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Abbreviation: UN
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
United Nations
(378 times)
Public Health
(70 times)
WHO (58 times)
SDGs (53 times)
NGOs (18 times)
1987 Classification of dangerous substances and pesticides in the European economic community directives: a proposed revision of criteria for inhalation toxicity.
urea nitrogen
(122 times)
Nephrology
(24 times)
Cr (41 times)
UA (16 times)
TP (11 times)
1979 Vitamin D intoxication and the pathogenesis of vitamin D nephropathy in the dog.
uranyl nitrate
(53 times)
Toxicology
(17 times)
ARF (8 times)
GFR (3 times)
UN-ARF (3 times)
1975 The mechanism of acute renal failure after uranyl nitrate.
undernutrition
(37 times)
Endocrinology
(9 times)
GH (6 times)
MHC (4 times)
CON (3 times)
1998 Diaphragm myosin heavy chain composition shifts in aging chronically-undernourished Fischer 344 male rats.
undernourished
(36 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(8 times)
WN (9 times)
ACTH (2 times)
BMI (2 times)
1990 Sucrose feeding stimulates basal metabolism & nonshivering thermogenesis in undernourished rats.
ulnar nerve
(34 times)
Physiology
(5 times)
MN (7 times)
US (4 times)
CSA (3 times)
1984 Electrodiagnostic values through the thoracic outlet using C8 root needle studies, F-waves, and cervical somatosensory evoked potentials.
unilateral nephrectomy
(23 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
ERPF (5 times)
GFR (5 times)
STZ (3 times)
1979 Hypertrophic response of the kidney in indomethacin treated rats.
unilateral neglect
(22 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
BIT (2 times)
CBS (2 times)
FIM (2 times)
1983 Oculomotor disorders in cortical lesions in man: the role of unilateral neglect.
urinary nitrogen
(19 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(7 times)
MUN (4 times)
FFQ (3 times)
24HR (2 times)
1979 An analysis of temporal patterns in urinary nitrogen excretion of young adults receiving constant diets at two nitrogen intakes for 8 to 11 weeks.
10  urease-negative
(15 times)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(8 times)
UPTC (14 times)
PCR (6 times)
ORFs (5 times)
2008 Genetic heterogeneity of the dnaK gene locus including transcription terminator region (TTR) in Campylobacter lari.
11  urea nitrate
(11 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(5 times)
AN (8 times)
IMS (2 times)
RP (2 times)
2007 Some properties of explosive mixtures containing peroxides Part II. Relationships between detonation parameters and thermal reactivity of the mixtures with triacetone triperoxide.
12  ulnar neuropathy
(10 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
CTS (3 times)
NCS (3 times)
ADM (1 time)
1990 The role of thoracic outlet syndrome in the double crush syndrome.
13  uninephrectomy
(10 times)
Endocrinology
(4 times)
GFR (3 times)
RCH (3 times)
GS (1 time)
1977 Renal concentrating ability in the uninephrectomized rat.
14  urinary N
(10 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(7 times)
CP (3 times)
DM (3 times)
FN (3 times)
1995 Characteristic relation between dietary metabolizable energy content and digestible energy content in laboratory cats.
15  uninfected
(9 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
INF (3 times)
Ss (2 times)
A3G (1 time)
2002 The effect of feeding sulla (Hedysarum coronarium) or lucerne (Medicago sativa) on lamb parasite burdens and development of immunity to gastrointestinal nematodes.
16  untreated
(8 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
rhBMP-2 (2 times)
Al (1 time)
ALC (1 time)
1998 The effect of root surface demineralization on bone morphogenetic protein-2-induced healing of rat periodontal fenestration defects.
17  urea N
(7 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
AAN (3 times)
PDV (3 times)
ADLIB (1 time)
1991 Effects of mesenteric vein L-alanine infusion on liver metabolism in beef heifers fed on diets differing in forage:concentrate ratio.
18  Unicem
(6 times)
Dentistry
(6 times)
RX (3 times)
GC (2 times)
LM (2 times)
2006 Bonding effectiveness of adhesive luting agents to enamel and dentin.
19  untrained
(6 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
TR (4 times)
ET (2 times)
NTS (2 times)
1989 Norepinephrine turnover in various tissues at rest and during exercise: evidence for a training effect.
20  urine
(6 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
ADFI (1 time)
ADG (1 time)
CP (1 time)
1981 Protein requirements of preschool children: obligatory nitrogen losses and nitrogen balance measurements using cow's milk.
21  unstructured
(5 times)
Statistics as Topic
(5 times)
MMRM (2 times)
CP (1 time)
CS (1 time)
2000 Numerical methods for the evaluation of individual bioequivalence criteria.
22  Uremic neuropathy
(4 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
ENG (2 times)
AN (1 time)
HDA (1 time)
1999 Features of uremic neuropathy in long-term dialysis.
23  ulnar
(3 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
MN (2 times)
CD (1 time)
LP (1 time)
1991 Sympathetic skin response versus maximum motor and sensory conduction velocity to detect subclinical neuropathy in non-insulin-dependent diabetics.
24  ultrasonic nebuliser
(3 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
JN (2 times)
PFTs (1 time)
PTB (1 time)
1997 Ultrasonic nebulization of albuterol is no more effective than jet nebulization for the treatment of acute asthma in children.
25  unanticipated
(3 times)
Sports Medicine
(3 times)
PP (2 times)
AN (1 time)
IC (1 time)
2001 Anticipatory effects on knee joint loading during running and cutting maneuvers.
26  undernourished group
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
CFU (1 time)
EEG (1 time)
IL (1 time)
2011 Perialveolar bacterial microbiota and bacteraemia after dental alveolitis in adult rats that had been subjected to neonatal malnutrition.
27  universal
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CF (1 time)
CODS (1 time)
FR (1 time)
2003 Species-specific primer for identification of Anopheles quadriannulatus sp. B (Diptera: Culicidae) from Ethiopia using a multiplex polymerase chain reaction assay.
28  unloading
(3 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
CLEN (1 time)
EX (1 time)
2008 Role and possible mechanisms of clenbuterol in enhancing reverse remodelling during mechanical unloading in murine heart failure.
29  unmet needs
(3 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
BC (1 time)
BRT (1 time)
CaSUN (1 time)
2014 A closer look at unmet needs at the end of primary treatment for breast cancer: a longitudinal pilot study.
30  urine N
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
FN (1 time)
HC (1 time)
MN (1 time)
2017 Feeding a High Concentration Diet Induces Unhealthy Alterations in the Composition and Metabolism of Ruminal Microbiota and Host Response in a Goat Model.
31  ultrasonic nebulization
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AECOPD (1 time)
EI (1 time)
FVC (1 time)
2015 A modified nebulization modality versus classical ultrasonic nebulization and oxygen-driven nebulization in facilitating airway clearance in patients with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a randomized controlled trial.
32  unamended
(2 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
attO157 (1 time)
BSAAO (1 time)
CM (1 time)
2014 Greenhouse gas emissions from sub-tropical agricultural soils after addition of organic by-products.
33  undifferentiated
(2 times)
Neurons
(1 time)
DA (1 time)
DN (1 time)
PDN (1 time)
2004 Terminally differentiated SH-SY5Y cells provide a model system for studying neuroprotective effects of dopamine agonists.
34  unenhanced
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
ccRCC (2 times)
CM (2 times)
EX (2 times)
2018 Association of qualitative and quantitative imaging features on multiphasic multidetector CT with tumor grade in clear cell renal cell carcinoma.
35  uneroded samples
(2 times)
Dentistry
(1 time)
AFM (1 time)
ESEM (1 time)
2017 TiF4 gel effects on tubular occlusion of eroded/abraded human dentin.
36  Universal Nozzles
(2 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
PBS (2 times)
CTV (1 time)
DN (1 time)
2012 SU-E-T-299: Proton Pencil Beam Spot Scanning Phase Space in the IBA System and the Clinical Implications for Superficial Targets.
37  university
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
DR (1 time)
KM (1 time)
NB (1 time)
2002 [Work and health conditions at a Venezuelan university].
38  unknown names
(2 times)
Science
(1 time)
SN (2 times)
ACC (1 time)
CON (1 time)
2014 Neural representations of the self and the mother for Chinese individuals.
39  unreamed intramedullary nail
(2 times)
Traumatology
(2 times)
RN (2 times)
EF (1 time)
IP (1 time)
1994 [Pathophysiologic consequences of various osteosynthesis procedures in polytrauma patients. Part I: Experimental studies of intramedullary pressure development in reamed and unreamed intramedullary nailing and plate osteosynthesis of the femur].
40  untreated control
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
BB (1 time)
CC (1 time)
CR (1 time)
2010 Effects of chronic and intermittent cocaine treatment on dominance, aggression, and oxytocin levels in post-lactational rats.
41  untreated group
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
ET (1 time)
GI (1 time)
I/R (1 time)
2018 Does resistance training improve body image satisfaction among the elderly? A cross-sectional study.
42  untreated nets
(2 times)
Parasitology
(1 time)
CS (1 time)
GPM (1 time)
IRS (1 time)
2008 Impact of lambdacyhalothrin capsule suspension treated bed nets on malaria in tribal villages of Malkangiri district, Orissa, India.
43  untreated normoglycaemic
(2 times)
Science
(1 time)
NG (2 times)
UD (2 times)
DG4 (1 time)
2007 Diabetic rats supplemented with L-glutamine: a study of immunoreactive myosin-V myenteric neurons and the proximal colonic mucosa.
44  uranine
(2 times)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
ES (1 time)
IMC (1 time)
MPPC (1 time)
2009 Preparation and pharmaceutical evaluation of new sustained-release capsule including starch-sponge matrix (SSM).
45  uranium mononitride
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
--- 2014 Synthesis of phase-pure U2N3 microspheres and its decomposition into UN.
46  Urothelial neoplasm
(2 times)
Pathologic Processes
(1 time)
IHC (1 time)
PCM (1 time)
TUR (1 time)
1999 [The value of urine sediment cytomorphology in the ambulatory differential diagnosis of hematuria].
47  usual necrosis
(2 times)
Pathology
(1 time)
ILN (2 times)
CRLM (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2012 Infarct-like necrosis: a distinct form of necrosis seen in colorectal carcinoma liver metastases treated with perioperative chemotherapy.
48  filarial-uninfected
(1 time)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
INF (1 time)
2014 Parasite-antigen driven expansion of IL-5(-) and IL-5(+) Th2 human subpopulations in lymphatic filariasis and their differential dependence on IL-10 and TGFβ.
49  fuel-uranium mononitride
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
eff (1 time)
2012 The first-principles treatment of the electron-correlation and spin-orbital effects in uranium mononitride nuclear fuels.
50  stercoralis-uninfected
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
INF (1 time)
2015 Parasite Antigen-Specific Regulation of Th1, Th2, and Th17 Responses in Strongyloides stercoralis Infection.
51  U and NCC parameters
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
NCC (1 time)
RT (1 time)
Sc (1 time)
2013 Piglet behavior as a measure of vitality and its influence on piglet survival and growth during lactation.
52  UC plus adjunctive nesiritide infusion
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
UC (1 time)
UF (1 time)
2008 Comparison of ultrafiltration, nesiritide, and usual care in acute decompensated heart failure.
53  UCNPs
(1 time)
Biocompatible Materials
(1 time)
MDR (1 time)
UCNPs (1 time)
2018 Theranostic system based on NaY(Mn)F4:Yb/Er upconversion nanoparticles with multi-drug resistance reversing ability.
54  UCP-nucleotide complex
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
UCP (1 time)
1998 Slow-phase kinetics of nucleotide binding to the uncoupling protein from brown adipose tissue mitochondria.
55  Ulnar neuritis
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
HO (1 time)
2016 Ulnar neuritis after open elbow arthrolysis combined with ulnar nerve subcutaneous transposition for post-traumatic elbow stiffness: outcome and risk factors.
56  Ultrasound Needling
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
--- 2017 Ultrasound guided Needling vs Radial Shockwave Therapy in calcific tendinitis of the shoulder: A prospective randomized trial.
57  ulvan
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
4-CPH (1 time)
CDs (1 time)
HPCCS (1 time)
2021 Preparation of carbon dots-hematite quantum dots-loaded hydroxypropyl cellulose-chitosan nanocomposites for drug delivery, sunlight catalytic and antimicrobial application.
58  umbilicus to nipple
(1 time)
Perinatology
(1 time)
BW (1 time)
USp (1 time)
UVC (1 time)
2015 Simple measurements to place umbilical catheters using surface anatomy.
59  un-immunized
(1 time)
Immune System Diseases
(1 time)
ATGs (1 time)
BCG (1 time)
Mtb (1 time)
2019 Recombinant BCG With Bacterial Signaling Molecule Cyclic di-AMP as Endogenous Adjuvant Induces Elevated Immune Responses After Mycobacterium tuberculosis Infection.
60  unambiguous nouns
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
AN (1 time)
AV (1 time)
CDR (1 time)
2017 EEG source reconstruction evidence for the noun-verb neural dissociation along semantic dimensions.
61  uncemented
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CE (1 time)
HHS (1 time)
THA (1 time)
2019 Cemented versus uncemented femoral component total hip arthroplasty in elderly patients with primary osteoporosis: retrospective analysis with 5-year follow-up.
62  unchanged
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
EX (1 time)
IM (1 time)
2012 The role of small vessel disease in re-exacerbation of stroke symptoms within 24 hours after tissue plasminogen activator infusion.
63  uncontrollable noise
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
AVP (1 time)
CN (1 time)
OT (1 time)
1990 Psychological stress of exposure to uncontrollable noise increases plasma oxytocin in high emotionality women.
64  uncorrected
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
AC (1 time)
ECG (1 time)
ES (1 time)
2020 Validation of the Polar V800 heart rate monitor and comparison of artifact correction methods among adults with hypertension.
65  underlay
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
MSCs (1 time)
ON (1 time)
2016 Cell-coating affects tissue integration of synthetic and biologic meshes: comparative analysis of the onlay and underlay mesh positioning in rats.
66  undernourished Non-enriched
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
MWM (1 time)
OR (1 time)
UE (1 time)
2021 Behavioral consequences of postnatal undernutrition and enriched environment during later life.
67  undernutrition group
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2010 Fetal malnutrition affects hypothalamic leptin receptor expression after birth in male mice.
68  undernutrition with low birth weight
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
IGT (1 time)
UN-UN (1 time)
2006 A thin phenotype is protective for impaired glucose tolerance and related to low birth weight in mice.
69  understory addition of N
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
BG (1 time)
CN (1 time)
NAG (1 time)
2020 Canopy mitigates the effects of nitrogen deposition on soil carbon-related processes in a subtropical forest.
70  underweight, nonsmoking mothers
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
NN (1 time)
NS (1 time)
ON (1 time)
2015 Childhood growth trajectories according to combinations of pregestational weight status and maternal smoking during pregnancy: a multilevel analysis.
71  Unexpected
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
KN (1 time)
MDF (1 time)
PIL (1 time)
2017 Mass defect filtering-oriented classification and precursor ions list-triggered high-resolution mass spectrometry analysis for the discovery of indole alkaloids from Uncaria sinensis.
72  Unexposed
(1 time)
Embryology
(1 time)
BCB (1 time)
CG (1 time)
2016 Selection of porcine oocytes in vitro through brilliant cresyl blue staining in distinct incubation media.
73  unfamiliar name
(1 time)
Traumatology
(1 time)
EEG (1 time)
ERPs (1 time)
GCS (1 time)
2017 Cognitive Event-Related Potentials during the Sub-Acute Phase of Severe Traumatic Brain Injury and Their Relationship to Outcome.
74  unfamiliar negative
(1 time)
Social Sciences
(1 time)
ART (1 time)
EDPS (1 time)
ON (1 time)
2011 Maternal affect and quality of parenting experiences are related to amygdala response to infant faces.
75  unfastened noseband
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
CAUN (1 time)
HCAUN (1 time)
HRV (1 time)
2016 The Effect of Noseband Tightening on Horses' Behavior, Eye Temperature, and Cardiac Responses.
76  unfinished
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
MeP (1 time)
SR (1 time)
1989 Laundry parameters as factors in lowering methyl parathion residue in cotton/polyester fabrics.
77  Unfocal
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
ADHD (1 time)
BC (1 time)
PM (1 time)
2021 Event-Based Prospective Memory Deficit in Children with ADHD: Underlying Cognitive Factors and Association with Symptoms.
78  unfolding, deltaG
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
--- 2002 Differential salt-induced stabilization of structure in the initial folding intermediate ensemble of barstar.
79  unformulated powders
(1 time)
Nutrition Disorders
(1 time)
Cmax (1 time)
DRN (1 time)
MTT (1 time)
2019 Development of a delayed-release nutrient for appetite control in adults with obesity and type 2 diabetes and initial clinical testing in a single dose randomized controlled trial.
80  UNFPA
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
C/S (1 time)
CFR (1 time)
EOC (1 time)
2006 Are process indicators adequate to assess essential obstetric care at district level?--a case study from Rufiji district, Tanzania.
81  UNFPA/WHO
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
BEmOC (1 time)
CEmOC (1 time)
EmOC (1 time)
2005 Availability, distribution and use of emergency obstetric care in northern Tanzania.
82  unhandled
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
CH (1 time)
IA (1 time)
IH (1 time)
2012 Time-dependent changes in glucose and insulin regulation during intermittent hypoxia and continuous hypoxia.
83  unhandled controls
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
NAc (1 time)
2015 Regulation of nucleus accumbens transcript levels in mice by early-life social stress and cocaine.
84  Unhydrolysed pea protein
(1 time)
Pharmacy
(1 time)
--- 2017 Improving functional properties of pea protein isolate for microencapsulation of flaxseed oil.
85  Unicem Aplicap
(1 time)
Stomatognathic Diseases
(1 time)
BI (1 time)
BR (1 time)
CL (1 time)
2010 Effect of self-adhesive resin cement and tribochemical treatment on bond strength to zirconia.
86  Unicem Capsule
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
ARI (1 time)
EC (1 time)
ED (1 time)
2014 Effect of activation mode on shear bond strength of metallic brackets.
87  uniconazole
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
6-BA (1 time)
CA (1 time)
HPLC (1 time)
2015 Environmentally Friendly Method: Development and Application to Carbon Aerogel as Sorbent for Solid-Phase Extraction.
88  Unidentified
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
MC-LR (1 time)
2021 Antimicrobial activity against Microcystis aeruginosa and degradation of microcystin-LR by bacteria isolated from Antarctica.
89  unidentified nitrogen
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
RNS (1 time)
2004 Formation of unidentified nitrogen in plants: an implication for a novel nitrogen metabolism.
90  Unifil Bond/GC
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
AS (1 time)
CP (1 time)
2008 Bond strength of a resin cement to dentin using the resin coating technique.
91  Unifil core EM
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
DC (1 time)
TBS (1 time)
TD (1 time)
2016 Bond performance of "Touch and Cure" adhesives on resin core systems.
92  Unifill Bond
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
BE (1 time)
DE (1 time)
DU (1 time)
2008 Effect of commercially available bonding agents impregnated with fibers on bending strength of hybrid resin.
93  uniform
(1 time)
Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
HET (1 time)
IgG (1 time)
2021 Effect of litter birth weight standardization before first suckling on colostrum intake, passive immunization, pre-weaning survival, and growth of the piglets.
94  Uniformity
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
BMD (1 time)
BMY (1 time)
BWG (1 time)
2019 Bacillus amyloliquefaciens CECT 5940 alone or in combination with antibiotic growth promoters improves performance in broilers under enteric pathogen challenge.
95  unilateral hip movement
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
--- 2010 Abnormal volitional hip torque phasing and hip impairments in gait post stroke.
96  unilateral narrow
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
CCGs (1 time)
CW (1 time)
MGB (1 time)
2000 Neuronal connections in the medial geniculate body of the guinea-pig.
97  unilateral neglect patients
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
--- 1997 Learning spatial sequences in unilateral neglect.
98  unilateral nodule
(1 time)
Endocrine System Diseases
(1 time)
CN (1 time)
PTC (1 time)
RFS (1 time)
2021 Should Contralateral Nodules Be an Indication of Total or Completion Thyroidectomy for Patients With Unilateral Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma?
99  Unilateral Notch
(1 time)
Hearing Disorders
(1 time)
BN (1 time)
NIHL (1 time)
NN (1 time)
2015 Feasibility of a bilateral 4000-6000 Hz notch as a phenotype for genetic association analysis.
100  Unimag
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
PA (1 time)
PC (1 time)
PD (1 time)
2005 [Microbiological investigations and studies of phagocytic activities of peripheral neutrophils during the treatment of parodontitis by Unimag].