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Abbreviation: SP
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
substance P
(7394 times)
Neurology
(1671 times)
CGRP (1482 times)
VIP (984 times)
NKA (589 times)
1975 Experimental immunohistochemical studies on the localization and distribution of substance P in cat primary sensory neurons.
side population
(939 times)
Neoplasms
(262 times)
CSCs (155 times)
NSP (74 times)
CSC (70 times)
1989 The Stockholm breast cancer screening trial--5-year results and stage at discovery.
sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine
(867 times)
Tropical Medicine
(480 times)
CQ (165 times)
IPTp (122 times)
AQ (83 times)
1985 RII and RIII type resistance of Plasmodium falciparum to combination of mefloquine and sulfadoxine/pyrimethamine in Indonesia.
surfactant protein
(610 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(179 times)
LPS (29 times)
IL (25 times)
BALF (24 times)
1990 Enhancement of biophysical activity of lung surfactant extracts and phospholipid-apoprotein mixtures by surfactant protein A.
standardized patient
(523 times)
Education
(135 times)
OSCE (46 times)
PP (19 times)
HP (17 times)
1991 Test security in examinations that use standardized-patient cases at one medical school.
seminal plasma
(393 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(202 times)
BP (25 times)
AI (19 times)
IL (19 times)
1975 The split ejaculate of the boar: contributions of the epididymides and seminal vesicles.
single-positive
(379 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(222 times)
DP (192 times)
DN (78 times)
TCR (62 times)
1988 Sequential events in thymocyte differentiation and thymus regeneration revealed by a combination of bromodeoxyuridine DNA labeling and antimitotic drug treatment.
secondary progressive
(345 times)
Neurology
(231 times)
MS (284 times)
RR (246 times)
PP (138 times)
1996 Macroscopic and microscopic assessments of disease burden by MRI in multiple sclerosis: relationship to clinical parameters.
senile plaques
(265 times)
Neurology
(168 times)
AD (175 times)
NFT (145 times)
APP (19 times)
1983 Fibrous astrocytes in Alzheimer's disease and senile dementia of Alzheimer's type.
10  silent period
(224 times)
Neurology
(126 times)
TMS (95 times)
MEP (72 times)
EMG (29 times)
1976 The silent period in the masseter muscle of patients with TMJ dysfunction.
11  Streptococcus pneumoniae
(222 times)
Communicable Diseases
(46 times)
Hi (35 times)
Nm (21 times)
HiB (15 times)
1984 An evaluation of latex particle agglutination to detect antigenemia in children.
12  signal peptide
(221 times)
Molecular Biology
(42 times)
ER (24 times)
aa (8 times)
TM (8 times)
1989 Complete nucleotide sequence of immunogenic protein MPB70 from Mycobacterium bovis BCG.
13  summating potential
(218 times)
Otolaryngology
(104 times)
AP (103 times)
CM (68 times)
ECochG (48 times)
1970 The characteristics of the cochlear after-potential studied in the guinea-pig by perfusion and stimulation.
14  social phobia
(215 times)
Psychiatry
(140 times)
GAD (45 times)
PD (41 times)
OCD (35 times)
1991 The relationship of social phobia subtypes and avoidant personality disorder.
15  surface plasmon
(176 times)
Ophthalmology
(75 times)
PL (16 times)
NPs (15 times)
SPR (13 times)
2001 Plasmon transmissivity and reflectivity of narrow grooves in a silver film.
16  spontaneous pneumothorax
(164 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(66 times)
VATS (25 times)
PSP (13 times)
SSP (11 times)
1986 Spontaneous pneumothorax in the USAF aircrew population: a retrospective study.
17  streptavidin-peroxidase
(120 times)
Neoplasms
(21 times)
MVD (11 times)
RT-PCR (9 times)
VEGF (9 times)
1989 Immunohistochemical detection of feline calicivirus in formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded specimens.
18  Sao Paulo
(109 times)
Medicine
(26 times)
RJ (8 times)
MG (6 times)
RS (6 times)
1981 [Schistosoma mansoni: comparison of oviposition of the LE' (Belo Horizonte), SP (Sao Paulo) and ST (Liberia) strains in mice].
19  serine protease
(106 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(25 times)
CCP (8 times)
proPO (6 times)
Ap (5 times)
1988 Effect of serine proteinase from Staphylococcus aureus on in vitro stimulation of human lymphocytes.
20  spiropyran
(103 times)
Chemistry
(55 times)
MC (55 times)
TPE (6 times)
FRET (5 times)
1992 Kinetic study of the helix to coil dark reaction of poly(spiropyran-L-glutamate).
21  systolic pressure
(103 times)
Cardiology
(18 times)
DP (41 times)
HR (30 times)
BP (17 times)
1977 Effect of autonomic blockade on the hemodynamic findings in acute cardiac tamponade.
22  simulated patient
(97 times)
Education
(34 times)
OSCE (11 times)
BBN (5 times)
RP (3 times)
1987 Using patient instructors to teach behavioral counseling skills.
23  soy protein
(85 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(28 times)
CA (6 times)
MP (5 times)
MC (4 times)
1981 Zinc deficiency in the cat.
24  sex peptide
(82 times)
Biology
(24 times)
SPR (15 times)
MIPs (7 times)
fru (4 times)
1993 Drosophila suzukii contains a peptide homologous to the Drosophila melanogaster sex-peptide and functional in both species.
25  sulfapyridine
(82 times)
Pharmacology
(28 times)
5-ASA (38 times)
SASP (31 times)
Ac-SP (10 times)
1973 The metabolism of salicylazosulphapyridine in ulcerative colitis: II The relationship between metabolites and the progress of the disease studied in outpatients.
26  short photoperiod
(78 times)
Physiology
(24 times)
LP (51 times)
PT (5 times)
FSH (4 times)
1982 Preantral intra-ovarian oocyte release in the white-footed mouse, Peromyscus leucopus.
27  single-port
(72 times)
General Surgery
(26 times)
MP (11 times)
RARP (7 times)
RALP (4 times)
2006 Single-point velocity statistics of forced and decaying two-dimensional turbulence.
28  spironolactone
(72 times)
Pharmacology
(16 times)
MR (6 times)
ALDO (3 times)
CAN (3 times)
1977 Antihypertensive effect and serum potassium homeostasis: comparison of hydrochlorothiazide and spironolactone alone and in combination.
29  spleen
(72 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(33 times)
PP (23 times)
BM (16 times)
MLN (12 times)
1975 Presence and kinetics of sensitized cells in different tissue compartments.
30  slow pathway
(71 times)
Cardiology
(57 times)
AVNRT (41 times)
FP (22 times)
AV (16 times)
1979 Effects of atropine on induction and maintenance of atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia.
31  serum proteins
(69 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(21 times)
MF (13 times)
SC (11 times)
UTP (5 times)
1977 Analysis of antibody response and immunoglobulins in sera of rabbits and guinea pigs immunized with Coxiella burnetii.
32  Spirulina platensis
(68 times)
Environmental Health
(21 times)
MDA (12 times)
NO (10 times)
SOD (7 times)
2001 [Biological activity of Spirulina].
33  stratum pyramidale
(64 times)
Neurology
(28 times)
SR (21 times)
CA1 (14 times)
SO (13 times)
1986 Effects of GABA and bicuculline on N-methyl-D-aspartate- and quisqualate-induced reductions in extracellular free calcium in area CA1 of the hippocampal slice.
34  smooth pursuit
(56 times)
Neurology
(19 times)
VOR (12 times)
FEF (5 times)
OKN (4 times)
1987 Comparison of smooth pursuit and combined eye-head tracking in human subjects with deficient labyrinthine function.
35  styloid process
(53 times)
Dentistry
(16 times)
CT (6 times)
ES (6 times)
ESP (6 times)
2001 [Styloid process: radiograph and craniomandibular dysfunction (CMD)].
36  single pulse
(48 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(6 times)
DP (9 times)
CP (6 times)
LIBS (6 times)
1978 Angiocardiographic right ventricular volume determination. Accuracy, as determined from human casts, and clinical application.
37  soluble protein
(48 times)
Environmental Health
(20 times)
MDA (13 times)
SOD (10 times)
CHL (9 times)
1981 Liver changes under combined effect of working environmental factors.
38  synthetic pyrethroid
(48 times)
Parasitology
(22 times)
OP (20 times)
LPT (6 times)
OC (4 times)
1992 Resistance to synthetic pyrethroid pour-on insecticides in strains of the sheep body louse Bovicola (Damalinia) ovis.
39  site preference
(45 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(10 times)
WTP (7 times)
RP (5 times)
IRMS (4 times)
2000 Willingness to pay for improved respiratory and cardiovascular health: a multiple-format, stated-preference approach.
40  stationary phase
(45 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(17 times)
HILIC (3 times)
LC (3 times)
RP (3 times)
1990 Enhanced recovery of cytomegalovirus in conventional tube cultures with a spin-amplified adsorption.
41  supine position
(44 times)
Anesthesiology
(7 times)
PP (19 times)
ARDS (6 times)
PEEP (4 times)
1983 [Methodological problems of quantitative and combined evaluation of the asynergy and volume of the left heart ventricle by contrast ventriculography in patients with ischemic heart disease].
42  spore photoproduct
(43 times)
Biochemistry
(13 times)
SPL (9 times)
SASP (8 times)
SAM (6 times)
1992 DNA in dormant spores of Bacillus species is in an A-like conformation.
43  subplate
(43 times)
Brain
(19 times)
CP (19 times)
MZ (9 times)
PP (4 times)
1991 Development of the laminar distribution of thalamocortical axons and corticothalamic cell bodies in the visual cortex of the wallaby.
44  sleep paralysis
(42 times)
Psychiatry
(15 times)
REM (6 times)
HH (3 times)
PTSD (3 times)
1998 [Sleep paralysis].
45  slow progressors
(41 times)
Medicine
(6 times)
RP (26 times)
LTNP (10 times)
HIV-1 (5 times)
1995 [The quantification of human immunodeficiency virus viremia in patients with rapid and slow progression of the disease].
46  solitary plasmacytoma
(40 times)
Neoplasms
(15 times)
MM (21 times)
RT (9 times)
SBP (9 times)
1987 Multiple myeloma: the relationship between CALLA (CD10) positive lymphocytes in the peripheral blood and light chain isotype suppression.
47  specific phobia
(39 times)
Psychiatry
(22 times)
GAD (11 times)
PD (9 times)
SAD (9 times)
1997 Comorbidity of panic disorder with agoraphobia and specific phobia: relationship with the subtypes of specific phobia.
48  spike potential
(35 times)
Physiology
(9 times)
SC (5 times)
SS (5 times)
EDA (3 times)
1980 Inhibition of postprandial colonic motility after ingestion of an amino acid mixture.
49  sodium perborate
(33 times)
Dentistry
(13 times)
HP (11 times)
CP (8 times)
CEJ (3 times)
1982 Sodium periodate-induced human suppressor cells for polyclonal B cell activation.
50  sulfated polysaccharide
(32 times)
Biochemistry
(11 times)
FTIR (3 times)
APTT (2 times)
AIV (1 time)
1988 Is a natural ligand of the T lymphocyte CD2 molecule a sulfated carbohydrate?
51  sensitivity to punishment
(30 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(8 times)
SR (24 times)
BAS (3 times)
BN (3 times)
2005 Influence of individual differences in Behavioral Inhibition System on the magnitude and time course of the fear-potentiated startle.
52  seropositive
(30 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(8 times)
SN (18 times)
ESN (5 times)
HIV (5 times)
1989 Development of antibodies to HIV-1 is associated with an increase in circulating CD3+CD4-CD8- lymphocytes.
53  stump pressure
(30 times)
General Surgery
(19 times)
CEA (20 times)
EEG (8 times)
TCD (8 times)
1985 Techniques for temporary shunting of carotid arteries: experimental study in dogs.
54  superficial parotidectomy
(30 times)
Otolaryngology
(12 times)
PSP (8 times)
ECD (7 times)
TP (4 times)
1985 Surgical treatment of parotid gland tumors.
55  secondary prophylaxis
(29 times)
Neoplasms
(11 times)
PP (15 times)
FN (13 times)
G-CSF (8 times)
1993 Prevention of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia relapse in AIDS patients. The efficacy and tolerability of low-dose sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim.
56  slow potential
(29 times)
Neurology
(14 times)
ERP (3 times)
ERPs (3 times)
MFB (2 times)
1975 An injury-induced diffuse slow potential from brain.
57  sodium phosphate
(28 times)
Sports Medicine
(5 times)
PEG (5 times)
CP (2 times)
GP (2 times)
1980 Intermolecular chelation of two serine phosphates by Ca2+ and Mg2+. A theoretical structural investigation.
58  superficial peroneal
(28 times)
Neurology
(13 times)
TA (5 times)
TIB (5 times)
FDL (4 times)
1976 Excitability changes of terminal arborizations of single Ia and Ib afferent fibers produced by muscle and cutaneous conditioning volleys.
59  secondary patency
(27 times)
Vascular Diseases
(21 times)
PP (22 times)
CLI (6 times)
PAP (5 times)
2001 Autogenous composite vein bypass graft for infrainguinal arterial reconstruction.
60  small plaque
(27 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(10 times)
LP (21 times)
FMDV (3 times)
BK (2 times)
1970 The effect of diethylaminoethyl dextran and agar overlay pH on plaque formation by two plaque-size variants of foot-and-mouth disease virus.
61  soft palate
(27 times)
Otolaryngology
(7 times)
FF (7 times)
CV (4 times)
CT (3 times)
1995 Organization of orosensory responses in the nucleus of the solitary tract of rat.
62  spinous process
(27 times)
Orthopedics
(6 times)
LBP (3 times)
IVD (2 times)
PA (2 times)
1981 The spinous process: the forgotten appendage.
63  S-1 plus cisplatin
(26 times)
Neoplasms
(21 times)
AGC (6 times)
HR (5 times)
CI (4 times)
2009 Impacts of fluorouracil-metabolizing enzymes on the outcomes of patients treated with S-1 alone or S-1 plus cisplatin for first-line treatment of advanced gastric cancer.
64  Sinus pericranii
(26 times)
Neurosurgery
(12 times)
AVM (1 time)
BRBNS (1 time)
CCM (1 time)
2002 Cervicofacial venous malformations. MRI features and interventional strategies.
65  sitting position
(26 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
HP (3 times)
PP (3 times)
VAE (3 times)
2001 Is the sitting or the prone position best for surgery for posterior fossa tumours in children?
66  social participation
(26 times)
Geriatrics
(6 times)
CI (5 times)
CHARLS (3 times)
IADL (3 times)
1990 The effect of sensory deprivation and ego strength on a measure of autistic thinking.
67  single particle
(25 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(8 times)
ICP-MS (6 times)
NP (4 times)
NPs (3 times)
2006 German ambulatory care physicians' perspectives on clinical guidelines - a national survey.
68  sphingomyelin
(25 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
PC (17 times)
PE (12 times)
PS (9 times)
1969 Phospholipases in arterial tissue. IV. The role of phosphatide acyl hydrolase, lysophosphatide acyl hydrolase, and sphingomyelin choline phosphohydrolase in the regulation of phospholipid composition in the normal human aorta with age.
69  SurePath
(25 times)
Cell Biology
(16 times)
TP (11 times)
LBC (9 times)
CS (5 times)
2006 Human papillomavirus testing using hybrid capture II with SurePath collection: initial evaluation and longitudinal data provide clinical validation for this method.
70  Safety Pharmacology
(24 times)
Pharmacology
(22 times)
SPS (7 times)
NCEs (4 times)
CiPA (3 times)
2002 Safety pharmacology--a progressive approach.
71  Sclerosing peritonitis
(24 times)
Nephrology
(11 times)
PD (7 times)
CAPD (5 times)
ChA (2 times)
1988 Sclerosing peritonitis. Possible early diagnosis by computerized tomography of the abdomen.
72  sulfopropyl
(24 times)
Biochemistry
(12 times)
DEAE (3 times)
BDNF (1 time)
DBC (1 time)
1974 The toxicity of certain cereal proteins in coeliac disease.
73  standard protocol
(23 times)
Radiology
(4 times)
MP (4 times)
LOS (3 times)
RC (3 times)
2001 Prazosin therapy and scorpion envenomation.
74  systolic blood pressure
(23 times)
Anesthesiology
(4 times)
DP (13 times)
HR (11 times)
MAP (2 times)
1981 Arterial compliance, systolic pressure and heart rate in elderly women at rest and on exercise.
75  self-paced
(22 times)
Physiology
(10 times)
FS (4 times)
RT (3 times)
VR (3 times)
1992 [The dependence of rapid voluntary contractions on the tremor phase in parkinsonism].
76  solid phase
(22 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(8 times)
PEG (2 times)
Ab (1 time)
Abs (1 time)
1980 Circulating immune complexes in cancer patients receiving goat radiolocalizing antibodies to carcinoembryonic antigen.
77  sphingosine
(22 times)
Biochemistry
(9 times)
PKC (6 times)
Cer (3 times)
RA (3 times)
1989 Na+-K+-ATPase is an effector protein for protein kinase C in renal proximal tubule cells.
78  subpopulations
(22 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(10 times)
CASA (4 times)
cHCECs (4 times)
LIN (3 times)
1996 Cytokinetic investigations in human breast cancer by flow cytometrically recorded DNA/protein distributions.
79  sugar phosphates
(22 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
Pi (9 times)
PCr (8 times)
ADP (3 times)
1982 31P NMR studies of control of mitochondrial function in phosphofructokinase-deficient human skeletal muscle.
80  surfactant-associated proteins
(22 times)
Physiology
(7 times)
Bax (2 times)
PL (2 times)
RDS (2 times)
1989 Structural relationship between the two small hydrophobic apoproteins in bovine pulmonary surfactant.
81  synthetic peptide
(22 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(7 times)
LPS (2 times)
MS (2 times)
SA (2 times)
1989 Immunogenicity of synthetic peptides derived from the sequences of a Streptococcus mutans cell surface antigen in nonhuman primates.
82  secondary polycythemia
(21 times)
Hematology
(11 times)
PV (13 times)
EPO (5 times)
ET (4 times)
1980 Platelets in myeloproliferative disorders. I. A comparative evaluation with certain platelet function tests.
83  splenius
(21 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
BC (6 times)
LD (5 times)
EMG (4 times)
1978 Direct excitation of neck motoneurons by interstitiospinal fibers.
84  suprapatellar
(21 times)
Orthopedics
(14 times)
IP (12 times)
IMN (6 times)
PF (4 times)
1984 CT findings of suprapatellar synovial cysts.
85  SELF-PRUNING
(20 times)
Botany
(12 times)
sft (10 times)
FA (4 times)
AN (1 time)
1998 The SELF-PRUNING gene of tomato regulates vegetative to reproductive switching of sympodial meristems and is the ortholog of CEN and TFL1.
86  shoulder pain
(20 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
EMBASE (2 times)
LC (2 times)
NP (2 times)
1998 The effect of CO2 insufflation rate on the postlaparoscopic shoulder pain.
87  spasmolytic polypeptide
(20 times)
Gastroenterology
(6 times)
ITF (6 times)
SPEM (4 times)
TGF-alpha (4 times)
1994 Spasmolytic polypeptide: a trefoil peptide secreted by rat gastric mucous cells.
88  sickness presenteeism
(19 times)
Occupational Medicine
(8 times)
CI (3 times)
OR (2 times)
ASB (1 time)
2009 Sickness presenteeism today, sickness absenteeism tomorrow? A prospective study on sickness presenteeism and future sickness absenteeism.
89  sodium propionate
(19 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(5 times)
SCFAs (6 times)
LPS (5 times)
SCFA (5 times)
2008 Evaluation of genotoxic effects of sodium propionate, calcium propionate and potassium propionate on the root meristem cells of Allium cepa.
90  square pyramidal
(19 times)
Chemistry
(14 times)
TBP (8 times)
EtMBZIM (3 times)
MBZIM (3 times)
1996 Structure of Dicopper Complexes of N,N,N',N'-Tetrakis[(2-benzimidazolyl)methyl]-2-hydroxy-1,3-diaminopropane with Coordinated Thiocyanate Counterions.
91  saturation pressure
(18 times)
Physiology
(17 times)
TP (18 times)
PS (15 times)
EP (7 times)
1991 [The facilitating effect of atrial natriuretic factor on the carotid sinus baroreflex function].
92  severe pneumonia
(18 times)
Medicine
(5 times)
ARDS (2 times)
IgAN (2 times)
MMF (2 times)
2008 Delayed severe pneumonia in mycophenolate mofetil-treated patients with IgA nephropathy.
93  single-platform
(18 times)
Cell Biology
(7 times)
DP (10 times)
FCM (4 times)
HIV (3 times)
1998 Neuroethologic differences in sleep deprivation induced by the single- and multiple-platform methods.
94  spiramycin
(18 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
Er (3 times)
OTC (3 times)
AMP (2 times)
1986 Macrolides and immunity: effects of erythromycin and spiramycin on human mononuclear cell proliferation.
95  serrated polyps
(17 times)
Gastroenterology
(8 times)
CRC (6 times)
CI (4 times)
HP (4 times)
2011 Sessile serrated lesion and its borderline variant - Variables with impact on recorded data.
96  severe periodontitis
(17 times)
Dentistry
(12 times)
MP (6 times)
GCF (3 times)
HP (2 times)
1985 Serum antibody reactive with predominant organisms in the subgingival flora of young adults with generalized severe periodontitis.
97  sodium pentobarbital
(17 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
i.p (2 times)
A. mexicana (1 time)
AA (1 time)
1985 Effects of progesterone on the pituitary responsiveness to, and priming effect of luteinizing hormone releasing hormone in female rats exposed to constant light.
98  standing potential
(17 times)
Ophthalmology
(16 times)
ERG (9 times)
LP (3 times)
DA (2 times)
1975 Effects of ethyl alcohol on the directly recorded standing potential of the human eye.
99  surface potential
(17 times)
Nanotechnology
(9 times)
KPFM (8 times)
3D-TI (1 time)
AFM (1 time)
1990 [Correlation between the lymphocyte surface potential and membrane potential in various physiological states].
100  symphysis pubis
(17 times)
Orthopedics
(4 times)
CT (2 times)
ROC (2 times)
SI (2 times)
1992 Rupture of the symphysis pubis during labor.