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Abbreviation: UL
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Long forms: 237

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
upper limb
(347 times)
Rehabilitation
(117 times)
LL (56 times)
CI (15 times)
BBT (13 times)
1985 Ultrasonic systolic blood pressure gradient between upper and lower limbs in normal term Chinese neonates.
upper intake level
(149 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(86 times)
EAR (41 times)
AI (22 times)
RDA (17 times)
1998 Dietary Reference Intakes: the new basis for recommendations for calcium and related nutrients, B vitamins, and choline.
uterine leiomyoma
(141 times)
Neoplasms
(27 times)
CI (10 times)
CIs (7 times)
BMI (6 times)
1992 [Quantification of deoxyribonucleic acid and collagen as biological markers in uterine leiomyoma].
unilateral labyrinthectomy
(132 times)
Neurology
(47 times)
MVN (27 times)
SN (18 times)
VC (10 times)
1987 Neural activity, alertness and visual orientation in intact and unilaterally labyrinthectomized rabbits.
unique long
(57 times)
Virology
(39 times)
US (18 times)
HSV-1 (14 times)
HCMV (9 times)
1984 Deletions in the genomes of pseudorabies virus vaccine strains and existence of four isomers of the genomes.
unilateral
(40 times)
Physiology
(13 times)
BL (31 times)
EMG (8 times)
ECT (5 times)
1988 Temporary postthyroidectomy hypocalcemia.
ultra-large
(24 times)
Hematology
(19 times)
vWF (23 times)
TTP (5 times)
AP (3 times)
2002 ADAMTS-13 rapidly cleaves newly secreted ultralarge von Willebrand factor multimers on the endothelial surface under flowing conditions.
urolithiasis
(24 times)
Nephrology
(9 times)
BPH (2 times)
IH (2 times)
UTIs (2 times)
1977 Urolithiasis associated with hypercalciuria.
upper layer
(16 times)
Anatomy
(4 times)
DL (4 times)
PS (2 times)
A. donax (1 time)
1981 Rat C-6 glioma cells maintained in an organ culture system: a study of kinetic parameters.
10  unusually large
(15 times)
Hematology
(9 times)
vWF (15 times)
TTP (9 times)
TMA (4 times)
1993 Abnormalities of von Willebrand factor multimers in drug-associated thrombotic microangiopathies.
11  upper level
(13 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(8 times)
RDA (3 times)
DRIs (2 times)
EAR (2 times)
1998 Spike responses of sympathetic vertebral nerve activities during stimulation of the pressor dorsomedial and rostral ventrolateral medulla differ in cats.
12  upper level of intake
(12 times)
Toxicology
(6 times)
HOI (6 times)
OSL (6 times)
AI (1 time)
2003 Micronutrient supplementation: when is best and why?
13  unique long region
(9 times)
Virology
(6 times)
ILTV (2 times)
ORFs (2 times)
VZV (2 times)
1991 Gallid herpesvirus 1 (infectious laryngotracheitis virus): cloning and physical maps of the SA-2 strain.
14  unlicensed
(9 times)
Pediatrics
(4 times)
OL (9 times)
FDA (2 times)
ADEs (1 time)
2010 Off-label and unlicensed medication use and associated adverse drug events in a pediatric emergency department.
15  unloaded
(9 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
3 MT (1 time)
BC (1 time)
BD (1 time)
2004 Reduced sensations of intensity of breathlessness enhances maintenance of intense intermittent exercise.
16  Upper Intake Levels
(8 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(5 times)
EAR (5 times)
AI (3 times)
DRIs (2 times)
2003 Vitamins and minerals: a model for safe addition to foods.
17  urethral length
(8 times)
Urology
(3 times)
RT (3 times)
SUI (2 times)
3D-EVUS (1 time)
2002 Female urinary genuine stress incontinence: anatomic considerations at MR imaging of the paravaginal fascia and urethra initial observations.
18  uplink
(7 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
DL (6 times)
AN (1 time)
ANN (1 time)
2013 Dynamic subframe allocation for mobile broadband m-health using IEEE 802.16j mobile multihop relay networks.
19  ulna length
(6 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
MUST (3 times)
KH (2 times)
SH (2 times)
2014 Using alternative or direct anthropometric measurements to assess risk for malnutrition in nursing homes.
20  upper lobe
(6 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
LL (5 times)
ML (2 times)
SBRT (2 times)
2007 Correlation of chest radiograph pattern with genotype, age, and gender in adult cystic fibrosis: a single-center study.
21  ureter ligated
(6 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
CSF (4 times)
CEZ (1 time)
CFSL (1 time)
1978 Resistance to parathyroid hormone in renal failure: role of vitamin D metabolites.
22  urinary leakage
(6 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
RP (2 times)
AS (1 time)
HAs (1 time)
2004 Prevalence of urinary leakage in nulliparous women with respect to physical activity and micturition habits.
23  ultimate load
(5 times)
Metabolism
(3 times)
BMD (2 times)
BFRs (1 time)
BMC (1 time)
2001 [Effects of intermittent artificial gravity on femur of simulated weightlessness rats].
24  ultra-low
(5 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
ART (1 time)
BP (1 time)
DAA (1 time)
2007 Diacetone alcohol, a dispersant solvent, contributes to acute toxicity of a fipronil-based insecticide in a passerine bird.
25  ultralente
(5 times)
Endocrinology
(5 times)
BG (1 time)
CRA (1 time)
ISA (1 time)
1980 Virtually continuous euglycemia for 5 yr in a labile juvenile-onset diabetic patient under noninvasive closed-loop control.
26  Underwriters Laboratories
(5 times)
Health Services
(1 time)
ALH (1 time)
APP (1 time)
CO (1 time)
2001 UL (Underwriters Laboratories) wants you! Facility manager input sought for waste treatment technology standards.
27  ureteroscopic lithotripsy
(5 times)
Urology
(2 times)
PCNL (2 times)
DJ (1 time)
RIRS (1 time)
1998 Endoscopic management of urolithiasis in the morbidly obese patient.
28  usual leiomyoma
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
LMS (4 times)
CL (3 times)
BL (2 times)
1999 Expression of steroid receptors, Ki-67, and p53 in uterine leiomyosarcomas.
29  uterine length
(5 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
OR (2 times)
PA (2 times)
AGA (1 time)
1991 Genetic correlations among reproductive traits and uterine dimensions in mice.
30  long unique
(4 times)
Virology
(4 times)
HCMV (1 time)
HSV-2 (1 time)
ICP0 (1 time)
1984 Human cytomegalovirus DNA sequences with homologies to the cellular genome.
31  long unique region
(4 times)
Virology
(4 times)
HSV-1 (2 times)
IRL (2 times)
CHV (1 time)
1988 The complete DNA sequence of the long unique region in the genome of herpes simplex virus type 1.
32  ulinastatin
(4 times)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(1 time)
SAP (2 times)
AMI (1 time)
AP (1 time)
1989 Role of PMN elastase on ischemic myocardial injury in evolving myocardial infarction: correlation with clinical parameters and intervention by protease inhibitor ulinastatin.
33  ulnaris lateralis
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
EDC (2 times)
BCAA (1 time)
CD (1 time)
1985 Regulation of protein degradation in chick muscle by several hormones and metabolites.
34  uncertainty limits
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
CVD (1 time)
NBSs (1 time)
2006 Drug costs associated with non-adherence to cholesterol management guidelines for primary prevention of cardiovascular disease in an elderly population: the Rotterdam study.
35  unique long sequence
(4 times)
Virology
(3 times)
DRL (1 time)
EHV-1 (1 time)
HIV-1 (1 time)
1989 A tandem repeat sequence found in a heterogeneous fragment of UL of herpes simplex virus type 1.
36  University of Limerick
(4 times)
Rehabilitation
(1 time)
COHLS (1 time)
HRSA (1 time)
ITE (1 time)
2008 Graduate medical education in Ireland: a profile of the first cohort of students.
37  University of Louisville
(4 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
CPB (1 time)
HLHS (1 time)
ICU (1 time)
1989 Institutionally shared trauma rotations are viable solutions to deficiencies in trauma training.
38  unloading
(4 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
DAVID (1 time)
ECM (1 time)
GH (1 time)
2010 Forty-eight hours of unloading and 24 h of reloading lead to changes in global gene expression patterns related to ubiquitination and oxidative stress in humans.
39  upper lumbar
(4 times)
Psychology
(1 time)
LT (2 times)
UT (2 times)
AIS (1 time)
2006 Hyperexcitability of convergent colon and bladder dorsal root ganglion neurons after colonic inflammation: mechanism for pelvic organ cross-talk.
40  upper tolerable intake level
(4 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
EAR (1 time)
MDA (1 time)
NHANES (1 time)
2007 Development of a model for optimal food fortification: vitamin D among adults in Finland.
41  uterine lavage
(4 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(2 times)
CB (1 time)
CS (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2016 Uterine lavage is efficient to recover endometrial cytology sample and does not interfere with fertility rate after artificial insemination in cows.
42  ulnolunate
(3 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
UT (3 times)
ECU (1 time)
SRL (1 time)
1994 Frayed ulno-triquetral and ulno-lunate ligaments as an arthroscopic sign of longstanding triquetro-lunate ligament rupture.
43  ultradeformable nanoliposomes
(3 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
12-DTMP (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
CLT (1 time)
2004 Effect of edge activators on the formation and transfection efficiency of ultradeformable liposomes.
44  Unverricht-Lundborg
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
BW (1 time)
CSTB (1 time)
LLRs (1 time)
1997 Sweat gland vacuoles in Unverricht-Lundborg disease.
45  urban low-income
(3 times)
Sports Medicine
(2 times)
RL (3 times)
UH (3 times)
BMI (1 time)
2019 Gross motor skills of South African preschool-aged children across different income settings.
46  urethral lengthening
(3 times)
Sexual Dysfunction, Physiological
(2 times)
gGAS (2 times)
PROM (1 time)
PROs (1 time)
2020 Genital Gender-Affirming Surgery Without Urethral Lengthening in Transgender Men-A Clinical Follow-Up Study on the Surgical and Urological Outcomes and Patient Satisfaction.
47  Urmia Lake
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
UA (3 times)
HFE (2 times)
SI (2 times)
2016 Investigating the salinization and freshening processes of coastal groundwater resources in Urmia aquifer, NW Iran.
48  uterosacral ligaments
(3 times)
Gynecology
(3 times)
mtDNA (3 times)
POP (3 times)
BMI (1 time)
2009 Low copy number and high 4977 deletion of mitochondrial DNA in uterosacral ligaments are associated with pelvic organ prolapse progression.
49  ubiquitin ligases
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
AICAR (1 time)
AMPK (1 time)
HTLV-1 (1 time)
2009 AMP-activated protein kinase enhances the expression of muscle-specific ubiquitin ligases despite its activation of IGF-1/Akt signaling in C2C12 myotubes.
50  ulceration
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
DLS (1 time)
GC (1 time)
LNM (1 time)
2009 A phase II trial of endoscopic submucosal dissection for mucosal gastric cancer: Japan Clinical Oncology Group Study JCOG0607.
51  ulva lactuca
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
SHC (1 time)
2020 The effect of Ulva lactuca and Sargassum hemiphyllum var. chinense on arsenic metabolites and enzymes in broilers.
52  unaffected leg
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
AL (2 times)
GRF (1 time)
RSP (1 time)
2009 Running-specific prostheses limit ground-force during sprinting.
53  uncertainty level
(2 times)
Biomedical Research
(1 time)
ARIMA (1 time)
EEMD (1 time)
LC (1 time)
2017 Lung Cancer Prevalence in Iran by Histologic Subtypes.
54  underlayer
(2 times)
Physicochemical Phenomena
(1 time)
LEDs (1 time)
PRED (1 time)
QW (1 time)
2016 A Synergistic Effect of Surfactant and ZrO2 Underlayer on Photocurrent Enhancement and Cathodic Shift of Nanoporous Fe2O3 Photoanode.
55  uniformly labeled
(2 times)
Bacteriology
(1 time)
--- 1962 Studies on the metabolic function of branched-chain volatile fatty acids, growth factors for ruminococci. I. Incorporation of isovalerate into leucine.
56  unilamellar liposomes
(2 times)
Hematology
(1 time)
59Fe-DRBC (1 time)
CML (1 time)
DF (1 time)
1981 Liposome-encapsulated desferrioxamine in experimental iron overload.
57  unilateral chemical labyrinthectomy
(2 times)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
MVN (1 time)
rCGM (1 time)
SN (1 time)
1998 The effects of steroids on vestibular compensation and vestibular nucleus neuronal activity in the guinea pig.
58  unilateral left
(2 times)
Psychology
(1 time)
UR (2 times)
BL (1 time)
BLD (1 time)
1978 The effects of unilateral and bilateral ECT on verbal and visual spatial memory.
59  University Lake
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
A.R (1 time)
HOCs (1 time)
IHC (1 time)
2002 Volatilization of contaminants from suspended sediment in a water column during dredging.
60  unlicensed drug
(2 times)
Decision Making
(1 time)
OL (2 times)
EPD (1 time)
GA (1 time)
2015 Off-label and unlicensed drug use in children admitted to Pediatric Intensive Care Units (PICU).
61  unlock
(2 times)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
LD (2 times)
COVID-19 (1 time)
eBC (1 time)
2021 Geographic information system-based analysis of COVID-19 cases in India during pre-lockdown, lockdown, and unlock phases.
62  unsaturated lipids
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
BMAT (1 time)
BMD (1 time)
PL (1 time)
1987 Mucus protection and airway peroxidation following nitrogen dioxide exposure in the rat.
63  unsensitized lymphocytes
(2 times)
Transplantation
(1 time)
RBF (2 times)
VP (2 times)
CR (1 time)
1982 Lymphocyte recruitment, regional blood flow, and vascular permeability at sites of allogeneic cellular interactions.
64  unsupervised learning
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
EDSGFQL (1 time)
FISs (1 time)
RL (1 time)
2008 Automatic generation of fuzzy inference systems via unsupervised learning.
65  unused land
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
ADI (1 time)
Ae. albopictus (1 time)
AP (1 time)
2019 Island soil quality assessment and the relationship between soil quality and land-use type/topography.
66  Unverricht-Lundborg disease
(2 times)
Brain
(2 times)
PME (2 times)
5-HIAA (1 time)
AED (1 time)
1995 Neuropharmacology of progressive myoclonus epilepsy: response to 5-hydroxy-L-tryptophan.
67  upland
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
AIVs (1 time)
IAVs (1 time)
LL (1 time)
2017 Identification of Lipid Biomarkers To Discriminate between the Different Production Systems for Asiago PDO Cheese.
68  upper eyelids
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
LL (2 times)
DED (1 time)
MG (1 time)
2018 Assessment of meibomian glands using a custom-made meibographer in dry eye patients in Ghana.
69  upper left
(2 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
UR (2 times)
BDR (1 time)
BPD (1 time)
2014 Changes in positive end-expiratory pressure alter the distribution of ventilation within the lung immediately after birth in newborn rabbits.
70  upper limb function
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
CD (1 time)
DMD (1 time)
SMA (1 time)
2017 [Upper limb functional assessment scale for children with Duchenne muscular dystrophy and Spinal muscular atrophy].
71  upper lobectomy
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
LL (2 times)
COPD (1 time)
FVC (1 time)
2013 Serial changes in pulmonary function after video-assisted thoracic surgery lobectomy in lung cancer patients.
72  upper sample size limit
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
BE (2 times)
GMR (1 time)
TSD (1 time)
2013 An insight into the properties of a two-stage design in bioequivalence studies.
73  upper tolerable level
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
EAR (1 time)
2016 What is the safe upper intake level of folic acid for the nervous system? Implications for folic acid fortification policies.
74  urate-lowering
(2 times)
Rheumatology
(2 times)
sUA (2 times)
AE (1 time)
CV (1 time)
2010 The urate-lowering efficacy and safety of febuxostat in the treatment of the hyperuricemia of gout: the CONFIRMS trial.
75  urethral leiomyoma
(2 times)
Urology
(1 time)
--- 2010 Leiomyoma of the male urethra: case report and review of the literature.
76  uterine lumen
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
JV (2 times)
UV (2 times)
PHA (1 time)
1984 Mitogenic response of lymphocytes collected from jugular and uterine veins and the uterine lumen of estrous, Day 14 and ovariectomized ewes.
77  (Sn)-to-upper lip line
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
MxOP (1 time)
TVL (1 time)
2001 Assessment of the relationships among posture, maxillomandibular denture complex, and soft-tissue profile of aesthetic adult Korean women.
78  CRT-upper limb
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CRT (1 time)
LL (1 time)
PNF (1 time)
2020 Addition of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation to cardiorespiratory training in patients poststroke: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial.
79  hindlimb-unloading
(1 time)
Food
(1 time)
ISOs (1 time)
RES (1 time)
2020 The Combination of Soy Isoflavones and Resveratrol Preserve Bone Mineral Density in Hindlimb-Unloaded Mice.
80  largely unique DNA
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
--- 1981 Epstein-Barr virus DNA. IX. Variation among viral DNAs from producer and nonproducer infected cells.
81  long unique arm
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
US (1 time)
1985 Cloning, sequencing, and functional analysis of oriL, a herpes simplex virus type 1 origin of DNA synthesis.
82  long unique segment
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
HSV-1 (1 time)
LAT (1 time)
ORFs (1 time)
1993 Transcriptional analysis of the herpes simplex virus type 1 region containing the TRL/UL junction.
83  long unique sequences
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
HVT (1 time)
MDV (1 time)
TRL and IRL (1 time)
1987 Restriction enzyme map of herpesvirus of turkey DNA and its collinear relationship with Marek's disease virus DNA.
84  U-net + level set
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
FCDL (1 time)
FCN (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
2021 A cascaded FC-DenseNet and level set method (FCDL) for fully automatic segmentation of the right ventricle in cardiac MRI.
85  U. longissima
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
EV (1 time)
UA (1 time)
UG (1 time)
2016 A Validated HPTLC Densitometric Method for Simultaneous Determination of Evernic and Usnic Acids in Four Usnea Species and Comparison of Their Antioxidant Potential.
86  udder length
(1 time)
DPY (1 time)
LF (1 time)
LR (1 time)
2016 Relationship of prepartum udder and teat measurements with subsequent milk production traits in primiparous Nili-Ravi buffaloes.
87  ulcer
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
--- 2019 Current indications of endoscopic submucosal dissection for early gastric cancer in Japan.
88  ulcer-like
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
HP (1 time)
ML (1 time)
TNF-alpha (1 time)
2003 Functional dyspepsia: relationship between clinical subgroups and Helicobacter pylori status in Western Turkey.
89  ulcerated
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
ABS (1 time)
DECas (1 time)
REL (1 time)
2002 Histogenesis and morphogenesis of depressed-type early colorectal carcinoma.
90  Ulcerative finding
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
EGC (1 time)
ER (1 time)
pUL (1 time)
2021 Discrepancy between endoscopic and pathological ulcerative findings in clinical intramucosal early gastric cancer.
91  Ulcerative laryngitis
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
VHI-10 (1 time)
2018 Characteristics and Voice Outcomes of Ulcerative Laryngitis.
92  ulcerative lesion
(1 time)
Translational Medical Research
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
EGC (1 time)
LNM (1 time)
2020 Risk factors of tumor invasion and node metastasis in early gastric cancer with undifferentiated component: a multicenter retrospective study on biopsy specimens and clinical data.
93  ulcerative lymphangitis
(1 time)
CLA (1 time)
OSD (1 time)
2021 The Transcriptional Regulatory Network of Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis.
94  ulinastatin lavage
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
IU (1 time)
SAP (1 time)
SL (1 time)
2018 Therapeutic effect of ultrasound interventional perirenal catheter-assisted early peripancreatic lavage of protease inhibitoronsevere acute pancreatitis in miniature pigs.
95  Ulmus macrocarpa Hance
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
RF (1 time)
2020 Synergistic Effect of Rubus crataegifolius and Ulmus macrocarpa Against Helicobacter pylori Clinical Isolates and Gastritis.
96  ulna bone length
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
KH (1 time)
WC (1 time)
2012 Prediction of standing height among Israeli older adults: results from a national survey.
97  ulna to the lunate
(1 time)
Hand
(1 time)
LUR (1 time)
NR-ND-NG (1 time)
P-ND-G (1 time)
2021 Pronated Grip View With Wrist Deviation: A Pilot Study on the Effect on Ulnocarpal Relationships.
98  Ulnar Loop
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
SC (1 time)
2021 Association between gestational period and obesity in children with the use of dermatoglyphic traits: A preliminary study.
99  ulnar loops
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
HL (1 time)
LL (1 time)
RL (1 time)
2014 Surnames, geographic altitude, and digital dermatoglyphics in a male population from the province of Jujuy (Argentina).
100  ulnar neuritis
(1 time)
Physical Medicine
(1 time)
CTS (1 time)
1993 Electromyographic study of overuse syndromes in sign language interpreters.