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Abbreviation: SPN
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
solitary pulmonary nodule
(259 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(61 times)
CT (39 times)
PET (22 times)
VATS (15 times)
1981 Flexible fiberoptic bronchoscopy for diagnosing pulmonary coccidioidomycosis.
solid pseudopapillary neoplasm
(173 times)
Pathology
(33 times)
IPMN (14 times)
CT (13 times)
MCN (11 times)
2001 Frequent beta-catenin mutation and cytoplasmic/nuclear accumulation in pancreatic solid-pseudopapillary neoplasm.
stimulus-preceding negativity
(91 times)
Psychophysiology
(46 times)
ERP (12 times)
CNV (9 times)
ERPs (9 times)
1988 Distribution of slow brain potentials related to motor preparation and stimulus anticipation in a time estimation task.
sympathetic preganglionic neurons
(79 times)
Neurology
(45 times)
IML (14 times)
ChAT (9 times)
IC (6 times)
1979 Intracellular recordings from sympathetic preganglionic neurones.
superficial peroneal nerve
(55 times)
Neurology
(18 times)
DPN (9 times)
IDCN (4 times)
CPN (3 times)
1987 Inhibitory and facilitatory effects from the peroneal nerve onto the soleus H-reflex in normal and spinal man.
sacral parasympathetic nucleus
(54 times)
Neurology
(28 times)
IR (7 times)
DRG (6 times)
FG (6 times)
1979 Ultrastructure and quantitative synaptology of the sacral parasympathetic nucleus.
Solid pseudopapillary neoplasm of the pancreas
(25 times)
Pathology
(7 times)
EUS-FNA (2 times)
PEN (2 times)
CT scan (1 time)
1992 Solid and papillary neoplasm of the pancreas.
superior paraolivary nucleus
(24 times)
Neurology
(10 times)
LSO (14 times)
MSO (11 times)
SOC (11 times)
1978 Afferent projections to the central nucleus of the inferior colliculus in the rat.
supplemental parenteral nutrition
(20 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(10 times)
EN (10 times)
ICU (4 times)
PN (4 times)
1986 Plasma amino acids in supplementary parenteral nutrition of preterm infants. Effect of different quantities of amino acid infusion and comparison with enteral feeding.
10  Sustained Posterior Negativity
(13 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
ERP (3 times)
LOC (2 times)
EEG (1 time)
2014 Visual symmetry in objects and gaps.
11  standard parenteral nutrition
(10 times)
Pediatrics
(3 times)
PN (5 times)
IPN (3 times)
IMPN (2 times)
2005 Effects of parenteral nutrition supplemented with alanyl-glutamine on nutrition status in rats.
12  second primary neoplasm
(8 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
AP (1 time)
CBF (1 time)
FNA (1 time)
1979 Childhood acute lymphocytic leukemia with a second primary neoplasm.
13  selective peripheral neurotomy
(8 times)
Neurosurgery
(5 times)
MAS (2 times)
PROM (2 times)
CP (1 time)
1985 Microsurgical selective procedures in peripheral nerves and the posterior root-spinal cord junction for spasticity.
14  solid particle number
(8 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
PM (3 times)
GDI (2 times)
PEMS (2 times)
2013 Comparison of particle mass and solid particle number (SPN) emissions from a heavy-duty diesel vehicle under on-road driving conditions and a standard testing cycle.
15  spiny projection neuron
(7 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
BG (1 time)
CB1 (1 time)
CS (1 time)
2014 Input- and cell-type-specific endocannabinoid-dependent LTD in the striatum.
16  stochastic Petri net
(7 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
ARVC (1 time)
EMR (1 time)
MC (1 time)
2001 Stochastic kinetic analysis of the Escherichia coli stress circuit using sigma(32)-targeted antisense.
17  small pulmonary nodules
(6 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(4 times)
VATS (3 times)
BMI (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2007 Using an image-guided navigation system for localization of small pulmonary nodules before thoracoscopic surgery: a feasibility study.
18  Special Populations Networks
(6 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
NCI (2 times)
CNP (1 time)
CNPC (1 time)
2005 The Special Populations Networks for cancer awareness research and training.
19  spermine
(6 times)
Botany
(2 times)
Spd (5 times)
Put (3 times)
ADC2 (1 time)
1991 Polyamide profiles of porcine milk and of intestinal tissue of pigs during suckling.
20  spherical harmonics approximation
(6 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
BLT (3 times)
BLI (1 time)
CLT (1 time)
2009 Experimental bioluminescence tomography with fully parallel radiative-transfer-based reconstruction framework.
21  spontaneous nystagmus
(6 times)
Otolaryngology
(4 times)
BPPV (2 times)
HIT (2 times)
mPICA (2 times)
1980 [Vigilance and spontaneous nystagmus. An electronystagmographic study (author's transl)].
22  standard partial nephrectomy
(6 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
TE (3 times)
GFR (2 times)
IQR (2 times)
2014 Simple enucleation versus standard partial nephrectomy for clinical T1 renal masses: perioperative outcomes based on a matched-pair comparison of 396 patients (RECORd project).
23  suppressin
(6 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
CRC (1 time)
IFN-gamma (1 time)
NK (1 time)
1990 Immunomodulatory characteristics of a novel antiproliferative protein, suppressin.
24  S. pyogenes NAD(+) glycohydrolase
(5 times)
Microbiology
(3 times)
SLO (3 times)
CMT (2 times)
NADase (2 times)
2001 Cytolysin-mediated translocation (CMT): a functional equivalent of type III secretion in gram-positive bacteria.
25  semiconducting polymer nanoparticle
(5 times)
Nanotechnology
(2 times)
NIR (2 times)
AF-SPN (1 time)
CDT (1 time)
2018 Cell Membrane Coated Semiconducting Polymer Nanoparticles for Enhanced Multimodal Cancer Phototheranostics.
26  sensory peripheral neuropathy
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
CIPN (3 times)
HRQoL (3 times)
CI (2 times)
2018 Course of chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy and its impact on health-related quality of life among ovarian cancer patients: A longitudinal study.
27  single pulmonary nodules
(5 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(2 times)
CT (4 times)
CXR (1 time)
FDG (1 time)
2001 30. Follow-up of Patients with Single Pulmonary Nodules and Negative 18F-Fluorodeoxyglucose Positron Emission Tomography Scans.
28  Sphingosine
(5 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
DMS (4 times)
TMS (4 times)
PKC (2 times)
1991 Cell membrane signaling as target in cancer therapy. II: Inhibitory effect of N,N,N-trimethylsphingosine on metastatic potential of murine B16 melanoma cell line through blocking of tumor cell-dependent platelet aggregation.
29  Streptococcus pyogenes NAD-glycohydrolase
(5 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
IFS (2 times)
CMT (1 time)
PFO (1 time)
2004 Specificity of streptolysin O in cytolysin-mediated translocation.
30  striatal projection neuron
(5 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
BG (1 time)
ChIN (1 time)
D1-SPNs (1 time)
2016 The functional logic of corticostriatal connections.
31  spironolactone
(4 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
PL (4 times)
NC (1 time)
PR (1 time)
1997 Prevention of portal hypertension by propranolol and spironolactone in rats with bile duct ligation.
32  steamed Panax notoginseng
(4 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
BBD-RSM (2 times)
BDS (1 time)
FECH (1 time)
2018 Optimisation of Ethanol-Reflux Extraction of Saponins from Steamed Panax notoginseng by Response Surface Methodology and Evaluation of Hematopoiesis Effect.
33  subpellicular network
(4 times)
Parasitology
(3 times)
GFP (1 time)
IMC (1 time)
2013 Morphogenesis of Plasmodium zoites is uncoupled from tensile strength.
34  sensor pattern noise
(3 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(2 times)
CGs (1 time)
CNN (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2013 Detection of upscale-crop and partial manipulation in surveillance video based on sensor pattern noise.
35  sensory pudendal nerve
(3 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
EMG (2 times)
ENG (2 times)
MG (2 times)
2002 Sustained firing of alpha and gamma hind limb motoneurons induced by stimulation of the pudendal nerve.
36  Shank/ProSAP N-terminal
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
ASD (2 times)
Ank (1 time)
SAM (1 time)
2013 SHANK3 gene mutations associated with autism facilitate ligand binding to the Shank3 ankyrin repeat region.
37  sialophorin
(3 times)
Genetics
(2 times)
BsAb (1 time)
CR3A (1 time)
IL-4R (1 time)
1991 Human chromosome 16 physical map: mapping of somatic cell hybrids using multiplex PCR deletion analysis of sequence tagged sites.
38  Society of Pediatric Nurses
(3 times)
Pediatrics
(3 times)
AAP (1 time)
EBP (1 time)
2002 Guns in the home: nurses' roles.
39  spatial pattern of network
(3 times)
Rehabilitation
(2 times)
EEG (2 times)
HCs (2 times)
MCE (1 time)
2019 Differentiation of Schizophrenia by Combining the Spatial EEG Brain Network Patterns of Rest and Task P300.
40  Spinosad
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
ABM (1 time)
FSM (1 time)
MRLs (1 time)
2012 Assessment of owner-administered monthly treatments with oral spinosad or topical spot-on fipronil/(S)-methoprene in controlling fleas and associated pruritus in dogs.
41  sterile pancreatic necrosis
(3 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
IPN (3 times)
PCT (2 times)
CRP (1 time)
2000 Role of procalcitonin and granulocyte colony stimulating factor in the early prediction of infected necrosis in severe acute pancreatitis.
42  sum-product network
(3 times)
Pattern Recognition, Automated
(2 times)
CG (1 time)
MPE (1 time)
2015 Sum Product Networks for Activity Recognition.
43  supplemental PN
(3 times)
Biology
(1 time)
ICU (2 times)
ALB (1 time)
BMIs (1 time)
2016 Early enteral and parenteral nutrition on immune functions of neurocritically ill patients.
44  symptomatic PN
(3 times)
Virology
(2 times)
PN (3 times)
APN (1 time)
ART (1 time)
2013 Peripheral neuropathy in ART-experienced patients: prevalence and risk factors.
45  S. pyogenes NADase
(2 times)
Microbiological Phenomena
(1 time)
GAS (1 time)
SLO (1 time)
VNTR (1 time)
2015 Trading Capsule for Increased Cytotoxin Production: Contribution to Virulence of a Newly Emerged Clade of emm89 Streptococcus pyogenes.
46  sacral preganglionic nucleus
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
CRF (1 time)
CRF-IR (1 time)
LT (1 time)
1996 Corticotropin releasing factor-like immunoreactivity in afferent projections to the sacral spinal cord of the cat.
47  sarcospan
(2 times)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
SG (2 times)
DGC (1 time)
MTJ (1 time)
1999 Membrane targeting and stabilization of sarcospan is mediated by the sarcoglycan subcomplex.
48  scaffold protein spinophilin
(2 times)
Cell Cycle
(1 time)
PP1a (1 time)
2011 Spinophilin acts as a tumor suppressor by regulating Rb phosphorylation.
49  secondary phase nystagmus
(2 times)
Otolaryngology
(2 times)
ACM (1 time)
PPN (1 time)
RCN (1 time)
1977 Secondary phase nystagmus--revisited.
50  selol nanocapsules
(2 times)
Nanotechnology
(2 times)
PVM/MA (1 time)
2014 PVM/MA-shelled selol nanocapsules promote cell cycle arrest in A549 lung adenocarcinoma cells.
51  sequelae of pulpal necrosis
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
CSPN (1 time)
OKC (1 time)
PLUPN (1 time)
2000 Comparison of clinical and histologic diagnoses in periapical lesions.
52  single nucleotide polymorphisms
(2 times)
Endocrine System Diseases
(1 time)
ASD (1 time)
TH (1 time)
2015 [Association between Tbx20 gene polymorphism and congenital atrial septal defects].
53  soy peptide-based nanoparticle
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
--- 2018 Development of a Sono-Assembled, Bifunctional Soy Peptide Nanoparticle for Cellular Delivery of Hydrophobic Active Cargoes.
54  specnuezhenide
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
ARPE-19 (1 time)
HIF-1alpha (1 time)
OA (1 time)
2016 Inhibition of Hypoxia-Induced Retinal Angiogenesis by Specnuezhenide, an Effective Constituent of Ligustrum lucidum Ait., through Suppression of the HIF-1alpha/VEGF Signaling Pathway.
55  spherical harmonics
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
DA (2 times)
CW (1 time)
FD (1 time)
2014 Analytical Green's function for the fluorescence simplified spherical harmonics equations in turbid medium.
56  spinal-peripheral neurostimulation
(2 times)
Central Nervous System Diseases
(2 times)
SCS (1 time)
2011 A unique approach to neurostimulation in patients with previous two-segment spine surgery and obstruction of epidural access for spinal cord stimulation: a case series.
57  spleen
(2 times)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
GALT (2 times)
MLN (2 times)
PP (2 times)
1989 Immune-related alterations in aged gut-associated lymphoid tissues in mice.
58  spontaneous pneumothorax
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
BHD (1 time)
CT (1 time)
VATS (1 time)
2005 Does a thoracic epidural confer any additional benefit following video-assisted thoracoscopic pleurectomy for primary spontaneous pneumothorax?
59  statistical parametric network
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
BECTS (1 time)
EEGfC (1 time)
FDR (1 time)
2014 Statistical network analysis for functional MRI: summary networks and group comparisons.
60  subcentimeter pulmonary nodules
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
CLM (1 time)
DSS (1 time)
OS (1 time)
2010 Natural history of patients with subcentimeter pulmonary nodules undergoing hepatic resection for metastatic colorectal cancer.
61  supramolecular polymer network
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
B21C7 (1 time)
2014 Responsive supramolecular polymer metallogel constructed by orthogonal coordination-driven self-assembly and host/guest interactions.
62  suprapatellar nailing
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
IPN (1 time)
2016 Suprapatellar nailing of tibial fractures: surgical hints.
63  sympathetic preganglionic
(2 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
4-AP (1 time)
AVP (1 time)
DH (1 time)
1998 Vasopressin-induced currents in rat neonatal spinal lateral horn neurons are G-protein mediated and involve two conductances.
64  symptomatic peripheral neuropathy
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
ACTG (1 time)
APN (1 time)
ART (1 time)
2011 Peripheral neuropathy in HIV: prevalence and risk factors.
65  synchronous neoplasms
(2 times)
Obstetrics
(1 time)
--- 2009 [Incidence of synchronous primary neoplasms of the female reproductive tract in women with ovarian endometriosis: a retrospective analysis of 811 cases].
66  interneuron-spiny projection neuron
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 2016 Neostriatal GABAergic Interneurons Mediate Cholinergic Inhibition of Spiny Projection Neurons.
67  neuromodulation--spinal-peripheral neurostimulation
(1 time)
Central Nervous System Diseases
(1 time)
--- 2012 Spinal-peripheral neurostimulation (SPN) for bilateral postherniorrhaphy pain: a case report.
68  PP1-Spinophilin
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CDKs (1 time)
PP1 (1 time)
pRb (1 time)
2021 Role of the Holoenzyme PP1-SPN in the Dephosphorylation of the RB Family of Tumor Suppressors During Cell Cycle.
69  S-sulfopantetheine
(1 time)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(1 time)
CPN (1 time)
PCP (1 time)
PT (1 time)
1984 [Antitoxic properties of pantothenic acid derivatives, precursors of coenzyme A biosynthesis, with regard to kanamycin].
70  S. pyogenes nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide-glycohydrolase
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
CMT (1 time)
SLO (1 time)
2010 Streptococcus pyogenes cytolysin-mediated translocation does not require pore formation by streptolysin O.
71  safety pen needle
(1 time)
Infection Control
(1 time)
HCPs (1 time)
NHCUs (1 time)
NSIs (1 time)
2021 DropSafe safety pen needle helps to prevent accidental needlesticks after injections: results of a simulated clinical study.
72  sampling point number
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
BM3D (1 time)
BOTDA (1 time)
NLM (1 time)
2018 Brillouin optical time domain analyzer sensors assisted by advanced image denoising techniques.
73  saponins of Panax notoginseng
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
ESI-MS (1 time)
2009 The effects and mechanism of saponins of Panax notoginseng on glucose metabolism in 3T3-L1 cells.
74  saponite
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
TEMPO (1 time)
TOCNs (1 time)
2013 Highly tough and transparent layered composites of nanocellulose and synthetic silicate.
75  Schottky and p-n
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
BET (1 time)
HRTEM (1 time)
PL (1 time)
2018 NiO/Ni/TiO2 nanocables with Schottky/p-n heterojunctions and the improved photocatalytic performance in water splitting under visible light.
76  scopolamine
(1 time)
Pharmacy
(1 time)
CAR (1 time)
EPM (1 time)
GPx (1 time)
2021 Activation of 5-HT 1b/d receptor restores the cognitive function by reducing glutamate release, deposition of β-amyloid and TLR-4 pathway in the brain of scopolamine-induced dementia in rat.
77  second metachronous primary neoplasm
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
PIS (1 time)
SEER (1 time)
1992 A comparison of the clinical characteristics of second primary and single primary sarcoma: a population based study.
78  secondary protein nutrients
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2007 Evaluation of secondary protein nutrients as a substitute for soybean meal in diets for beef steers and meat goats.
79  self-assembled peptide nanostructures
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
--- 2014 Macromolecular sensing of RNAs by exploiting conformational changes in supramolecular nanostructures.
80  self-assembled probucol loaded nanosuspensions
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
--- 2020 Study on the Mechanism of Probucol Nanosuspension on Hyperlipidemic Pancreatitis and Regulation of Blood Lipid Function.
81  self-assembling peptide nanotubes
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2003 New cyclic peptide assemblies with hydrophobic cavities: the structural and thermodynamic basis of a new class of peptide nanotubes.
82  self-penetration network
(1 time)
Chemistry, Inorganic
(1 time)
IPN (2 times)
2012 Three hybrid networks based on octamolybdate: ionothermal synthesis, structure and photocatalytic properties.
83  self-powered-neutron
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2009 Silicon doping system at the research reactor FRM II.
84  sensory polyneuropathy
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
HIV (1 time)
HRs (1 time)
TB (1 time)
2013 Sensory polyneuropathy in human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients receiving tuberculosis treatment.
85  Sentinel Physicians Network
(1 time)
Vaccines
(1 time)
DCD (1 time)
MBDS (1 time)
RR (1 time)
2018 Effectiveness and impact of a single-dose vaccine against chickenpox in the community of Madrid between 2001 and 2015.
86  severe peripheral neuropathies
(1 time)
Internal Medicine
(1 time)
pSS (1 time)
1995 Participation of cryoglobulinaemia in the severe peripheral neuropathies of primary Sjogren's syndrome.
87  signaling Petri net
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
--- 2013 SPNConverter: a new link between static and dynamic complex network analysis.
88  similar pixel number
(1 time)
Image Processing, Computer-Assisted
(1 time)
CCM (1 time)
FOM (1 time)
SAR (1 time)
2021 Speckle-Free SAR Image Ship Detection.
89  simple pneumoconiosis
(1 time)
Occupational Medicine
(1 time)
PMF (1 time)
1981 Factors predisposing to the development of progressive massive fibrosis in coal miners.
90  Simple PNs
(1 time)
Psychopharmacology
(1 time)
CPN (1 time)
PNs (1 time)
2008 The new chemistry of mind: a hypothesis.
91  single polymer nanofibers
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
ES (1 time)
FDDS (1 time)
FSSGF (1 time)
2020 Silk industry waste protein: isolation, purification and fabrication of electrospun silk protein nanofibers as a possible nanocarrier for floating drug delivery.
92  single primary neoplasm
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
MPN (1 time)
UADT (1 time)
2003 Glutathione S-transferase M1 or T1 null genotype as a risk factor for developing multiple primary neoplasms in the upper aero-digestive tract, in Indian males using tobacco.
93  single-port nephrectomy
(1 time)
Urology
(1 time)
--- 2010 Laparoendoscopic single-site nephrectomy: initial clinical experience in children.
94  skin permeating nanogel system
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
ACD (1 time)
HPMC (1 time)
KP (1 time)
2011 Skin permeating nanogel for the cutaneous co-delivery of two anti-inflammatory drugs.
95  small peripheral pulmonary nodules
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
MPR (1 time)
MSCT (1 time)
2017 [Measurement and analysis of tracheal inner diameter in Chinese adults using multi-slice spiral CT, multi-planar reconstruction and special window technique].
96  smallpox needle
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2014 Pain perception and performance of three devices for single-site allergen skin testing.
97  smart polymeric nano-drug with cerium oxide nanoparticles
(1 time)
Polymers
(1 time)
SC (1 time)
2021 Application of Polymer Drugs with Cerium Dioxide Nanomolecules and Mesenchymal Stem Cells for the Treatment of Skin Wounds in Aged Rats.
98  smart polymeric nanodrug
(1 time)
Polymers
(1 time)
--- 2020 Efficacy of A Novel Smart Polymeric Nanodrug in the Treatment of Experimental Wounds in Rats.
99  smart polymeric nanoparticle
(1 time)
MMP (1 time)
PAT (1 time)
siRNA (1 time)
2013 Matrix Metalloproteinase Responsive, Proximity-activated Polymeric Nanoparticles for siRNA Delivery.
100  Society of Nephrology
(1 time)
Kidney Diseases
(1 time)
CONAREME (1 time)
2014 [Nephrology: is a medical specialty unattractive to Peruvian doctors?].