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Abbreviation: TI
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Long forms: 703

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
time
(444 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(108 times)
TE (122 times)
VT (122 times)
VE (35 times)
1976 The effect of limb movements on the regulation of depth and rate of breathing.
topological insulator
(219 times)
Nanotechnology
(77 times)
SA (11 times)
SOC (10 times)
QAHE (6 times)
2010 Unconventional superconductivity on a topological insulator.
therapeutic index
(194 times)
Pharmacology
(50 times)
CPE (7 times)
HIV-1 (6 times)
RT (6 times)
1981 Antimitotic and cytotoxic activity of cis-dichlorobis-(cyclohexylamine)platinum(II) on Chinese hamster ovary cells.
tonic immobility
(170 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(56 times)
CORT (11 times)
PAG (9 times)
PTSD (7 times)
1975 Possible serotonergic mediation of tonic immobility: effects of morphine and serotonin blockade.
thalassemia intermedia
(159 times)
Hematology
(89 times)
TM (80 times)
Hb (10 times)
HU (9 times)
1982 [Thalassaemia intermedia. Clinical and laboratory study. Therapeutic suggestions (author's transl)].
thermodynamic integration
(135 times)
Chemistry
(97 times)
MD (29 times)
FEP (16 times)
LIE (8 times)
1993 Inversion of receptor binding preferences by mutagenesis: free energy thermodynamic integration studies on sugar binding to L-arabinose binding proteins.
thymus-independent
(112 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(93 times)
TD (63 times)
TNP (12 times)
LPS (9 times)
1976 Requirement for accessory cells in the antibody response to T cell-independent antigens in vitro.
trypsin inhibitor
(99 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(27 times)
RV (6 times)
SBM (5 times)
AA (3 times)
1973 Effect of a protease inhibitor on the adhesion of Ehrlich ascites cells to host cells in vivo.
T cell-independent
(94 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(53 times)
TD (41 times)
MZ (10 times)
BCR (6 times)
1979 B-cell subsets responsive to fluorescein-conjugated antigens. III. Differential effect of E. Coli lipopolysaccharide on T-dependent and T-independent responses in vivo.
10  tracheal intubation
(80 times)
Emergency Medicine
(25 times)
NICU (6 times)
OR (6 times)
SGA (6 times)
1998 Facial mask noninvasive mechanical ventilation reduces the incidence of nosocomial pneumonia. A prospective epidemiological survey from a single ICU.
11  terminal ileum
(75 times)
Gastroenterology
(33 times)
CD (21 times)
IBD (11 times)
UC (9 times)
1991 Effects of molybdenum and sulfur on digestion by steers.
12  treatment interruption
(72 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(30 times)
ART (27 times)
HAART (8 times)
VL (6 times)
2001 Immune responses and reconstitution in HIV-1 infected individuals: impact of anti-retroviral therapy, cytokines and therapeutic vaccination.
13  tolerance index
(60 times)
Environmental Health
(44 times)
TF (19 times)
BCF (13 times)
Cd (13 times)
1989 Cadmium tolerance and co-tolerance in Silene vulgaris (Moench.) Garcke [=S. cucubalus (L.) Wib.].
14  teratogenic index
(51 times)
Toxicology
(14 times)
AI (15 times)
FETAX (10 times)
MUFA (5 times)
1983 Aspirin and dipyridamole reduce platelet deposition on prosthetic femoro-popliteal grafts in man.
15  tubulointerstitial
(51 times)
Nephrology
(24 times)
TGF-beta1 (4 times)
UUO (4 times)
alpha-SMA (3 times)
1978 Histology of human tubulo-interstitial nephritis associated with antibodies to renal basement membranes.
16  T-independent
(49 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(35 times)
TD (26 times)
LPS (7 times)
PFC (7 times)
1977 B-cell tolerance. II. Trinitrophenyl human gamma globulin-induced tolerance in adult and neonatal murine B cells responsive to thymus-dependent and independent forms of the same hapten.
17  transitive inference
(49 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(14 times)
PFC (3 times)
ASD (2 times)
HC (2 times)
2002 Cognitive mechanisms of transitive inference.
18  transfusion independence
(47 times)
Neoplasms
(26 times)
MDS (30 times)
RBC (16 times)
TD (16 times)
2003 Bone mineral density, biochemical and hormonal profiles in suboptimally treated children and adolescents with beta-thalassaemia disease.
19  tricuspid insufficiency
(44 times)
Cardiology
(34 times)
RV (6 times)
MI (3 times)
PAP (3 times)
1976 [Surgical management of acquired tricuspid insufficiency--valvular replacement or annuloplasty? (author's transl)].
20  tortuosity index
(36 times)
Vascular Diseases
(10 times)
ROP (6 times)
DI (5 times)
CI (4 times)
2007 Plus disease in retinopathy of prematurity: pilot study of computer-based and expert diagnosis.
21  time interval
(35 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
OS (5 times)
CS (4 times)
US (4 times)
1984 [Doppler analysis of blood flow of the supratrochlear artery: age specific pattern analysis in healthy and hypertensive patients].
22  Technosphere Insulin
(32 times)
Endocrinology
(17 times)
HbA1c (3 times)
PPG (3 times)
RHI (3 times)
2005 Pulmonary insulin delivery by means of the Technosphere drug carrier mechanism.
23  thermal index
(32 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(17 times)
MI (19 times)
PII (3 times)
ARFI (2 times)
1999 Rationale and derivation of MI and TI--a review.
24  time-intensity
(30 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(14 times)
TDS (5 times)
AUC (4 times)
APCI-MS (2 times)
1994 Chemoreception and perception of the bitterness of isohumulones.
25  treatment incidence
(30 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(10 times)
AMU (6 times)
CPE (3 times)
RSV (3 times)
2003 [Experimental research on inhibitory effect of alcohol extracts from Loranthus yadoriki Sieb. on coxsackie B3 virus].
26  timed intercourse
(29 times)
Medicine
(10 times)
IUI (23 times)
IVF (7 times)
RCTs (6 times)
1992 Comparison of intrauterine insemination, intracervical insemination, and timed intercourse in women treated with human menopausal gonadotropin.
27  trachomatous inflammation-intense
(29 times)
Ophthalmology
(13 times)
TF (24 times)
TT (8 times)
CI (7 times)
1992 [Application of the new trachoma grading system of WHO].
28  transfusion index
(29 times)
Medicine
(8 times)
MSBOS (8 times)
SOS (4 times)
C/T (3 times)
1994 Blood requirement and utilization in spinal surgery (blood in spinal surgery).
29  targeted intervention
(28 times)
Biotechnology
(7 times)
CHO (7 times)
CLD (5 times)
RI (4 times)
1996 Does multiple risk factor reduction explain the reduction in fall rate in the Yale FICSIT Trial? Frailty and Injuries Cooperative Studies of Intervention Techniques.
30  Therapeutic inertia
(25 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
MS (6 times)
BP (5 times)
TLS (4 times)
2006 Therapeutic inertia is an impediment to achieving the Healthy People 2010 blood pressure control goals.
31  thoracic impedance
(23 times)
Emergency Medicine
(6 times)
CD (3 times)
HF (3 times)
HR (3 times)
1992 Reduced left ventricular diameters at onset of bradycardia during epidural anaesthesia.
32  true insulin
(23 times)
Medicine
(5 times)
PI (10 times)
BMI (9 times)
IRI (6 times)
2002 [The clinical significance of true insulin and proinsulin levels in subjects with different glucose tolerance].
33  triangular index
(22 times)
Cardiology
(8 times)
HRV (14 times)
SDNN (6 times)
ICM (4 times)
2000 Normal ranges and reproducibility of statistical, geometric, frequency domain, and non-linear measures of 24-hour heart rate variability.
34  tail intensity
(21 times)
Toxicology
(6 times)
TL (6 times)
TM (6 times)
ALAD (2 times)
2006 Ferric iron is genotoxic in non-transformed and preneoplastic human colon cells.
35  thoracic irradiation
(21 times)
Neoplasms
(9 times)
SCLC (6 times)
WBI (5 times)
CAV (3 times)
1982 The role of thoracic and cranial irradiation for small cell carcinoma of the lung.
36  type I
(21 times)
Molecular Biology
(6 times)
TII (17 times)
PWS (4 times)
ACE2 (1 time)
2002 Alveolar epithelial type I cells contain transport proteins and transport sodium, supporting an active role for type I cells in regulation of lung liquid homeostasis.
37  thallium
(20 times)
Cardiology
(9 times)
Cd (3 times)
Co (3 times)
Ba (2 times)
1980 The evaluation of ischemic heart disease thallium-210 with comments on radionuclide angiography.
38  theca interna
(20 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(9 times)
GC (10 times)
CL (8 times)
FF (5 times)
1982 Cellular interconnections in the young mouse ovary. Freeze-fracture study.
39  thymus index
(20 times)
Pediatrics
(5 times)
SI (10 times)
BCG (3 times)
TWI (3 times)
1989 Immunosuppression in experimental cryptococcosis in rats. Induction of thymic suppressor cells.
40  transport index
(20 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
Fa (2 times)
BCF (1 time)
BIS (1 time)
1985 Evaluation of transport kinetics in lymphoscintigraphy: follow-up study in patients with transplanted lymphatic vessels.
41  transcallosal inhibition
(19 times)
Neurology
(18 times)
TMS (9 times)
CC (4 times)
ALS (3 times)
1995 Inhibitory and excitatory interhemispheric transfers between motor cortical areas in normal humans and patients with abnormalities of the corpus callosum.
42  tuberoinfundibular
(18 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
DA (8 times)
i.c.v (3 times)
PVN (3 times)
1976 Dopamine/neuroleptic receptors in basal hypothalamus and pituitary.
43  translation initiation
(17 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
MVs (5 times)
BM (4 times)
MM (4 times)
1992 Generating compatible translation initiation regions for heterologous gene expression in Escherichia coli by exhaustive periShine-Dalgarno mutagenesis. Human glutathione reductase cDNA as a model.
44  toxicity index
(16 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
5-FU (1 time)
ABR (1 time)
AChE (1 time)
1984 In vitro toxicity of halogenated anaesthetics on guineapig alveolar macrophages, surviving in gas phase.
45  treatment intensification
(16 times)
Endocrinology
(4 times)
BP (5 times)
SBP (5 times)
CV (2 times)
2009 Intensifying therapy for hypertension despite suboptimal adherence.
46  tunnel infection
(16 times)
Nephrology
(13 times)
ESI (12 times)
PD (6 times)
CAPD (4 times)
1992 Exit-site/tunnel infection and catheter outcome in peritoneal dialysis patients.
47  touch imprint
(15 times)
Cell Biology
(6 times)
FS (3 times)
CNB (2 times)
CT (2 times)
1999 Accuracy of touch imprint cytology of image-directed breast core needle biopsies.
48  transient inward current
(15 times)
Physiology
(7 times)
AC (2 times)
DAD (2 times)
EAD (2 times)
1976 Transient inward current underlying arrhythmogenic effects of cardiotonic steroids in Purkinje fibres.
49  transversely isotropic
(15 times)
Biology
(3 times)
ARFI (3 times)
MRE (3 times)
FE (2 times)
2013 Finite element modeling of impulsive excitation and shear wave propagation in an incompressible, transversely isotropic medium.
50  telophase I
(14 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(4 times)
MI (8 times)
MII (8 times)
GV (6 times)
1990 Timing of sequential changes in chromosome configurations during the 1st meiotic division of pig oocytes cultured in vitro.
51  tilt illusion
(14 times)
Ophthalmology
(6 times)
TAE (4 times)
AUD (1 time)
CDs (1 time)
1979 A comparison of visual tilt illusions measured by the techniques of verticle setting, parallel matching, and dot alignment.
52  transcriptional interference
(14 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
RNAPs (2 times)
AFM (1 time)
GCs (1 time)
1999 Transcriptional and structural study of a region of two convergent overlapping yeast genes.
53  tobacco industry
(13 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(5 times)
EU (2 times)
FCTC (2 times)
RYO (2 times)
2009 Tobacco Industry Strategies to Obstruct the FCTC in Argentina.
54  tetrahedral intermediate
(12 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
ES (2 times)
cat (1 time)
DUBs (1 time)
2004 Structural studies of Streptococcus pneumoniae EPSP synthase in unliganded state, tetrahedral intermediate-bound state and S3P-GLP-bound state.
55  thoracic inlet
(12 times)
Orthopedics
(4 times)
TIA (4 times)
AIS (2 times)
CL (2 times)
1999 Subclavian artery resection and reconstruction for thoracic inlet cancers.
56  thrombogenicity
(12 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
AI (11 times)
PUFA (5 times)
MUFA (4 times)
2012 Fatty acid composition in hybrid pigs as based on local fatty Lithuanian breed and wild boar.
57  tumor-infiltrating
(11 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
PB (3 times)
CN (2 times)
MR (2 times)
2002 Tumor-infiltrating endothelial cells and endothelial precursor cells in inflammatory breast cancer.
58  turbulence intensity
(11 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(4 times)
DUS (3 times)
ICA (2 times)
PC-MRI (2 times)
2006 Quantification of intravoxel velocity standard deviation and turbulence intensity by generalizing phase-contrast MRI.
59  inversion time
(10 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(4 times)
IR (3 times)
FLAIR (2 times)
SE (2 times)
1989 Short TI inversion-recovery imaging of the liver: pulse-sequence optimization and comparison with spin-echo imaging.
60  technological innovation
(10 times)
Environmental Health
(8 times)
FDI (4 times)
ER (2 times)
ARDL (1 time)
1996 The challenge of contracting for technological information.
61  Tei index
(10 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(5 times)
LV (7 times)
ICT (4 times)
IRT (3 times)
2002 The Tei index: a new prognostic index for patients with symptomatic heart failure.
62  temporal interference
(10 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(4 times)
TMS (2 times)
FE (1 time)
HF (1 time)
2017 Noninvasive Deep Brain Stimulation via Temporally Interfering Electric Fields.
63  therapeutic interchange
(10 times)
Pharmacy
(6 times)
ACEIs (1 time)
ARBs (1 time)
CI (1 time)
1998 Therapeutic-interchange program for oral histamine H2-receptor antagonists.
64  titanium implants
(10 times)
Dentistry
(5 times)
ROS (3 times)
DS (2 times)
NS (2 times)
1997 Osseointegration of dental implants in rabbit bone with low mineral density.
65  traditional instrumentation
(10 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
CORI (2 times)
GL (2 times)
PSI (2 times)
1994 Staff attitudes and job satisfaction in the care of demented elderly people: group living compared with long-term care institutions.
66  tricuspid incompetence
(10 times)
Cardiology
(8 times)
DCM (1 time)
GASC (1 time)
IVC (1 time)
1975 [Long-term course of nonoperated tricuspid insufficiency following surgical correction of mitral and mitro-aortic valve diseases].
67  turnover intention
(10 times)
Occupational Medicine
(2 times)
JS (4 times)
OC (4 times)
DJ (1 time)
2009 [The mediating role of organizational citizenship behavior between organizational justice and organizational effectiveness in nursing organizations].
68  thyroid incidentaloma
(9 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
FNA (3 times)
US (2 times)
BC (1 time)
2014 Frequency of thyroid incidentalomas in Karachi population.
69  time of inspiration
(9 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
TE (5 times)
VT (4 times)
AVES-N (1 time)
1985 Respiratory effects of brief baroreceptor stimuli in the anesthetized dog.
70  trachomatous inflammation
(9 times)
Ophthalmology
(7 times)
TF (8 times)
WHO (4 times)
CI (3 times)
2006 A community-based trachoma survey: prevalence and risk factors in the Tigray region of northern Ethiopia.
71  transient ischemia
(9 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
IR (3 times)
CA1 (2 times)
4-HNE (1 time)
1985 The effect of glucose-insulin-potassium on thallium-201 myocardial redistribution.
72  transillumination
(9 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
AIR (1 time)
API (1 time)
CE (1 time)
1977 Fiberoptic transillumination: a new tool for the pediatric surgeon.
73  temporal integration
(8 times)
Audiology
(4 times)
MPI (2 times)
AAV.Ntf3 (1 time)
ABR (1 time)
1982 Temporal integration and presbycusis.
74  thermal imaging
(8 times)
Food-Processing Industry
(1 time)
AUROC (1 time)
AVI (1 time)
CAS (1 time)
2011 Measurement techniques and application of electrical properties for nondestructive quality evaluation of foods-a review.
75  thermal injury
(8 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
BPM (1 time)
BT (1 time)
CCL2 (1 time)
1989 Evidence of a plasma-mediated "window" of immunodeficiency in rats following trauma.
76  thoracic electrical impedance
(8 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
HR (4 times)
CVP (2 times)
MAP (2 times)
1992 Plasma endothelin-1 during central hypovolaemia in man.
77  Trained immunity
(8 times)
Immune System Diseases
(2 times)
ECs (2 times)
BCG (1 time)
COVID-19 (1 time)
2017 Hypothesis: stimulation of trained immunity as adjunctive immunotherapy in cancer.
78  turnover index
(8 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
AI (2 times)
MAO (2 times)
MI (2 times)
1978 Relation of biogenic amines to onset of puberty in the female rat.
79  talent identification
(7 times)
Cognitive Science
(2 times)
DM (1 time)
DMUs (1 time)
NVDP (1 time)
1999 Predictive smooth pursuit eye movements during identification of moving acuity targets.
80  tension index
(7 times)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
AC (1 time)
AIR (1 time)
ASD (1 time)
1989 [Disorders of cardiac rhythm in children with pre- and perinatal damage of the brain].
81  term infants
(7 times)
Pediatrics
(4 times)
LPI (3 times)
CS (2 times)
GA (2 times)
1988 Plasma mineralocorticoids, glucocorticoids, and progestins in premature infants: longitudinal study during the first week of life.
82  total iron
(7 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
PK (2 times)
TBI (2 times)
UIBC (2 times)
1997 A longitudinal study of unsaturated iron-binding capacity and lactoferrin in unstimulated parotid saliva.
83  training image
(7 times)
Physical Phenomena
(4 times)
MPS (2 times)
c.p.d.f (1 time)
ccdf (1 time)
2012 Accounting for aquifer heterogeneity from geological data to management tools.
84  transiently infected
(7 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(5 times)
p.i (7 times)
BVDV (4 times)
BTM (2 times)
2008 Differential expression of the type I interferon pathway during persistent and transient bovine viral diarrhea virus infection.
85  translation-invariant
(7 times)
Medical Informatics
(3 times)
DW (1 time)
FTI (1 time)
LMS (1 time)
2006 Single-trial evoked potential estimation using wavelets.
86  Trauma Index
(7 times)
Traumatology
(2 times)
ISS (3 times)
GCS (2 times)
ICU (2 times)
1993 [Polytrauma and predicting fatality. Comparative evaluation of the value of the Kirkpatrick-Youmans Trauma Index (TI), Schreinlechner-Eber modified TI (TI mod.), and the Baker Injury Severity Score].
87  traumatic injury
(7 times)
Critical Care
(1 time)
AN (1 time)
ASP (1 time)
CHD (1 time)
1985 [Localization of carbohydrate component in human synovial lining cells with fluorescent lectins and enzyme digestion].
88  tubulointerstitial inflammation
(7 times)
Rheumatology
(2 times)
ACR (2 times)
DCGS (2 times)
DSA (2 times)
2006 Oxalate ions and calcium oxalate crystal-induced up-regulation of osteopontin and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 in renal fibroblasts.
89  temporal-inferior
(6 times)
Ophthalmology
(4 times)
NI (5 times)
NS (5 times)
TS (5 times)
2010 The association between diurnal variation of optic nerve head topography and intraocular pressure and ocular perfusion pressure in untreated primary open-angle glaucoma.
90  thickness index
(6 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
AI (6 times)
BLM (3 times)
PAH (3 times)
2004 VEGFmRNA and eNOSmRNA expression in immature rabbits with bleomycin-induced pulmonary hypertension.
91  thymidine incorporation
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CD (1 time)
CML (1 time)
DT (1 time)
1976 Suppression of mixed lymphocyte response in mice bearing primary tumors induced by murine sarcoma virus.
92  time-independent
(6 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
TD (5 times)
APTT (1 time)
DCSs (1 time)
1988 Time dependency of lupuslike anticoagulants.
93  time-invariant
(6 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
TV (4 times)
LPV (2 times)
CNRs (1 time)
2012 Timing-invariant reconstruction for deriving high-quality CT angiographic data from cerebral CT perfusion data.
94  total iodine
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
PBI (2 times)
DOC (1 time)
HI (1 time)
1977 [Effect of ultrasonic energy on serum thyronine levels].
95  total isoflavone
(6 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
DPPH (2 times)
TPC (2 times)
DZ (1 time)
2008 Isoflavone composition, phenol content, and antioxidant activity of soybean seeds from India and Bulgaria.
96  translocation index
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
AMF (1 time)
APX (1 time)
CA (1 time)
1989 Lymphocyte transformation in patients with HBsAg-positive chronic hepatitis, liver cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma.
97  transplant-ineligible
(6 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
MM (3 times)
OS (2 times)
TE (2 times)
2015 [Treatment of transplant-ineligible patients with multiple myeloma].
98  trypsin
(6 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
CI (2 times)
A-B (1 time)
aa (1 time)
1979 [Stability and specificity of extracellular protein inhibitor for trypsin from Actinomyces janthinus 118].
99  inflammatory trachoma
(5 times)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
TF (4 times)
WHO (2 times)
CI (1 time)
2001 Immune response to chlamydial 60-kilodalton heat shock protein in tears from Nepali trachoma patients.
100  temperature index
(5 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
CAR (2 times)
CHP (2 times)
AAR (1 time)
2001 Diurnal variation in thermoregulatory response to chlorpyrifos and carbaryl in the rat.