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Abbreviation: UA
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
uric acid
(3918 times)
Medicine
(327 times)
AA (401 times)
DA (301 times)
BMI (207 times)
1975 Localization of renal tubular uric acid transport defect in gouty chickens.
unstable angina
(895 times)
Cardiology
(362 times)
ACS (284 times)
NSTEMI (208 times)
AMI (196 times)
1982 Changes of human platelets studied by scanning electron microscopy in acute myocardial infarction.
umbilical artery
(571 times)
Obstetrics
(336 times)
MCA (184 times)
PI (177 times)
UV (87 times)
1975 Hormones in human pregnancy. IV. Plasma progesterone.
upper airway
(260 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(74 times)
OSA (85 times)
AHI (26 times)
OSAS (26 times)
1984 Respiratory function of hyoid muscles and hyoid arch.
undifferentiated arthritis
(157 times)
Rheumatology
(123 times)
RA (129 times)
RF (18 times)
ACPA (16 times)
1995 Undifferentiated arthritis in an early synovitis out-patient clinic.
uterine artery
(117 times)
Physiology
(24 times)
PI (16 times)
RI (12 times)
NO (11 times)
1982 Local and systemic effects of intrauterine estradiol-17 beta on luteal function of nonpregnant sows.
urinalysis
(91 times)
Pediatrics
(16 times)
UTI (27 times)
UTIs (12 times)
CI (10 times)
1990 Microscopic hematuria and calculus-related ureteral obstruction.
unicystic ameloblastoma
(63 times)
Dentistry
(19 times)
SMA (10 times)
OKC (8 times)
DC (7 times)
1998 Unicystic ameloblastoma. A review of 193 cases from the literature.
uranyl acetate
(63 times)
Nephrology
(10 times)
PT (11 times)
ARF (10 times)
BrdU (9 times)
1965 FINE STRUCTURE OF THE COAT AND NUCLEOID MATERIAL OF FOWLPOX VIRUS.
10  urolithin A
(45 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(15 times)
EA (9 times)
ETs (5 times)
ROS (4 times)
2009 Effects of fruit ellagitannin extracts, ellagic acid, and their colonic metabolite, urolithin A, on Wnt signaling.
11  unstable angina pectoris
(44 times)
Cardiology
(12 times)
AMI (16 times)
ACS (14 times)
NSTEMI (11 times)
1985 Operative risk factors associated with unstable angina pectoris.
12  umbilical
(31 times)
Obstetrics
(20 times)
MCA (29 times)
PI (19 times)
CPR (8 times)
1999 Prediction of perinatal outcome in fetuses suspected to have intrauterine growth restriction: Doppler US study of fetal cerebral, renal, and umbilical arteries.
13  united atom
(26 times)
Chemistry
(21 times)
CG (9 times)
MD (9 times)
AA (5 times)
2004 Adsorption of ethylene on graphitized thermal carbon black and in slit pores: a computer simulation study.
14  ulnar artery
(25 times)
Cardiology
(8 times)
RA (20 times)
PSV (3 times)
TRA (3 times)
2003 Use of the radial artery for hemodialysis access.
15  urinary albumin
(22 times)
Medicine
(5 times)
IR (4 times)
T2DM (4 times)
BMD (3 times)
1991 Albuminuria vs urinary total protein for detecting chronic renal disorders.
16  ultrasonic activation
(21 times)
Dentistry
(8 times)
AA (1 time)
aNPCs (1 time)
aOR (1 time)
1992 Viscous cosolvent effect on the ultrasonic absorption of bovine serum albumin.
17  urban area
(18 times)
Environmental Health
(7 times)
RA (10 times)
MA (4 times)
AA (2 times)
1991 Surface IgE and phagocytic activity of eosinophils from patients with American cutaneous leishmaniasis: relation to cell density.
18  urban agriculture
(17 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
Cd (1 time)
CE (1 time)
Cr (1 time)
2008 Overview on urban and peri-urban agriculture: definition, impact on human health, constraints and policy issues.
19  urinary amylase
(16 times)
Transplantation
(9 times)
Cr (4 times)
PG (4 times)
PTA (3 times)
1987 Experimental and clinical experience with urine amylase monitoring for early diagnosis of rejection in pancreas transplantation.
20  urease
(14 times)
Environmental Health
(11 times)
ASA (3 times)
CA (3 times)
MBC (3 times)
2007 The effects of heavy metal pollution on enzyme activities and basal soil respiration of roadside soils.
21  uterine activity
(14 times)
Perinatology
(4 times)
FHR (5 times)
CTG (3 times)
AR (1 time)
1991 Comparison of plasma oxytocin and catecholamine concentrations with uterine activity in pregnant rhesus monkeys.
22  ursodeoxycholic acid
(13 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
JA (7 times)
BA (4 times)
CM (3 times)
2003 [Effectiveness of ursodeoxycholic acid in cholesterosis of the gallbladder].
23  undecylenic acid
(12 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
2,5-DBE (1 time)
AbAf iCs (1 time)
CHA (1 time)
1999 Effect of undecylenic acid as a topical microbicide against genital herpes infection in mice and guinea pigs.
24  urate
(12 times)
Arthritis
(4 times)
AA (3 times)
ADO (1 time)
BBB (1 time)
1977 Effect of splanchnicotomy on the renal excretion of uric acid in anaesthetized dogs.
25  ultrasound-assisted
(11 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(5 times)
XRD (3 times)
SCO2 (2 times)
AC (1 time)
2011 Comparison of the performance of conventional, temperature-controlled, and ultrasound-assisted ionic liquid dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction combined with high-performance liquid chromatography in analyzing pyrethroid pesticides in honey samples.
26  upper arm
(11 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
FA (6 times)
BP (4 times)
FD (2 times)
2003 Perceptual integration of intramuscular electrical stimulation in the focal and the referred pain area in healthy humans.
27  universal adhesive
(10 times)
Dentistry
(7 times)
HF (3 times)
SE (2 times)
SEM (2 times)
2015 Effect of Storage Time on Bond Strength and Nanoleakage Expression of Universal Adhesives Bonded to Dentin and Etched Enamel.
28  uncomplicated appendicitis
(9 times)
General Surgery
(7 times)
CA (3 times)
EA (2 times)
AA (1 time)
2012 Laparoscopic versus open appendectomy for complicated and uncomplicated appendicitis in children.
29  univariate analysis
(9 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
MA (3 times)
HbA1c (2 times)
MVA (2 times)
2007 The association of elevated HbA1c on the behavior of adenomatous polyps in patients with type-II diabetes mellitus.
30  uncontrolled asthma
(8 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(5 times)
CA (6 times)
PAQLQ (4 times)
C-ACT (2 times)
2009 Identifying uncontrolled asthma in young children: clinical scores or objective variables?
31  University of Arizona
(8 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
ASU (2 times)
BMI (1 time)
NIN (1 time)
1989 Mexico, maquiladoras, and occupational medicine training.
32  urease activity
(8 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
MBC (2 times)
SBM (2 times)
ACP (1 time)
1997 Effect of temperature of wet extrusion on the nutritional value of full-fat soyabeans for broiler chickens.
33  urine analysis
(8 times)
Psychopharmacology
(2 times)
CBC (2 times)
MI (2 times)
UTI (2 times)
1997 Preoperative laboratory testing in children undergoing elective surgery: analysis of current practice.
34  ulipristal acetate
(7 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
LNG (2 times)
EC (1 time)
ECP (1 time)
2012 Ulipristal acetate: a novel option for the medical management of symptomatic uterine fibroids.
35  umbilical arterial blood
(7 times)
Obstetrics
(6 times)
UV (6 times)
MV (2 times)
d2-E2 (1 time)
1978 Fetal contribution to oxytocin in human labor.
36  unmeasured anions
(7 times)
Nephrology
(2 times)
AG (3 times)
CAA (1 time)
FS (1 time)
1978 CSF HCO3- regulation in isosmotic conditions: the role of brain PCO2 and plasma HCO3-.
37  unruptured aneurysms
(7 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
OR (3 times)
SAH (3 times)
mRS (2 times)
1993 Importance of cerebral pan-angiography for detection of multiple aneurysms in patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage.
38  urinary aldosterone
(7 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
PRA (6 times)
BP (3 times)
PA (3 times)
1980 Renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system in arterial hypertension.
39  uncertainty avoidance
(6 times)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(2 times)
AR (1 time)
CFC (1 time)
ECCQI (1 time)
2012 Factors influencing intention to undergo whole genome screening in future healthcare: a single-blind parallel-group randomised trial.
40  unclassified arthritis
(6 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
RA (3 times)
FAP (1 time)
MMPs (1 time)
2011 Combining anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide with the American College of Rheumatology 1987 criteria failed to improve early rheumatoid arthritis diagnosis in the community-based very early arthritis cohort.
41  unexplained anemia
(6 times)
Hematology
(3 times)
ACD (2 times)
5-year FU (1 time)
ACI (1 time)
2004 Prevalence of anemia in persons 65 years and older in the United States: evidence for a high rate of unexplained anemia.
42  unilateral adrenalectomy
(6 times)
Endocrinology
(4 times)
CS (4 times)
PBMAH (3 times)
APA (1 time)
2013 Prognostic factors for recurrence after conservative treatment in a series of 119 patients with stage I serous borderline tumors of the ovary.
43  urea
(6 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
2Ih (1 time)
8-oxoG (1 time)
AA (1 time)
2005 Urea lesion formation in DNA as a consequence of 7,8-dihydro-8-oxoguanine oxidation and hydrolysis provides a potent source of point mutations.
44  ultrasound assisted solvent
(5 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
SOL (3 times)
SP (2 times)
SP-UA (2 times)
2005 Ultrasound assisted extraction in quantifying lutein from chicken liver using high-performance liquid chromatography.
45  umbilical cord artery
(5 times)
Obstetrics
(2 times)
MCA (2 times)
PI (2 times)
RI (2 times)
2000 [Relationship between Doppler velocimetry at middle cerebral artery and umbilical artery and status of newborn].
46  uncertainty analysis
(5 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
BIP (1 time)
DOE (1 time)
GSA (1 time)
1996 Changes in EEG order in neuroleptically treated normal volunteers during a voluntary movement task.
47  universal array
(5 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
LDR (5 times)
SNP (2 times)
cULS (1 time)
2004 Polymorphism analysis within the HLA-A locus by universal oligonucleotide array.
48  unstable
(5 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
SA (5 times)
DA (2 times)
FAI (2 times)
1987 [Newly developed stenocardia: various clinical characteristics of its stable and unstable course].
49  upper abdominal
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
LA (2 times)
ABC (1 time)
ANZCTR (1 time)
1994 Epidural analgesia versus intravenous patient-controlled analgesia. Differences in the postoperative course of cancer patients.
50  urethane acrylate
(5 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
2-HEA (1 time)
AESO (1 time)
ASTM (1 time)
2009 A microfluidic device with integrated fluorimetric detection for flow injection analysis.
51  uric acid level
(5 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
CML (1 time)
HU-TLS (1 time)
IDO1 (1 time)
2013 Relationship between serum uric acid level and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in pre- and postmenopausal women.
52  urinary aldosterone excretion
(5 times)
Metabolism
(2 times)
PRA (4 times)
BP (2 times)
PA (2 times)
1975 Suppression of renin and aldosterone by small amounts of DOCA in normal man.
53  urinary antigen
(5 times)
Nephrology
(1 time)
CAP (1 time)
CI (1 time)
ED (1 time)
1982 Relationship between circulating immune complexes and urinary antigens in human malignancy.
54  usual activities
(5 times)
Public Health
(3 times)
AD (3 times)
MO (3 times)
HRQoL (2 times)
2014 Exploratory analysis of health-related quality of life among the empty-nest elderly in rural China: an empirical study in three economically developed cities in eastern China.
55  usual aging
(5 times)
Geriatrics
(2 times)
MCI (5 times)
SA (5 times)
1H-NMR (1 time)
2005 [Heterogeneity of aging brain: a preliminary comparative study of functional magnetic resonance imaging in elderly people].
56  unaffected
(4 times)
Metabolism
(1 time)
AF (2 times)
AIS (1 time)
ARI (1 time)
2002 Insulin resistance in the sisters of women with polycystic ovary syndrome: association with hyperandrogenemia rather than menstrual irregularity.
57  undecanoic acid
(4 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
ATR-FTIR (1 time)
CD (1 time)
LPS (1 time)
2003 Bestowing antifungal and antibacterial activities by lipophilic acid conjugation to D,L-amino acid-containing antimicrobial peptides: a plausible mode of action.
58  unruptured intracranial aneurysms
(4 times)
Neurosurgery
(2 times)
OPN (2 times)
RA (2 times)
ex-miR-144-5p (1 time)
1988 Unruptured intracranial aneurysms: an assessment of the annual risk of rupture based on epidemiological and clinical data.
59  Urban Atlas
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CLC (2 times)
GIS (2 times)
NDVI (2 times)
2017 Use of a geographic information system to identify differences in automated external defibrillator installation in urban areas with similar incidence of public out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: a retrospective registry-based study.
60  ustilagic acid
(4 times)
Microbiology
(4 times)
SDR (1 time)
UAS (1 time)
2007 A biosynthetic gene cluster for a secreted cellobiose lipid with antifungal activity from Ustilago maydis.
61  undifferentiated inflammatory arthritis
(3 times)
Rheumatology
(3 times)
RA (3 times)
anti-CCP (1 time)
CRP (1 time)
2003 Bacterial components in the synovial tissue of patients with advanced rheumatoid arthritis or osteoarthritis: analysis with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and pan-bacterial polymerase chain reaction.
62  Univariate
(3 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
MA (2 times)
CR (1 time)
OS (1 time)
1995 Influence of three factors on the diagnostic effectiveness of transthoracic needle aspiration in pneumonia.
63  University of Alaska
(3 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
CLPC (1 time)
CUA (1 time)
NIH (1 time)
2011 The legacy of the Alaska Siberia Medical Research Program: a historical perspective.
64  unplanned admission
(3 times)
Surgical Procedures, Operative
(1 time)
SDD (2 times)
HoLEP (1 time)
PA (1 time)
2020 Unplanned admission after ambulatory anaesthesia in France: analysis of a database of 36,584 patients.
65  urethral atresia
(3 times)
Obstetrics
(2 times)
PUV (2 times)
AUC (1 time)
EA (1 time)
1998 Long-term survival in a patient with congenital laryngeal atresia and multiple malformations.
66  urinary albumin concentration
(3 times)
Obstetrics
(1 time)
UAE (1 time)
UAER (1 time)
1988 Side-room tests to screen for microalbuminuria in diabetes mellitus.
67  Urmia Aquifer
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
UL (3 times)
HFE (2 times)
SI (2 times)
2016 Investigating the salinization and freshening processes of coastal groundwater resources in Urmia aquifer, NW Iran.
68  user's accuracy
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
PA (3 times)
HDSTAFM (1 time)
IAIN (1 time)
2018 Early-season crop mapping using improved artificial immune network (IAIN) and Sentinel data.
69  usual activity
(3 times)
Nursing
(1 time)
AD (2 times)
MO (2 times)
PD (2 times)
2009 [Quality of life analysis in patients with an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator].
70  antioxidants-uric acid
(2 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
SOD (1 time)
TAS (1 time)
WBCT (1 time)
2006 Kinetics of ozone reaction with uric acid, ascorbic acid, and glutathione at physiologically relevant conditions.
71  U 11-100 A
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
CI (1 time)
E2-17 alpha (1 time)
IP (1 time)
1979 Oestrogen-induced increase in uterine cGMP content: a true hormonal action?
72  U-11,100A
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
CI (1 time)
1975 Antiestrogen action in the uterus: biological ineffectiveness of nuclear bound estradiol after antiestrogen.
73  Ukraine
(2 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
LT (1 time)
LV (1 time)
2015 Air pollution by allergenic spores of the genus Alternaria in the air of central and eastern Europe.
74  ulcerative appendicitis
(2 times)
Pathology
(2 times)
UC (2 times)
1994 Appendiceal involvement as a skip lesion in ulcerative colitis.
75  ultrasonic arteriography
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
CPA (1 time)
OPG (1 time)
OPG-K (1 time)
1979 Noninvasive diagnosis of extracranial carotid arterial disease: a prospective evaluation of pulsed-Doppler imaging and oculoplethysmography.
76  ultrasonic-assisted extraction
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
EA (2 times)
HW (2 times)
CPs (1 time)
2018 Physicochemical properties and activities of comfrey polysaccharides extracted by different techniques.
77  ultrasound arthroscopy
(2 times)
Arthroscopy
(2 times)
US (1 time)
2015 Diagnosis of Knee Osteochondral Lesions With Ultrasound Imaging.
78  Umbilicaria antarctica
(2 times)
Biomedical Research
(1 time)
ChlF (1 time)
COX-2 (1 time)
DP (1 time)
2020 Chlorophyll a fluorescence and Raman spectroscopy can monitor activation/deactivation of photosynthesis and carotenoids in Antarctic lichens.
79  un-ruptured IA
(2 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
RA (2 times)
COL1A1 (1 time)
HASMCs (1 time)
2019 Exosome-Derived MiRNAs as Biomarkers of the Development and Progression of Intracranial Aneurysms.
80  unanesthetized
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
ACh (1 time)
ChAT (1 time)
LDT (1 time)
1989 Effects of central nervous system-acting drugs on urinary bladder contraction in unanesthetized rats.
81  unconfined aquifer
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
EDCs (1 time)
FCA (1 time)
GWR (1 time)
2013 Spatial and seasonal variations of occurrences and concentrations of endocrine disrupting chemicals in unconfined and confined aquifers recharged by reclaimed water: a field study along the Chaobai River, Beijing.
82  Underlying Approach
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
--- 2012 Alignment-free phylogeny of whole genomes using underlying subwords.
83  undiagnosed arthritis
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
circRNAs (2 times)
qRT-PCR (2 times)
RA (2 times)
2019 Circular RNAs Hsa_circ_0002715 and Hsa_circ_0035197 in Peripheral Blood Are Novel Potential Biomarkers for New-Onset Rheumatoid Arthritis.
84  unfiltered air
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
FA (2 times)
KO (1 time)
WT (1 time)
2019 Ambient PM2.5 caused depressive-like responses through Nrf2/NLRP3 signaling pathway modulating inflammation.
85  Union Army
(2 times)
Jurisprudence
(1 time)
HL (1 time)
MSK (1 time)
2002 Evolution of disability in late 19th century America: Civil War pensions for Union Army veterans with musculoskeletal conditions.
86  unipolar ablation
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
BA (2 times)
AFL (1 time)
RFA (1 time)
2019 Bipolar catheter ablation in ventricular myocardium.
87  unit assembly
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
TALE (2 times)
DSBs (1 time)
TALEN (1 time)
2013 [A protocol for TALEN construction and gene targeting in zebrafish].
88  universal agreement
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
I-CVI (2 times)
S-CVI (2 times)
bDMARDs (1 time)
2020 Validation and Reliability of Healthcare Workers' Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice Instrument for Uncomplicated Malaria by Rasch Measurement Model.
89  University of Arkansas
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
BSL 2 (1 time)
SL (1 time)
UM (1 time)
2001 Herpesvirus connection in the expression of autoimmune vitiligo in Smyth line chickens.
90  university-affiliated
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
APUB (1 time)
CB (1 time)
FREIDA (1 time)
2010 Practices in peptic ulcer bleeding controversies among university- versus nonuniversity-affiliated gastroenterologists.
91  unlinked anonymous
(2 times)
Social Sciences
(1 time)
STD (1 time)
2000 Surveillance for the impact in the UK of HIV epidemics in South Asia.
92  Unmanned aircrafts
(2 times)
Science
(1 time)
GA (1 time)
MACs (1 time)
2016 GDTN: Genome-Based Delay Tolerant Network Formation in Heterogeneous 5G Using Inter-UA Collaboration.
93  unmitigated agency
(2 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
AG (1 time)
CM (1 time)
FFM (1 time)
2006 Distinctions among agency, communion, and unmitigated agency and communion according to the interpersonal circumplex, Five-factor model, and social-emotional correlates.
94  unprotected anal sex
(2 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(2 times)
MSM (2 times)
CI (1 time)
2009 Gay identity-related factors and sexual risk among men who have sex with men in San Francisco.
95  unspecified arthritis
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
PsA (1 time)
RA (1 time)
ReA (1 time)
2007 Frequency of recent parvovirus infection in patients examined for acute reactive arthritis. A study with combinatorial parvovirus serodiagnostics.
96  unstable angina patients
(2 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
ACS (1 time)
AMI (1 time)
CDR3 (1 time)
2016 1H NMR-derived metabolomics of filtered serum of myocardial ischemia in unstable angina patients.
97  unweighted accuracy
(2 times)
Science
(1 time)
AB (1 time)
CNNs (1 time)
CR (1 time)
2015 Using an Adenosine Triphosphate Bioluminescent Assay to Determine Effective Antibiotic Combinations against Carbapenem-Resistant Gram Negative Bacteria within 24 Hours.
98  Upper Airways
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
GS (1 time)
HRQoL (1 time)
LA (1 time)
2001 [Surgical treatment of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome: from palatopharyngeal surgery to multilevel surgical reconstruction of the pharynx. Basis, results and future perspectives].
99  upper-alpha
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
EEG (2 times)
NF (1 time)
NFT (1 time)
2014 Influence of electroencephalography neurofeedback training on episodic memory: a randomized, sham-controlled, double-blind study.
100  upstream area
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
DA (2 times)
AD (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
2019 Biomechanical characteristics of isolated carotid atherosclerotic plaques assessed by ultrasonography.