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Abbreviation: SL
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Long forms: 1318

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
stride length
(361 times)
Physiology
(76 times)
SF (79 times)
SR (54 times)
SW (33 times)
1986 Effects of stride length alteration on racewalking economy.
sea level
(319 times)
Physiology
(127 times)
HA (143 times)
AMS (31 times)
HR (20 times)
1975 Electrolyte changes at 3500 m in males with and without high-altitude pulmonary edema.
spliced leader
(239 times)
Molecular Biology
(102 times)
snRNA (7 times)
SSU (7 times)
nt (5 times)
1984 Identification of a small RNA containing the trypanosome spliced leader: a donor of shared 5' sequences of trypanosomatid mRNAs?
sarcomere length
(214 times)
Physiology
(83 times)
WT (15 times)
LV (9 times)
SF (9 times)
1976 Dependence of calcium release, tension generation and restoring forces on sarcomere length in skinned cardiac cells.
scapholunate
(166 times)
General Surgery
(66 times)
LT (27 times)
TFCC (19 times)
RL (16 times)
1987 Difficult wrist fractures. Perilunate fracture-dislocations of the wrist.
sarcolemmal
(158 times)
Biochemistry
(48 times)
SR (66 times)
LV (9 times)
Ca (8 times)
1981 Cardiac sarcolemmal and sarcoplasmic reticulum membrane vesicles exhibit distinctive (Ca-Mg)-ATPase substrate specificities.
sublingual
(156 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(27 times)
i.n (23 times)
IM (22 times)
s.c (11 times)
1976 Effects of isosorbide dinitrate and nitroglycerin on central circulatory dynamics in coronary artery disease.
somatolactin
(130 times)
Endocrinology
(69 times)
PRL (66 times)
GH (63 times)
PI (12 times)
1991 Gene structure of chum salmon somatolactin, a presumed pituitary hormone of the growth hormone/prolactin family.
strigolactone
(122 times)
Botany
(52 times)
ABA (16 times)
CK (10 times)
BR (8 times)
2011 Effects of triazole derivatives on strigolactone levels and growth retardation in rice.
10  sleep latency
(114 times)
Psychophysiology
(28 times)
TST (59 times)
SE (49 times)
WASO (42 times)
1989 [Baseline study of sleep electroencephalography--daily variation and individual variation].
11  sphingolipid
(99 times)
Biochemistry
(23 times)
Cer (13 times)
S1P (12 times)
SM (10 times)
1995 Prevention of postoperative adhesions by single intraperitoneal medication.
12  standard length
(98 times)
Zoology
(21 times)
HL (8 times)
BW (7 times)
TL (6 times)
1991 Numbers of myosatellite cells in white axial muscle of growing fish: Cyprinus carpio L. (Teleostei).
13  synthetic lethal
(97 times)
Medical Informatics
(22 times)
DDR (7 times)
CRC (4 times)
GCN (3 times)
1999 Genetic and physical interactions involving the yeast nuclear cap-binding complex.
14  stem-loop
(93 times)
Virology
(36 times)
UTR (8 times)
DHU (7 times)
HCV (7 times)
1991 Specific binding of host cell proteins to the 3'-terminal stem-loop structure of rubella virus negative-strand RNA.
15  segmental lordosis
(84 times)
Orthopedics
(30 times)
LL (50 times)
VAS (28 times)
ODI (26 times)
2010 Comparison study of the instrumented circumferential fusion with instrumented anterior lumbar interbody fusion as a surgical procedure for adult low-grade isthmic spondylolisthesis.
16  statistical learning
(77 times)
Psychology
(32 times)
ASL (3 times)
ERPs (3 times)
TD (3 times)
2011 Statistical learning techniques applied to epidemiology: a simulated case-control comparison study with logistic regression.
17  soy lecithin
(73 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(9 times)
EY (6 times)
SA (5 times)
TCE (4 times)
1988 Cholesterol levels and eicosanoid production in rats fed phosphatidylinositol or soybean lecithin.
18  sonoluminescence
(70 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(34 times)
SCL (9 times)
MBSL (4 times)
BSA (3 times)
1989 Studies of the cavitational effects of clinical ultrasound by sonoluminescence: 4. The effect of therapeutic ultrasound on cells in monolayer culture in a standing wave field.
19  staging laparoscopy
(70 times)
General Surgery
(38 times)
CI (8 times)
CT (8 times)
OR (7 times)
1982 Postchemotherapy staging laparotomy in Hodgkin's disease.
20  superlattice
(70 times)
Nanotechnology
(23 times)
DPH (3 times)
fcc (3 times)
bcc (2 times)
2001 Dipole radiation in a one-dimensional photonic crystal: TE polarization.
21  sensation level
(66 times)
Audiology
(53 times)
SPL (10 times)
AM (6 times)
NH (5 times)
1975 Effect of contralateral noise on speech detection and speech reception thresholds.
22  structured lipid
(64 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(25 times)
TAG (7 times)
MCT (6 times)
DHA (5 times)
1987 New developments in lipid emulsions for parenteral nutrition.
23  synchronization likelihood
(64 times)
Neurology
(25 times)
EEG (20 times)
AD (10 times)
MEG (5 times)
2004 Different EEG frequency band synchronization during nocturnal frontal lobe seizures.
24  sesquiterpene lactone
(61 times)
Dermatology
(22 times)
CM (2 times)
IL (2 times)
NF (2 times)
1978 Sesquiterpene lactones (SL) part XXIV. Further studies on cytotoxic activities of SL in tissue culture of human cancer cells.
25  service learning
(60 times)
Education
(13 times)
PETE (5 times)
IL (2 times)
SDGs (2 times)
1991 Implicit and explicit memory in Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease.
26  stereolithography
(59 times)
Biotechnology
(16 times)
CT (5 times)
AM (2 times)
CAD/CAM (2 times)
1996 A comparison of three-dimensional computed tomography scans and stereolithographic models for evaluation of craniofacial anomalies.
27  solubility
(57 times)
Dentistry
(28 times)
WS (42 times)
DC (32 times)
FS (22 times)
2010 The effect of mouthrinses on salivary sorption, solubility and surface degradation of a nanofilled and a hybrid resin composite.
28  sodium lactate
(54 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(24 times)
SD (13 times)
SB (6 times)
SDA (6 times)
1997 Sodium lactate and protective culture effects on quality characteristics and shelf-life of low-fat frankfurters produced with olive oil.
29  sophorolipid
(49 times)
Biochemistry
(11 times)
RL (10 times)
CMC (5 times)
BSs (3 times)
1986 [Toxicological studies on sophorolipid derivatives. (I). Acute toxicity, eye irritation, primary skin irritation, skin sensitization, phototoxicity, photosensitization, mutagenicity of polyoxypropylene (12) [(2'-0-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-beta-D-glucopyranosyl)oxy-] fatty acid ester-].
30  single-layer
(47 times)
Nanotechnology
(18 times)
DL (9 times)
DFT (4 times)
ML (4 times)
1995 Results of the Smead-Jones technique of closure of vertical midline incisions for emergency laparotomies--a prospective study of 403 patients.
31  suspensory ligament
(46 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(36 times)
SDFT (18 times)
DDFT (12 times)
CSA (3 times)
1985 In vitro mechanical properties of equine tendons in relation to cross-sectional area and collagen content.
32  shoot length
(43 times)
Plant Physiological Phenomena
(11 times)
RL (24 times)
RDW (6 times)
SDW (6 times)
2009 Targeted inactivation of p12, CDK2 associating protein 1, leads to early embryonic lethality.
33  sick leave
(41 times)
Rheumatology
(5 times)
RA (5 times)
OR (4 times)
RTW (3 times)
1996 [Indicators of work incapacity in the first year of chronic polyarthritis].
34  short-latency
(37 times)
Brain
(12 times)
ML (17 times)
LL (16 times)
EMG (7 times)
1981 Neural development in children: a neurophysiological study.
35  small litters
(37 times)
Endocrinology
(10 times)
NL (13 times)
CL (5 times)
NPY (5 times)
1994 Metabolic responses to episodes of partial dietary restriction in undernourished Wistar rats.
36  septal-lateral
(34 times)
Cardiology
(18 times)
MA (13 times)
LV (8 times)
MAA (6 times)
1985 Cathinone affects dopamine and 5-hydroxytryptamine neurons in vivo as measured by changes in metabolites and synthesis in four forebrain regions in the rat.
37  surface loss
(33 times)
Dentistry
(28 times)
CA (2 times)
ESEM (2 times)
ETW (2 times)
2005 Influence of the organic matrix on root dentine erosion by citric acid.
38  sleeve lobectomy
(31 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(18 times)
PN (15 times)
NSCLC (12 times)
VATS (4 times)
1997 Comparison of the surgical results of lobectomy with bronchoplasty and pneumonectomy for lung cancer.
39  spiral ligament
(31 times)
Otolaryngology
(11 times)
SV (9 times)
EP (4 times)
TNF-alpha (4 times)
1994 Expression of Na+,K(+)-ATPase alpha 1 subunit mRNA in the developing rat cochlea.
40  smear layer
(29 times)
Dentistry
(16 times)
SEM (13 times)
EDTA (8 times)
CA (2 times)
1993 [Comparison of the cleansing effect of two micromotor-driven endodontic hand pieces. I. Comparison ot the cleansing effect of the two handpieces].
41  Second Life
(28 times)
Medical Informatics
(8 times)
EM (2 times)
PBL (2 times)
VPs (2 times)
2008 Brave new worlds: how virtual environments can augment traditional care in the management of diabetes.
42  spironolactone
(27 times)
Pharmacology
(14 times)
MRP2 (3 times)
7 alpha-thio-SL (2 times)
CAN (2 times)
1969 Treatment of hypertension with hydrochlorothiazide and spironolactone.
43  segment length
(25 times)
Cardiology
(9 times)
LV (8 times)
ED (3 times)
LVP (3 times)
1976 Effects of isoproterenol on regional myocardial function, electrogram, and blood flow in conscious dogs with myocardial ischemia.
44  self-ligating
(24 times)
Dentistry
(17 times)
CL (8 times)
RS (3 times)
CBCT (2 times)
2001 Treatment time, outcome, and patient satisfaction comparisons of Damon and conventional brackets.
45  sign language
(24 times)
Brain
(6 times)
OL (3 times)
GSL (2 times)
PCA (2 times)
1996 Long-term progress in reading abilities in hearing-impaired children trained by the Kanazawa method.
46  solar lentigo
(24 times)
Dermatology
(18 times)
SK (6 times)
LM (5 times)
PAK (3 times)
1983 Increased intraepidermal melanocyte frequency and size in dysplastic melanocytic nevi and cutaneous melanoma. A comparative quantitative study of dysplastic melanocytic nevi, superficial spreading melanoma, nevocellular nevi, and solar lentigines.
47  spin-lock
(24 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(14 times)
MRI (4 times)
MT (4 times)
CEST (3 times)
1995 Spin lock magnetic resonance imaging in the differentiation of hepatic haemangiomas and metastases.
48  sialyllactose
(23 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
HMO (3 times)
HMOs (3 times)
SA (3 times)
2010 Continuous nonradioactive method for screening trypanosomal trans-sialidase activity and its inhibitors.
49  supervised learning
(22 times)
Medical Informatics
(3 times)
SSL (5 times)
RL (4 times)
ML (3 times)
2006 Local dimensionality reduction and supervised learning within natural clusters for biomedical data analysis.
50  Schwalbe's line
(21 times)
Ophthalmology
(18 times)
SS (12 times)
SD-OCT (8 times)
ACA (7 times)
1996 Location of the iris insertion in pigment dispersion syndrome.
51  Smyth line
(21 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(7 times)
SLV (8 times)
BL (4 times)
LBL (4 times)
1992 The detection of melanocyte autoantibodies in the Smyth chicken model for vitiligo.
52  soleus
(21 times)
Physiology
(9 times)
TA (8 times)
AM (5 times)
BF (3 times)
1985 Effects of (+)-propranolol on intracellular mechanisms of contraction in striated muscle of the rabbit.
53  scleral lens
(20 times)
Ophthalmology
(9 times)
FR (3 times)
IOP (2 times)
mfERG (2 times)
2007 Use of fluid-ventilated, gas-permeable scleral lens for management of severe keratoconjunctivitis sicca secondary to chronic graft-versus-host disease.
54  sericea lespedeza
(20 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(16 times)
CT (9 times)
GIN (8 times)
FEC (7 times)
2005 The effect of grazing forage containing condensed tannins on gastro-intestinal parasite infection and milk composition in Angora does.
55  shell-less
(20 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(12 times)
HS (11 times)
SS (7 times)
NL (6 times)
1975 Influence of hormonal extracts on hens producing eggs with non-calcified or partially calcified shells and factors associated with this condition.
56  sodium lignosulfonate
(20 times)
Chemistry
(7 times)
CTAB (2 times)
EC (2 times)
LbL (2 times)
2010 Aggregation behavior of sodium lignosulfonate in water solution.
57  standard laparoscopy
(20 times)
General Surgery
(6 times)
RAL (6 times)
LESS (5 times)
HAL (4 times)
2004 Intraoperative local anesthesia decreases postoperative parenteral opioid requirements for transperitoneal laparoscopic renal and adrenal surgery: a randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled investigation.
58  Super Learner
(19 times)
Models, Theoretical
(2 times)
PS (4 times)
RF (4 times)
ML (3 times)
2013 Time-dependent prediction and evaluation of variable importance using superlearning in high-dimensional clinical data.
59  surface Laplacian
(19 times)
Physiology
(5 times)
EEG (4 times)
ABI (1 time)
AD (1 time)
1995 Performances of surface Laplacian estimators: a study of simulated and real scalp potential distributions.
60  silique length
(18 times)
Genetics
(5 times)
QTL (9 times)
SW (9 times)
DH (5 times)
2007 Detection of QTL for six yield-related traits in oilseed rape (Brassica napus) using DH and immortalized F(2) populations.
61  slit-lamp
(18 times)
Ophthalmology
(11 times)
OCT (4 times)
AS-OCT (2 times)
IOP (2 times)
1985 Laser induced thermal injury of rabbit cornea and treatment with anti-inflammatory agents.
62  single-leg
(15 times)
Sports Medicine
(7 times)
DL (9 times)
ASYM (2 times)
BF (2 times)
1997 Spirometry values in stable lung transplant recipients.
63  stratum lucidum
(15 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
SO (6 times)
SP (5 times)
MFs (4 times)
1998 Presynaptic localization of Kv1.4-containing A-type potassium channels near excitatory synapses in the hippocampus.
64  soft landing
(14 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
F-SAM (3 times)
POM (3 times)
SIMS (3 times)
2006 Soft-landing of peptides onto self-assembled monolayer surfaces.
65  surrogate light
(14 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(10 times)
pre-BCR (6 times)
muH (3 times)
MZ (2 times)
1995 Surrogate light chain-dependent selection of Ig heavy chain V regions.
66  slalom
(13 times)
Sports Medicine
(6 times)
GS (12 times)
HR (4 times)
SG (3 times)
1995 Muscle activity in slalom and giant slalom skiing.
67  slope
(13 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(3 times)
EL (2 times)
PD (2 times)
PK (2 times)
1987 Prediction of PaO2 during treadmill walking in patients with COPD.
68  sludge
(13 times)
Environmental Health
(11 times)
BC (4 times)
BEQ (1 time)
Cd (1 time)
2006 Composition of a Spanish sewage sludge and effects on treated soil and olive trees.
69  semiconductor laser
(12 times)
Ophthalmology
(11 times)
RC (2 times)
CDL (1 time)
CTDS (1 time)
2005 In-line interferometer for direction-sensitive displacement measurements by optical feedback detection.
70  Sierra Leone
(12 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
GP (2 times)
OR (2 times)
AT (1 time)
1985 Endemic Lassa fever in Liberia. III. Characterization of Lassa virus isolates.
71  single loop
(12 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(4 times)
DL (5 times)
ML (3 times)
SC (3 times)
1980 Acute effects of the pattern of fat ingestion on plasma high density lipoprotein components in man.
72  single-lumen
(12 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
DL (6 times)
APBI (3 times)
ML (3 times)
1990 Increased infection rate in double-lumen versus single-lumen Hickman catheters in cancer patients.
73  salt loading
(11 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
SON (6 times)
AVP (4 times)
WD (4 times)
1988 Relationship of sodium balance to arterial pressure in black hypertensive patients.
74  second-line
(11 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
FL (7 times)
OS (4 times)
PFS (3 times)
2003 Frequency of recurrence among infants with supraventricular tachycardia and comparison of recurrence rates among those with and without preexcitation and among those with and without response to digoxin and/or propranolol therapy.
75  selective laminectomy
(11 times)
Spine
(4 times)
CSM (4 times)
JOA (4 times)
RR (4 times)
2017 Muscle-Preserving Selective Laminectomy Maintained the Compensatory Mechanism of Cervical Lordosis After Surgery.
76  source level
(11 times)
Speech-Language Pathology
(6 times)
AIS (1 time)
BW (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2002 Design, fabrication, and performance of a flextensional transducer based on electrostrictive polyvinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene copolymer.
77  stabilized liposomes
(11 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
OP (3 times)
DXR (2 times)
5-FU (1 time)
1992 Pharmacokinetics and therapeutics of sterically stabilized liposomes in mice bearing C-26 colon carcinoma.
78  sulfolane
(11 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
SEI (2 times)
AZBs (1 time)
BMP (1 time)
2014 Studies on electrochemical performances of novel electrolytes for wide-temperature-range lithium-ion batteries.
79  surface layer
(11 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
MD (2 times)
ML (2 times)
Chl-a (1 time)
1994 Hemagglutination activity of Lactobacillus acidophilus group lactic acid bacteria.
80  Sedentary Lifestyle
(10 times)
Nursing
(4 times)
DC (2 times)
RF (2 times)
ACS (1 time)
2012 Physical activity and sedentary lifestyle in children with type 1 diabetes: a multicentre Italian study.
81  sentinel lymphadenectomy
(10 times)
General Surgery
(7 times)
SLNB (3 times)
SLNs (2 times)
ALND (1 time)
2000 Credentialing issues with sentinel lymph node staging for breast cancer.
82  spent liquor
(10 times)
Biotechnology
(4 times)
PDADMAC (6 times)
NSSC (5 times)
AC (2 times)
2014 A process for producing lignocellulosic flocs from NSSC spent liquor.
83  superior laryngeal
(10 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
CT (3 times)
AC (2 times)
Mex (2 times)
1975 Effects of antitussive drugs on the activity of the recurrent laryngeal nerve in cats.
84  surgical ligation
(10 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
PDA (6 times)
ACDO (1 time)
AE (1 time)
2007 Retrospective comparison of surgical ligation and transarterial catheter occlusion for treatment of patent ductus arteriosus in two hundred and four dogs (1993-2003).
85  suspension laryngoscopy
(10 times)
Otolaryngology
(8 times)
PDT (2 times)
ASA (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
2002 Complications of suspension laryngoscopy.
86  saline lock
(9 times)
Emergency Medicine
(2 times)
ANF (2 times)
EMS (2 times)
ANP (1 time)
1991 Failure of atrial natriuretic factor to increase with saline load in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy and mild heart failure.
87  scapholunate ligament
(9 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
DRFs (3 times)
MBT (2 times)
PA (2 times)
2012 Lesions of the scapholunate ligament associated with minimally displaced or non-displaced fractures of the scaphoid waist. Which incidence?
88  semilunar
(9 times)
Biology
(2 times)
SP (5 times)
APC (4 times)
AV (1 time)
2006 Innervation of the atrioventricular and semi-lunar heart valves: a review.
89  sham laparotomy
(9 times)
General Surgery
(5 times)
PH (6 times)
CBDL (5 times)
BT (4 times)
1988 Partial hepatectomy decreases pancreatic parenchymal enzyme activity.
90  sheath liquid
(9 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(8 times)
BGE (3 times)
AAs (1 time)
CE (1 time)
2008 A new insight into suction and dilution effects in capillary electrophoresis coupled to mass spectrometry via an electrospray ionization interface. Part I-Suction effect.
91  shelf life
(9 times)
Plant Physiological Phenomena
(2 times)
ACO (1 time)
ACS (1 time)
ASLT (1 time)
2006 Use of Aloe vera gel coating preserves the functional properties of table grapes.
92  shell length
(9 times)
Genetic Phenomena
(2 times)
SH (4 times)
SW (3 times)
QTL (2 times)
2009 Construction of microsatellite-based linkage maps and identification of size-related quantitative trait loci for Zhikong scallop (Chlamys farreri).
93  short-long
(9 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
LL (6 times)
SS (4 times)
LS (3 times)
1990 Oxygen consumption and cardiac response of short-leg and long-leg prosthetic ambulation in a patient with bilateral above-knee amputation: comparisons with able-bodied men.
94  Sokolow-Lyon
(9 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
LVH (8 times)
CP (3 times)
CV (3 times)
1981 Left ventricular hypertrophy: relationship of anatomic, echocardiographic and electrocardiographic findings.
95  spleen
(9 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(4 times)
PBL (4 times)
5'-NT (1 time)
ADA (1 time)
1977 Specifically immune mouse T-cells can destroy H-2 compatible murine target cells infected with herpes simplex virus types 1 or 2.
96  spleen lymphocytes
(9 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(5 times)
Con A (2 times)
PBL (2 times)
ALA (1 time)
1984 Immunocytotoxicity effects of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons on mouse lymphocytes.
97  spring ligament
(9 times)
Orthopedics
(5 times)
AAFD (4 times)
PF (2 times)
PTT (2 times)
2010 Relative contributions of plantar fascia and ligaments on the arch static stability: a finite element study.
98  Sri Lanka
(9 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
PAV (2 times)
ATP-30 (1 time)
BA (1 time)
2004 Plasma homocysteine in polycystic ovary syndrome: does it correlate with insulin resistance and ethnicity?
99  stromal layer
(9 times)
Hematology
(8 times)
AA (2 times)
ABMT (2 times)
LTMC (2 times)
1989 [Role of prostaglandin E in modulation of granulopoiesis by marrow stroma].
100  sulfolipids
(9 times)
Biology
(2 times)
DGDG (2 times)
MGDG (2 times)
Mtb (2 times)
1981 Desaturation of Fatty acids associated with monogalactosyl diacylglycerol: the effects of san 6706 and san 9785.