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Abbreviation: SPE
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
solid-phase extraction
(5879 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(3316 times)
HPLC (463 times)
LOD (299 times)
GC-MS (265 times)
1986 High performance liquid chromatography of mycotoxin metabolites in human urine.
specificity
(219 times)
Neoplasms
(38 times)
SEN (198 times)
AUC (97 times)
DOR (80 times)
1994 [Validity of a portable recording system (MESAM IV) for the diagnosis of sleep apnea syndrome].
screen-printed electrode
(207 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(70 times)
DPV (20 times)
CV (19 times)
LOD (16 times)
2000 An electrochemical metalloimmunoassay based on a colloidal gold label.
serum protein electrophoresis
(116 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(21 times)
IFE (24 times)
FLC (14 times)
MM (13 times)
1976 Serum protein electrophoresis (SPE) and immunoglobulin levels in breast carcinoma.
solar particle event
(66 times)
Radiology
(17 times)
GCR (16 times)
RBE (5 times)
WBC (5 times)
1989 Strategies for dealing with solar particle events in missions beyond the magnetosphere.
streptococcal pyrogenic exotoxin
(63 times)
Communicable Diseases
(31 times)
GAS (7 times)
STSS (7 times)
SE (4 times)
1973 Enhanced immune response after immunosuppression by Streptococcal pyrogenic exotoxin.
septic pulmonary embolism
(53 times)
Communicable Diseases
(9 times)
CT (8 times)
CTPA (3 times)
MRSA (3 times)
1995 Septic pulmonary emboli secondary to pyogenic liver abscess in a diabetic patient.
solid polymer electrolyte
(47 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(10 times)
PEO (6 times)
SEI (3 times)
BDD (2 times)
2008 Electrochemical oxidation and the quantitative determination of phosphine on a SPE-based sensor.
sucrose polyester
(33 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(18 times)
TCTE (3 times)
DPPC (2 times)
LDL-C (2 times)
1976 Short term study of sucrose polyester a nonabsorbable fat-like material as a dietary agent for lowering plasma cholesterol.
10  screen-printed carbon electrode
(18 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(6 times)
AChE (2 times)
ChE (2 times)
CHER (2 times)
2005 Escherichia coli single-strand binding protein-DNA interactions on carbon nanotube-modified electrodes from a label-free electrochemical hybridization sensor.
11  squared prediction error
(18 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
PCA (4 times)
MSPC (3 times)
DCD (2 times)
2005 A model order selection criterion with applications to cardio-respiratory-renal systems.
12  solid-phase
(17 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(9 times)
HPLC (4 times)
PBDEs (3 times)
GC (2 times)
1997 [Determination of natamycin residues in ripening cheeses by high-performance liquid chromatography].
13  spermine
(14 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
Put (3 times)
GPC (2 times)
GPT (2 times)
1983 Structural specificity of the triamines sym-homospermidine and aminopropylcadaverine in stimulating growth of spermidine auxotrophs of Escherichia coli.
14  superimposed pre-eclampsia
(14 times)
Obstetrics
(8 times)
PE (4 times)
CKD (3 times)
DBP (2 times)
1998 Role of uterine artery Doppler investigation in pregnant women with chronic hypertension.
15  saw palmetto extract
(13 times)
Urology
(3 times)
BPH (5 times)
1,4-DHP (2 times)
LUTS (2 times)
2000 Benign prostatic hyperplasia treated with saw palmetto: a literature search and an experimental case study.
16  surgical pulmonary embolectomy
(13 times)
General Surgery
(10 times)
PE (8 times)
RV (2 times)
VA-ECMO (2 times)
2014 Surgical pulmonary embolectomy in a community hospital.
17  serial position effect
(11 times)
Psychology
(5 times)
PD (3 times)
RAVLT (3 times)
AD (2 times)
1993 List item memory in rats: effects of delay and delay task.
18  solid-phase extraction procedure
(11 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(4 times)
HPLC (2 times)
3,4-DMMC (1 time)
4-FMC (1 time)
2002 Determination of drugs in surface water and wastewater samples by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry: methods and preliminary results including toxicity studies with Vibrio fischeri.
19  stochastic proximity embedding
(11 times)
Chemistry
(7 times)
MDS (4 times)
NLM (3 times)
SOS (2 times)
2003 A geodesic framework for analyzing molecular similarities.
20  self-prioritization effect
(10 times)
Psychology
(6 times)
vmPFC (2 times)
HD-tDCS (1 time)
IOR (1 time)
2018 The central locus of self-prioritisation.
21  submassive pulmonary embolism
(9 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
CDT (3 times)
RV (3 times)
SCDT (2 times)
2010 Six-month echocardiographic study in patients with submassive pulmonary embolism and right ventricle dysfunction: comparison of thrombolysis with heparin.
22  substance P endopeptidase
(9 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
CSF (6 times)
DCE (4 times)
SP (3 times)
1990 Neuropeptide converting enzyme activities in CSF of low back pain patients.
23  symptomatic partial epilepsy
(9 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
IGE (6 times)
CPE (3 times)
AED (2 times)
1989 [Contribution of ambulatory EEG recording (Medilog 9000) in a population of epileptics].
24  Spatzle-processing enzyme
(8 times)
Cell Biology
(3 times)
Spz (3 times)
AMP (1 time)
AMPs (1 time)
2006 A Spatzle-processing enzyme required for toll signaling activation in Drosophila innate immunity.
25  standard pathological examination
(8 times)
Education
(3 times)
LDP (1 time)
LNs (1 time)
LNY (1 time)
1994 Evaluating problem solving based on the use of history findings in a standardized-patient examination.
26  screen-printed graphite electrode
(7 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
AuNPs (2 times)
CD (2 times)
TGA (2 times)
2014 Development of a new biosensor based on functionalized SBA-15 modified screen-printed graphite electrode as a nano-reactor for Gquadruplex recognition.
27  solar proton events
(7 times)
Biophysics
(4 times)
ACS (2 times)
GMA (2 times)
GS (2 times)
1992 "Mir" radiation dosimetry results during the solar proton events in September-October 1989.
28  solid-phase epitaxy
(7 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(4 times)
RDE (2 times)
DFT (1 time)
LEDs (1 time)
2001 Epitaxial growth of a low-density framework form of crystalline silicon: a molecular-dynamics study.
29  saffron petal extract
(6 times)
Animal Diseases
(1 time)
CBC (1 time)
DCFH-DA (1 time)
FSH (1 time)
2014 Effects of saffron (Crocus sativus) petal ethanolic extract on hematology, antibody response, and spleen histology in rats.
30  solid-phase extraction technique
(6 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(5 times)
CA (1 time)
CDPX (1 time)
CID (1 time)
2004 Use of Escherichia coli immobilized on amberlite XAD-4 as a solid-phase extractor for metal preconcentration and determination by atomic absorption spectrometry.
31  Stanford Prison Experiment
(6 times)
Psychology
(6 times)
--- 2006 On rethinking the psychology of tyranny: the BBC prison study.
32  surface plasmon extinction
(6 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
TEM (4 times)
NPs (3 times)
SERS (2 times)
2005 Probing of porphyrin surface chemistry in systems with laser-ablated Ag nanoparticle hydrosol: role of thiosulfate anions.
33  secondary premature ejaculation
(5 times)
Urology
(3 times)
PE (3 times)
PPE (3 times)
5-HTTPLR (1 time)
1989 Premature ejaculation: clinical subgroups and etiology.
34  single point energy
(5 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
DFT (3 times)
AA (1 time)
alpha1 -AR (1 time)
2005 Interaction between benzenedithiolate and gold: classical force field for chemical bonding.
35  single-particle enumeration
(5 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(3 times)
LOD (4 times)
FRET (3 times)
FCPNPs (2 times)
2018 Homogeneous Immunosorbent Assay Based on Single-Particle Enumeration Using Upconversion Nanoparticles for the Sensitive Detection of Cancer Biomarkers.
36  skin protein extracts
(5 times)
Dermatology
(2 times)
ODC (1 time)
TFC (1 time)
TPC (1 time)
1982 Allergic contact dermatitis to methylenelactones. Use of lymphocyte transformation test.
37  solid phase extration
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
ALT (1 time)
AME (1 time)
APCI (1 time)
2005 [Synthesis of complete antigen of microcystin-LR and its antibody production].
38  sorbitol polyglycidyl ether
(5 times)
Polysaccharides
(2 times)
APP (3 times)
FTIR (2 times)
LOI (2 times)
2016 Bio-based epoxy/chitin nanofiber composites cured with amine-type hardeners containing chitosan.
39  soy phytoestrogens
(5 times)
Metabolism
(3 times)
ERT (3 times)
OA (3 times)
CEE (2 times)
2002 Effects of long-term estrogen replacement therapy on osteoarthritis severity in cynomolgus monkeys.
40  spontaneous photon emission
(5 times)
Biology
(2 times)
CL (1 time)
DL (1 time)
MF (1 time)
2005 Measurements of spontaneous ultraweak photon emission and delayed luminescence from human cancer tissues.
41  Standardized Practical Equipment
(5 times)
Rehabilitation
(3 times)
PGCMAI (2 times)
IADL (1 time)
QLI (1 time)
1988 Evaluation of functional capacity after stroke with special emphasis on motor function and activities of daily living.
42  standardized prediction error
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
pd (2 times)
PE (2 times)
CBZ (1 time)
1985 Performance of Bayesian feedback to forecast lidocaine serum concentration: evaluation of the prediction error and the prediction interval.
43  salmon pituitary extract
(4 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(2 times)
GSI (2 times)
11-KT (1 time)
17,20beta-P (1 time)
1988 Regulation of gonadal steroidogenesis in Fundulus heteroclitus by recombinant salmon growth hormone and purified salmon prolactin.
44  single-photon excitation
(4 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
TPE (4 times)
AF (1 time)
PDT (1 time)
2006 Two-photon excitation of di-4-ANEPPS for optical recording of action potentials in rabbit heart.
45  SIS proximal element
(4 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
PDGF (1 time)
TNS (1 time)
1993 Identification and characterization of an essential, activating regulatory element of the human SIS/PDGFB promoter in human megakaryocytes.
46  social pressure to eat
(4 times)
Eating Disorders
(3 times)
BB (3 times)
DC (2 times)
DIS (2 times)
2007 Perfectionism and eating attitudes in Portuguese university students.
47  solid-phase cartridges
(4 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
CYE (1 time)
FTIR (1 time)
HPLC (1 time)
2000 Determination of linezolid in plasma by reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography.
48  spectinomycin
(4 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
AMP (2 times)
CTET (2 times)
FFN (2 times)
1991 Potential to induce lamellar bodies and acute cytotoxicity of 6'-alkyl analogues of spectinomycin in primary cultures of rat hepatocytes.
49  styloid process elongation
(4 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
SP (2 times)
Ca (1 time)
EC (1 time)
2008 Investigation of elongated styloid process prevalence in patients with torus palatinus.
50  subjective prognosis of gainful employment
(4 times)
Rehabilitation
(2 times)
CG (1 time)
CIs (1 time)
IG (1 time)
2012 ["Vocational perspective"--short-term efficacy of a group treatment for patients with extensive work-related problems during medical rehabilitation].
51  Florisil-solid phase extraction
(3 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(3 times)
GC-ECD (1 time)
GC/MS (1 time)
HLB (1 time)
2007 Application of solid-phase extraction coupled with freezing-lipid filtration clean-up for the determination of endocrine-disrupting phenols in fish.
52  screen-printed
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
CPE (2 times)
DPH (1 time)
DPV (1 time)
2010 Construction and performance characterization of screen printed and carbon paste ion selective electrodes for potentiometric determination of naphazoline hydrochloride in pharmaceutical preparations.
53  septum primum excursion
(3 times)
Obstetrics
(1 time)
FO (1 time)
FOD (1 time)
GA (1 time)
2007 Morphological basis for the study of the interatrial septum in the human fetus.
54  signed percentage error
(3 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
BW (1 time)
CDH (1 time)
MAE (1 time)
2012 A new formula for optimized weight estimation in extreme fetal macrosomia (≥ 4500 g).
55  single pulse excitation
(3 times)
Botany
(1 time)
CP (1 time)
MAS (1 time)
MQMAS (1 time)
1998 A 27Al MAS, MQMAS and off-resonance nutation NMR study of aluminium containing silica-based sol-gel materials.
56  Single-parent expression
(3 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
--- 2014 Nonsyntenic genes drive highly dynamic complementation of gene expression in maize hybrids.
57  single-phase extraction
(3 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
AEAP (1 time)
APCI (1 time)
BBD (1 time)
2010 Quantification of corticosteroids in bovine urine using selective solid phase extraction and reversed-phase liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry.
58  single-photon emission
(3 times)
Nanotechnology
(2 times)
Oins (1 time)
OSe (1 time)
STM (1 time)
2018 Two-Level Quantum Systems in Two-Dimensional Materials for Single Photon Emission.
59  solar energetic particle events
(3 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
GCR (1 time)
LEO (1 time)
2001 Detailed comparison of observed dose-time profile of October 19-20, 1989 SPE on Mir with model calculations.
60  solid-phase column
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
eCBs (1 time)
GPC (1 time)
LOQs (1 time)
2017 Quantification of the antimalarial drug pyronaridine in whole blood using LC-MS/MS - Increased sensitivity resulting from reduced non-specific binding.
61  spectral phase encoding
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
OCDMA (1 time)
SI-SFBGs (1 time)
SIFBGs (1 time)
2007 Spectral phase encoding of ultra-short optical pulse in time domain for OCDMA application.
62  spherical power effect
(3 times)
Optometry
(3 times)
CPE (2 times)
AAO (1 time)
GP (1 time)
1985 A bitoric gas permeable hard contact lens with spherical power effect.
63  Spirulina platensis
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
GM-CFC (1 time)
HDACs (1 time)
IL-1beta (1 time)
2002 Influence of different radioprotective compounds on radiotolerance and cell cycle distribution of human progenitor cells of granulocytopoiesis in vitro.
64  squamous papilloma of the esophagus
(3 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
NBI (1 time)
1980 Squamous papilloma of the esophagus. A report of three cases and review of the literature.
65  strong positive element
(3 times)
Molecular Biology
(3 times)
GUS (1 time)
OSE (1 time)
PE (1 time)
1990 Interdependence and nodule specificity of cis-acting regulatory elements in the soybean leghemoglobin lbc3 and N23 gene promoters.
66  subjective perception of effort
(3 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
CG (1 time)
EG (1 time)
FT (1 time)
2010 Anaerobic threshold determination through ventilatory and electromyographics parameters.
67  subspecialty pulmonary evaluation
(3 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
WTC (2 times)
AUC (1 time)
CVD (1 time)
2011 Inflammatory biomarkers predict airflow obstruction after exposure to World Trade Center dust.
68  sulfonated polyethylene
(3 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
SEM (2 times)
CFs (1 time)
2001 The swelling behavior and wet morphology of water-absorbable polymer materials.
69  superconducting proximity effect
(3 times)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
MAR (1 time)
PCAR (1 time)
QSE (1 time)
2017 Critical analysis of soft point contact Andreev reflection spectra between superconducting films and pressed In.
70  superficial peritoneal endometriosis
(3 times)
Reproduction
(1 time)
DIE (2 times)
OMA (2 times)
Blc-2 (1 time)
2015 Pathogenetic Mechanisms of Deep Infiltrating Endometriosis.
71  dialysis-solid-phase extraction
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
NSAIDs (1 time)
1999 On-line dialysis-SPE-CE of acidic drugs in biological samples.
72  extraction-solid phase extraction
(2 times)
Biomedical Research
(1 time)
MSPD (1 time)
RSD (1 time)
SFE (1 time)
2009 [Comparison of pretreatment methods for the simultaneous determination of diclazuril and toltrazuril residues in chicken tissues].
73  N,N-dimethyl-N-methacryloyloxyethyl-N-(3-sulfopropyl)ammonium betaine
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
AIBN (1 time)
BVPE (1 time)
HILIC (1 time)
2001 Chromatographic interactions between proteins and sulfoalkylbetaine-based zwitterionic copolymers in fully aqueous low-salt buffers.
74  S. plebeia extract
(2 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
AD (1 time)
CIA (1 time)
DNCB (1 time)
2014 Salvia plebeia suppresses atopic dermatitis-like skin lesions.
75  samples
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
MEPS (4 times)
PAHs (2 times)
BPA (1 time)
2010 Determination of organic priority pollutants and emerging compounds in wastewater and snow samples using multiresidue protocols on the basis of microextraction by packed sorbents coupled to large volume injection gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis.
76  saw palmetto
(2 times)
Urology
(1 time)
BPH (1 time)
DHT (1 time)
IGF-IR (1 time)
2004 Saw palmetto extract suppresses insulin-like growth factor-I signaling and induces stress-activated protein kinase/c-Jun N-terminal kinase phosphorylation in human prostate epithelial cells.
77  scaffold percolative efficiency
(2 times)
Biocompatible Materials
(1 time)
PEO (1 time)
2010 Scaffold percolative efficiency: in vitro evaluation of the structural criterion for electrospun mats.
78  self-presentational efficacy
(2 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
MANOVA (1 time)
PNS (1 time)
PS (1 time)
2008 The effects of physique-salient and physique non-salient exercise videos on women's body image, self-presentational concerns, and exercise motivation.
79  semantic positivity-evaluation
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
fMRI (2 times)
OE (2 times)
SE (2 times)
2004 Metacognitive evaluation, self-relevance, and the right prefrontal cortex.
80  semantic priming effect
(2 times)
Psychophysiology
(1 time)
LH (1 time)
SOAs (1 time)
2016 Heterogeneity in semantic priming effect with a lexical decision task in patients after left hemisphere stroke.
81  septic pulmonary embolization
(2 times)
Lung Diseases
(1 time)
MRSA (1 time)
2005 Septic pulmonary emboli due to periodontal disease.
82  serum electrophoresis
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
IEP (1 time)
mAb (1 time)
MM (1 time)
2012 POEMS syndrome: importance of the clinical laboratory practitioner's role.
83  sham plasma-exchange
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
AFP (1 time)
ALB (1 time)
BAL (1 time)
1996 Plasma-exchange therapy in chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy. A double-blind, sham-controlled, cross-over study.
84  Shannon permutation entropy
(2 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
AT (1 time)
CG (1 time)
CPE (1 time)
2015 Limits of permutation-based entropies in assessing complexity of short heart period variability.
85  significant pericardiac effusion
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
PT (2 times)
CT (1 time)
PE (1 time)
2004 [Analysis of 73 cases of significant pericardiac effusion].
86  simple pulmonary eosinophilia
(2 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
ABPA (1 time)
AEP (1 time)
BG (1 time)
2007 Eosinophilic lung diseases: a clinical, radiologic, and pathologic overview.
87  simulated patient encounter
(2 times)
Education, Pharmacy
(1 time)
COPD (1 time)
1981 A comparison of behaviour on simulated patients and patient management problems.
88  Single Parameter Estimation
(2 times)
Disaster Medicine
(1 time)
COVID-19 (1 time)
MLE (1 time)
PWM (1 time)
2018 Estimating the expected number of crashes with traffic conflicts and the Lomax Distribution - A theoretical and numerical exploration.
89  single probability estimation
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
ASCD (2 times)
CMF (2 times)
CPE (2 times)
2013 A novel aortic valve segmentation from ultrasound image using continuous max-flow approach.
90  single psychotic episode
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
DUP (1 time)
FEP (1 time)
RPD (1 time)
2010 Prediction of a single psychotic episode: a 7.5-year, prospective study in first-episode psychosis.
91  single pulse experiments
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
CP (1 time)
CP/MAS (1 time)
DQ (1 time)
2014 Ibuprofen in mesopores of Mobil Crystalline Material 41 (MCM-41): a deeper understanding.
92  single-photon excited
(2 times)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
FLIM (1 time)
h-BN (1 time)
LSM (1 time)
2004 Compact multiphoton/single photon laser scanning microscope for spectral imaging and fluorescence lifetime imaging.
93  slow palatal expansion
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
RPE (2 times)
CLP (1 time)
2009 Maxillary Expansion in Cleft Lip and Palate using Quad Helix and Rapid Palatal Expansion Screw.
94  slow PE
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
PE (2 times)
ALF (1 time)
ALS (1 time)
2010 Blood purification in fulminant hepatic failure.
95  small pericardial effusion
(2 times)
Critical Care
(1 time)
CAP (1 time)
CH (1 time)
PSI (1 time)
2012 A novel prognostic marker in acute ischemic stroke: small pericardial effusion.
96  solar proton event
(2 times)
Aerospace Medicine
(1 time)
ACRC (1 time)
BFO (1 time)
CRCM (1 time)
1994 Up-to-date observations of space energetic particles made by the Chinese satellite Fengyun-1 (B).
97  soluble protein extract
(2 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
DPPC (1 time)
LM (1 time)
SO (1 time)
2009 Lipid microspheres loaded with antigenic membrane proteins of the Leishmania amazonensis as a potential biotechnology application.
98  soyabean phytochemical extract
(2 times)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
LDL (1 time)
SGLT (1 time)
1999 Antioxidant action and potential antidiabetic properties of an isoflavonoid-containing soyabean phytochemical extract (SPE).
99  spectral power efficiency
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
UWB (2 times)
BPD (1 time)
DP-QPSK (1 time)
2013 Reconfigurable photonic ultrawideband pulse generation from an optically injected semiconductor laser.
100  sphenoidal electrodes
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
ESI (1 time)
TE (1 time)
TLE (1 time)
2002 Relative utility of sphenoidal and temporal surface electrodes for localization of ictal onset in temporal lobe epilepsy.