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Abbreviation: SL
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Long forms: 1226

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
stride length
(325 times)
Physiology
(75 times)
SF (76 times)
SR (53 times)
SI (28 times)
1986 Effects of stride length alteration on racewalking economy.
sea level
(305 times)
Physiology
(124 times)
HA (136 times)
AMS (24 times)
HR (20 times)
1975 Electrolyte changes at 3500 m in males with and without high-altitude pulmonary edema.
spliced leader
(231 times)
Molecular Biology
(102 times)
snRNA (7 times)
SSU (7 times)
nt (5 times)
1984 Identification of a small RNA containing the trypanosome spliced leader: a donor of shared 5' sequences of trypanosomatid mRNAs?
sarcomere length
(205 times)
Physiology
(80 times)
WT (15 times)
cMyBP-C (8 times)
LV (8 times)
1976 Dependence of calcium release, tension generation and restoring forces on sarcomere length in skinned cardiac cells.
sarcolemmal
(157 times)
Biochemistry
(48 times)
SR (65 times)
LV (9 times)
Ca (8 times)
1981 Cardiac sarcolemmal and sarcoplasmic reticulum membrane vesicles exhibit distinctive (Ca-Mg)-ATPase substrate specificities.
scapholunate
(150 times)
General Surgery
(62 times)
LT (23 times)
TFCC (18 times)
RL (14 times)
1987 Difficult wrist fractures. Perilunate fracture-dislocations of the wrist.
sublingual
(147 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(26 times)
i.n (23 times)
IM (20 times)
s.c (10 times)
1976 Effects of isosorbide dinitrate and nitroglycerin on central circulatory dynamics in coronary artery disease.
somatolactin
(129 times)
Endocrinology
(68 times)
PRL (65 times)
GH (62 times)
PI (12 times)
1991 Gene structure of chum salmon somatolactin, a presumed pituitary hormone of the growth hormone/prolactin family.
strigolactone
(97 times)
Botany
(44 times)
ABA (11 times)
CK (9 times)
WT (6 times)
2011 Effects of triazole derivatives on strigolactone levels and growth retardation in rice.
10  sleep latency
(96 times)
Psychophysiology
(26 times)
TST (47 times)
SE (37 times)
WASO (31 times)
1989 [Baseline study of sleep electroencephalography--daily variation and individual variation].
11  stem-loop
(87 times)
Virology
(34 times)
UTR (8 times)
DHU (7 times)
HCV (7 times)
1991 Specific binding of host cell proteins to the 3'-terminal stem-loop structure of rubella virus negative-strand RNA.
12  standard length
(86 times)
Biology
(19 times)
HL (7 times)
BW (5 times)
GSI (3 times)
1991 Numbers of myosatellite cells in white axial muscle of growing fish: Cyprinus carpio L. (Teleostei).
13  sphingolipid
(84 times)
Biochemistry
(20 times)
Cer (13 times)
S1P (12 times)
SM (8 times)
1995 Prevention of postoperative adhesions by single intraperitoneal medication.
14  synthetic lethal
(71 times)
Neoplasms
(19 times)
DDR (4 times)
CRC (3 times)
CIN (2 times)
1999 Genetic and physical interactions involving the yeast nuclear cap-binding complex.
15  sonoluminescence
(65 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(31 times)
SCL (8 times)
MBSL (4 times)
BSA (3 times)
1989 Studies of the cavitational effects of clinical ultrasound by sonoluminescence: 4. The effect of therapeutic ultrasound on cells in monolayer culture in a standing wave field.
16  sensation level
(64 times)
Audiology
(51 times)
SPL (9 times)
AM (5 times)
NH (4 times)
1975 Effect of contralateral noise on speech detection and speech reception thresholds.
17  superlattice
(63 times)
Nanotechnology
(21 times)
DPH (3 times)
bcc (2 times)
CHOL (2 times)
2001 Dipole radiation in a one-dimensional photonic crystal: TE polarization.
18  soy lecithin
(62 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(9 times)
EY (6 times)
SA (4 times)
BMP-2 (2 times)
1988 Cholesterol levels and eicosanoid production in rats fed phosphatidylinositol or soybean lecithin.
19  staging laparoscopy
(62 times)
General Surgery
(36 times)
CI (7 times)
CT (7 times)
GC (5 times)
1982 Postchemotherapy staging laparotomy in Hodgkin's disease.
20  synchronization likelihood
(62 times)
Neurology
(25 times)
EEG (19 times)
AD (10 times)
MEG (5 times)
2004 Different EEG frequency band synchronization during nocturnal frontal lobe seizures.
21  segmental lordosis
(60 times)
Neurosurgery
(23 times)
LL (32 times)
VAS (19 times)
ODI (17 times)
2010 Comparison study of the instrumented circumferential fusion with instrumented anterior lumbar interbody fusion as a surgical procedure for adult low-grade isthmic spondylolisthesis.
22  stereolithography
(57 times)
Biotechnology
(15 times)
CT (5 times)
AM (2 times)
CAD/CAM (2 times)
1996 A comparison of three-dimensional computed tomography scans and stereolithographic models for evaluation of craniofacial anomalies.
23  structured lipid
(57 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(25 times)
TAG (7 times)
MCT (6 times)
DHA (5 times)
1987 New developments in lipid emulsions for parenteral nutrition.
24  statistical learning
(56 times)
Psychology
(22 times)
TPs (3 times)
VSL (3 times)
LR (2 times)
2011 Statistical learning techniques applied to epidemiology: a simulated case-control comparison study with logistic regression.
25  sesquiterpene lactone
(54 times)
Dermatology
(22 times)
CM (2 times)
IL (2 times)
NF (2 times)
1978 Sesquiterpene lactones (SL) part XXIV. Further studies on cytotoxic activities of SL in tissue culture of human cancer cells.
26  sodium lactate
(52 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(23 times)
SD (13 times)
SB (6 times)
SDA (6 times)
1997 Sodium lactate and protective culture effects on quality characteristics and shelf-life of low-fat frankfurters produced with olive oil.
27  service learning
(46 times)
Education
(11 times)
PETE (4 times)
IL (2 times)
SRT (2 times)
1991 Implicit and explicit memory in Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease.
28  solubility
(44 times)
Dentistry
(24 times)
WS (30 times)
DC (20 times)
FS (15 times)
2010 The effect of mouthrinses on salivary sorption, solubility and surface degradation of a nanofilled and a hybrid resin composite.
29  sophorolipid
(44 times)
Biochemistry
(10 times)
RL (9 times)
CMC (5 times)
BSs (3 times)
1986 [Toxicological studies on sophorolipid derivatives. (I). Acute toxicity, eye irritation, primary skin irritation, skin sensitization, phototoxicity, photosensitization, mutagenicity of polyoxypropylene (12) [(2'-0-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-beta-D-glucopyranosyl)oxy-] fatty acid ester-].
30  suspensory ligament
(40 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(32 times)
SDFT (15 times)
DDFT (10 times)
MRI (3 times)
1985 In vitro mechanical properties of equine tendons in relation to cross-sectional area and collagen content.
31  single-layer
(38 times)
Nanotechnology
(14 times)
DL (7 times)
ML (4 times)
BL (2 times)
1995 Results of the Smead-Jones technique of closure of vertical midline incisions for emergency laparotomies--a prospective study of 403 patients.
32  short-latency
(37 times)
Brain
(12 times)
ML (17 times)
LL (16 times)
EMG (7 times)
1981 Neural development in children: a neurophysiological study.
33  sick leave
(34 times)
Rheumatology
(5 times)
RA (5 times)
OR (4 times)
RTW (3 times)
1996 [Indicators of work incapacity in the first year of chronic polyarthritis].
34  small litters
(34 times)
Endocrinology
(10 times)
NL (12 times)
CL (5 times)
NPY (5 times)
1994 Metabolic responses to episodes of partial dietary restriction in undernourished Wistar rats.
35  septal-lateral
(33 times)
Cardiology
(18 times)
MA (13 times)
LV (8 times)
MAA (6 times)
1985 Cathinone affects dopamine and 5-hydroxytryptamine neurons in vivo as measured by changes in metabolites and synthesis in four forebrain regions in the rat.
36  spiral ligament
(31 times)
Otolaryngology
(11 times)
SV (9 times)
EP (4 times)
TNF-alpha (4 times)
1994 Expression of Na+,K(+)-ATPase alpha 1 subunit mRNA in the developing rat cochlea.
37  shoot length
(30 times)
Medicine
(5 times)
RL (17 times)
RDW (5 times)
SDW (5 times)
2009 Targeted inactivation of p12, CDK2 associating protein 1, leads to early embryonic lethality.
38  surface loss
(30 times)
Dentistry
(25 times)
CA (2 times)
ESEM (2 times)
PT (2 times)
2005 Influence of the organic matrix on root dentine erosion by citric acid.
39  sleeve lobectomy
(29 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(18 times)
PN (15 times)
NSCLC (10 times)
VATS (3 times)
1997 Comparison of the surgical results of lobectomy with bronchoplasty and pneumonectomy for lung cancer.
40  smear layer
(28 times)
Dentistry
(15 times)
SEM (13 times)
EDTA (7 times)
CA (2 times)
1993 [Comparison of the cleansing effect of two micromotor-driven endodontic hand pieces. I. Comparison ot the cleansing effect of the two handpieces].
41  Second Life
(27 times)
Medical Informatics
(8 times)
EM (2 times)
3DIPs (1 time)
CME (1 time)
2008 Brave new worlds: how virtual environments can augment traditional care in the management of diabetes.
42  spironolactone
(27 times)
Pharmacology
(14 times)
MRP2 (3 times)
7 alpha-thio-SL (2 times)
CAN (2 times)
1969 Treatment of hypertension with hydrochlorothiazide and spironolactone.
43  segment length
(25 times)
Cardiology
(9 times)
LV (8 times)
ED (3 times)
LVP (3 times)
1976 Effects of isoproterenol on regional myocardial function, electrogram, and blood flow in conscious dogs with myocardial ischemia.
44  self-ligating
(22 times)
Dentistry
(16 times)
CL (8 times)
RS (3 times)
EL (2 times)
2001 Treatment time, outcome, and patient satisfaction comparisons of Damon and conventional brackets.
45  spin-lock
(21 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(13 times)
MT (4 times)
CEST (3 times)
CNR (2 times)
1995 Spin lock magnetic resonance imaging in the differentiation of hepatic haemangiomas and metastases.
46  Schwalbe's line
(20 times)
Ophthalmology
(17 times)
SS (12 times)
SD-OCT (8 times)
ACA (6 times)
1996 Location of the iris insertion in pigment dispersion syndrome.
47  shell-less
(20 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(12 times)
HS (11 times)
SS (7 times)
NL (6 times)
1975 Influence of hormonal extracts on hens producing eggs with non-calcified or partially calcified shells and factors associated with this condition.
48  Smyth line
(20 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(7 times)
SLV (7 times)
BL (4 times)
LBL (4 times)
1992 The detection of melanocyte autoantibodies in the Smyth chicken model for vitiligo.
49  soleus
(20 times)
Physiology
(9 times)
TA (8 times)
AM (5 times)
BF (3 times)
1985 Effects of (+)-propranolol on intracellular mechanisms of contraction in striated muscle of the rabbit.
50  sialyllactose
(18 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
HMO (3 times)
SA (3 times)
HA (2 times)
2010 Continuous nonradioactive method for screening trypanosomal trans-sialidase activity and its inhibitors.
51  standard laparoscopy
(18 times)
General Surgery
(5 times)
LESS (5 times)
RAL (4 times)
HAL (3 times)
2004 Intraoperative local anesthesia decreases postoperative parenteral opioid requirements for transperitoneal laparoscopic renal and adrenal surgery: a randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled investigation.
52  surface Laplacian
(18 times)
Physiology
(5 times)
EEG (4 times)
ABI (1 time)
AD (1 time)
1995 Performances of surface Laplacian estimators: a study of simulated and real scalp potential distributions.
53  sericea lespedeza
(17 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(16 times)
CT (8 times)
GIN (8 times)
FEC (7 times)
2005 The effect of grazing forage containing condensed tannins on gastro-intestinal parasite infection and milk composition in Angora does.
54  sign language
(17 times)
Brain
(5 times)
OL (3 times)
GSL (2 times)
SampEn (2 times)
1996 Long-term progress in reading abilities in hearing-impaired children trained by the Kanazawa method.
55  solar lentigo
(17 times)
Dermatology
(12 times)
LM (4 times)
SK (4 times)
PAK (2 times)
1983 Increased intraepidermal melanocyte frequency and size in dysplastic melanocytic nevi and cutaneous melanoma. A comparative quantitative study of dysplastic melanocytic nevi, superficial spreading melanoma, nevocellular nevi, and solar lentigines.
56  silique length
(16 times)
Genetics
(5 times)
SW (9 times)
QTL (8 times)
DH (5 times)
2007 Detection of QTL for six yield-related traits in oilseed rape (Brassica napus) using DH and immortalized F(2) populations.
57  scleral lens
(15 times)
Optometry
(6 times)
mfERG (2 times)
BMO-MRW (1 time)
CCT (1 time)
2007 Use of fluid-ventilated, gas-permeable scleral lens for management of severe keratoconjunctivitis sicca secondary to chronic graft-versus-host disease.
58  single-leg
(15 times)
Sports Medicine
(7 times)
DL (9 times)
ASYM (2 times)
BF (2 times)
1997 Spirometry values in stable lung transplant recipients.
59  sodium lignosulfonate
(15 times)
Chemistry
(6 times)
CTAB (2 times)
EC (2 times)
LbL (2 times)
2010 Aggregation behavior of sodium lignosulfonate in water solution.
60  slit-lamp
(14 times)
Ophthalmology
(10 times)
OCT (3 times)
PRK (2 times)
ACD (1 time)
1985 Laser induced thermal injury of rabbit cornea and treatment with anti-inflammatory agents.
61  soft landing
(14 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
F-SAM (3 times)
POM (3 times)
SIMS (3 times)
2006 Soft-landing of peptides onto self-assembled monolayer surfaces.
62  surrogate light
(14 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(10 times)
pre-BCR (6 times)
muH (3 times)
MZ (2 times)
1995 Surrogate light chain-dependent selection of Ig heavy chain V regions.
63  stratum lucidum
(13 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
SO (6 times)
SP (4 times)
MF (3 times)
1998 Presynaptic localization of Kv1.4-containing A-type potassium channels near excitatory synapses in the hippocampus.
64  single-lumen
(12 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
DL (6 times)
APBI (3 times)
ML (3 times)
1990 Increased infection rate in double-lumen versus single-lumen Hickman catheters in cancer patients.
65  Sokolow-Lyon
(12 times)
Vascular Diseases
(5 times)
LVH (10 times)
CP (3 times)
CV (3 times)
1981 Left ventricular hypertrophy: relationship of anatomic, echocardiographic and electrocardiographic findings.
66  Super Learner
(12 times)
Epidemiology
(2 times)
PS (4 times)
AAS (1 time)
AE (1 time)
2013 Time-dependent prediction and evaluation of variable importance using superlearning in high-dimensional clinical data.
67  salt loading
(11 times)
Endocrinology
(5 times)
SON (6 times)
AVP (4 times)
WD (4 times)
1988 Relationship of sodium balance to arterial pressure in black hypertensive patients.
68  second-line
(11 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
FL (7 times)
OS (4 times)
PFS (3 times)
2003 Frequency of recurrence among infants with supraventricular tachycardia and comparison of recurrence rates among those with and without preexcitation and among those with and without response to digoxin and/or propranolol therapy.
69  single loop
(11 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(4 times)
DL (4 times)
ML (3 times)
SC (2 times)
1980 Acute effects of the pattern of fat ingestion on plasma high density lipoprotein components in man.
70  slalom
(11 times)
Sports Medicine
(6 times)
GS (11 times)
HR (4 times)
SG (3 times)
1995 Muscle activity in slalom and giant slalom skiing.
71  slope
(11 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(3 times)
EL (2 times)
PD (2 times)
PK (2 times)
1987 Prediction of PaO2 during treadmill walking in patients with COPD.
72  stabilized liposomes
(11 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
OP (3 times)
DXR (2 times)
5-FU (1 time)
1992 Pharmacokinetics and therapeutics of sterically stabilized liposomes in mice bearing C-26 colon carcinoma.
73  Sedentary Lifestyle
(10 times)
Nursing
(4 times)
DC (2 times)
RF (2 times)
ACS (1 time)
2012 Physical activity and sedentary lifestyle in children with type 1 diabetes: a multicentre Italian study.
74  semiconductor laser
(10 times)
Ophthalmology
(10 times)
RC (2 times)
CDL (1 time)
CTDS (1 time)
2005 In-line interferometer for direction-sensitive displacement measurements by optical feedback detection.
75  sentinel lymphadenectomy
(10 times)
General Surgery
(7 times)
SLNB (3 times)
SLNs (2 times)
ALND (1 time)
2000 Credentialing issues with sentinel lymph node staging for breast cancer.
76  Sierra Leone
(10 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
OR (2 times)
AT (1 time)
CC (1 time)
1985 Endemic Lassa fever in Liberia. III. Characterization of Lassa virus isolates.
77  sludge
(10 times)
Environmental Health
(8 times)
BC (4 times)
Cd (1 time)
DOMs (1 time)
2006 Composition of a Spanish sewage sludge and effects on treated soil and olive trees.
78  source level
(10 times)
Audiology
(5 times)
AIS (1 time)
BW (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2002 Design, fabrication, and performance of a flextensional transducer based on electrostrictive polyvinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene copolymer.
79  superior laryngeal
(10 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
CT (3 times)
AC (2 times)
Mex (2 times)
1975 Effects of antitussive drugs on the activity of the recurrent laryngeal nerve in cats.
80  supervised learning
(10 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
ML (2 times)
RL (2 times)
AL (1 time)
2006 Local dimensionality reduction and supervised learning within natural clusters for biomedical data analysis.
81  sham laparotomy
(9 times)
General Surgery
(5 times)
PH (6 times)
CBDL (5 times)
BT (4 times)
1988 Partial hepatectomy decreases pancreatic parenchymal enzyme activity.
82  shelf life
(9 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
ACO (1 time)
ACS (1 time)
ASLT (1 time)
2006 Use of Aloe vera gel coating preserves the functional properties of table grapes.
83  spent liquor
(9 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
PDADMAC (6 times)
NSSC (5 times)
AC (2 times)
2014 A process for producing lignocellulosic flocs from NSSC spent liquor.
84  spleen
(9 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(4 times)
PBL (4 times)
5'-NT (1 time)
ADA (1 time)
1977 Specifically immune mouse T-cells can destroy H-2 compatible murine target cells infected with herpes simplex virus types 1 or 2.
85  spleen lymphocytes
(9 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(5 times)
Con A (2 times)
PBL (2 times)
ALA (1 time)
1984 Immunocytotoxicity effects of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons on mouse lymphocytes.
86  spring ligament
(9 times)
Orthopedics
(5 times)
AAFD (4 times)
PF (2 times)
PTT (2 times)
2010 Relative contributions of plantar fascia and ligaments on the arch static stability: a finite element study.
87  stromal layer
(9 times)
Hematology
(8 times)
AA (2 times)
ABMT (2 times)
LTMC (2 times)
1989 [Role of prostaglandin E in modulation of granulopoiesis by marrow stroma].
88  sulfolipid
(9 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
DGDG (2 times)
MGDG (2 times)
Mtb (2 times)
1981 Desaturation of Fatty acids associated with monogalactosyl diacylglycerol: the effects of san 6706 and san 9785.
89  superolateral
(9 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
IL (5 times)
FMS (2 times)
IM (2 times)
2003 Neuropsychological Outcome and the Extent of Resection in the Unilateral Temporal Lobectomy.
90  surface layer
(9 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
Chl-a (1 time)
DO (1 time)
EC (1 time)
1994 Hemagglutination activity of Lactobacillus acidophilus group lactic acid bacteria.
91  susceptibility loci
(9 times)
Genetics, Medical
(4 times)
CK (2 times)
PND (2 times)
VUS (2 times)
2009 Genetic susceptibility loci in rheumatoid arthritis establish transcriptional regulatory networks with other genes.
92  lateral septum
(8 times)
Brain
(3 times)
PVN (2 times)
VT (2 times)
VT-ir (2 times)
1987 Neuroanatomical distribution of testosterone-metabolizing enzymes in the Japanese quail.
93  scapholunate ligament
(8 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
DRFs (2 times)
MBT (2 times)
TFCC (2 times)
2012 Lesions of the scapholunate ligament associated with minimally displaced or non-displaced fractures of the scaphoid waist. Which incidence?
94  screw loosening
(8 times)
Neurosurgery
(2 times)
ASD (2 times)
AF (1 time)
ALIF (1 time)
2014 Practice-based clinical evaluation of zirconia abutments for anterior single-tooth restorations.
95  selective laminectomy
(8 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
RR (4 times)
CCM (3 times)
CSM (3 times)
2017 Muscle-Preserving Selective Laminectomy Maintained the Compensatory Mechanism of Cervical Lordosis After Surgery.
96  sheath liquid
(8 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(7 times)
BGE (3 times)
AAs (1 time)
CE (1 time)
2008 A new insight into suction and dilution effects in capillary electrophoresis coupled to mass spectrometry via an electrospray ionization interface. Part I-Suction effect.
97  short-long
(8 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
LL (5 times)
LS (3 times)
SS (3 times)
1990 Oxygen consumption and cardiac response of short-leg and long-leg prosthetic ambulation in a patient with bilateral above-knee amputation: comparisons with able-bodied men.
98  spin label
(8 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
ESR (2 times)
CW (1 time)
DMPC (1 time)
1982 Preparation of spin-labeled poly(U) and its activity in assays with eukaryotic ribosomes.
99  stromelysin
(8 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
A,B (3 times)
ECM (3 times)
MMPs (3 times)
1995 Gingival crevicular stromelysin, collagenase and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases levels in healthy and diseased sites.
100  sulfolane
(8 times)
Biotechnology
(4 times)
SEI (2 times)
BMP (1 time)
DES (1 time)
2014 Studies on electrochemical performances of novel electrolytes for wide-temperature-range lithium-ion batteries.