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Abbreviation: UA
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
uric acid
(4476 times)
Medicine
(369 times)
AA (437 times)
DA (341 times)
TG (238 times)
1975 Localization of renal tubular uric acid transport defect in gouty chickens.
unstable angina
(942 times)
Cardiology
(370 times)
ACS (306 times)
NSTEMI (223 times)
AMI (203 times)
1982 Changes of human platelets studied by scanning electron microscopy in acute myocardial infarction.
umbilical artery
(619 times)
Obstetrics
(352 times)
MCA (208 times)
PI (197 times)
UV (91 times)
1975 Hormones in human pregnancy. IV. Plasma progesterone.
upper airway
(271 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(76 times)
OSA (88 times)
AHI (28 times)
OSAS (27 times)
1984 Respiratory function of hyoid muscles and hyoid arch.
undifferentiated arthritis
(165 times)
Rheumatology
(125 times)
RA (134 times)
RF (20 times)
ACPA (18 times)
1995 Undifferentiated arthritis in an early synovitis out-patient clinic.
uterine artery
(121 times)
Physiology
(24 times)
PI (17 times)
RI (13 times)
NO (12 times)
1982 Local and systemic effects of intrauterine estradiol-17 beta on luteal function of nonpregnant sows.
urinalysis
(99 times)
Pediatrics
(19 times)
UTI (28 times)
UTIs (14 times)
CI (13 times)
1990 Microscopic hematuria and calculus-related ureteral obstruction.
urolithin A
(77 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(19 times)
EA (11 times)
ETs (6 times)
ROS (6 times)
2009 Effects of fruit ellagitannin extracts, ellagic acid, and their colonic metabolite, urolithin A, on Wnt signaling.
unicystic ameloblastoma
(68 times)
Dentistry
(22 times)
SMA (10 times)
OKC (9 times)
DC (8 times)
1998 Unicystic ameloblastoma. A review of 193 cases from the literature.
10  uranyl acetate
(65 times)
Toxicology
(10 times)
PT (11 times)
ARF (10 times)
BrdU (9 times)
1965 FINE STRUCTURE OF THE COAT AND NUCLEOID MATERIAL OF FOWLPOX VIRUS.
11  unstable angina pectoris
(47 times)
Cardiology
(12 times)
AMI (16 times)
ACS (15 times)
NSTEMI (12 times)
1985 Operative risk factors associated with unstable angina pectoris.
12  umbilical
(31 times)
Obstetrics
(20 times)
MCA (29 times)
PI (19 times)
CPR (8 times)
1999 Prediction of perinatal outcome in fetuses suspected to have intrauterine growth restriction: Doppler US study of fetal cerebral, renal, and umbilical arteries.
13  united atom
(28 times)
Chemistry
(22 times)
CG (9 times)
MD (9 times)
AA (7 times)
2004 Adsorption of ethylene on graphitized thermal carbon black and in slit pores: a computer simulation study.
14  ulnar artery
(26 times)
Cardiology
(8 times)
RA (21 times)
CABG (3 times)
PSV (3 times)
2003 Use of the radial artery for hemodialysis access.
15  urinary albumin
(24 times)
Medicine
(5 times)
IR (4 times)
T2DM (4 times)
BMD (3 times)
1991 Albuminuria vs urinary total protein for detecting chronic renal disorders.
16  ultrasonic activation
(23 times)
Dentistry
(9 times)
SEM (2 times)
AA (1 time)
aNPCs (1 time)
1992 Viscous cosolvent effect on the ultrasonic absorption of bovine serum albumin.
17  urban agriculture
(23 times)
Environmental Health
(8 times)
Zn (3 times)
Cd (2 times)
Cr (2 times)
2008 Overview on urban and peri-urban agriculture: definition, impact on human health, constraints and policy issues.
18  urban area
(20 times)
Environmental Health
(9 times)
RA (10 times)
MA (4 times)
PGA (3 times)
1991 Surface IgE and phagocytic activity of eosinophils from patients with American cutaneous leishmaniasis: relation to cell density.
19  urinary amylase
(16 times)
Transplantation
(9 times)
Cr (4 times)
PG (4 times)
PTA (3 times)
1987 Experimental and clinical experience with urine amylase monitoring for early diagnosis of rejection in pancreas transplantation.
20  urease
(15 times)
Environmental Health
(12 times)
ASA (3 times)
BSR (3 times)
CA (3 times)
2007 The effects of heavy metal pollution on enzyme activities and basal soil respiration of roadside soils.
21  uterine activity
(15 times)
Perinatology
(4 times)
FHR (5 times)
CTG (3 times)
TOCO (2 times)
1991 Comparison of plasma oxytocin and catecholamine concentrations with uterine activity in pregnant rhesus monkeys.
22  undecylenic acid
(14 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
HILIC (2 times)
RPLC (2 times)
2,5-DBE (1 time)
1999 Effect of undecylenic acid as a topical microbicide against genital herpes infection in mice and guinea pigs.
23  ursodeoxycholic acid
(14 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
JA (7 times)
BA (4 times)
CM (3 times)
2003 [Effectiveness of ursodeoxycholic acid in cholesterosis of the gallbladder].
24  uncomplicated appendicitis
(13 times)
General Surgery
(9 times)
CA (6 times)
AA (2 times)
AUC (2 times)
2012 Laparoscopic versus open appendectomy for complicated and uncomplicated appendicitis in children.
25  universal adhesive
(13 times)
Dentistry
(10 times)
SE (4 times)
HF (3 times)
ANOVA (2 times)
2015 Effect of Storage Time on Bond Strength and Nanoleakage Expression of Universal Adhesives Bonded to Dentin and Etched Enamel.
26  unilateral adrenalectomy
(12 times)
Endocrinology
(9 times)
CS (6 times)
PBMAH (5 times)
BA (3 times)
2013 Prognostic factors for recurrence after conservative treatment in a series of 119 patients with stage I serous borderline tumors of the ovary.
27  urate
(12 times)
Arthritis
(4 times)
AA (3 times)
ADO (1 time)
BBB (1 time)
1977 Effect of splanchnicotomy on the renal excretion of uric acid in anaesthetized dogs.
28  urease activity
(12 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
SBM (3 times)
DHA (2 times)
MBC (2 times)
1997 Effect of temperature of wet extrusion on the nutritional value of full-fat soyabeans for broiler chickens.
29  univariate analysis
(11 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
MA (5 times)
OS (3 times)
HbA1c (2 times)
2007 The association of elevated HbA1c on the behavior of adenomatous polyps in patients with type-II diabetes mellitus.
30  upper arm
(11 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
FA (6 times)
BP (4 times)
FD (2 times)
2003 Perceptual integration of intramuscular electrical stimulation in the focal and the referred pain area in healthy humans.
31  ultrasound-assisted
(10 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(5 times)
XRD (3 times)
SCO2 (2 times)
AC (1 time)
2011 Comparison of the performance of conventional, temperature-controlled, and ultrasound-assisted ionic liquid dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction combined with high-performance liquid chromatography in analyzing pyrethroid pesticides in honey samples.
32  ulipristal acetate
(9 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
LNG (2 times)
COX-2 (1 time)
EC (1 time)
2012 Ulipristal acetate: a novel option for the medical management of symptomatic uterine fibroids.
33  uncontrolled asthma
(9 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(5 times)
CA (6 times)
PAQLQ (4 times)
C-ACT (2 times)
2009 Identifying uncontrolled asthma in young children: clinical scores or objective variables?
34  urine analysis
(9 times)
Psychopharmacology
(2 times)
CBC (2 times)
MI (2 times)
UTI (2 times)
1997 Preoperative laboratory testing in children undergoing elective surgery: analysis of current practice.
35  uncertainty avoidance
(8 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
POCO (2 times)
AR (1 time)
CFC (1 time)
2012 Factors influencing intention to undergo whole genome screening in future healthcare: a single-blind parallel-group randomised trial.
36  University of Arizona
(8 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
ASU (2 times)
BMI (1 time)
NIN (1 time)
1989 Mexico, maquiladoras, and occupational medicine training.
37  umbilical arterial blood
(7 times)
Gynecology
(6 times)
UV (6 times)
MV (2 times)
d2-E2 (1 time)
1978 Fetal contribution to oxytocin in human labor.
38  unclassified arthritis
(7 times)
Rheumatology
(4 times)
RA (4 times)
CI (1 time)
FAP (1 time)
2011 Combining anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide with the American College of Rheumatology 1987 criteria failed to improve early rheumatoid arthritis diagnosis in the community-based very early arthritis cohort.
39  unmeasured anions
(7 times)
Nephrology
(2 times)
AG (3 times)
CAA (1 time)
FS (1 time)
1978 CSF HCO3- regulation in isosmotic conditions: the role of brain PCO2 and plasma HCO3-.
40  unruptured aneurysms
(7 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
OR (3 times)
SAH (3 times)
mRS (2 times)
1993 Importance of cerebral pan-angiography for detection of multiple aneurysms in patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage.
41  urea
(7 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
2Ih (1 time)
8-oxoG (1 time)
AA (1 time)
2005 Urea lesion formation in DNA as a consequence of 7,8-dihydro-8-oxoguanine oxidation and hydrolysis provides a potent source of point mutations.
42  uric acid level
(7 times)
Cardiovascular Diseases
(2 times)
BMI (1 time)
BP (1 time)
CABG (1 time)
2013 Relationship between serum uric acid level and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in pre- and postmenopausal women.
43  urinary aldosterone
(7 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
PRA (6 times)
BP (3 times)
PA (3 times)
1980 Renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system in arterial hypertension.
44  undecanoic acid
(6 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
ATR-FTIR (1 time)
CD (1 time)
LPS (1 time)
2003 Bestowing antifungal and antibacterial activities by lipophilic acid conjugation to D,L-amino acid-containing antimicrobial peptides: a plausible mode of action.
45  unexplained anemia
(6 times)
Hematology
(3 times)
ACD (2 times)
5-year FU (1 time)
ACI (1 time)
2004 Prevalence of anemia in persons 65 years and older in the United States: evidence for a high rate of unexplained anemia.
46  ultrasound assisted solvent
(5 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
SOL (3 times)
SP (2 times)
SP-UA (2 times)
2005 Ultrasound assisted extraction in quantifying lutein from chicken liver using high-performance liquid chromatography.
47  umbilical cord artery
(5 times)
Obstetrics
(2 times)
MCA (2 times)
PI (2 times)
RI (2 times)
2000 [Relationship between Doppler velocimetry at middle cerebral artery and umbilical artery and status of newborn].
48  uncertainty analysis
(5 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
BIP (1 time)
DOE (1 time)
GSA (1 time)
1996 Changes in EEG order in neuroleptically treated normal volunteers during a voluntary movement task.
49  universal array
(5 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
LDR (5 times)
SNP (2 times)
cULS (1 time)
2004 Polymorphism analysis within the HLA-A locus by universal oligonucleotide array.
50  unruptured intracranial aneurysms
(5 times)
Neurosurgery
(2 times)
RA (3 times)
OPN (2 times)
SAH (2 times)
1988 Unruptured intracranial aneurysms: an assessment of the annual risk of rupture based on epidemiological and clinical data.
51  unstable
(5 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
SA (5 times)
DA (2 times)
FAI (2 times)
1987 [Newly developed stenocardia: various clinical characteristics of its stable and unstable course].
52  Urban Atlas
(5 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
CLC (2 times)
GIS (2 times)
NDVI (2 times)
2017 Use of a geographic information system to identify differences in automated external defibrillator installation in urban areas with similar incidence of public out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: a retrospective registry-based study.
53  urethane acrylate
(5 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
2-HEA (1 time)
AESO (1 time)
ASTM (1 time)
2009 A microfluidic device with integrated fluorimetric detection for flow injection analysis.
54  urinary aldosterone excretion
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
PRA (4 times)
BP (2 times)
PA (2 times)
1975 Suppression of renin and aldosterone by small amounts of DOCA in normal man.
55  urinary antigen
(5 times)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
CAP (1 time)
CI (1 time)
ED (1 time)
1982 Relationship between circulating immune complexes and urinary antigens in human malignancy.
56  ustiloxin A
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
UB (3 times)
RFS (2 times)
DRs (1 time)
2017 Development of Colloidal Gold-Based Lateral Flow Immunoassay for Rapid Qualitative and SemiQuantitative Analysis of Ustiloxins A and B in Rice Samples.
57  usual activities
(5 times)
Public Health
(3 times)
AD (3 times)
MO (3 times)
HRQoL (2 times)
2014 Exploratory analysis of health-related quality of life among the empty-nest elderly in rural China: an empirical study in three economically developed cities in eastern China.
58  usual aging
(5 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
MCI (5 times)
SA (5 times)
1H-NMR (1 time)
2005 [Heterogeneity of aging brain: a preliminary comparative study of functional magnetic resonance imaging in elderly people].
59  unaffected
(4 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
AF (2 times)
AIS (1 time)
ARI (1 time)
2002 Insulin resistance in the sisters of women with polycystic ovary syndrome: association with hyperandrogenemia rather than menstrual irregularity.
60  University of Alberta
(4 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
CLPC (1 time)
CUA (1 time)
NIH (1 time)
2011 The legacy of the Alaska Siberia Medical Research Program: a historical perspective.
61  unplanned admission
(4 times)
Urology
(1 time)
SDD (3 times)
HoLEP (1 time)
PA (1 time)
2020 Unplanned admission after ambulatory anaesthesia in France: analysis of a database of 36,584 patients.
62  unweighted accuracy
(4 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
CNNs (2 times)
IEMOCAP (2 times)
SER (2 times)
2015 Using an Adenosine Triphosphate Bioluminescent Assay to Determine Effective Antibiotic Combinations against Carbapenem-Resistant Gram Negative Bacteria within 24 Hours.
63  upper abdominal
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
LA (2 times)
AOC (1 time)
CI (1 time)
1994 Epidural analgesia versus intravenous patient-controlled analgesia. Differences in the postoperative course of cancer patients.
64  urachal anomalies
(4 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
VUR (1 time)
2011 Vesicoureteral reflux in children with urachal anomalies.
65  urea acid
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
BUN (3 times)
24h-TP (1 time)
ALB (1 time)
2017 Supplementation with Hualian No. 4 wild bitter gourd (Momordica charantia Linn. var. abbreviata ser.) extract increases anti-fatigue activities and enhances exercise performance in mice.
66  ustilagic acid
(4 times)
Microbiology
(4 times)
SDR (1 time)
UAS (1 time)
2007 A biosynthetic gene cluster for a secreted cellobiose lipid with antifungal activity from Ustilago maydis.
67  ultrasonic-assisted
(3 times)
Fungi
(1 time)
ATPS (1 time)
BV (1 time)
HS (1 time)
2019 Characterization and antioxidant activity of polysaccharides obtained from ginger pomace using two different extraction processes.
68  uncomplicated
(3 times)
Gastrointestinal Diseases
(1 time)
CA (4 times)
AA (2 times)
AUC (2 times)
2022 The Role of Neutrophil-Lymphocyte-Ratio (NLR) and Platelet-Lymphocyte-Ratio (PLR) as a Biomarker for Distinguishing Between Complicated and Uncomplicated Appendicitis.
69  undifferentiated inflammatory arthritis
(3 times)
Rheumatology
(3 times)
RA (3 times)
anti-CCP (1 time)
CRP (1 time)
2003 Bacterial components in the synovial tissue of patients with advanced rheumatoid arthritis or osteoarthritis: analysis with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and pan-bacterial polymerase chain reaction.
70  unfiltered air
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
FA (3 times)
WT (2 times)
KO (1 time)
2019 Ambient PM2.5 caused depressive-like responses through Nrf2/NLRP3 signaling pathway modulating inflammation.
71  Univariate
(3 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
MA (2 times)
CR (1 time)
OS (1 time)
1995 Influence of three factors on the diagnostic effectiveness of transthoracic needle aspiration in pneumonia.
72  universal agreement
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
I-CVI (2 times)
S-CVI (2 times)
bDMARDs (1 time)
2020 Validation and Reliability of Healthcare Workers' Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice Instrument for Uncomplicated Malaria by Rasch Measurement Model.
73  urban agglomeration
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
BTH (1 time)
LST (1 time)
MODIS (1 time)
2020 Monitoring the Detailed Dynamics of Regional Thermal Environment in a Developing Urban Agglomeration.
74  urethral atresia
(3 times)
Obstetrics
(2 times)
LUTO (2 times)
PUV (2 times)
EA (1 time)
1998 Long-term survival in a patient with congenital laryngeal atresia and multiple malformations.
75  uric acid stones
(3 times)
Urology
(1 time)
CaOx (1 time)
IS (1 time)
OA (1 time)
2001 Role of the diurnal variation of urinary pH and urinary calcium in urolithiasis: a study in outpatients.
76  urinary abnormalities
(3 times)
Nephrology
(3 times)
TIN (3 times)
ANS (2 times)
GN (2 times)
2004 The Italian experience of the national registry of renal biopsies.
77  urinary albumin concentration
(3 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
UAE (1 time)
UAER (1 time)
1988 Side-room tests to screen for microalbuminuria in diabetes mellitus.
78  Urmia Aquifer
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
UL (3 times)
HFE (2 times)
SI (2 times)
2016 Investigating the salinization and freshening processes of coastal groundwater resources in Urmia aquifer, NW Iran.
79  urological anomalies
(3 times)
Urology
(2 times)
ARM (1 time)
ESRD (1 time)
HK (1 time)
2010 [Should horseshoe kidneys with associated urological abnormalities be controlled?].
80  user's accuracy
(3 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
PA (3 times)
HDSTAFM (1 time)
IAIN (1 time)
2018 Early-season crop mapping using improved artificial immune network (IAIN) and Sentinel data.
81  usual activity
(3 times)
Rehabilitation
(1 time)
AD (2 times)
MO (2 times)
PD (2 times)
2009 [Quality of life analysis in patients with an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator].
82  antioxidant-uric acid
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
SOD (1 time)
TAS (1 time)
WBCT (1 time)
2006 Kinetics of ozone reaction with uric acid, ascorbic acid, and glutathione at physiologically relevant conditions.
83  U 11-100 A
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
CI (1 time)
E2-17 alpha (1 time)
IP (1 time)
1979 Oestrogen-induced increase in uterine cGMP content: a true hormonal action?
84  U-11,100A
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
CI (1 time)
1975 Antiestrogen action in the uterus: biological ineffectiveness of nuclear bound estradiol after antiestrogen.
85  Ukraine
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
LT (1 time)
LV (1 time)
2015 Air pollution by allergenic spores of the genus Alternaria in the air of central and eastern Europe.
86  ulcerative appendicitis
(2 times)
Pathology
(2 times)
UC (2 times)
1994 Appendiceal involvement as a skip lesion in ulcerative colitis.
87  ultrasonic arteriography
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
CPA (1 time)
OPG (1 time)
OPG-K (1 time)
1979 Noninvasive diagnosis of extracranial carotid arterial disease: a prospective evaluation of pulsed-Doppler imaging and oculoplethysmography.
88  ultrasonic atomization
(2 times)
Food
(1 time)
AM (1 time)
DIC (1 time)
PA (1 time)
2022 Insights on the effectiveness of pneumatic and ultrasonic atomization in combination with UVC light for processing of fruit juices.
89  ultrasonic-assisted extraction
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
EA (2 times)
HW (2 times)
CPs (1 time)
2018 Physicochemical properties and activities of comfrey polysaccharides extracted by different techniques.
90  ultrasound arthroscopy
(2 times)
Arthroscopy
(2 times)
US (1 time)
2015 Diagnosis of Knee Osteochondral Lesions With Ultrasound Imaging.
91  umbilical artery doppler
(2 times)
Perinatology
(1 time)
CPR (2 times)
aOR (1 time)
CIs (1 time)
2014 Doppler for growth restriction: the association between the cerebroplacental ratio and a reduced interval to delivery.
92  Umbilicaria antarctica
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
ChlF (1 time)
COX-2 (1 time)
DP (1 time)
2020 Chlorophyll a fluorescence and Raman spectroscopy can monitor activation/deactivation of photosynthesis and carotenoids in Antarctic lichens.
93  un-ruptured IA
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
RA (2 times)
COL1A1 (1 time)
HASMCs (1 time)
2019 Exosome-Derived MiRNAs as Biomarkers of the Development and Progression of Intracranial Aneurysms.
94  unanesthetized
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
ACh (1 time)
ChAT (1 time)
LDT (1 time)
1989 Effects of central nervous system-acting drugs on urinary bladder contraction in unanesthetized rats.
95  uncertainty area
(2 times)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
AI (1 time)
DeltaPSE (1 time)
SD (1 time)
2015 Impaired Limb Proprioception in Adults With Spasmodic Dysphonia.
96  unconfined aquifer
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
EDCs (1 time)
FCA (1 time)
GWR (1 time)
2013 Spatial and seasonal variations of occurrences and concentrations of endocrine disrupting chemicals in unconfined and confined aquifers recharged by reclaimed water: a field study along the Chaobai River, Beijing.
97  Underlying Approach
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
--- 2012 Alignment-free phylogeny of whole genomes using underlying subwords.
98  undiagnosed arthritis
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
circRNAs (2 times)
qRT-PCR (2 times)
RA (2 times)
2019 Circular RNAs Hsa_circ_0002715 and Hsa_circ_0035197 in Peripheral Blood Are Novel Potential Biomarkers for New-Onset Rheumatoid Arthritis.
99  undisturbed area
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
AA (1 time)
FA (1 time)
RA (1 time)
2020 Rapid monitoring of reclaimed farmland effects in coal mining subsidence area using a multi-spectral UAV platform.
100  unfolding argument
(2 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
FFN (1 time)
IIT (1 time)
2021 Refuting the unfolding-argument on the irrelevance of causal structure to consciousness.