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Abbreviation: SF
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Long forms: 1450

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
synovial fluid
(2068 times)
Rheumatology
(1041 times)
RA (884 times)
OA (586 times)
PB (287 times)
1966 [The study of the synovial fluid (S.F.)].
silk fibroin
(1052 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(271 times)
SEM (64 times)
CS (60 times)
HA (47 times)
1993 Chemical modification of silk fibroin with cyanuric chloride-activated poly(ethylene glycol): analyses of reaction site by 1H-NMR spectroscopy and conformation of the conjugates.
Short Form
(691 times)
Orthopedics
(119 times)
QoL (88 times)
HRQoL (87 times)
VAS (60 times)
1994 Predicting work status for patients in an occupational medicine setting who report back pain.
serum ferritin
(660 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(138 times)
Hb (180 times)
TS (81 times)
STFR (74 times)
1977 Elevated serum ferritin in children with malignancies.
social functioning
(322 times)
Urology
(45 times)
PF (118 times)
GH (98 times)
MH (93 times)
1995 Health-related quality of life in patients with major depression who are treated with moclobemide.
spatial frequency
(235 times)
Ophthalmology
(71 times)
TF (18 times)
CS (11 times)
ERPs (11 times)
1982 Binocular rivalry: suppression depends on orientation and spatial frequency.
scatter factor
(159 times)
Neoplasms
(35 times)
HGF (75 times)
NECR (9 times)
PET (8 times)
1989 Smooth muscle releases an epithelial cell scatter factor which binds to heparin.
stride frequency
(150 times)
Sports Medicine
(42 times)
SL (76 times)
HR (21 times)
CT (14 times)
1986 Relationships among anthropometric and stroking characteristics of college swimmers.
singlet fission
(136 times)
Chemistry
(93 times)
T1T1 (14 times)
CT (10 times)
iSF (8 times)
2011 Enhanced triplet formation in polycrystalline tetracene films by femtosecond optical-pulse shaping.
10  shortening fraction
(128 times)
Cardiology
(49 times)
LV (38 times)
EF (33 times)
HR (8 times)
1979 Effect of digoxin on left ventricular contractility in newborns and infants estimated by echocardiography.
11  sulforaphane
(125 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(28 times)
Nrf2 (15 times)
ITC (8 times)
NQO1 (7 times)
1997 Inhibition of cytochromes P-450 and induction of glutathione S-transferases by sulforaphane in primary human and rat hepatocytes.
12  Steel factor
(119 times)
Hematology
(75 times)
IL-3 (35 times)
G-CSF (18 times)
GM-CSF (17 times)
1992 Developmentally regulated cell surface expression and function of c-kit receptor during lymphocyte ontogeny in the embryo and adult mice.
13  surviving fraction
(107 times)
Neoplasms
(43 times)
RBE (9 times)
TCP (5 times)
CHO (4 times)
1979 Inhibition of sperm dilution damage by purified factors from hamster caudal epididymal plasma and by defined diluents.
14  stent fracture
(100 times)
Cardiology
(43 times)
SES (17 times)
DES (14 times)
ISR (12 times)
1994 Stress fractures of bone in conscripted infantry recruits: lack of correlation to pre-army physical fitness.
15  synovial fibroblasts
(89 times)
Rheumatology
(33 times)
RA (58 times)
OA (37 times)
IL (7 times)
1987 Effects of human carbonic anhydrase III (CA III) on synovial and muscle fibroblast glycosaminoglycan metabolism.
16  serum-free
(88 times)
Cell Biology
(13 times)
FBS (7 times)
FCS (7 times)
EPO (6 times)
1978 Demonstration of components of serum-free culture medium effecting maximum in vitro expression of mouse mammary tumor virus.
17  sodium ferulate
(86 times)
Pharmacology
(25 times)
MDA (9 times)
SOD (9 times)
NO (6 times)
1990 [Scavenging effects of sodium ferulate and 18 beta-glycyrrhetic acid on oxygen free radicals].
18  soluble fibrin
(85 times)
Vascular Diseases
(42 times)
TAT (26 times)
DIC (19 times)
DVT (13 times)
1992 Disseminated intravascular coagulation in liver cirrhosis.
19  shear force
(78 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(40 times)
CL (18 times)
WHC (15 times)
DL (10 times)
1991 The relationship of muscle fibre size to tenderness of beef.
20  selectivity filter
(75 times)
Chemistry
(13 times)
MD (12 times)
AQPs (4 times)
AQP2 (3 times)
2004 Water and ion permeation in bAQP1 and GlpF channels: a kinetic Monte Carlo study.
21  stone-free
(75 times)
Urology
(44 times)
NCCT (14 times)
ESWL (13 times)
SWL (12 times)
1993 [Extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy in the treatment of gallbladder lithiasis. The first 109 patients].
22  subcutaneous fat
(69 times)
Metabolism
(11 times)
VF (28 times)
BMI (11 times)
CT (7 times)
1997 Plasma leptin in non-diabetic Asian Indians: association with abdominal adiposity.
23  sleep fragmentation
(66 times)
Psychophysiology
(14 times)
OSA (12 times)
IH (8 times)
SC (7 times)
2003 Differences in sleep-induced hypoxia between A/J and DBA/2J mouse strains.
24  soluble fraction
(61 times)
Neoplasms
(16 times)
MF (11 times)
RT (7 times)
SBRT (7 times)
1975 Triggering mechanism of B lymphocytes. II. Induction of ornithine decarboxylase in B cells by anti-immunoglobulin and enhancing soluble factor.
25  stone formers
(60 times)
Urology
(30 times)
CaOx (9 times)
NSF (9 times)
NS (6 times)
1984 Determination of GOT activity on nucleation and crystal growth of calcium oxalate.
26  silica fume
(53 times)
Environmental Health
(11 times)
FA (14 times)
MK (8 times)
SEM (7 times)
2009 Utilization of industrial waste products as pozzolanic material in cemented paste backfill of high sulphide mill tailings.
27  saturated fat
(49 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(19 times)
PUF (8 times)
FO (4 times)
TF (4 times)
1976 Acute platelet changes after large meals of saturated and unsaturated fats.
28  skinfolds
(48 times)
Sports Medicine
(15 times)
BMI (12 times)
BIA (11 times)
HW (11 times)
1978 Anthropometric estimation of body density, fat, and lean body weight in women gymnasts.
29  suppressor factor
(48 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(35 times)
DTH (4 times)
PFC (4 times)
LAI (3 times)
1977 Suppressor cell induction in vitro. III. Antigen-specific suppression by supernatants of suppressor cells.
30  scale-free
(46 times)
Biophysics
(23 times)
ER (16 times)
RR (4 times)
BC (2 times)
2003 Stability of shortest paths in complex networks with random edge weights.
31  sodium fluorescein
(44 times)
Neurosurgery
(14 times)
BBB (5 times)
ICG (4 times)
MRI (3 times)
1980 Differences between the peripheral and the central nervous system in permeability to sodium fluorescein.
32  spaceflight
(42 times)
Physiology
(17 times)
BR (4 times)
GC (4 times)
MHC (4 times)
1994 [The characteristics of the effect of space flight factors on regeneration processes in mammals and Urodela].
33  seizure-free
(40 times)
Neurology
(26 times)
NSF (10 times)
TLE (8 times)
EEG (4 times)
1992 A longitudinal assessment of seizure outcome and overall benefit from 100 cortectomies for epilepsy.
34  sorafenib
(39 times)
Pharmacology
(8 times)
HCC (19 times)
CA (2 times)
CMCS (2 times)
2009 Synergistic efficacy of sorafenib and genistein in growth inhibition by down regulating angiogenic and survival factors and increasing apoptosis through upregulation of p53 and p21 in malignant neuroblastoma cells having N-Myc amplification or non-amplification.
35  San Francisco
(38 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(5 times)
LA (5 times)
MSM (4 times)
IDUs (3 times)
1986 Benzene levels in ambient air and breath of smokers and nonsmokers in urban and pristine environments.
36  skin fibroblasts
(38 times)
Neoplasms
(10 times)
ACR (5 times)
KiMSV (3 times)
TPA (3 times)
1976 Growth abnormalities of cultured human skin fibroblasts derived from individuals with hereditary adenomatosis of the colon and rectum.
37  standard formula
(37 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(10 times)
EF (10 times)
MFGM (8 times)
BF (5 times)
2003 Randomized double-blind study of the nutritional efficacy and bifidogenicity of a new infant formula containing partially hydrolyzed protein, a high beta-palmitic acid level, and nondigestible oligosaccharides.
38  sylvian fissure
(37 times)
Neurology
(10 times)
MRI (6 times)
PT (6 times)
MCA (5 times)
1981 [An anatomical and technical note for microsurgery of the MCA aneurysm (author's transl)].
39  sorbitol-fermenting
(36 times)
Microbiology
(26 times)
EHEC (20 times)
NSF (10 times)
HUS (8 times)
1993 Clonal structure and pathogenicity of Shiga-like toxin-producing, sorbitol-fermenting Escherichia coli O157:H-.
40  spotted fever
(32 times)
Tropical Medicine
(9 times)
CF (3 times)
IFA (3 times)
MT (3 times)
1975 Study of rickettsioses in Slovakia. I. Coxiella burneti and Rickettsiae of the spotted fever (SF) group in ticks and serological surveys in animals and humans in certain selected localities in the Lucenec and V. Krtis districts.
41  scaling factor
(31 times)
Pharmacology
(7 times)
ARV (2 times)
HIV (2 times)
IoT (2 times)
1983 Isolation of human serum spreading factor.
42  splicing factor
(30 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
AS (14 times)
AUC (5 times)
OS (5 times)
1985 Purification of a protein required for the splicing of pre-mRNA and its separation from the lariat debranching enzyme.
43  surfactant
(30 times)
Pediatrics
(6 times)
RDS (7 times)
NIPPV (3 times)
PLV (3 times)
1989 The response of the pulmonary surfactant-associated alkaline phosphatase following acute cadmium chloride inhalation.
44  surgery first
(29 times)
General Surgery
(17 times)
OS (11 times)
NAT (6 times)
PDAC (5 times)
2010 Comparison of transverse dimensional changes in surgical skeletal Class III patients with and without presurgical orthodontics.
45  seminal fluid
(27 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(7 times)
ASF (2 times)
SFPs (2 times)
6-keto PGF1 alpha (1 time)
1979 Testosterone concentration in different functional compartments of the male reproductive tract.
46  surface flow
(27 times)
Environmental Health
(22 times)
SSF (10 times)
CWs (7 times)
FWS (7 times)
2001 Oxygen demand, nitrogen and copper removal by free-water-surface and subsurface-flow constructed wetlands under tropical conditions.
47  spin-flip
(26 times)
Chemistry
(22 times)
DFT (5 times)
ADC (3 times)
TDDFT (3 times)
2003 Universal spin-flip transition in itinerant antiferromagnets.
48  superficial
(26 times)
Physiology
(7 times)
CM (11 times)
JM (11 times)
LB (9 times)
1975 Characteristics of salt and water transport in superficial and juxtamedullary straight segments of proximal tubules.
49  shape factor
(25 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
AER (1 time)
AHRS (1 time)
AMELs (1 time)
1986 Quantitative evaluation of neonatal lung expansion with automated image analysis.
50  skinfold thickness
(25 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(6 times)
BIA (9 times)
BMI (8 times)
FFM (6 times)
1986 Effect of nutritional status, age at weaning and room temperature on growth and systemic immune response of weanling pigs.
51  stress fiber
(24 times)
Cell Biology
(7 times)
EC (5 times)
FA (4 times)
AFM (1 time)
1986 Cytoskeletal organization affects cellular responses to cytochalasins: comparison of a normal line and its transformant.
52  symphysis-fundus
(24 times)
Obstetrics
(15 times)
SGA (8 times)
IUGR (5 times)
BW (2 times)
1981 Symphysis-fundus measurement in prediction of fetal growth disturbances.
53  small follicles
(23 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(13 times)
LF (8 times)
GC (6 times)
CL (4 times)
2004 Effects of follicle size and electrolytes and glucose in maturation medium on nuclear maturation and developmental competence of bovine oocytes.
54  safety factor
(22 times)
Science
(3 times)
AChRs (3 times)
NMJ (3 times)
EOM (2 times)
1994 Do variations in hip geometry explain differences in hip fracture risk between Japanese and white Americans?
55  single fiber
(22 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
MF (3 times)
CN (2 times)
EMG (2 times)
1978 A comparison of single fiber and routine EMG in normal subjects and patients with inflammatory myopathy.
56  slow freezing
(22 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(11 times)
VT (6 times)
SSV (2 times)
VF (2 times)
2006 Efficiency of oocyte cryopreservation: a meta-analysis.
57  solid fraction
(22 times)
Technology
(7 times)
LF (5 times)
TS (5 times)
PLS (4 times)
2000 Effect of natural zeolite (clinoptilolite) on microbial decomposition processes in stored pig-slurry solids.
58  still-face
(22 times)
Pediatrics
(13 times)
SFP (4 times)
ASD (2 times)
ER (2 times)
1992 Adult tactile stimulation during face-to-face interactions modulates five-month-olds' affect and attention.
59  septal flash
(21 times)
Cardiology
(12 times)
CRT (15 times)
LBBB (10 times)
LV (9 times)
2008 Toward understanding response to cardiac resynchronization therapy: left ventricular dyssynchrony is only one of multiple mechanisms.
60  SeptiFast
(21 times)
Microbiology
(12 times)
BC (10 times)
PCR (4 times)
PCT (4 times)
2009 Clinical impact of a commercially available multiplex PCR system for rapid detection of pathogens in patients with presumed sepsis.
61  screen-film
(20 times)
Radiology
(11 times)
CR (10 times)
DR (6 times)
FP (3 times)
1994 Comparison of the low-contrast detectability of a screen-film system and third generation computed radiography.
62  serum folate
(20 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(5 times)
RCF (7 times)
Hcy (5 times)
MTHFR (5 times)
1985 Vitamin B12, folate, and iron studies in homozygous beta thalassemia.
63  short-term fluctuation
(20 times)
Ophthalmology
(19 times)
MD (13 times)
CPSD (9 times)
PSD (9 times)
1989 The correlation of visual evoked potentials (VEP) and visual field indices (Octopus G1) in glaucoma and ocular hypertension.
64  Special Forces
(20 times)
Military Medicine
(15 times)
CA (2 times)
CE (1 time)
CM (1 time)
2002 The Combat Trauma Life Support course: resource-constrained first responder trauma care for Special Forces medics.
65  supernatant fluid
(20 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(8 times)
CSF (4 times)
NP (4 times)
AD (3 times)
1977 Tumoristatic effects of nonimmune BALB/c peritoneal macrophages on syngeneic lymphoma cells in vitro.
66  solid feed
(19 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(10 times)
MR (7 times)
DM (5 times)
BW (4 times)
1998 [In vivo selectivity of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs on COX-1-COX-2 and gastrointestinal ulcers, in rats].
67  soluble fiber
(19 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(7 times)
IF (5 times)
ISF (5 times)
DM (3 times)
1991 Effects of dietary fiber supplementation on glycemic control in dogs with alloxan-induced diabetes mellitus.
68  SonicFill
(19 times)
Dentistry
(17 times)
SDR (5 times)
TE (5 times)
TEC (4 times)
2013 Polymerization shrinkage and depth of cure of bulk fill flowable composite resins.
69  sand filtration
(18 times)
Environmental Health
(15 times)
UF (7 times)
DOC (3 times)
GAC (3 times)
2003 Removal of microbes from municipal wastewater effluent by rapid sand filtration and subsequent UV irradiation.
70  sulfuryl fluoride
(18 times)
Zoology
(5 times)
MB (3 times)
MeBr (2 times)
PPO (2 times)
2006 Sulfuryl fluoride as a quarantine treatment for Anoplophora glabripennis (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) in regulated wood packing material.
71  secondary findings
(17 times)
Genetics, Medical
(13 times)
ACMG (3 times)
UF (3 times)
GS (2 times)
2016 Stakeholder views on secondary findings in whole-genome and whole-exome sequencing: a systematic review of quantitative and qualitative studies.
72  Short-Form Health Survey
(17 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
QoL (6 times)
HRQoL (4 times)
PD (2 times)
2007 Treatment of painful osteoporotic compression and burst fractures using kyphoplasty: a prospective observational design.
73  sperm factor
(17 times)
Cell Biology
(4 times)
PLC (5 times)
ICSI (2 times)
cADPR (1 time)
1976 Serum factor: the inhibition of phytohemagglutinin-induced blastogenesis of chronic lymphocytic leukemia lymphocytes.
74  spinal fusion
(17 times)
Histology
(3 times)
AIS (3 times)
CP (2 times)
RA (2 times)
2009 Graft vascularization is a critical rate-limiting step in skeletal stem cell-mediated posterolateral spinal fusion.
75  synchronous fluorescence
(17 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
EEM (4 times)
DOM (3 times)
PCA (2 times)
1998 Fluorescence and immunochemical studies of advanced glycation-related lens pigments.
76  Schisandrae Fructus
(16 times)
Complementary Therapies
(6 times)
OA (3 times)
HDL (2 times)
IL-1beta (2 times)
2006 Matrix degradation inhibitory effect of Schisandra fructus on human articular cartilage and chondrocytes.
77  soy flour
(16 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(9 times)
BG (2 times)
FER (2 times)
NPU (2 times)
1983 Effects of iron status and soy protein on iron absorption by rats.
78  stacking faults
(16 times)
Nanotechnology
(9 times)
TEM (5 times)
NWs (4 times)
SFE (2 times)
2000 TEM analysis of epitaxial semiconductor layers with high stacking fault densities considering artifacts induced by the cross-section geometry
79  subordinate follicle
(16 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(11 times)
DF (13 times)
CL (2 times)
FF (2 times)
1996 Insulin-like growth factor system in bovine first-wave dominant and subordinate follicles.
80  substandard and falsified
(16 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(4 times)
APIs (2 times)
FAMHP (2 times)
LMICs (2 times)
2018 Global landscape assessment of screening technologies for medicine quality assurance: stakeholder perceptions and practices from ten countries.
81  sham feeding
(15 times)
Physiology
(5 times)
DB (3 times)
EGG (2 times)
HRV (2 times)
1985 Gastric H+ and HCO3- secretion in response to sham feeding in humans.
82  significant fibrosis
(15 times)
Gastroenterology
(7 times)
NAFLD (7 times)
APRI (6 times)
AUROC (5 times)
2009 Prospective validation of a noninvasive index for predicting liver fibrosis in hepatitis C virus-infected liver transplant recipients.
83  single-frequency
(15 times)
Ophthalmology
(4 times)
DF (5 times)
BIA (4 times)
MF (4 times)
1998 Analytic assessment of the various bioimpedance methods used to estimate body water.
84  steam-flaked
(15 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(15 times)
DR (9 times)
FNDF (2 times)
NDF (2 times)
1990 Influence of steaming time on site of digestion of flaked corn in steers.
85  stopped-flow
(15 times)
Biochemistry
(8 times)
CD (2 times)
BP (1 time)
CA (1 time)
1996 Advances in drug analysis by kinetic methods.
86  sugar-fed
(15 times)
Pharmacy
(2 times)
BF (2 times)
HPLC (2 times)
mmol (2 times)
1999 Stability of ganciclovir in extemporaneously compounded oral liquids.
87  seizure frequency
(14 times)
Neurology
(13 times)
CBD (4 times)
QoL (4 times)
TRE (4 times)
1998 [Electroclinical and neuroimaging studies in epilepsy].
88  steroidogenic factor
(14 times)
Endocrinology
(6 times)
POMC (3 times)
HFD (2 times)
VMN (2 times)
2000 Involvement of AP-1 and steroidogenic factor (SF)-1 in the cAMP-dependent induction of human adrenocorticotropic hormone receptor (ACTHR) promoter.
89  structure-function
(14 times)
Ophthalmology
(5 times)
GCC (3 times)
GCIPL (3 times)
GCL (3 times)
2011 Arbitrary-order Hilbert spectral analysis for time series possessing scaling statistics: comparison study with detrended fluctuation analysis and wavelet leaders.
90  sustained field
(14 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
AEF (3 times)
ASSR (3 times)
MEG (3 times)
1991 Activation of the human auditory cortex by speech sounds.
91  synergistic factor
(14 times)
Zoology
(3 times)
Bti (2 times)
CC (2 times)
CI (2 times)
1985 Detection of synergistic factor and interleukin-3 activity in the serum and ascites fluid of mice bearing the WEHI-3 tumour.
92  sunflower oil
(13 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(6 times)
BT (3 times)
CBD (2 times)
HEAR (2 times)
1981 Influence of physical training on the effects of dietary oils on cardiac morphology and phospholipids in rats.
93  systolic function
(13 times)
Cardiology
(7 times)
EF (3 times)
LV (3 times)
CHF (2 times)
1997 PVF velocity pattern in patients with heart failure: transesophageal echocardiographic assessment.
94  singlet exciton fission
(12 times)
Chemistry
(9 times)
DFT (1 time)
DPP (1 time)
fs-TA (1 time)
2015 Singlet exciton fission in thin films of tert-butyl-substituted terrylenes.
95  slow-feathering
(12 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(12 times)
RF (8 times)
ALV (4 times)
WL (3 times)
1988 Association of the slow feathering (K) and an endogenous viral (ev21) gene on the Z chromosome of chickens.
96  source function
(12 times)
Chemistry
(8 times)
BCP (2 times)
A-B (1 time)
AE (1 time)
2007 Source function description of metal-metal bonding in d-block organometallic compounds.
97  soy formula
(12 times)
Pediatrics
(5 times)
MF (5 times)
AAF (2 times)
BM (2 times)
1994 Antigen-reduced infant formulas versus human milk: growth and metabolic parameters in the first 6 months of life.
98  spikelet fertility
(12 times)
Genetics
(4 times)
GY (3 times)
PH (3 times)
RIL (3 times)
1996 RFLP mapping of QTLs for yield and related characters in rice (Oryza sativa L.).
99  supercritical fluid
(12 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
AFM (1 time)
AMD (1 time)
DE (1 time)
1986 Solubilization of biomolecules in carbon dioxide based supercritical fluids.
100  saponin fraction
(11 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
AE (3 times)
EHA (2 times)
FF (2 times)
2006 A pair of diastereoisomeric steroidal saponins from cytotoxic extracts of Tupistra chinensis rhizomes.