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Abbreviation: SPL
Appearance Frequency: 2223 time(s)
Long forms: 275

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
sound pressure level
(812 times)
Audiology
(258 times)
ABR (31 times)
DPOAE (21 times)
DPOAEs (20 times)
1975 Relative intelligibility of the CID spondees as presented via monitored live voice.
superior parietal lobule
(324 times)
Neurology
(99 times)
fMRI (51 times)
IPL (46 times)
IPS (34 times)
1985 Corticothalamic connections of the posterior parietal cortex in the rhesus monkey.
SQUAMOSA PROMOTER BINDING PROTEIN-LIKE
(148 times)
Botany
(64 times)
miR156 (21 times)
FT (6 times)
miRNAs (6 times)
2008 Dual effects of miR156-targeted SPL genes and CYP78A5/KLUH on plastochron length and organ size in Arabidopsis thaliana.
spironolactone
(61 times)
Pharmacology
(10 times)
MR (16 times)
EPL (5 times)
PCOS (5 times)
1980 Distribution and excretion of 203Hg2+ in rats after unitiol, spironolactone and polythiol resin treatment.
stretched penile length
(61 times)
Urology
(21 times)
PD (6 times)
AGD (5 times)
BMI (4 times)
2004 The androgen insensitive micropenis: long-term follow-up into adulthood.
spleen
(48 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(19 times)
BM (11 times)
PBL (9 times)
MLN (8 times)
1975 3H-uridine incorporation by small lymphocytes of tolerant rats: relationship to T and B lymphocytes.
single-port laparoscopy
(39 times)
General Surgery
(17 times)
CL (8 times)
MPL (3 times)
AMH (2 times)
2009 Single-port laparoscopic and robotic partial nephrectomy.
Spent Pot Liner
(37 times)
Environmental Health
(28 times)
AU (2 times)
MMS (2 times)
PC (2 times)
2001 Characterization of inorganic fraction of spent potliners: evaluation of the cyanides and fluorides content.
Sphingosine-1-phosphate lyase
(31 times)
Biochemistry
(10 times)
S1P (23 times)
SPLIS (5 times)
PE (3 times)
1998 Identification of the first mammalian sphingosine phosphate lyase gene and its functional expression in yeast.
10  scanning probe lithography
(27 times)
Nanotechnology
(12 times)
DPN (3 times)
SAMs (3 times)
AFM (2 times)
2000 Nanofabrication of self-assembled monolayers using scanning probe lithography.
11  splenocytes
(20 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(12 times)
MBP (7 times)
EAE (4 times)
PC (2 times)
1984 IgA-dependent cell-mediated activity against enteropathogenic bacteria: distribution, specificity, and characterization of the effector cells.
12  spore photoproduct lyase
(19 times)
Biochemistry
(9 times)
SAM (10 times)
SP (8 times)
5'-dA (2 times)
1993 Molecular cloning and characterization of the Bacillus subtilis spore photoproduct lyase (spl) gene, which is involved in repair of UV radiation-induced DNA damage during spore germination.
13  splenius capitis
(18 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
SCM (10 times)
SSC (3 times)
TRAP (3 times)
1990 [Local alcoholisation treatment of spasmodic torticollis].
14  SQUAMOSA PROMOTER BINDING-LIKE
(17 times)
Botany
(8 times)
miR156 (4 times)
DEGs (2 times)
sRNAs (2 times)
2005 Cloning and characterization of micro-RNAs from moss.
15  skin potential level
(15 times)
Psychology
(4 times)
SPR (3 times)
BSPL (2 times)
AAC (1 time)
1973 [Proceedings: 326. The relationship of skin potential level (SPL) to skin potential response (SPR) in the nocturnal sleep state (author's transl)].
16  sphingolipid
(15 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
Cer (4 times)
Cers (2 times)
HexCers (2 times)
2010 Sphingolipid analysis by high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS/MS).
17  self-paced learning
(13 times)
Medical Informatics
(7 times)
CAD (2 times)
A-SSVM (1 time)
AFT (1 time)
2015 Domain Adaptation of Deformable Part-Based Models.
18  splenectomy
(12 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
MSG (2 times)
WAT (2 times)
WBC (2 times)
1991 Impact of splenectomy on survival following gastrectomy for adenocarcinoma.
19  solid pancreatic lesions
(11 times)
Gastroenterology
(6 times)
EUS-FNA (3 times)
NPV (3 times)
PPV (3 times)
2012 Prospective evaluation of the optimal number of 25-gauge needle passes for endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy of solid pancreatic lesions in the absence of an onsite cytopathologist.
20  solitary pulmonary lesions
(11 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
ADC (2 times)
GTV (2 times)
adenoCA (1 time)
1996 Temporal trends in the prevalence of malignancy in resected solitary pulmonary lesions.
21  spondylolisthesis
(11 times)
Chiropractic
(2 times)
LBP (2 times)
SBT (2 times)
ACPAs (1 time)
1984 [Treatment of spondylolisthesis (stage I-II) by neurosurgical decompression without either osteosynthesis or reduction].
22  splenius
(10 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
BCC (6 times)
EPSPs (3 times)
SCM (3 times)
1984 Neck muscle afferent input to spinocerebellar tract cells of the central cervical nucleus in the cat.
23  Supernumerary phantom limb
(9 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
SCI (2 times)
PLP (1 time)
PMC (1 time)
2003 Supernumerary phantom limbs associated with left hemispheric stroke: case report and review of the literature.
24  sway path length
(9 times)
Rehabilitation
(3 times)
SA (5 times)
EO (3 times)
ANOVA (2 times)
1997 Dynamic balance testing with electrically evoked perturbation: a test of reliability.
25  splanchnic nerve
(8 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
VPL (3 times)
CL (2 times)
CPS (2 times)
1984 Greater splanchnic excitation of primate T1-T5 spinothalamic neurons.
26  students' perception of learning
(8 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
DREEM (6 times)
SPA (4 times)
SPT (4 times)
2014 Students' perceptions of their learning environment at the College of Medicine, University of Ilorin, Southwest, Nigeria.
27  serum prolactin level
(7 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
SOR (3 times)
BPRS (1 time)
CD (1 time)
1981 Prolactin resistance to bromocryptine treatment: a case report.
28  soft palate length
(7 times)
Orthodontics
(2 times)
AHI (4 times)
OSA (3 times)
SPT (3 times)
2000 Upper airway collapsibility and cephalometric variables in patients with obstructive sleep apnea.
29  Spinophilin
(7 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
AE2 (1 time)
Ang II (1 time)
AT1R (1 time)
2007 Spinophilin/neurabin reciprocally regulate signaling intensity by G protein-coupled receptors.
30  splanchnic
(7 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
RPa (3 times)
RVLM (3 times)
BAT (2 times)
1969 Reflex discharges into thoracic white rami elicited by somatic and visceral afferent excitation.
31  split
(7 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
SLAP (2 times)
SU (2 times)
ABS (1 time)
1989 A tripartite interaction among alleles of Notch, Delta, and Enhancer of split during imaginal development of Drosophila melanogaster.
32  SPOROCYTELESS
(7 times)
Botany
(3 times)
AG-like (1 time)
ANT (1 time)
BF (1 time)
1999 The SPOROCYTELESS gene of Arabidopsis is required for initiation of sporogenesis and encodes a novel nuclear protein.
33  staphylococcal phage lysate
(7 times)
Pharmacy
(2 times)
PHA (2 times)
PWM (2 times)
Con A (1 time)
1975 In vitro human reactivity to staphylococcal phage lysate.
34  Superconducting Proton Linac
(7 times)
Biophysics
(5 times)
--- 2005 Radiation protection aspects of a 4 MW target.
35  secondary pulmonary lymphoma
(6 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
PPL (5 times)
CT (3 times)
NHL (3 times)
1993 Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma presenting as multiple cavitating pulmonary nodules.
36  spike length
(6 times)
Botany
(2 times)
DTH (2 times)
DTM (2 times)
MTAs (2 times)
2006 Molecular genetic analysis of five spike-related traits in wheat using RIL and immortalized F2 populations.
37  spontaneous preterm labour
(6 times)
Obstetrics
(2 times)
PROM (2 times)
BMI (1 time)
CFU (1 time)
2008 MRC ORACLE Children Study. Long term outcomes following prescription of antibiotics to pregnant women with either spontaneous preterm labour or preterm rupture of the membranes.
38  stochastic point location
(6 times)
Cybernetics
(6 times)
HSSL (2 times)
LM (2 times)
CPL-AdS (1 time)
2008 A solution to the stochastic point location problem in metalevel nonstationary environments.
39  Structured Product Labeling
(6 times)
Medical Informatics
(4 times)
NDF-RT (2 times)
AE (1 time)
ATC (1 time)
2006 HL7 Structured Product Labeling - electronic prescribing information for provider order entry decision support.
40  synthetic promoter library
(6 times)
Microbiology
(3 times)
gusA (1 time)
PGI (1 time)
pPML (1 time)
2006 A synthetic promoter library for constitutive gene expression in Lactobacillus plantarum.
41  salvage partial laryngectomy
(5 times)
Otolaryngology
(4 times)
RT (3 times)
STL (3 times)
LFS (1 time)
2006 Results of surgical salvage after failure of definitive radiation therapy for early-stage squamous cell carcinoma of the glottic larynx.
42  single-photon lidar
(5 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
ALS (1 time)
GMAPD (1 time)
HRQLS (1 time)
2016 Rapid, High-Resolution Forest Structure and Terrain Mapping over Large Areas using Single Photon Lidar.
43  Sophorolipid
(5 times)
Animal Diseases
(2 times)
BW (1 time)
CON (1 time)
DSS (1 time)
2021 Curative effects of sophorolipid on physical wounds: In vitro and in vivo studies.
44  Strongyloides papillosus
(5 times)
Parasitology
(5 times)
EPG (1 time)
SVZ (1 time)
1991 Sudden death in calves associated with Strongyloides papillosus infection.
45  supracricoid partial laryngectomy
(5 times)
Otolaryngology
(3 times)
CHEP (1 time)
CHP (1 time)
TLM (1 time)
1998 Supracricoid partial laryngectomies: oncologic and functional results.
46  scaffold protein, spinophilin
(4 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
alpha-AR (1 time)
cAMP (1 time)
GPCR (1 time)
2005 Spinophilin regulates Ca2+ signalling by binding the N-terminal domain of RGS2 and the third intracellular loop of G-protein-coupled receptors.
47  simulated-physiological loading
(4 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
IVD (3 times)
C-ABC (1 time)
Cabc (1 time)
2012 Simulated-physiological loading conditions preserve biological and mechanical properties of caprine lumbar intervertebral discs in ex vivo culture.
48  software product lines
(4 times)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
APL (1 time)
HCS (1 time)
IoT (1 time)
2015 A Scientific Software Product Line for the Bioinformatics domain.
49  splanchnopleure
(4 times)
Anatomy
(2 times)
c-looping (1 time)
CJ (1 time)
HT (1 time)
2004 The role of mechanical forces in dextral rotation during cardiac looping in the chick embryo.
50  splenectomized
(4 times)
Cell Membrane
(1 time)
CAT (1 time)
CEUS (1 time)
G-CSF (1 time)
2010 Preserved splenic function after angioembolisation of high grade injury.
51  splenic leukocytes
(4 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
NK (2 times)
PBL (2 times)
AAH (1 time)
1987 Natural killer cell activity in the rat. VI. Characterization of rat large granular lymphocytes as effector cells in natural killer and antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxic activities.
52  splenic lymphocytes
(4 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
APC (1 time)
CAA (1 time)
Con A (1 time)
1988 Mechanisms of immunologic unresponsiveness induced by ultraviolet-irradiated donor-specific blood transfusions and peritransplant cyclosporine.
53  staphage lysate
(4 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
Con A (2 times)
PHA (2 times)
CMC (1 time)
1979 Effects of serum and plasma from hemodialysis patients on the lymphoproliferative response.
54  sweet potato leaves
(4 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
CYP (1 time)
NO (1 time)
Nrf2 (1 time)
2021 Bioactive Compounds, Antioxidants, and Health Benefits of Sweet Potato Leaves.
55  serine protease-like
(3 times)
Molecular Biology
(3 times)
PPAF (1 time)
PPAF-II (1 time)
2006 Functional and structural characterization of Spl proteases from Staphylococcus aureus.
56  shortest path length
(3 times)
Brain
(2 times)
AD (1 time)
BC (1 time)
CL (1 time)
2011 Negative functional connectivity and its dependence on the shortest path length of positive network in the resting-state human brain.
57  sodium pump ligands
(3 times)
Psychopharmacology
(2 times)
MBG (2 times)
ISO (1 time)
IVSA (1 time)
2001 Interaction of NaCl and behavioral stress on endogenous sodium pump ligands in rats.
58  Spatholobus parviflorus
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
--- 2011 X-ray structure of a galactose-specific lectin from Spatholobous parviflorous.
59  Spatholobus parviflorus seed lectin
(3 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
GalNAc (1 time)
ITC (1 time)
QN (1 time)
2013 Metal ions in sugar binding, sugar specificity and structural stability of Spatholobus parviflorus seed lectin.
60  Sphingolipids
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
Cer (3 times)
HexCer (3 times)
S1P (3 times)
2018 Clinical signs of meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD) are associated with changes in meibum sphingolipid composition.
61  spliceosome
(3 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
ILS (1 time)
MD (1 time)
pre-mRNAs (1 time)
2018 All-atom simulations disentangle the functional dynamics underlying gene maturation in the intron lariat spliceosome.
62  spontaneous pregnancy loss
(3 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(2 times)
APOE (1 time)
RPL (1 time)
2012 Apolipoprotein E polymorphisms and spontaneous pregnancy loss in patients with endometriosis.
63  Squa promoter binding protein-like
(3 times)
Genomics
(1 time)
ACC1 (1 time)
ECR (1 time)
ENR (1 time)
2018 Genome-wide association analysis of the lipid and fatty acid metabolism regulatory network in the mesocarp of oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) based on small noncoding RNA sequencing.
64  steady potential level
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
--- 1975 [Reflection of the process of conditioned reflex formation in shifts of the steady potential level].
65  subpalpebral lavage
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
--- 1997 Complications associated with use of a one-hole subpalpebral lavage system in horses: 150 cases (1977-1996).
66  substance P-like
(3 times)
Histocytochemistry
(1 time)
dlf (1 time)
1984 Vagotomy induced changes in acetyl cholinesterase staining and substance P-like immunoreactivity in the gustatory lobes of goldfish.
67  SBP-like
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
SBP (2 times)
2016 Transcriptome-wide identification and expression analysis of chrysanthemum SBP-like transcription factors.
68  scopolamine
(2 times)
Biomedical Research
(2 times)
AChE (1 time)
SOD (1 time)
SPL-G (1 time)
2018 Protective effects of cultured and fermented ginseng extracts against scopolamine-induced memory loss in a mouse model.
69  screen-positive lesions
(2 times)
Urology
(2 times)
PSA (2 times)
PSAD (2 times)
AUC (1 time)
2014 Diagnostic value of biparametric magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) as an adjunct to prostate-specific antigen (PSA)-based detection of prostate cancer in men without prior biopsies.
70  segmental partial laminectomy
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
ELAP (2 times)
CSM (1 time)
2009 A segmental partial laminectomy for cervical spondylotic myelopathy: anatomical basis and clinical outcome in comparison with expansive open-door laminoplasty.
71  selective pancreatic duct ligation
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
AMs (2 times)
NO (2 times)
HUVECs (1 time)
1996 Role of nitric oxide derived from alveolar macrophages in the early phase of acute pancreatitis.
72  seminal plasma
(2 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(2 times)
5 alpha-DHT (1 time)
AI (1 time)
bpl (1 time)
1999 Testicular endocrine function, seasonality and semen quality of the stallion.
73  sepiolite
(2 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
ATT (1 time)
CRMs (1 time)
DLM (1 time)
1999 Preparation and characteristics of antibacterial sepiolite containing povidone-iodine as a useful pharmaceutical product for patient care.
74  septoplasty
(2 times)
Otolaryngology
(2 times)
NOSE (2 times)
SRP (2 times)
MCA2 (1 time)
2012 [Persistent nasal obstruction following septoplasty: deviated nasal pyramid and perpendicular plate].
75  septopremaxillary ligament
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
CLP (1 time)
1990 Septopremaxillary ligament resection and midfacial growth in a chimpanzee animal model.
76  serum potassium level
(2 times)
Pharmacy
(1 time)
CDSS (1 time)
CVE (1 time)
SHPT (1 time)
2019 Clinical rule-guided pharmacists' intervention in hospitalized patients with hypokalaemia: A time series analysis.
77  single-phase-lag
(2 times)
Physical Phenomena
(1 time)
DPL (2 times)
CIT (1 time)
EIT (1 time)
2018 Evaluation of temperature history of a spherical nanosystem irradiated with various short-pulse laser sources.
78  small particles of lecithin
(2 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(2 times)
CNBP (1 time)
PSEP (1 time)
2012 [Qianlieping capsule plus alpha-blocker for chronic non-bacterial prostatitis: analysis of 220 cases].
79  Smart Protein Layers
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
WB (1 time)
2016 Normalized Quantitative Western Blotting Based on Standardized Fluorescent Labeling.
80  soft palate line
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
AHI (1 time)
LEA (1 time)
LEP (1 time)
2000 Comparison of three oral appliances for treatment of severe obstructive sleep apnea syndrome.
81  sow productive life
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
LNBA (1 time)
LTNB (1 time)
2009 Identification of genetic markers for productive life in commercial sows.
82  soybean phospholipids
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
PCLs (2 times)
Chol (1 time)
EPL (1 time)
2007 Liposomes modified with polycation used for gene delivery: preparation, characterization and transfection in vitro.
83  soybean protein levels
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
SBM (2 times)
FM (1 time)
SDA (1 time)
2005 Effects of dietary soybean protein levels on energy budget of the southern catfish, Silurus meridionalis.
84  SP lyase
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
HR and NHEJ (1 time)
NER and BER (1 time)
SASP (1 time)
2008 DNA repair and free radicals, new insights into the mechanism of spore photoproduct lyase revealed by single amino acid substitution.
85  specific petiole length
(2 times)
Plants
(1 time)
LARm (2 times)
SLA (2 times)
ETR (1 time)
2018 Climatic factors shaping intraspecific leaf trait variation of a neotropical tree along a rainfall gradient.
86  sphingosine lyase
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
4-HNE (1 time)
BMDMs (1 time)
BPH (1 time)
2016 The Sphingosine-1-Phosphate Lyase (LegS2) Contributes to the Restriction of Legionella pneumophila in Murine Macrophages.
87  SPL group
(2 times)
Eye Diseases
(1 time)
AFI (1 time)
Conv 500s (1 time)
DME (1 time)
2017 Panretinal Photocoagulation Using Short-Pulse Laser Induces Less Inflammation and Macular Thickening in Patients with Diabetic Retinopathy.
88  splenocyte
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
IFN-gamma (1 time)
IL-1 (1 time)
IL-2 (1 time)
1990 Alloantigen-induced activation of rat splenocytes is regulated by the oxidative metabolism of L-arginine.
89  staged peritoneal lavage
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
EIPL (1 time)
SAPS II (1 time)
2020 Single-Center Retrospective Analysis of the Outcomes of Patients Undergoing Staged Peritoneal Lavage for Secondary Peritonitis.
90  Staphylococcus aureus phage lysate
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
Con A (1 time)
PEG (1 time)
PHA (1 time)
1982 Suppression of mitogen-induced lymphocyte transformation by plasma from patients with hepatosplenic Schistosomiasis mansoni: role of immune complexes.
91  stingray pancreatic lipase
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
cDNA (1 time)
mRNAs (1 time)
RT-PCR (1 time)
2011 Biochemical properties of pancreatic colipase from the common stingray Dasyatis pastinaca.
92  subpalpebral lavage system
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
--- 2009 Proliferation of Streptococcus zooepidemicus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa within a simulated subpalpebral lavage flushed with equine serum.
93  superior pubic ligament
(2 times)
Anatomy
(2 times)
APL (1 time)
IPL (1 time)
PPL (1 time)
2014 Sonographic anatomy of the pubic symphysis in healthy nulliparous women.
94  surface-plasmon lithography
(2 times)
Nanotechnology
(2 times)
CD (1 time)
EFs (1 time)
EUV (1 time)
2018 Impact of Plasmonic Parameters on 7-nm Patterning in Plasmonic Computational Lithography.
95  Surgical Planning Laboratory
(2 times)
Neurosciences
(1 time)
FMA (1 time)
MRT (1 time)
1997 The present and future role of intraoperative MRI in neurosurgical procedures.
96  synchronous resection of the primary tumor and liver metastases
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CI (2 times)
SPO (2 times)
SPS (2 times)
2021 Can Patients with Pancreatic Cancer and Liver Metastases Obtain Survival Benefit from Surgery? A Population-Based Study.
97  synthetic phospholipids
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
SP (2 times)
CLSE (1 time)
DPPC (1 time)
1996 Content of dipalmitoyl phosphatidylcholine in lung surfactant: ramifications for surface activity.
98  HSA plug length
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
AEKC (1 time)
HSA (1 time)
2007 Enantiomeric quality control of antihistamines in pharmaceuticals by affinity electrokinetic chromatography with human serum albumin as chiral selector.
99  phospholipids--sphingomyelin
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
DPG (1 time)
HA (1 time)
PC (1 time)
1982 Optimal conditions for Ca-acidic phospholipid-PO4 formation.
100  posterosuperior parietal lobule
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
aIPL (1 time)
BA (1 time)
DLF (1 time)
1999 Cortical visuomotor integration during eye pursuit and eye-finger pursuit.