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Abbreviation: TIR
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Long forms: 150

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
Toll/interleukin-1 receptor
(325 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(76 times)
TLRs (65 times)
LRR (57 times)
TLR (51 times)
2000 Toll-like receptor family and signalling pathway.
total internal reflection
(242 times)
Ophthalmology
(113 times)
SPR (9 times)
SM (8 times)
SFG (5 times)
1987 Passive optical element with selective angular reflection.
time in range
(158 times)
Endocrinology
(104 times)
CGM (76 times)
T1D (31 times)
TBR (28 times)
2015 Association of time in blood glucose range with outcomes following cardiac surgery.
Toll/IL-1 receptor
(110 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(39 times)
TLRs (33 times)
TLR (27 times)
MyD88 (14 times)
2000 The interleukin-1 receptor/Toll-like receptor superfamily: signal generators for pro-inflammatory interleukins and microbial products.
translation initiation region
(67 times)
Biochemistry
(22 times)
SD (10 times)
sRNAs (3 times)
DB (2 times)
1988 Determinants of translational initiation efficiency in the atp operon of Escherichia coli.
terminal inverted repeat
(56 times)
Genetics
(20 times)
SFV (5 times)
ORF (4 times)
TSD (4 times)
1986 Tumorigenic poxviruses: analysis of viral DNA sequences implicated in the tumorigenicity of Shope fibroma virus and malignant rabbit virus.
thermal infrared
(51 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(17 times)
LST (12 times)
UAV (7 times)
EC (3 times)
2008 Vicarious calibration of the moderate-resolution imaging spectroradiometer airborne simulator thermal-infrared channels.
Toll/IL-1R
(48 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(30 times)
TLR (8 times)
TLRs (8 times)
MyD88 (7 times)
2002 Cloning of a Salmo salar interleukin-1 receptor-like cDNA.
tumor inhibition rate
(33 times)
Chemistry
(7 times)
DTX (5 times)
DOX (2 times)
NC (2 times)
2001 Extraction, isolation and characterisation of antitumor principle, alpha-hederin, from the seeds of Nigella sativa.
10  Toll/IL-1 resistance
(14 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(4 times)
TLR (4 times)
TLRs (3 times)
MyD88 (2 times)
2003 A low molecular weight mimic of the Toll/IL-1 receptor/resistance domain inhibits IL-1 receptor-mediated responses.
11  Toll/interleukin-1R
(13 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(4 times)
TLRs (4 times)
CC (3 times)
PRRs (3 times)
2000 Toll-like receptors: a growing family of immune receptors that are differentially expressed and regulated by different leukocytes.
12  Toll/interleukin-1 receptor/resistance protein
(12 times)
Science
(3 times)
TLR (4 times)
CC (2 times)
MyD88 (2 times)
2003 A bioinformatic approach to the identification of bacterial proteins interacting with Toll-interleukin 1 receptor-resistance (TIR) homology domains.
13  Toll/interleukin-1 receptor homology
(11 times)
Cell Biology
(6 times)
LRR (3 times)
NBS (3 times)
TLRs (3 times)
1999 Plant disease resistance genes encode members of an ancient and diverse protein family within the nucleotide-binding superfamily.
14  transmission infrared
(7 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(5 times)
RID (4 times)
FTPI (3 times)
IgG (2 times)
1990 Physical state of misoprostol in hydroxypropyl methylcellulose films.
15  terminal innervation ratio
(6 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
ALS (1 time)
CMT (1 time)
EMG (1 time)
1976 Morphological and histochemical changes of motor units in myasthenia.
16  Toll/IL-1R domain
(5 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(5 times)
LRR (4 times)
TLRs (4 times)
DD (1 time)
2006 Molecular cloning and expression of a Toll receptor gene homologue from Zhikong Scallop, Chlamys farreri.
17  thyroidal iodine release
(4 times)
Metabolism
(3 times)
TRH (2 times)
ART (1 time)
1973 Assessment of thyrotropin-releasing hormone and thyrotropin reserve in man.
18  time in range 70-180 mg/dL
(4 times)
Endocrinology
(4 times)
CLC (3 times)
CI (1 time)
IQR (1 time)
2019 Faster Compared With Standard Insulin Aspart During Day-and-Night Fully Closed-Loop Insulin Therapy in Type 1 Diabetes: A Double-Blind Randomized Crossover Trial.
19  tiron
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
NAC (2 times)
ROS (2 times)
APC (1 time)
2003 Anesthetic preconditioning improves adenosine triphosphate synthesis and reduces reactive oxygen species formation in mitochondria after ischemia by a redox dependent mechanism.
20  TLR/IL-1R
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
DCs (1 time)
IL (1 time)
MPO (1 time)
2007 ST2 is essential for Th2 responsiveness and resistance to pseudomonas aeruginosa keratitis.
21  total impulse response
(4 times)
Biology
(1 time)
EIR (1 time)
fIRI (1 time)
GLM (1 time)
2019 Modelling Impulse Response Function of Functional Infrared Imaging for General Linear Model Analysis of Autonomic Activity.
22  transmission IR
(4 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
AR (1 time)
ATR (1 time)
DMA (1 time)
1991 Mechanism of misoprostol stabilization in hydroxypropyl methylcellulose.
23  target impulse response
(3 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(2 times)
MI (2 times)
CR (1 time)
LFM (1 time)
2018 Waveform Optimization for Target Estimation by Cognitive Radar with Multiple Antennas.
24  tibial internal rotation
(3 times)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
DF (2 times)
AKP (1 time)
ROM (1 time)
2014 Evaluating the coupling between foot pronation and tibial internal rotation continuously using vector coding.
25  time in targeted blood glucose range
(3 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
BG (1 time)
DM (1 time)
ICU (1 time)
2015 Time in blood glucose range 70 to 140 mg/dl >80% is strongly associated with increased survival in non-diabetic critically ill adults.
26  Toll and IL-1 receptor
(3 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
CCI (1 time)
DRG (1 time)
FISH (1 time)
2003 Control of the expression of inflammatory response genes.
27  Toll-like-interleukin-1 resistance
(3 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
BPPS (1 time)
IFN (1 time)
MyD88 (1 time)
2004 Endotoxin recognition and signal transduction by the TLR4/MD2-complex.
28  Toll-like/ IL-1 receptor
(3 times)
Science
(1 time)
CCs (1 time)
ETI (1 time)
GSK-3 (1 time)
2006 The adaptor molecule MyD88 activates PI-3 kinase signaling in CD4+ T cells and enables CpG oligodeoxynucleotide-mediated costimulation.
29  Toll/IL-1 receptor homology domain
(3 times)
Zoology
(2 times)
LRRs (2 times)
RACE (2 times)
TLR (2 times)
2004 TICAM-1 and TICAM-2: toll-like receptor adapters that participate in induction of type 1 interferons.
30  Toll/IL-1 receptor resistance
(3 times)
Science
(2 times)
TLR (2 times)
CADD (1 time)
MyD88 (1 time)
2006 Details of Toll-like receptor:adapter interaction revealed by germ-line mutagenesis.
31  Toll/IL-1R homology
(3 times)
Biology
(1 time)
TLR (2 times)
DD (1 time)
ID (1 time)
2001 Drosophila MyD88 is required for the response to fungal and Gram-positive bacterial infections.
32  toxin-induced resistance
(3 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
LeTx (2 times)
BNIP3 (1 time)
HDAC (1 time)
2003 Toxin-induced resistance in Bacillus anthracis lethal toxin-treated macrophages.
33  technical information report
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
cGMP (1 time)
final rule (1 time)
2007 Guidance on the new packaging standard.
34  temperature induction response
(2 times)
Botany
(1 time)
--- 2003 Screening of inbred lines to develop a thermotolerant sunflower hybrid using the temperature induction response (TIR) technique: a novel approach by exploiting residual variability.
35  Thermal Infra-red
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
BRDF (1 time)
MIR (1 time)
MODIS (1 time)
2009 Intercomparison of two BRDF models in the estimation of the directional emissivity in MIR channel from MSG1-SEVIRI data.
36  thermal interface resistance
(2 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
AFM (1 time)
h-BN (1 time)
Si (1 time)
2020 Intrinsic thermal interfacial resistance measurement in bonded metal-polymer foils.
37  time in room
(2 times)
Nursing
(1 time)
ANIs (1 time)
BOT (1 time)
CDR (1 time)
2011 Improved clinical efficiency in CNS stereotactic radiosurgery using a flattening filter free linear accelerator.
38  time in target glucose range of 70-180mg/dL
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
PL (2 times)
SAP (1 time)
T1D (1 time)
2020 The impact of strict COVID-19 lockdown in Spain on glycemic profiles in patients with type 1 Diabetes prone to hypoglycemia using standalone continuous glucose monitoring.
39  toll and mammalian interleukin-1 receptor
(2 times)
Botany
(1 time)
Col (1 time)
NB-LRR (1 time)
NBS-LRR (1 time)
2002 Diversity in nucleotide binding site-leucine-rich repeat genes in cereals.
40  Toll-like receptor/interleukin-1R
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
5-FU (1 time)
GI (1 time)
IL1B (1 time)
2013 Characterization and structure of the vaccinia virus NF-κB antagonist A46.
41  toll/IR-1
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
I/R (1 time)
ICH (1 time)
MyD88 (1 time)
2013 Toll-like receptor 4 antagonist attenuates intracerebral hemorrhage-induced brain injury.
42  total insulin receptors
(2 times)
Obstetrics
(1 time)
APIR (2 times)
PCOS (2 times)
AN (1 time)
2004 The insulin resistant subphenotype of polycystic ovary syndrome: clinical parameters and pathogenesis.
43  Transport Inhibitor Response
(2 times)
Botany
(2 times)
ABP1 (1 time)
AFB (1 time)
NBP (1 time)
1997 Reduced naphthylphthalamic acid binding in the tir3 mutant of Arabidopsis is associated with a reduction in polar auxin transport and diverse morphological defects.
44  true infection rate
(2 times)
Brain
(1 time)
COVID-19 (1 time)
ER (1 time)
MIR (1 time)
2011 Natural vertical transmission of dengue viruses by Aedes aegypti in Bolivia.
45  tuberculosis and respiratory infections area
(2 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
CF (1 time)
SEIMC (1 time)
UITB (1 time)
2000 [Consensus document on tuberculosis prevention and control in Spain. Research Unit on Tuberculosis of Barcelona (UITB). Area of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Infections (TIR) of the Spanish Society of Pneumology and Thoracic Surgery (SEPAR) and Study Group on Aids (GESIDA) of the Spanish Society of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology (SEIMC)].
46  6-trained, immobilized and rehabilitated
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
LLP (1 time)
MLL (1 time)
SI (1 time)
2008 Biomechanical effects of immobilization and rehabilitation on the skeletal muscle of trained and sedentary rats.
47  groups--toll and interleukin receptor-1
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
NBS (1 time)
R-genes (1 time)
RGAs (1 time)
2007 Diversity and evolutionary relationship of nucleotide binding site-encoding disease-resistance gene analogues in sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas Lam.).
48  Near-Total Internal Reflection
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
--- 2017 Refractive Index Imaging of Cells with Variable-Angle Near-Total Internal Reflection (TIR) Microscopy.
49  non-Toll/interleukin-1 receptor homology region
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
NBS (1 time)
2004 Full-genome analysis of resistance gene homologues in rice.
50  tailing:inoculum ratios
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
SR (1 time)
2020 Stabilization of potentially toxic elements contained in mine waste: A microbiological approach for the environmental management of mine tailings.
51  Talent identification and recruitment
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
--- 2020 An eye for talent: The recruiters' role in the Australian Football talent pathway.
52  target INR range
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
--- 2009 A multicentre randomised assessment of the DAWN AC computer-assisted oral anticoagulant dosage program.
53  targeted intervention research
(1 time)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(1 time)
STD (1 time)
1998 Targeted intervention research studies on sexually transmitted diseases (STD): methodology, selected findings and implications for STD service delivery and communications.
54  technology performance improvement rate
(1 time)
--- 2020 Functional performance improvement data and patent sets for 30 technology domains with measurements of patent centrality and estimations of the improvement rate.
55  telescopic intramedullary rod
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
OI (1 time)
2018 Effects of a telescopic intramedullary rod for treating patients with osteogenesis imperfecta of the femur.
56  Telescopio InfraRosso
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
--- 1989 New far infrared and millimetric telescopes for differential measurements with a large chopping angle in the sky.
57  temperature increase rate
(1 time)
Technology
(1 time)
COD (1 time)
FT (1 time)
2012 Optimization of microwave pretreatment conditions to maximize methane production and methane yield in mesophilic anaerobic sludge digestion.
58  temperature induction response technique
(1 time)
CMS (1 time)
2019 Thermotolerance evaluation of Taiwan Japonica type rice cultivars at the seedling stage.
59  temperature-induced recrystallization
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
PIA (1 time)
2014 Pressure effects on the vibrational properties of alpha-Bi(2)O(3): an experimental and theoretical study.
60  Temporal Information Retrieval
(1 time)
--- 2019 Event-Dataset: Temporal information retrieval and text classification dataset.
61  temporary institutional respite
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
--- 1998 Temporary institutional respite in dementia cases: who utilizes this form of respite care and what effect does it have?
62  terminal ileal reservoir
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
LNM (1 time)
SBTS (1 time)
2020 The Utility of Adding a Liquid-Nutrient Meal to Aid Interpretation of Small-Bowel Transit Scintigraphy.
63  terminal ileum intubation rate
(1 time)
CIR (1 time)
DDR (1 time)
HD-WLE (1 time)
2019 Endocuff Vision is safe to use for dysplasia surveillance in patients with ulcerative colitis: a feasibility study.
64  test ignorance region
(1 time)
Statistics as Topic
(1 time)
--- 2003 A global sensitivity analysis of performance of a medical diagnostic test when verification bias is present.
65  testicular ischemia- reperfusion
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
DIA (1 time)
IL-1b (1 time)
MDA (1 time)
2018 Mechanism mediating the protective effect of diacerein in ischemia-reperfusion-induced testicular injury in rats.
66  testis differentiation in the B6-Y
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
--- 2001 Low levels of Sry transcripts cannot be the sole cause of B6-Y(TIR) sex reversal.
67  testosterone-immunized rabbits
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
LH (1 time)
1981 Peripheral concentrations of gonadotropins and progestins during pregnancy in rabbits after active immunization against testosterone.
68  therapeutic INR range
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
OAT (1 time)
PSM (1 time)
2009 Self-monitoring of oral anticoagulation: does it work outside trial conditions?
69  therapy of immune reconstitution
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
MS (1 time)
TME (1 time)
2018 [Issues of the current terminology in multiple sclerosis].
70  thermal induction response
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
RRL (1 time)
RSDW (1 time)
RSL (1 time)
2020 Identification of differentially expressed genes under heat stress conditions in rice (Oryza sativa L.).
71  thermal infrared imager
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
300tiu (1 time)
2020 Highly porous nature of a primitive asteroid revealed by thermal imaging.
72  thermal-wave IR
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
IR (1 time)
RGB (1 time)
UAVs (1 time)
2020 Weighted Kernel Filter Based Anti-Air Object Tracking for Thermal Infrared Systems.
73  thermally-induced relaxation
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
LIR (1 time)
1994 Ligand binding to heme proteins: the effect of light on ligand binding in myoglobin.
74  thermoinduced radioresistance
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1984 [Genetic determination and mechanism of realization of temperature-induced radioresistance].
75  thiamine + ovarian ischemia-reperfusion
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
IR (1 time)
SG (1 time)
TPIR (1 time)
2013 A comparative investigation of biochemical and histopathological effects of thiamine and thiamine pyrophosphate on ischemia-reperfusion induced oxidative damage in rat ovarian tissue.
76  Thoracic irradiation
(1 time)
Thoracic Diseases
(1 time)
CAC (1 time)
CAD (1 time)
LAD (1 time)
2020 Heart dose and coronary artery calcification in patients receiving thoracic irradiation for lung cancer.
77  thumb index ratio
(1 time)
Central Nervous System
(1 time)
ANOVA (1 time)
CTS (1 time)
EDS (1 time)
2013 Quantitative evaluation of median nerve motor function in carpal tunnel syndrome using load cell : correlation with clinical, electrodiagnostic, and ultrasonographic findings.
78  thumb internal rotation
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
ADM (1 time)
APB (1 time)
BRA (1 time)
2018 Muscle Synergy for Hand Motions Based on Electromyography Analysis.
79  Thymectomized, irradiated and syngeneic bone marrow-repopulated
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 1976 Effect of the thymus on erythropoietin production in response to hypobaric hypoxia in mice.
80  Thymectomized, lethally irradiated and bone marrow cell-reconstituted mice
(1 time)
Histology
(1 time)
Ep (1 time)
ERA (1 time)
ERC (1 time)
1983 Erythroid-committed progenitors and spleen colony-forming cells in adult thymus-deprived mice.
81  thymectomized, lethally irradiated, syngeneic bone marrow reconstituted
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
--- 1982 Failure of parental T cells to restore T-cell deficient F1 mice.
82  thymectomy and irradiation
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
NIR (1 time)
1987 Regeneration of spleen colony-forming cells and granulocyte-monocyte progenitors in T-cell deprived mice treated with cyclophosphamide.
83  thymectomy, irradiation and bone marrow reconstitution
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
CFU-S stimulator (1 time)
CY (1 time)
1991 Stimulator of proliferation of spleen colony-forming cells in T-cell deprived mice treated with cyclophosphamide or irradiation.
84  thymidine incorporation rate
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
--- 1985 Cell proliferation kinetics in the gastric remnant.
85  time in range of INR
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
INR (1 time)
VKA (1 time)
2016 Patient knowledge of anticoagulant treatment does not correlate with treatment quality.
86  time in the target glucose range
(1 time)
Diabetes Mellitus
(1 time)
--- 2021 Frequent scanning using flash glucose monitoring contributes to better glycemic control in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes.
87  time spent in range
(1 time)
Endocrine System Diseases
(1 time)
CHO (1 time)
PE (1 time)
RT-CGM (1 time)
2019 Carbohydrate Loading Followed by High Carbohydrate Intake During Prolonged Physical Exercise and Its Impact on Glucose Control in Individuals With Diabetes Type 1-An Exploratory Study.
88  time spent in the 70-180 mg/dL range
(1 time)
HOMA-IR (1 time)
IR (1 time)
isCGM (1 time)
2021 Impaired Glucose-Insulin Metabolism in Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome Related to SARS-CoV-2 in Children.
89  Time-in-target range
(1 time)
Therapeutics
(1 time)
isCGM (1 time)
rtCGM (1 time)
TBR (1 time)
2021 Comparison of Glycemic Metrics Measured Simultaneously by Intermittently Scanned Continuous Glucose Monitoring and Real-Time Continuous Glucose Monitoring in Pregnant Women with Type 1 Diabetes.
90  time-resolved infrared spectroscopy
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2005 Observation of excited-state proton transfer in green fluorescent protein using ultrafast vibrational spectroscopy.
91  Timing it Right
(1 time)
Critical Care
(1 time)
ARDS (1 time)
2009 Education and support needs during recovery in acute respiratory distress syndrome survivors.
92  Timing It Right Framework
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2021 Effect of family-centered nursing based on timing it right framework in patients with acute cerebral infarction.
93  TIR 3.9-10mM
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
FSL (1 time)
T1D (1 time)
2020 Impact of COVID-19 lockdown on flash and real-time glucose sensor users with type 1 diabetes in England.
94  TIR domain
(1 time)
Zoology
(1 time)
DD (1 time)
LPS (1 time)
MyD88 (1 time)
2018 Identification and functional characterization of three myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88) isoforms from thick shell mussel Mytilus coruscus.
95  tirofiban
(1 time)
Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
DCS (1 time)
2018 Tirofiban, a Glycoprotein IIb/IIIa Antagonist, Has a Protective Effect on Decompression Sickness in Rats: Is the Crosstalk Between Platelet and Leukocytes Essential?
96  Tirosint
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
SYN (1 time)
2008 A comparative pH-dissolution profile study of selected commercial levothyroxine products using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry.
97  tissue indentation resistance
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
LLLT (1 time)
MLD (1 time)
TDC (1 time)
2012 Changes in tissue water and indentation resistance of lymphedematous limbs accompanying low level laser therapy (LLLT) of fibrotic skin.
98  tissue infection-related
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
IE (1 time)
SAB (1 time)
UFR (1 time)
2000 Prospective analysis of Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia in nonneutropenic adults with malignancy.
99  tissue inflammatory reaction
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
LS (1 time)
MIL (1 time)
2011 Severe inflammatory reaction induced by peritoneal trauma is the key driving mechanism of postoperative adhesion formation.
100  tissue ingrowth rate
(1 time)
Biocompatible Materials
(1 time)
CIR (1 time)
TCC (1 time)
2018 Devising tissue ingrowth metrics: a contribution to the computational characterization of engineered soft tissue healing.