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Abbreviation: VB
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Long forms: 234

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
valence band
(284 times)
Chemistry
(184 times)
CB (74 times)
BLW (22 times)
MO (22 times)
1999 Valence Bond Diagrams and Chemical Reactivity.
vertebral body
(139 times)
Neurosurgery
(56 times)
VAS (16 times)
IVD (10 times)
PMMA (9 times)
1994 Relative contribution of vertebral body and posterior arch in female and male lumbar spine peak bone mass.
ventrobasal
(135 times)
Neurology
(67 times)
TC (13 times)
Po (9 times)
GAERS (8 times)
1977 Reactive alterations in non-neuronal elements of the degenerating ventrobasal complex of immature and mature rats. An electron microscopic study.
ventrobasal complex
(95 times)
Neurology
(57 times)
PO (8 times)
RT (8 times)
RTN (8 times)
1971 Spontaneous and evoked activity of neurones in the somatosensory thalamus of the waking cat.
variational Bayes
(76 times)
Medical Informatics
(19 times)
MCMC (9 times)
GLM (6 times)
EM (3 times)
2002 Bayesian model search for mixture models based on optimizing variational bounds.
virtual bronchoscopy
(61 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(24 times)
CT (11 times)
MDCT (11 times)
FB (8 times)
1996 Virtual bronchoscopy: segmentation method for real-time display.
vertebrobasilar
(48 times)
Neurology
(17 times)
ICA (8 times)
BA (6 times)
MCA (5 times)
1986 Basilar and distal vertebral artery stenosis: long-term follow-up.
variceal bleeding
(39 times)
Gastroenterology
(24 times)
TIPS (9 times)
HE (6 times)
MELD (4 times)
1989 [Somatostatin in the emergency treatment of upper digestive hemorrhage in patients with portal hypertension].
vinblastine
(38 times)
Neoplasms
(11 times)
IFN (4 times)
VC (4 times)
CB (2 times)
1970 Suppression of cell-mediated immunity to infection by an antimitotic drug. Further evidence that migrant macrophages express immunity.
10  vaginal brachytherapy
(34 times)
Neoplasms
(23 times)
EBRT (13 times)
RT (9 times)
FIGO (5 times)
1999 Surgery and postoperative radiation therapy in stage II endometrial carcinoma.
11  verbascoside
(30 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
GBM (3 times)
ROS (3 times)
EGFR (2 times)
2007 Molecular mechanisms underlying wound healing and anti-inflammatory properties of naturally occurring biotechnologically produced phenylpropanoid glycosides.
12  vaginal birth
(26 times)
Obstetrics
(13 times)
CS (15 times)
CD (5 times)
ASC (3 times)
2002 Frequency of, indications for and clinical epidemiological characteristics of first time cesarean section, compared with repeated cesarean section.
13  ventrobasal thalamus
(26 times)
Neurology
(20 times)
GAERS (5 times)
nRt (4 times)
CO (2 times)
1979 Organization of trigeminothalamic tracts and other thalamic afferent systems of the brainstem in the rat: presence of gelatinosa neurons with thalamic connections.
14  venous blood
(20 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
AB (4 times)
CB (4 times)
PRP (3 times)
1990 Effects of retrovenous myocardial drug delivery after coronary artery occlusion in sheep.
15  ventrobasal nucleus
(19 times)
Neurology
(10 times)
EPSPs (2 times)
IPSCs (2 times)
NMDAR1 (2 times)
1985 Vibrissae tactile stimulation: (14C) 2-deoxyglucose uptake in rat brainstem, thalamus, and cortex.
16  Vortex Blue
(15 times)
Dentistry
(13 times)
NCF (6 times)
NiTi (4 times)
HCM (2 times)
2014 Comparison of conventional and new-generation nickel-titanium files in regard to their physical properties.
17  vascular bundle
(14 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
PA (4 times)
EP (2 times)
SEM (2 times)
1987 Fragmentation and flow of grazed coastal Bermudagrass through the digestive tract of cattle.
18  ventrobasal complex of the thalamus
(14 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
VPM (2 times)
CeM (1 time)
CL (1 time)
1976 Convergence of the descending pathways of motor, visual and limbic cortex in the cat di- and mesencephalon.
19  volleyball
(13 times)
Sports Medicine
(7 times)
BB (8 times)
SW (5 times)
SOC (4 times)
1989 The effect of a competitive season on the body composition of university female athletes.
20  violent behavior
(11 times)
Psychiatry
(7 times)
CART (1 time)
CHR (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2006 Violent behavior of patients admitted in emergency following drug suicidal attempt: a specific staff educational crisis intervention.
21  vacuum bell
(10 times)
General Surgery
(7 times)
PE (9 times)
HI (2 times)
RVEF (2 times)
2016 Vacuum bell therapy.
22  ventral noradrenergic bundle
(10 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
LC (2 times)
5-HIAA (1 time)
BPP (1 time)
1976 Central noradrenergic neurons: differential effects on body weight of electrolytic and 6-hydroxydopamine lesions in rats.
23  ventrobasal thalamic complex
(10 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
BCECF (2 times)
TC (2 times)
ACI (1 time)
1976 Barrels in somatosensory cortex of normal and reeler mutant mice.
24  Victoria blue
(10 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
FTIR (4 times)
SEM (3 times)
XRD (3 times)
1992 [Expression of c-erbB-2 protein and vessel invasion in colorectal cancer].
25  virginiae butanolide
(10 times)
Microbiology
(6 times)
VM (2 times)
GUS (1 time)
HPLC (1 time)
1995 Purification and characterization of the IM-2-binding protein from Streptomyces sp. strain FRI-5.
26  vinyl bromide
(9 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
c-DBE (2 times)
t-DBE (2 times)
TBE (2 times)
1997 Preferential formation of deletions following in vivo exposure of postmeiotic Drosophila germ cells to the DNA etheno-adduct-forming carcinogen vinyl carbamate.
27  virtual body
(9 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(3 times)
sync (2 times)
FF (1 time)
HRD (1 time)
2013 The relationship between virtual body ownership and temperature sensitivity.
28  vitreous body
(9 times)
Ophthalmology
(5 times)
ILM (3 times)
IOP (2 times)
AC (1 time)
1986 [Adhesion of the vitreous body to cured polymers].
29  vacuum biopsy
(8 times)
Radiology
(4 times)
ADH (1 time)
FN and FP (1 time)
FNAC (1 time)
1999 MR-guided percutaneous excisional and incisional biopsy of breast lesions.
30  vecuronium bromide
(8 times)
Anesthesiology
(4 times)
PB (2 times)
Rb (2 times)
CB (1 time)
1993 [Interaction between vecuronium and pancuronium].
31  Venenum Bufonis
(8 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
TCM (3 times)
AST (2 times)
SD (2 times)
2016 TXNIP/TRX/NF-kappaB and MAPK/NF-kappaB pathways involved in the cardiotoxicity induced by Venenum Bufonis in rats.
32  virologic breakthrough
(8 times)
Gastroenterology
(5 times)
CHB (5 times)
HBV (4 times)
HBsAg (3 times)
2005 Relationship between serum b2-microglobulin levels and virological breakthrough in HBeAg-negative chronic hepatitis B patients, under long-term treatment schedules including lamivudine.
33  vacillating-breathing
(7 times)
Physiology
(6 times)
TB (5 times)
TT (3 times)
TU (2 times)
2007 Dynamics and rheology of a dilute suspension of vesicles: higher-order theory.
34  vital bone
(7 times)
Dentistry
(5 times)
BV (2 times)
AB (1 time)
AC (1 time)
2005 Adjacent tissues (cartilage, bone) affect the functional integration of engineered calf cartilage in vitro.
35  voxel-based
(7 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
glc (3 times)
FA (2 times)
7-NI (1 time)
2002 Neuronal nitric oxide has a role as a perfusion regulator and a synaptic modulator in cerebellum but not in neocortex during somatosensory stimulation--an animal PET study.
36  ventrobasal thalamic nucleus
(6 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
5-HIAA (1 time)
dLGN (1 time)
DOPA (1 time)
1996 Heterogeneous axonal arborizations of rat thalamic reticular neurons in the ventrobasal nucleus.
37  viral breakthrough
(6 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(2 times)
SVR (2 times)
CCR5 (1 time)
ETR (1 time)
2008 Immunodeficiency and intrinsic IFN resistance are associated with viral breakthrough to HCV therapy in HIV-coinfected patients.
38  Vitrebond
(6 times)
Dentistry
(6 times)
DY (3 times)
RMGICs (2 times)
VM (2 times)
1994 Cytotoxicity of potential retrograde root-filling materials.
39  vertebrae
(5 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
CT (1 time)
DSC (1 time)
FNAC (1 time)
2011 Magnetic resonance evaluation of tubercular lesion in spine.
40  vinblastine sulfate
(5 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
MMC (2 times)
4-NP (1 time)
BBP (1 time)
1983 Factors involved in the sensitivity of Stentor to colchicine, lumicolchicine, and vinblastine sulfate.
41  volume of distribution
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
AUC (2 times)
4-MP (1 time)
ADH (1 time)
1981 The rabbit as an animal model to study pharmacokinetics of levonorgestrel in women.
42  von Bertalanffy
(5 times)
Biology
(4 times)
--- 1993 Growth in pinnipeds.
43  vacuum-assisted biopsy
(4 times)
Radiology
(3 times)
DCIS (1 time)
US (1 time)
2001 [Digital stereotactic breast microbiopsy with the mammotome: study of 122 cases].
44  variamine blue
(4 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(4 times)
MB (2 times)
MG (2 times)
RB (2 times)
2002 A facile spectrophotometric method for the determination of selenium.
45  venous beading
(4 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
IRMA (3 times)
DR (2 times)
NVE (2 times)
2000 A comparison of digital nonmydriatic fundus imaging with standard 35-millimeter slides for diabetic retinopathy.
46  ventilator bundle
(4 times)
Health Services
(1 time)
VAP (4 times)
ICU (2 times)
APACHE II (1 time)
2008 Efficacy of an expanded ventilator bundle for the reduction of ventilator-associated pneumonia in the medical intensive care unit.
47  ventral basal
(4 times)
Brain
(2 times)
ASs (1 time)
CPSP (1 time)
dLGN (1 time)
1983 Further evidence for a strong depressive effect of low doses of morphine on VB thalamic neuronal responses (a study on arthritic rats).
48  ventral bundle
(4 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
TCDD (2 times)
ADLB (1 time)
DA (1 time)
1977 The effects of destruction of noradrenergic ascending ventral bundles and tetrabenazine on formation of stress-induced gastric ulcer.
49  Venus Bulk Fill
(4 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
DC (2 times)
RBCs (2 times)
SF (2 times)
2012 In vitro comparison of mechanical properties and degree of cure of bulk fill composites.
50  vincristine and bleomycin
(4 times)
Urology
(2 times)
EST (1 time)
HDCT (1 time)
NSGCT (1 time)
1984 The prognostic significance of endodermal sinus tumor histology among patients treated for stage III nonseminomatous germ cell tumors of the testes.
51  Vorarlberger Bergkase
(4 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
OTUs (1 time)
qPCRs (1 time)
2014 Cultivation-independent analysis of microbial communities on Austrian raw milk hard cheese rinds.
52  bacterial vaginosis
(3 times)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
SQA (1 time)
1998 [Therapy of bacterial vaginosis. Prospective clinical study ot the efficacy and tolerability of quaternary ammonium salts vs. clindamycin].
53  beta-variable
(3 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
ITP (3 times)
TCR (3 times)
CDR3 (1 time)
2003 T cell receptor VB repertoire diversity in patients with immune thrombocytopenia following splenectomy.
54  boron vacancy
(3 times)
Biotechnology
(2 times)
VN (2 times)
BN (1 time)
CTL (1 time)
2016 Defective Hexagonal Boron Nitride Nanosheet on Ni(111) and Cu(111): Stability, Electronic Structures, and Potential Applications.
55  variable beta
(3 times)
Hematology
(3 times)
CDR3 (2 times)
PCR (2 times)
TCR (2 times)
2004 Shared and individual specificities of immunodominant cytotoxic T-cell clones in paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria as determined by molecular analysis.
56  Vasterbotten
(3 times)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
NB (3 times)
VIP (2 times)
HRQoL (1 time)
2016 First evidence of established populations of the taiga tick Ixodes persulcatus (Acari: Ixodidae) in Sweden.
57  vector backbone
(3 times)
Botany
(2 times)
LB (2 times)
RB (2 times)
T-DNA (2 times)
2006 A bidirectional gene trap construct suitable for T-DNA and Ds-mediated insertional mutagenesis in rice (Oryza sativa L.).
58  ventricular bigeminy
(3 times)
Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
VT (2 times)
APC (1 time)
ECG (1 time)
2009 Electrocardiogram signals identification for cardiac arrhythmias using prony's method and neural network.
59  vermilion border
(3 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
AY (1 time)
BV (1 time)
DST (1 time)
2003 Autofluorescence characteristics of healthy oral mucosa at different anatomical sites.
60  versicolorin B
(3 times)
Microbiology
(3 times)
AVR (2 times)
VHA (2 times)
VOAc (2 times)
1991 A metabolic grid among versiconal hemiacetal acetate, versiconol acetate, versiconol and versiconal during aflatoxin biosynthesis.
61  video-based
(3 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
FT (1 time)
FTF (1 time)
IP (1 time)
2011 Role of instruction method in novices' acquisition of minimally invasive surgical basic skills.
62  videobronchoscopic
(3 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
CB (1 time)
ICU (1 time)
PDT (1 time)
2000 Ultrasound and a new videobronchoscopic technique to measure the subglottic diameter.
63  vinorelbine
(3 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
5-FU (1 time)
ABC (1 time)
AHVB (1 time)
2007 Gemcitabine and oral vinorelbine as salvage treatment in patients with advanced anthracycline- and taxane-pretreated breast cancer.
64  vinorelbine bitartrate
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
AFM (1 time)
DL (1 time)
EE (1 time)
2007 Preparation and characteristic of vinorelbine bitartrate-loaded solid lipid nanoparticles.
65  vinyl benzoate
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
EB (2 times)
MB (2 times)
BPO (1 time)
1981 Studies on the light-focusing plastic rod. 6: The photocopolymer rod of methyl methacrylate with vinyl benzoate.
66  virtual bolus
(3 times)
Radiology
(1 time)
AVM (1 time)
DSA (1 time)
IMRT (1 time)
2015 Virtual bolus for total body irradiation treated with helical tomotherapy.
67  virulent Bucyrus
(3 times)
Virology
(3 times)
EAV (3 times)
MLV (1 time)
2008 Persistent equine arteritis virus infection in HeLa cells.
68  Visual Basic
(3 times)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
ADR (1 time)
BCPNN (1 time)
CDE (1 time)
2008 A computerized system for signal detection in spontaneous reporting system of Shanghai China.
69  vortex beam
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
BER (1 time)
CNN (1 time)
CS-SLBs (1 time)
2019 Deep learning based atmospheric turbulence compensation for orbital angular momentum beam distortion and communication.
70  blood volume parameter
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
TAC (2 times)
FCH (1 time)
FDOPA (1 time)
2018 Optimization of temporal sampling for 18F-choline uptake quantification in prostate cancer assessment.
71  breakthrough volume
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
SPE (2 times)
EN (1 time)
ESI-MS (1 time)
2006 Use of new generation poly(styrene-divinylbenzene) resins for gas-phase trapping-thermal desorption. Application to the retention of seven volatile organic compounds.
72  V-beta
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
TCR (2 times)
CDR3 (1 time)
ITL (1 time)
1995 A polyclonal T cell repertoire of V-alpha and V-beta T cell receptor gene families in intrathyroidal T lymphocytes of Graves' disease patients.
73  vacuum bag
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
ERMI (1 time)
NC (1 time)
SD (1 time)
2007 Quantitative PCR analysis of molds in the dust from homes of asthmatic children in North Carolina.
74  vacuum-assisted breast biopsy
(2 times)
Radiology
(1 time)
--- 2003 Evaluation of mammographic and clinical follow-up after 755 stereotactic vacuum-assisted breast biopsies.
75  vagal blockade
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
EE (1 time)
SB (1 time)
VT (1 time)
1976 Respiratory load compensation in awake and sleeping dogs.
76  vaginal balloon
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
ES (1 time)
LH (1 time)
PFM (1 time)
2004 Physiotherapy for female stress urinary incontinence: individual therapy at the outpatient clinic versus home-based pelvic floor training: a 5-year follow-up study.
77  vaginal breech
(2 times)
Obstetrics
(2 times)
CI (1 time)
CON (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2005 Vaginal breech deliveries selected using computed tomographic pelvimetry may be associated with fewer adverse outcomes.
78  Valle de Bravo
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
P g (1 time)
TOC (1 time)
WLF (1 time)
2014 Community metabolism in a deep (stratified) tropical reservoir during a period of high water-level fluctuations.
79  van Buchem
(2 times)
Science
(1 time)
HBM (1 time)
SOST (1 time)
2005 Genomic deletion of a long-range bone enhancer misregulates sclerostin in Van Buchem disease.
80  vanadium boride
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
HT-ESEM (1 time)
2010 Characterization of self-healing glassy composites by high-temperature environmental scanning electron microscopy (HT-ESEM).
81  vapor pressure and boundary layer
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
2-BE (1 time)
VOCs (1 time)
2005 Prediction of initial emission rates of 2-butoxyethanol from consumer products using equilibrium headspace concentrations: an application of the vapor pressure and boundary layer (VB) model.
82  variable-blade
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
AK (2 times)
PAR (1 time)
PER (1 time)
2011 Relating instrumental texture, determined by variable-blade and Allo-Kramer shear attachments, to sensory analysis of rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss, fillets.
83  variables
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
CAGE (1 time)
CI 0.84-0.90 (1 time)
CTCL (1 time)
1992 Stimulation of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma cells with superantigenic staphylococcal toxins.
84  vemurafenib
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
HSA (1 time)
LD (1 time)
MeOH (1 time)
2015 A molecular insight into the phototoxic reactions observed with vemurafenib, a first-line drug against metastatic melanoma.
85  venovenous bypass
(2 times)
Transplantation
(2 times)
OLT (2 times)
MAP (1 time)
1998 Experience with the piggyback technique without caval occlusion in adult orthotopic liver transplantation.
86  Verabond
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
CTEs (1 time)
MCBS (1 time)
RM (1 time)
2009 Correlation between metal-ceramic bond strength and coefficient of linear thermal expansion difference.
87  vertebral body diameter
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
CT (1 time)
LM (1 time)
LM/CD (1 time)
2004 Variation of the cervical spinal Torg ratio with gender and ethnicity.
88  vertebral bulge
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
VH (2 times)
BMD (1 time)
2018 Biomechanical effects of metastasis in the osteoporotic lumbar spine: AFinite Element Analysis.
89  vibration disease
(2 times)
Occupational Medicine
(1 time)
MD (1 time)
1990 [Hyperbaric oxygenation in the treatment of patients with vibration disease due to local exposure].
90  vibratory bar
(2 times)
Exercise
(2 times)
EMG (1 time)
EP (1 time)
FP (1 time)
2009 A vibratory bar for upper body: feasibility and acute effects on EMGrms activity.
91  viral-bacterial
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
PBS (2 times)
BRD (1 time)
BV (1 time)
2019 Effects of combined viral-bacterial challenge with or without supplementation of Saccharomyces cerevisiae boulardii strain CNCM I-1079 on immune upregulation and DMI in beef heifers.
92  Virtual Beach
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
ANN (1 time)
LCC (1 time)
RMSE (1 time)
2008 Nowcasting and forecasting concentrations of biological contaminants at beaches: a feasibility and case study.
93  volleyball players
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
BB (1 time)
CI (1 time)
SI (1 time)
1993 Stroke volume response to progressive exercise in athletes engaged in different types of training.
94  vortex breakdown
(2 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
--- 2003 Vortex breakdown control by adding near-axis swirl and temperature gradients.
95  ()-vigabatrin
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
Ns (1 time)
ODS (1 time)
2020 Fluorimetric determination of the enantiomers of vigabatrin, an antiepileptic drug, by reversed-phase HPLC with a novel diastereomer derivatization reagent.
96  (-)-versicolorin B
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
VA (1 time)
VHA (1 time)
VOAc (1 time)
1993 Stereochemistry during aflatoxin biosynthesis: cyclase reaction in the conversion of versiconal to versicolorin B and racemization of versiconal hemiacetal acetate.
97  4-vinylphenylboronic acid
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
EGDMA (1 time)
MAA (1 time)
SPE (1 time)
2014 Selective extraction based on poly(MAA-VB-EGMDA) monolith followed by HPLC for determination of hordenine in plasma and urine samples.
98  balloon volume
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
--- 1997 Validation of different methods to compare isovolumic cardiac function in isolated hearts of varying sizes.
99  Brazilian veterinarians
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
OB (1 time)
2018 Perception of animal sentience by Brazilian and French citizens: The case of sheep welfare and sentience.
100  break-down voltage
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
--- 2016 Synthesis and Characterization of Nanocrystalline Doped-ZnO Powder for Advanced Varistor Application.