A Search Service for Abbreviation / Long Form

■ Search Result - Abbreviation : SP

Search Conditions:
Search Keyword : SP
Search Method : Exact match.
Research Area:

Results:  
Hit abbr.: 5 kinds.
(Click one to see its hit entries.)

(Appearance freq, Descending)
Abbreviation: SP
Appearance Frequency: 23230 time(s)
Long forms: 2767

Display Settings:
[Display Entries]
Long Form, 100 entries
    (Appearance freq, Descending)
Long Form, all entries
[Entries Per Page]
 per page
Page Control
Page: of
Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
substance P
(7606 times)
Neurology
(1690 times)
CGRP (1517 times)
VIP (1003 times)
NKA (594 times)
1975 Experimental immunohistochemical studies on the localization and distribution of substance P in cat primary sensory neurons.
side population
(963 times)
Neoplasms
(267 times)
CSCs (160 times)
NSP (74 times)
CSC (71 times)
1989 The Stockholm breast cancer screening trial--5-year results and stage at discovery.
sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine
(913 times)
Tropical Medicine
(494 times)
CQ (172 times)
IPTp (138 times)
AQ (89 times)
1985 RII and RIII type resistance of Plasmodium falciparum to combination of mefloquine and sulfadoxine/pyrimethamine in Indonesia.
surfactant protein
(629 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(184 times)
LPS (29 times)
IL (26 times)
BALF (24 times)
1990 Enhancement of biophysical activity of lung surfactant extracts and phospholipid-apoprotein mixtures by surfactant protein A.
standardized patient
(584 times)
Education
(147 times)
OSCE (50 times)
PP (22 times)
HP (17 times)
1991 Test security in examinations that use standardized-patient cases at one medical school.
seminal plasma
(437 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(216 times)
BP (27 times)
AI (25 times)
IL (20 times)
1975 The split ejaculate of the boar: contributions of the epididymides and seminal vesicles.
single-positive
(400 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(225 times)
DP (204 times)
DN (80 times)
TCR (63 times)
1988 Sequential events in thymocyte differentiation and thymus regeneration revealed by a combination of bromodeoxyuridine DNA labeling and antimitotic drug treatment.
secondary progressive
(364 times)
Neurology
(238 times)
MS (302 times)
RR (255 times)
PP (141 times)
1996 Macroscopic and microscopic assessments of disease burden by MRI in multiple sclerosis: relationship to clinical parameters.
senile plaques
(271 times)
Neurology
(170 times)
AD (181 times)
NFT (145 times)
APP (19 times)
1983 Fibrous astrocytes in Alzheimer's disease and senile dementia of Alzheimer's type.
10  signal peptide
(248 times)
Molecular Biology
(44 times)
ER (29 times)
aa (9 times)
TM (8 times)
1989 Complete nucleotide sequence of immunogenic protein MPB70 from Mycobacterium bovis BCG.
11  Streptococcus pneumoniae
(246 times)
Pediatrics
(49 times)
Hi (37 times)
Nm (22 times)
NP (17 times)
1984 An evaluation of latex particle agglutination to detect antigenemia in children.
12  silent period
(233 times)
Neurology
(129 times)
TMS (100 times)
MEP (74 times)
EMG (30 times)
1976 The silent period in the masseter muscle of patients with TMJ dysfunction.
13  summating potential
(225 times)
Otolaryngology
(105 times)
AP (105 times)
CM (69 times)
ECochG (51 times)
1970 The characteristics of the cochlear after-potential studied in the guinea-pig by perfusion and stimulation.
14  social phobia
(218 times)
Psychiatry
(142 times)
GAD (46 times)
PD (41 times)
OCD (36 times)
1991 The relationship of social phobia subtypes and avoidant personality disorder.
15  surface plasmon
(189 times)
Ophthalmology
(77 times)
PL (17 times)
NPs (16 times)
SPR (13 times)
2001 Plasmon transmissivity and reflectivity of narrow grooves in a silver film.
16  spontaneous pneumothorax
(183 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(69 times)
VATS (28 times)
PSP (13 times)
SSP (13 times)
1986 Spontaneous pneumothorax in the USAF aircrew population: a retrospective study.
17  single-port
(176 times)
Urology
(47 times)
MP (25 times)
RARP (15 times)
TP (11 times)
1978 Angiocardiographic right ventricular volume determination. Accuracy, as determined from human casts, and clinical application.
18  Sao Paulo
(134 times)
Medicine
(42 times)
MG (8 times)
RJ (8 times)
RS (6 times)
1981 [Schistosoma mansoni: comparison of oviposition of the LE' (Belo Horizonte), SP (Sao Paulo) and ST (Liberia) strains in mice].
19  spiropyran
(132 times)
Chemistry
(59 times)
MC (67 times)
FRET (9 times)
TPE (7 times)
1992 Kinetic study of the helix to coil dark reaction of poly(spiropyran-L-glutamate).
20  streptavidin-peroxidase
(123 times)
Neoplasms
(22 times)
MVD (11 times)
RT-PCR (9 times)
VEGF (9 times)
1989 Immunohistochemical detection of feline calicivirus in formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded specimens.
21  serine protease
(119 times)
Biochemistry
(25 times)
CCP (8 times)
FXI (8 times)
AP (6 times)
1988 Effect of serine proteinase from Staphylococcus aureus on in vitro stimulation of human lymphocytes.
22  simulated patient
(119 times)
Education
(38 times)
OSCE (12 times)
BBN (5 times)
RP (4 times)
1987 Using patient instructors to teach behavioral counseling skills.
23  systolic pressure
(109 times)
Cardiology
(18 times)
DP (43 times)
HR (30 times)
BP (17 times)
1977 Effect of autonomic blockade on the hemodynamic findings in acute cardiac tamponade.
24  soy protein
(98 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(28 times)
CA (6 times)
MP (5 times)
MC (4 times)
1981 Zinc deficiency in the cat.
25  Spirulina platensis
(93 times)
Environmental Health
(23 times)
MDA (17 times)
NO (11 times)
SOD (10 times)
2001 [Biological activity of Spirulina].
26  short photoperiod
(87 times)
Physiology
(26 times)
LP (57 times)
FSH (6 times)
PT (6 times)
1982 Preantral intra-ovarian oocyte release in the white-footed mouse, Peromyscus leucopus.
27  sex peptide
(83 times)
Biology
(24 times)
SPR (16 times)
MIPs (7 times)
fru (4 times)
1993 Drosophila suzukii contains a peptide homologous to the Drosophila melanogaster sex-peptide and functional in both species.
28  sulfapyridine
(83 times)
Pharmacology
(28 times)
5-ASA (38 times)
SASP (31 times)
Ac-SP (10 times)
1973 The metabolism of salicylazosulphapyridine in ulcerative colitis: II The relationship between metabolites and the progress of the disease studied in outpatients.
29  slow pathway
(79 times)
Cardiology
(65 times)
AVNRT (48 times)
FP (22 times)
AV (17 times)
1979 Effects of atropine on induction and maintenance of atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia.
30  spironolactone
(78 times)
Pharmacology
(18 times)
MR (6 times)
PCOS (4 times)
ALDO (3 times)
1977 Antihypertensive effect and serum potassium homeostasis: comparison of hydrochlorothiazide and spironolactone alone and in combination.
31  spleen
(78 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(33 times)
PP (23 times)
BM (20 times)
LN (13 times)
1975 Presence and kinetics of sensitized cells in different tissue compartments.
32  serum protein
(74 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(22 times)
MF (13 times)
SC (13 times)
UTP (5 times)
1977 Analysis of antibody response and immunoglobulins in sera of rabbits and guinea pigs immunized with Coxiella burnetii.
33  soluble protein
(69 times)
Environmental Health
(23 times)
MDA (23 times)
SOD (19 times)
POD (14 times)
1981 Liver changes under combined effect of working environmental factors.
34  stratum pyramidale
(69 times)
Neurology
(29 times)
SR (24 times)
CA1 (14 times)
SO (13 times)
1986 Effects of GABA and bicuculline on N-methyl-D-aspartate- and quisqualate-induced reductions in extracellular free calcium in area CA1 of the hippocampal slice.
35  styloid process
(60 times)
Dentistry
(18 times)
ESP (7 times)
CT (6 times)
ES (6 times)
2001 [Styloid process: radiograph and craniomandibular dysfunction (CMD)].
36  smooth pursuit
(57 times)
Neurology
(19 times)
VOR (12 times)
FEF (5 times)
OKN (4 times)
1987 Comparison of smooth pursuit and combined eye-head tracking in human subjects with deficient labyrinthine function.
37  synthetic pyrethroid
(51 times)
Parasitology
(23 times)
OP (21 times)
LPT (7 times)
OC (4 times)
1992 Resistance to synthetic pyrethroid pour-on insecticides in strains of the sheep body louse Bovicola (Damalinia) ovis.
38  site preference
(50 times)
Environmental Health
(12 times)
WTP (7 times)
RP (5 times)
IRMS (4 times)
2000 Willingness to pay for improved respiratory and cardiovascular health: a multiple-format, stated-preference approach.
39  sleep paralysis
(47 times)
Psychiatry
(16 times)
REM (6 times)
HH (3 times)
PTSD (3 times)
1998 [Sleep paralysis].
40  sodium phosphate
(47 times)
General Surgery
(5 times)
PEG (5 times)
CVD (4 times)
sCa (4 times)
1979 Hypophosphatemia in severe burns. A prospective study.
41  supine position
(47 times)
Anesthesiology
(7 times)
PP (20 times)
ARDS (6 times)
PEEP (4 times)
1983 [Methodological problems of quantitative and combined evaluation of the asynergy and volume of the left heart ventricle by contrast ventriculography in patients with ischemic heart disease].
42  solitary plasmacytoma
(46 times)
Neoplasms
(17 times)
MM (24 times)
SBP (12 times)
EMP (9 times)
1987 Multiple myeloma: the relationship between CALLA (CD10) positive lymphocytes in the peripheral blood and light chain isotype suppression.
43  stationary phase
(46 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(17 times)
HILIC (3 times)
LC (3 times)
RP (3 times)
1990 Enhanced recovery of cytomegalovirus in conventional tube cultures with a spin-amplified adsorption.
44  slow progressors
(43 times)
Virology
(7 times)
RP (27 times)
LTNP (10 times)
HIV-1 (5 times)
1995 [The quantification of human immunodeficiency virus viremia in patients with rapid and slow progression of the disease].
45  spore photoproduct
(43 times)
Biochemistry
(13 times)
SPL (9 times)
SASP (8 times)
SAM (6 times)
1992 DNA in dormant spores of Bacillus species is in an A-like conformation.
46  subplate
(43 times)
Brain
(19 times)
CP (19 times)
MZ (9 times)
PP (4 times)
1991 Development of the laminar distribution of thalamocortical axons and corticothalamic cell bodies in the visual cortex of the wallaby.
47  spike protein
(42 times)
Molecular Biology
(4 times)
SARS-CoV-2 (12 times)
NP (7 times)
RBD (7 times)
1998 Immune response of sows vaccinated with attenuated transmissible gastroenteritis virus (TGEV) and recombinant TGEV spike protein vaccines and protection of their suckling pigs against virulent TGEV challenge exposure.
48  specific phobia
(41 times)
Psychiatry
(23 times)
GAD (11 times)
PD (9 times)
SAD (9 times)
1997 Comorbidity of panic disorder with agoraphobia and specific phobia: relationship with the subtypes of specific phobia.
49  spermine
(39 times)
Molecular Biology
(7 times)
Spd (17 times)
SD (7 times)
PU (6 times)
1980 Age-related abnormalities of circulating polyamines and diamine oxidase activity in cystic fibrosis heterozygotes and homozygotes.
50  spike potential
(37 times)
Physiology
(10 times)
SC (6 times)
SS (6 times)
EDA (3 times)
1980 Inhibition of postprandial colonic motility after ingestion of an amino acid mixture.
51  spinous process
(35 times)
Orthopedics
(6 times)
LBP (3 times)
COL (2 times)
CT (2 times)
1981 The spinous process: the forgotten appendage.
52  sodium perborate
(34 times)
Dentistry
(14 times)
HP (11 times)
CP (8 times)
CEJ (3 times)
1982 Sodium periodate-induced human suppressor cells for polyclonal B cell activation.
53  sulfated polysaccharide
(34 times)
Biochemistry
(11 times)
FTIR (3 times)
APTT (2 times)
CP (2 times)
1988 Is a natural ligand of the T lymphocyte CD2 molecule a sulfated carbohydrate?
54  superficial parotidectomy
(34 times)
General Surgery
(16 times)
ECD (10 times)
PSP (10 times)
TP (5 times)
1985 Surgical treatment of parotid gland tumors.
55  sensitivity to punishment
(33 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(9 times)
SR (25 times)
BAS (3 times)
BN (3 times)
2005 Influence of individual differences in Behavioral Inhibition System on the magnitude and time course of the fear-potentiated startle.
56  S-1 plus cisplatin
(31 times)
Neoplasms
(24 times)
AGC (7 times)
HR (6 times)
CI (5 times)
2009 Impacts of fluorouracil-metabolizing enzymes on the outcomes of patients treated with S-1 alone or S-1 plus cisplatin for first-line treatment of advanced gastric cancer.
57  secondary patency
(31 times)
Vascular Diseases
(24 times)
PP (25 times)
PAP (8 times)
CLI (6 times)
2001 Autogenous composite vein bypass graft for infrainguinal arterial reconstruction.
58  secondary prophylaxis
(31 times)
Neoplasms
(11 times)
PP (16 times)
FN (14 times)
G-CSF (8 times)
1993 Prevention of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia relapse in AIDS patients. The efficacy and tolerability of low-dose sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim.
59  seropositive
(31 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(8 times)
SN (19 times)
ESN (5 times)
HIV (5 times)
1989 Development of antibodies to HIV-1 is associated with an increase in circulating CD3+CD4-CD8- lymphocytes.
60  slow potential
(31 times)
Neurology
(14 times)
ERP (4 times)
ERPs (3 times)
MFB (2 times)
1975 An injury-induced diffuse slow potential from brain.
61  social participation
(31 times)
Geriatrics
(8 times)
CI (6 times)
CHARLS (5 times)
ADL (3 times)
1990 The effect of sensory deprivation and ego strength on a measure of autistic thinking.
62  standard protocol
(30 times)
Radiology
(5 times)
MP (4 times)
CT (3 times)
LOS (3 times)
2001 Prazosin therapy and scorpion envenomation.
63  stump pressure
(30 times)
General Surgery
(19 times)
CEA (20 times)
EEG (8 times)
TCD (8 times)
1985 Techniques for temporary shunting of carotid arteries: experimental study in dogs.
64  Sinus pericranii
(29 times)
Neurosurgery
(14 times)
AVM (1 time)
BRBNS (1 time)
CCM (1 time)
2002 Cervicofacial venous malformations. MRI features and interventional strategies.
65  sitting position
(29 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
PP (4 times)
HP (3 times)
VAE (3 times)
2001 Is the sitting or the prone position best for surgery for posterior fossa tumours in children?
66  shoulder pain
(28 times)
General Surgery
(5 times)
ROM (3 times)
EMBASE (2 times)
LC (2 times)
1998 The effect of CO2 insufflation rate on the postlaparoscopic shoulder pain.
67  soft palate
(28 times)
Otolaryngology
(8 times)
FF (7 times)
CV (4 times)
CT (3 times)
1995 Organization of orosensory responses in the nucleus of the solitary tract of rat.
68  superficial peroneal
(28 times)
Neurology
(13 times)
TA (5 times)
TIB (5 times)
FDL (4 times)
1976 Excitability changes of terminal arborizations of single Ia and Ib afferent fibers produced by muscle and cutaneous conditioning volleys.
69  SurePath
(28 times)
Cell Biology
(19 times)
TP (13 times)
LBC (11 times)
CS (5 times)
2006 Human papillomavirus testing using hybrid capture II with SurePath collection: initial evaluation and longitudinal data provide clinical validation for this method.
70  small plaque
(27 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(10 times)
LP (21 times)
FMDV (3 times)
BK (2 times)
1970 The effect of diethylaminoethyl dextran and agar overlay pH on plaque formation by two plaque-size variants of foot-and-mouth disease virus.
71  spirulina
(27 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(10 times)
SOD (4 times)
CAT (3 times)
AST (2 times)
2007 [The influence of Spirulina and Selen-Spirulina on some indexes of rat's immune status].
72  sodium propionate
(26 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(5 times)
SCFAs (8 times)
SCFA (6 times)
LPS (5 times)
2008 Evaluation of genotoxic effects of sodium propionate, calcium propionate and potassium propionate on the root meristem cells of Allium cepa.
73  subpopulations
(26 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(10 times)
CASA (4 times)
cHCECs (4 times)
LIN (3 times)
1996 Cytokinetic investigations in human breast cancer by flow cytometrically recorded DNA/protein distributions.
74  Safety Pharmacology
(25 times)
Pharmacology
(23 times)
SPS (7 times)
CiPA (4 times)
NCEs (4 times)
2002 Safety pharmacology--a progressive approach.
75  severe pneumonia
(25 times)
Medicine
(7 times)
ARDS (3 times)
SUCRA (3 times)
CHIs (2 times)
2008 Delayed severe pneumonia in mycophenolate mofetil-treated patients with IgA nephropathy.
76  Social prescribing
(25 times)
Health Services
(5 times)
GPs (2 times)
CCG (1 time)
CHCs (1 time)
2018 Patient uptake and adherence to social prescribing: a qualitative study.
77  sphingomyelin
(25 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
PC (17 times)
PE (12 times)
PS (9 times)
1969 Phospholipases in arterial tissue. IV. The role of phosphatide acyl hydrolase, lysophosphatide acyl hydrolase, and sphingomyelin choline phosphohydrolase in the regulation of phospholipid composition in the normal human aorta with age.
78  sugar phosphates
(25 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
Pi (9 times)
PCr (8 times)
ADP (3 times)
1982 31P NMR studies of control of mitochondrial function in phosphofructokinase-deficient human skeletal muscle.
79  Sclerosing peritonitis
(24 times)
Nephrology
(11 times)
PD (7 times)
CAPD (5 times)
ChA (2 times)
1988 Sclerosing peritonitis. Possible early diagnosis by computerized tomography of the abdomen.
80  solid phase
(24 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(9 times)
CRS (2 times)
PEG (2 times)
Ab (1 time)
1980 Circulating immune complexes in cancer patients receiving goat radiolocalizing antibodies to carcinoembryonic antigen.
81  sulfopropyl
(24 times)
Biochemistry
(12 times)
DEAE (3 times)
BDNF (1 time)
DBC (1 time)
1974 The toxicity of certain cereal proteins in coeliac disease.
82  suprapatellar
(24 times)
Orthopedics
(17 times)
IP (15 times)
IMN (7 times)
PF (4 times)
1984 CT findings of suprapatellar synovial cysts.
83  systolic blood pressure
(24 times)
Anesthesiology
(4 times)
DP (14 times)
HR (12 times)
MAP (2 times)
1981 Arterial compliance, systolic pressure and heart rate in elderly women at rest and on exercise.
84  secondary polycythemia
(23 times)
Hematology
(11 times)
PV (15 times)
EPO (5 times)
ET (4 times)
1980 Platelets in myeloproliferative disorders. I. A comparative evaluation with certain platelet function tests.
85  self-paced
(23 times)
Physiology
(10 times)
FS (4 times)
RT (3 times)
VR (3 times)
1992 [The dependence of rapid voluntary contractions on the tremor phase in parkinsonism].
86  sphingosine
(23 times)
Biochemistry
(9 times)
PKC (6 times)
Cer (3 times)
RA (3 times)
1989 Na+-K+-ATPase is an effector protein for protein kinase C in renal proximal tubule cells.
87  sarcopenia
(22 times)
Orthopedics
(4 times)
OP (7 times)
BMD (4 times)
CI (3 times)
2011 Sarcopenic indices in community-dwelling older adults.
88  sickness presenteeism
(22 times)
Occupational Medicine
(8 times)
CI (3 times)
OR (2 times)
ASB (1 time)
2009 Sickness presenteeism today, sickness absenteeism tomorrow? A prospective study on sickness presenteeism and future sickness absenteeism.
89  suicide plan
(22 times)
Psychiatry
(13 times)
SA (18 times)
SI (18 times)
MDD (3 times)
2017 Deployment-Related Traumatic Events and Suicidal Behaviours in a Nationally Representative Sample of Canadian Armed Forces Personnel.
90  surfactant-associated proteins
(22 times)
Physiology
(7 times)
Bax (2 times)
PL (2 times)
RDS (2 times)
1989 Structural relationship between the two small hydrophobic apoproteins in bovine pulmonary surfactant.
91  synthetic peptide
(22 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(7 times)
LPS (2 times)
MS (2 times)
SA (2 times)
1989 Immunogenicity of synthetic peptides derived from the sequences of a Streptococcus mutans cell surface antigen in nonhuman primates.
92  spiramycin
(21 times)
Biotechnology
(4 times)
Er (3 times)
OTC (3 times)
AMP (2 times)
1986 Macrolides and immunity: effects of erythromycin and spiramycin on human mononuclear cell proliferation.
93  splenius
(21 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
BC (6 times)
LD (5 times)
EMG (4 times)
1978 Direct excitation of neck motoneurons by interstitiospinal fibers.
94  sports participation
(21 times)
Sports Medicine
(6 times)
PA (6 times)
CS (2 times)
NSP (2 times)
1997 Physical activity, sports participation, and risk factors in adolescents.
95  superplasticizer
(21 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
SCC (4 times)
FA (3 times)
RMSE (3 times)
2003 Effectiveness of cement-based systems for stabilization and solidification of spent pot liner inorganic fraction.
96  swelling power
(21 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
WSI (9 times)
RVA (3 times)
US (3 times)
2007 Internal structure and physicochemical properties of corn starches as revealed by chemical surface gelatinization.
97  SELF-PRUNING
(20 times)
Botany
(12 times)
sft (10 times)
FA (4 times)
AN (1 time)
1998 The SELF-PRUNING gene of tomato regulates vegetative to reproductive switching of sympodial meristems and is the ortholog of CEN and TFL1.
98  severe periodontitis
(20 times)
Dentistry
(13 times)
MP (6 times)
GCF (3 times)
CAL (2 times)
1985 Serum antibody reactive with predominant organisms in the subgingival flora of young adults with generalized severe periodontitis.
99  shoulder press
(20 times)
Exercise
(11 times)
BP (14 times)
LP (8 times)
TE (8 times)
1993 Are adaptations to combined endurance and strength training affected by the sequence of training?
100  spasmolytic polypeptide
(20 times)
Gastroenterology
(6 times)
ITF (6 times)
SPEM (4 times)
TGF-alpha (4 times)
1994 Spasmolytic polypeptide: a trefoil peptide secreted by rat gastric mucous cells.