recurrent, progressive glioma of the central nervous system. A Phase II study by the Illinois Cancer Council.
98  Status dystonicus
(19 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
DBS (6 times)
GPi (4 times)
ACTH (1 time)
2005 Status Dystonicus: study of five cases.
99  study participants, the mean
(19 times)
Clinical Medicine
(3 times)
VA (2 times)
ACE (1 time)
AD (1 time)
1999 Predictors of dimercaptosuccinic acid chelatable lead and tibial lead in former organolead manufacturing workers.
100  spinodal decomposition
(18 times)
Biophysics
(8 times)
NG (3 times)
LLPS (2 times)
AFM (1 time)
2000 Ultra-small-angle neutron scattering studies on phase separation of poly(vinyl alcohol) gels