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Abbreviation: SO
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
sham-operated
(348 times)
Physiology
(66 times)
NO (20 times)
SAD (19 times)
HR (18 times)
1975 The role of the adrenal medulla in the contol of gluconeogenesis in the rat.
sphincter of Oddi
(283 times)
Gastroenterology
(159 times)
CBD (26 times)
ERCP (20 times)
NO (18 times)
1980 Intraluminal pressure recording from the human sphincter of Oddi.
soybean oil
(281 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(98 times)
FO (80 times)
CO (29 times)
PO (26 times)
1982 Effect of dietary polyunsaturated phospholipid on the chemical composition of serum lipoproteins in rat.
silicone oil
(254 times)
Ophthalmology
(142 times)
PPV (55 times)
IOP (43 times)
RRD (37 times)
1988 BCNU in silicone oil in proliferative vitreoretinopathy: I. Solubility, stability (in vitro and in vivo), and antiproliferative (in vitro) studies.
sarcopenic obesity
(195 times)
Geriatrics
(40 times)
BMI (24 times)
CI (15 times)
SMI (15 times)
2008 Sarcopenic obesity: a new category of obesity in the elderly.
spin-orbit
(195 times)
Chemistry
(122 times)
DFT (15 times)
PECs (10 times)
ISC (6 times)
2002 Relativistic spin-orbit coupling effects on secondary isotope shifts of (13)C nuclear shielding in CX(2) (X = O, S, Se, Te).
sham operation
(173 times)
Gastroenterology
(34 times)
SAP (21 times)
MI (13 times)
PH (13 times)
1977 Renal concentrating ability in the uninephrectomized rat.
sunflower oil
(134 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(47 times)
FO (41 times)
PO (17 times)
FA (16 times)
1989 The effect of long-term consumption of fish oil on platelet-activating factor synthesis in rat renal microsomes.
superior oblique
(125 times)
Ophthalmology
(86 times)
IO (35 times)
MRI (22 times)
SR (22 times)
1979 Effects of cerebellectomy on the cat's vertical vestibuloocular reflex.
10  safflower oil
(109 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(26 times)
FO (39 times)
OO (23 times)
CO (20 times)
1977 Influence of dietary fat on fatty livers of choline-deficient rats.
11  sulfite oxidase
(106 times)
Biochemistry
(35 times)
IET (14 times)
Moco (11 times)
EPR (6 times)
1990 Mediated, anaerobic voltammetry of sulfite oxidase.
12  soleus
(99 times)
Physiology
(42 times)
TA (45 times)
EMG (16 times)
GM (16 times)
1982 Influence of training and anabolic steroids on the LDH isozyme pattern of skeletal and heart muscle fibers of guinea pigs.
13  sympathetic ophthalmia
(92 times)
Ophthalmology
(62 times)
VKH (14 times)
BCVA (5 times)
OCT (5 times)
1982 Atypical histopathologic features in sympathetic ophthalmia. A study of a hundred cases.
14  slow oscillation
(83 times)
Neurology
(33 times)
CPG (8 times)
EEG (7 times)
SWS (7 times)
1985 Interactions of the slow oscillator interneuron with feeding pattern-generating interneurons in Lymnaea stagnalis.
15  slow oxidative
(82 times)
Physiology
(27 times)
FG (65 times)
FOG (63 times)
FF (4 times)
1977 Glycogen, lactate, and alanine changes in muscle fiber types during graded exercise.
16  styrene-7,8-oxide
(76 times)
Toxicology
(31 times)
PGA (6 times)
St (6 times)
MA (5 times)
1984 DNA binding of [14C]styrene in isolated rat hepatocytes.
17  superoxide
(72 times)
Biochemistry
(9 times)
NO (14 times)
ROS (10 times)
ER (6 times)
1987 Surface receptor mobilization in complement-mediated neutrophil activation: characterization and effects of methylprednisolone.
18  slow-twitch oxidative
(71 times)
Physiology
(32 times)
FOG (61 times)
FG (53 times)
SOL (12 times)
1976 Ultrastructural alterations in skeletal muscle fibers of streptozotocin-diabetic rats.
19  styrene oxide
(66 times)
Toxicology
(20 times)
CHO (4 times)
PO (4 times)
ee (3 times)
1976 Mouse liver and lung glutathione s-epoxide transferase: effects of phenobarbital and 3-methylcholanthrene administration.
20  sesame oil
(62 times)
Pharmacology
(8 times)
FO (7 times)
EB (6 times)
ALP (3 times)
1976 Mechanism of the increased splenic erythropoiesis in mice treated with estradiol benzoate.
21  stratum oriens
(58 times)
Neurology
(27 times)
SR (22 times)
SP (13 times)
SLM (9 times)
1987 Action-potential discharge in hippocampal CA1 pyramidal neurons: current source-density analysis.
22  stratum opticum
(55 times)
Neurology
(35 times)
SGS (31 times)
SC (22 times)
HRP (11 times)
1975 The visual connections of the adult flatfish, Achirus lineatus.
23  supraoptic
(52 times)
Neurology
(20 times)
PV (17 times)
OT (4 times)
p.v (4 times)
1974 Electrophysiological evidence for the activation of supraoptic neurones during the release of oxytocin.
24  sham operation group
(46 times)
Medicine
(9 times)
SAP (10 times)
MI (5 times)
MDA (4 times)
1984 The influence of multiple liver biopsies on hematologic and serum biochemical values of sheep.
25  significant other
(46 times)
Psychology
(7 times)
TBI (9 times)
QoL (3 times)
MSPSS (2 times)
1992 Experiences of patients and significant others with automatic implantable cardioverter defibrillators after discharge from the hospital.
26  Southern Ocean
(42 times)
Science
(11 times)
Mn (2 times)
OA (2 times)
SSA (2 times)
2007 The biodiversity of the deep Southern Ocean benthos.
27  safranin O
(30 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
CCD (6 times)
PSF (6 times)
MB (5 times)
1989 Early osteophyte formation after chemically induced articular cartilage injury.
28  sexual orientation
(28 times)
Psychology
(5 times)
GI (12 times)
LGBT (4 times)
EHR (3 times)
2011 An examination of drinkers' consequences by sexual orientation.
29  soy oil
(26 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(8 times)
FO (9 times)
CO (4 times)
CLA (2 times)
1981 Effect of diets high in carbohydrate, soy oil, medium-chain triglycerides or tripelargonin on blood and liver lipid and glucose intermediates in meal-eating rats.
30  Struma ovarii
(26 times)
Endocrinology
(7 times)
PTC (6 times)
MSO (3 times)
Tg (3 times)
1991 Struma ovarii simulating a teratodermoid cyst. Computed tomographic findings in one case.
31  Special Olympics
(25 times)
Psychiatry
(11 times)
ID (14 times)
CG (2 times)
IDD (2 times)
2003 Involvement in Special Olympics and its relations to self-concept and actual competency in participants with developmental disabilities.
32  supraoptic nucleus
(25 times)
Neurology
(12 times)
PVN (9 times)
ARC (4 times)
ME (3 times)
1976 Changes in the nuclear volume of rat hypothalamic neurons in old age.
33  severe obesity
(23 times)
Metabolism
(9 times)
BMI (6 times)
BIA (2 times)
BP (2 times)
2006 Comparison of metabolic risk factors between severely and very severely obese patients.
34  sleep onset
(23 times)
Psychophysiology
(12 times)
EEG (7 times)
SOL (4 times)
REM (3 times)
1979 Sleep onset and first cycle of sleep in human subjects: change with time of day.
35  supraorbital
(23 times)
Neurology
(8 times)
ST (4 times)
IO (3 times)
DN (2 times)
1981 Limitations of quantitative oculoplethysmography and of directional Doppler ultrasonography in cerebrovascular diagnosis: assessment of an air-filled OPG system.
36  sorafenib
(22 times)
Neoplasms
(8 times)
HCC (11 times)
SU (5 times)
mRCC (3 times)
2010 Synergistic activity of sorafenib and sulforaphane abolishes pancreatic cancer stem cell characteristics.
37  super-obese
(20 times)
General Surgery
(12 times)
MO (11 times)
BMI (9 times)
SSO (5 times)
2001 Duodenal switch: an effective therapy for morbid obesity--intermediate results.
38  sodium oxybate
(19 times)
Neurology
(10 times)
NC (2 times)
NT1 (2 times)
PSG (2 times)
2011 Sodium oxybate in narcolepsy with cataplexy: Zurich sleep center experience.
39  sulfur monoxide
(19 times)
Chemistry
(9 times)
CO (3 times)
SBSL (3 times)
BNNC (1 time)
1996 Evidence for opioid modulation and generation of prostaglandins in sulphur dioxide (SO)2-induced bronchoconstriction.
40  second opinion
(18 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
TR (2 times)
FGs (1 time)
FOXL2 (1 time)
2008 Second opinions and tertiary referrals in neurology: a prospective observational study.
41  seed oil
(18 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
FO (3 times)
CO (2 times)
HCO (2 times)
1979 Incorporation of cis- and trans-octadecenoic acids into the membranes of rat liver mitochondria.
42  singlet oxygen
(18 times)
Chemistry
(6 times)
PDT (8 times)
PS (3 times)
PSs (3 times)
2011 Interactions of dietary carotenoids with activated (singlet) oxygen and free radicals: potential effects for human health.
43  sucroferric oxyhydroxide
(18 times)
Nephrology
(10 times)
PB (6 times)
sP (3 times)
PBs (2 times)
2015 Novel iron-containing phosphate binders for treatment of hyperphosphatemia.
44  severely obese
(17 times)
Metabolism
(6 times)
BMI (4 times)
OB (4 times)
HW (3 times)
2007 Plasma visfatin concentrations in severely obese subjects are increased after intestinal bypass.
45  sodium oleate
(16 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
CHO (3 times)
DOX (3 times)
ME (3 times)
1995 Negative feedback regulation of pancreatic exocrine secretion in guinea pigs.
46  static optimization
(16 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(6 times)
EMG (6 times)
CMC (5 times)
DOF (2 times)
2002 Genetic programming assisted stochastic optimization strategies for optimization of glucose to gluconic acid fermentation.
47  superior oblique muscle
(15 times)
Ophthalmology
(10 times)
IO (4 times)
AC (1 time)
BHT (1 time)
1991 [Localization of motoneurons of the vertical yoke muscles in a brainstem of the cat--a double labeling study].
48  selector
(14 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(11 times)
CSPs (5 times)
CSP (3 times)
DNB-Leu (2 times)
2000 Chiral anion exchangers applied to capillary electrochromatography enantioseparation of oppositely charged chiral analytes: investigation of stationary and mobile phase parameters.
49  sham-operated controls
(14 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
IHPH (4 times)
NO (3 times)
BDL (2 times)
1986 System ASC and sodium-independent neutral amino acid transport in muscle of uremic rats.
50  severe oligozoospermia
(13 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(4 times)
NOA (4 times)
OA (2 times)
SNPs (2 times)
1990 Exploration of the testis in infertile men. Relationships among serum levels of FSH, LH, 17-alpha-OH-progesterone and testosterone.
51  solubility
(12 times)
Dentistry
(10 times)
WS (11 times)
NL (4 times)
UTS (4 times)
2010 Characterization of water sorption, solubility and filler particles of light-cured composite resins.
52  sunflower
(12 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
CO (4 times)
EVOO (2 times)
OSI (2 times)
1986 Serum triglycerides and HDL cholesterol from SHR after evening primrose oil and other polyunsaturated fats.
53  salpingo-oophorectomy
(11 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
CI (2 times)
EBL (2 times)
TAH (2 times)
2000 Abdominal pregnancy: to remove or not to remove the placenta.
54  sarcomatous overgrowth
(11 times)
Pathology
(5 times)
MA (3 times)
OS (3 times)
LVI (2 times)
1992 Adenosarcoma of the uterus: a Gynecologic Oncology Group clinicopathologic study of 31 cases.
55  sarcosine oxidase
(11 times)
Biotechnology
(5 times)
CI (9 times)
CA (7 times)
EIS (4 times)
1983 Multi-enzyme membrane electrodes for determination of creatinine and creatine in serum.
56  soybean
(11 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
FA (6 times)
FO (2 times)
ATs (1 time)
1995 Role of dietary lipids on fetal tissue fatty acid composition and fetal survival in swine at 42 days of gestation.
57  superoxide anion
(11 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
ABTS (2 times)
HP (2 times)
NO (2 times)
1986 Differential effects of mepacrine, chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine on superoxide anion generation, phospholipid methylation and arachidonic acid release by human blood monocytes.
58  surface optical
(11 times)
Nanotechnology
(8 times)
LO (3 times)
DC (2 times)
TEM (2 times)
2010 The synthesis of superhydrophobic Bi(2)S(3) complex nanostructures.
59  salmon oil
(10 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(7 times)
PUFAs (3 times)
FA (2 times)
FO (2 times)
1995 Effect of early dietary deficiency in polyunsaturated fatty acids on two lectin binding sites in the small intestine of postweanling rats.
60  Salvia officinalis
(10 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
RA (3 times)
SF (3 times)
SL (2 times)
2004 Comparison of benzydamine hydrochloride and Salvia officinalis as an adjuvant local treatment to systemic nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug in controlling pain after tonsillectomy, adenoidectomy, or both: an open-label, single-blind, randomized clinical trial.
61  sphingosine
(10 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
Sa (9 times)
Sa1P (3 times)
Cer (2 times)
1995 Effects on turkey poults of feeding Fusarium moniliforme M-1325 culture material grown under different environmental conditions.
62  symptom onset
(10 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
COVID-19 (2 times)
STEMI (2 times)
ADC (1 time)
2012 Impact of transfer time on mortality in acute coronary syndrome with ST-segment elevation treated by angioplasty.
63  Sequence Ontology
(9 times)
Genetics
(2 times)
ECOD (1 time)
GELO (1 time)
GO (1 time)
2005 The Sequence Ontology: a tool for the unification of genome annotations.
64  sham-operated rats
(9 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
AC (2 times)
AS (1 time)
beta (1 time)
1980 Mechanisms of altered renal perfusion in the early stage of obstructive jaundice.
65  simple obesity
(9 times)
Endocrinology
(7 times)
CH (3 times)
HO (3 times)
AN (1 time)
1998 Influence of noninvasive positive pressure ventilation on inspiratory muscle activity in obese subjects.
66  source optimization
(9 times)
Ophthalmology
(9 times)
CS (4 times)
SMO (3 times)
EUV (2 times)
2012 Fast source optimization involving quadratic line-contour objectives for the resist image.
67  surgical oncology
(9 times)
General Surgery
(7 times)
GS (3 times)
RO (3 times)
SSO (2 times)
2003 Does additional surgical training increase participation in randomized controlled trials?
68  sour orange
(8 times)
Molecular Biology
(3 times)
CTV (3 times)
SwO (3 times)
ABT (1 time)
1987 Evaluation of Polyamine and Proline Levels during Low Temperature Acclimation of Citrus.
69  sterculic oil
(8 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(5 times)
SCD1 (3 times)
CLA (2 times)
SCD (2 times)
2002 The role of Delta(9)-desaturase in the production of cis-9, trans-11 CLA.
70  subjective organization
(8 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
TBI (3 times)
ABI (1 time)
ANOVAs (1 time)
1998 [Differences in the spontaneous organization of auditory verbal learning in brain damaged adolescents].
71  super obesity
(8 times)
General Surgery
(6 times)
MO (6 times)
BMI (2 times)
AC (1 time)
2007 [Gastric bypass in the surgical treatment of the morbid obesity and super obesity: comparative study].
72  safflower
(7 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
CO (5 times)
DM (2 times)
PUFA (2 times)
1992 Effect of dietary fats on erythrocyte membrane lipid composition and membrane-bound enzyme activities.
73  second-order
(7 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
FO (3 times)
FR (2 times)
CET (1 time)
1996 Initiation, maintenance and extinction of cocaine self-administration with and without conditioned reward.
74  sphenoid ostium
(7 times)
Anatomy
(3 times)
Ch (1 time)
CT (1 time)
GH (1 time)
2012 Anatomical landmarks for locating the sphenoid ostium during endoscopic endonasal approach: a cadaveric study.
75  spirooxazine
(7 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
CNC (2 times)
NDAB (2 times)
TEM (2 times)
2006 Photoisomerization of azobenzenes and spirocompounds in nematic and in twisted nematic liquid crystals.
76  sulphoxide
(7 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
air O2 and Ar (1 time)
CN (1 time)
CO (1 time)
1996 Fenbendazole-related drug residues in milk from treated dairy cows.
77  sunflower-seed oil
(7 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
EPO (2 times)
FO (2 times)
OO (2 times)
1990 N-6 and N-3 PUFA in liver lipids, thromboxane formation and blood pressure from SHR during diets supplemented with evening primrose, sunflowerseed or fish oil.
78  superovulation
(7 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(5 times)
IUI (3 times)
AMH (1 time)
ART (1 time)
2002 In vitro embryo production in buffalo species: state of the art.
79  surgery only
(7 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
CO (2 times)
CBTS (1 time)
DFO (1 time)
1984 Evaluation of short-course preoperative irradiation in the treatment of resectable bronchus carcinoma: long-term analysis of a randomized pilot-study.
80  sedentary old
(6 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
EO (3 times)
SM (2 times)
SY (2 times)
1990 Enhanced calcium uptake of cardiac sarcoplasmic reticulum in exercise-trained old rats.
81  sensory organization
(6 times)
Otolaryngology
(3 times)
MC (3 times)
AI (1 time)
APA (1 time)
1991 Chronic toxic encephalopathy investigated using dynamic posturography.
82  sodium octanoate
(6 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
PAHs (2 times)
SDS (2 times)
AC (1 time)
1988 Effect of sodium octanoate and sodium perfluorooctanoate on gel-to-liquid-crystalline phase transition of dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine vesicle membrane.
83  sorbitol
(6 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
GL (4 times)
PG (3 times)
AFM (1 time)
1994 Study of the influence of auxiliary substances on the partition coefficients of some substituted phenylcarbamic acid derivatives.
84  streptolysin-O
(6 times)
Communicable Diseases
(4 times)
ADNB (1 time)
ASK (1 time)
ASO (1 time)
1971 Characteristics of streptolysin O action.
85  subject-object
(6 times)
Brain
(3 times)
OS (4 times)
ERP (2 times)
PET (2 times)
1997 Event-related potentials elicited by spoken relative clauses.
86  supplemental oxygen
(6 times)
Fetus
(1 time)
aOR (1 time)
ARDS (1 time)
BPD (1 time)
1991 Hatchability, hematological indices, and growth of turkey embryos incubated at high altitude with supplemented oxygen during the first and fourth weeks of incubation.
87  Sanguisorba officinalis
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
AR (1 time)
AS (1 time)
DHT (1 time)
2016 Polyphenolic glycoconjugates from medical plants of Rosaceae/Asteraceae family protect human lymphocytes against gamma-radiation-induced damage.
88  secondary overtriage
(5 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
ED (1 time)
ETCC (1 time)
GCS (1 time)
2016 Nationwide secondary overtriage in level 3 and level 4 trauma centers: are these transfers necessary?
89  solid organ
(5 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
HSC (2 times)
allo-SCT (1 time)
aOR (1 time)
2004 Assessment of CMV load in solid organ transplant recipients by pp65 antigenemia and real-time quantitative DNA PCR assay: correlation with pp67 RNA detection.
90  suboccipital
(5 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
TL (3 times)
VS (3 times)
MCF (2 times)
2006 Vestibular schwannoma management: current practice amongst UK otolaryngologists--time for a national prospective audit.
91  sulfone
(5 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
ABZ (3 times)
SX (2 times)
DHPS (1 time)
1984 Interaction of Fasciola hepatica with albendazole and its metabolites.
92  supraorbital nerve
(5 times)
Brain
(2 times)
LTP (3 times)
HFS (2 times)
BEB (1 time)
1995 The trigeminally evoked blink reflex. II. Mechanisms of paired-stimulus suppression.
93  surface oil
(5 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
PSO (3 times)
STO (3 times)
TO (2 times)
2015 Ultrasound-assisted encapsulation of annatto seed oil: Retention and release of a bioactive compound with functional activities.
94  Oddi's sphincter
(4 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
MBD (1 time)
1989 [Observations on the function of Oddi's sphincter in patients with primary bile duct stones].
95  sagittal occlusal
(4 times)
Dentistry
(1 time)
VO (1 time)
2014 Changes in soft tissue profile following the treatment using a Herbst appliance--a photographic analysis.
96  sense oligonucleotides
(4 times)
Hematologic Diseases
(1 time)
ASO (3 times)
AL (1 time)
BM (1 time)
1996 Modulation of learned helplessness by 5-hydroxytryptamine2A receptor antisense oligodeoxynucleotides.
97  sham-operated animals
(4 times)
Biology
(2 times)
a.h (1 time)
AM (1 time)
ANF (1 time)
1987 The effect of atrial natriuretic factor on natriuresis in acutely hypophysectomized saline-loaded rats.
98  shoes only
(4 times)
Sports Medicine
(2 times)
BF (1 time)
EMG (1 time)
ICC (1 time)
2015 Influence of shoes and foot orthoses on lower extremity muscle activation onset times in healthy subjects during the transition from double-leg stance to single-leg stance.
99  Siegesbeckia orientalis
(4 times)
Biology
(1 time)
LPS (2 times)
GC-MS (1 time)
HCC (1 time)
2002 Inhibitory effect of immunoglobulin E production by jin-deuk-chal (Siegesbeckia orientalis).
100  slow-twitch oxidative fibres
(4 times)
Embryology
(2 times)
FG (4 times)
FOG (3 times)
EDL (1 time)
1990 Insulin binding to individual rat skeletal muscles.