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Abbreviation: VD
Appearance Frequency: 3894 time(s)
Long forms: 403

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
vascular dementia
(728 times)
Neurology
(254 times)
AD (329 times)
MMSE (65 times)
CSF (39 times)
1986 Heredity and dementia.
vessel density
(665 times)
Ophthalmology
(343 times)
OCTA (451 times)
FAZ (214 times)
SCP (167 times)
1994 Angiogenesis induced by mast cell secretion in rat peritoneal connective tissue is a process of three phases.
vitamin D
(656 times)
Medicine
(55 times)
VDR (90 times)
PTH (29 times)
VDD (26 times)
1978 Effects of methyltestosterone and oophorectomy in acute experimental mediocalcinosis in the rat.
vaginal delivery
(297 times)
Obstetrics
(107 times)
CS (140 times)
CD (68 times)
CI (26 times)
1982 [The secretion of calcitonin in the newborn infant in relation to the method of delivery].
vascular density
(160 times)
Ophthalmology
(66 times)
OCTA (90 times)
FAZ (49 times)
SCP (39 times)
1988 Vascular density in carcinoma of the uterine cervix and its predictive value for radiotherapy.
vaginal distension
(60 times)
Urology
(29 times)
SUI (36 times)
LPP (29 times)
EUS (9 times)
1997 Electrophysiological responses of neurones in the rat nucleus tractus solitarius to oxytocin-releasing stimuli.
vascular disease
(58 times)
Cardiology
(5 times)
SVA (7 times)
CVD (6 times)
FMD (6 times)
1987 Comparison of DSIP- (delta sleep-inducing peptide) and P-DSIP-like (phosphorylated) immunoreactivity in cerebrospinal fluid of patients with senile dementia of Alzheimer type, multi-infarct syndrome, communicating hydrocephalus and Parkinson's disease.
vas deferens
(55 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(16 times)
SV (6 times)
CA (3 times)
PPs (3 times)
1976 Ultrastructure, calcium accumulation, and contractile response in smooth muscle.
voiding dysfunction
(50 times)
Urology
(25 times)
PVR (10 times)
MS (7 times)
LUTS (5 times)
2003 Practice pattern of urologists in the Rocky Mountains region with regard to use of urodynamic studies.
10  vessel disease
(44 times)
Cardiology
(22 times)
CAD (28 times)
CI (5 times)
CKD (5 times)
1979 Safe early revascularization for continuing ischemia after acute myocardial infarction.
11  ventricular dilator
(42 times)
Neurology
(26 times)
LP (20 times)
PY (16 times)
PD (15 times)
1982 Mechanisms underlying pattern generation in lobster stomatogastric ganglion as determined by selective inactivation of identified neurons. III. Synaptic connections of electrically coupled pyloric neurons.
12  ventrodorsal
(32 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(23 times)
DV (13 times)
VHS (5 times)
LLR (4 times)
1988 Thoracic radiographic appearance during lung inflation in neonatal calves.
13  vacuum drying
(30 times)
Food
(11 times)
FD (20 times)
HAD (6 times)
MVD (5 times)
2015 Drying of restructured chips made from the old stalks of Asparagus officinalis: impact of different drying methods.
14  volume density
(30 times)
Cell Biology
(6 times)
CD (9 times)
CS (4 times)
PRL (4 times)
1983 Correlation between Ito cells and fibrogenesis in an experimental model of hepatic fibrosis. A sequential stereological study.
15  vessel diameter
(28 times)
Ophthalmology
(4 times)
Ao (3 times)
BF (2 times)
BP (2 times)
2000 Assessment of arterial blood flow characteristics in normal and atherosclerotic vessels with the fast Fourier flow method.
16  variable domain
(26 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(11 times)
MOMP (9 times)
Drp1 (4 times)
mAbs (2 times)
1988 Differential effect of trypsin on infectivity of Chlamydia trachomatis: loss of infectivity requires cleavage of major outer membrane protein variable domains II and IV.
17  visual discrimination
(20 times)
Brain
(6 times)
RL (3 times)
AD (2 times)
NMDA (2 times)
1974 Effects of percentage occurrence of response members and its method of presentation on verbal discrimination learning and transfer.
18  venereal disease
(19 times)
Medicine
(5 times)
anti-HTLV-I (1 time)
CI (1 time)
CT (1 time)
1975 Venereal disease control among homosexuals; An outreach program.
19  delivered vaginally
(17 times)
Obstetrics
(6 times)
CS (10 times)
CD (4 times)
OAE (2 times)
1986 Effects of delivery by caesarean section on lung function in healthy newborn infants.
20  vasodilation
(17 times)
Physiology
(8 times)
NO (8 times)
VC (5 times)
CVC (3 times)
1992 The quantitative contribution of nitric oxide and sensory nerves to bradykinin-induced inflammation in rat skin microvasculature.
21  vaginal discharge
(16 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(8 times)
BV (3 times)
STIs (3 times)
DIM (2 times)
2003 Cytolytic vaginosis: examination of 2947 vaginal smears.
22  vaginally delivered
(16 times)
Microbiological Phenomena
(4 times)
CS (4 times)
CD (3 times)
CSD (3 times)
2000 Mode of delivery and neonatal hematocrit.
23  vibration disease
(15 times)
Therapeutics
(5 times)
CPITN (2 times)
DS (2 times)
OF (2 times)
1986 [Pathology of the nervous system in vibration disease].
24  vascular depression
(14 times)
Psychiatry
(6 times)
MRI (2 times)
PSD (2 times)
rTMS (2 times)
1999 [Vascular depression--a new concise concept?].
25  Videodermatoscopy
(14 times)
Dermatology
(10 times)
TLS (2 times)
US (2 times)
CS (1 time)
2004 Videodermatoscopy enhances the ability to monitor efficacy of scabies treatment and allows optimal timing of drug application.
26  vaginal dilator
(13 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
LPP (3 times)
RT (3 times)
VS (3 times)
2008 Evaluation of different techniques to create chronic urinary incontinence in the rat.
27  variable-density
(13 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(10 times)
CS (2 times)
ASL (1 time)
CD (1 time)
2002 Variable-density adaptive imaging for high-resolution coronary artery MRI.
28  vertical dimension
(12 times)
Dentistry
(7 times)
SFA (3 times)
BMS (1 time)
CBCT (1 time)
1990 Determination of occlusal vertical dimension by means of controlled pressure against tissues supporting a complete denture.
29  vestibular dysfunction
(12 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
PSSS-Ina (2 times)
ABC (1 time)
ACS (1 time)
1987 Predictors of postoperative ventricular dysfunction in infants who have undergone primary repair of a ventricular septal defect.
30  voltage-dependent
(12 times)
Neurology
(8 times)
PTX (4 times)
oxo-M (2 times)
SG (2 times)
1999 Expression of RGS2 alters the coupling of metabotropic glutamate receptor 1a to M-type K+ and N-type Ca2+ channels.
31  volume difference
(12 times)
Biophysics
(5 times)
DSC (8 times)
MSD (3 times)
CMD (2 times)
2009 Hippocampal MRI volumetry at 3 Tesla: reliability and practical guidance.
32  vertical diameter
(11 times)
Anatomy
(3 times)
HD (3 times)
CT (2 times)
TD (2 times)
1991 The lumbar spinal canal and its anatomical walls in Nigerian children.
33  varicose disease
(10 times)
General Surgery
(9 times)
CVI (2 times)
PTPD (2 times)
AVP (1 time)
2001 [Surgical treatment of recurrence of the varicose veins in the lower extremities].
34  vertical deviation
(10 times)
Ophthalmology
(7 times)
PD (3 times)
IOOA (2 times)
PP (2 times)
1981 [Illustration of the incomitance pattern in congenital unilateral obliquus superior paresis with the synoptometer (author's transl)].
35  variable deceleration
(9 times)
Obstetrics
(6 times)
FHR (5 times)
LD (3 times)
PD (3 times)
1989 [Study of umbilical cord coiling and variable deceleration].
36  vegetarian diet
(9 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
MD (5 times)
DBP (2 times)
DHA (2 times)
1996 Blood pressure, serum lipids, and fatty acids in populations on a lake-fish diet or on a vegetarian diet in Tanzania.
37  videodensitometry
(9 times)
Cardiology
(6 times)
ED (4 times)
QCA (2 times)
2-D IVUS (1 time)
1979 New videodensitometric method for measuring renal artery blood flow at routine arteriography: validation in the canine model.
38  vein density
(8 times)
Botany
(3 times)
SD (5 times)
LMA (3 times)
SL (3 times)
2014 Association between photosynthesis and contrasting features of minor veins in leaves of summer annuals loading phloem via symplastic versus apoplastic routes.
39  vertebral deformity
(8 times)
Orthopedics
(4 times)
ECF (4 times)
BMD (3 times)
VF (3 times)
2003 Quantitative ultrasound of the proximal phalanges and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry in Crohn's disease patients with osteopenia.
40  visual dependence
(8 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
SVV (3 times)
CCW (1 time)
CGD (1 time)
2016 Vestibular and oculomotor influences on visual dependency.
41  vasodepressor
(7 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
CI (5 times)
CSM (3 times)
CSH (2 times)
1995 [The re-evaluation of the vasodepressive component in the carotid sinus syndrome].
42  ventral dendrite
(7 times)
Anatomy
(3 times)
MN (4 times)
LD (2 times)
AC (1 time)
1993 Heterogeneous distribution of glycinergic and GABAergic afferents on an identified central neuron.
43  vertical distance
(7 times)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
HD (3 times)
CBCT (1 time)
CFD (1 time)
2012 Anatomic measurement of the depth and location of the sublingual fossa.
44  vertigo and dizziness
(7 times)
Psychiatry
(5 times)
ER (1 time)
HRQoL (1 time)
PAL (1 time)
2017 Course and predictors of DSM-5 somatic symptom disorder in patients with vertigo and dizziness symptoms - A longitudinal study.
45  vestibular depth
(7 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
GI (2 times)
PD (2 times)
PI (2 times)
2014 Comparative evaluation of the relative efficacy of the free mucosal graft and periosteal fenestration for increasing the vestibular depth - A clinical study.
46  voiding diary
(7 times)
Urology
(4 times)
LUTS (2 times)
QoL (2 times)
AE (1 time)
2002 Long-term results of the FemSoft urethral insert for the management of female stress urinary incontinence.
47  Voronoi Diagram
(7 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
CCD (1 time)
HE (1 time)
PC (1 time)
2001 Caveats: numerical requirements in graph theory based quantitation of tissue architecture.
48  vaginal douching
(6 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
FSWs (1 time)
HPM (1 time)
MICs (1 time)
2011 Preventive measures against sexually transmitted infections among female sex workers in Lanzhou, China.
49  vascular diameter
(6 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
FAZ (2 times)
OCTA (2 times)
SCP/DCP (2 times)
1998 Isoflurane-induced dilation of porcine coronary arterioles is mediated by ATP-sensitive potassium channels.
50  Venus Diamond
(6 times)
Dentistry
(5 times)
ANOVA (2 times)
AP (1 time)
CD (1 time)
2013 Degree of conversion of bulk-fill compared to conventional resin-composites at two time intervals.
51  visual detection
(6 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
RF (2 times)
AD (1 time)
ALD (1 time)
2002 Driving as night falls: the contribution of retinal flow and visual direction to the control of steering.
52  vitreous depth
(6 times)
Ophthalmology
(4 times)
AL (6 times)
ACD (5 times)
CCT (3 times)
2013 Reproducibility of a long-range swept-source optical coherence tomography ocular biometry system and comparison with clinical biometers.
53  volume displacement
(6 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
area (1 time)
BC (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2011 Diaphragm curvature modulates the relationship between muscle shortening and volume displacement.
54  dead-space volume
(5 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
HFV (1 time)
IPPV (1 time)
RAO (1 time)
1976 Gas exchange during exercise in healthy people. I. The physiological dead-space volume.
55  lacto-ovo-vegetarian diet
(5 times)
Food
(2 times)
MD (4 times)
BS (1 time)
BUN (1 time)
2018 Effects of a 3-month dietary intervention with a lacto-ovo-vegetarian diet on vitamin B12 levels in a group of omnivores: results from the CARDIVEG (Cardiovascular Prevention with Vegetarian Diet) study.
56  vapor deposition
(5 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
SM (3 times)
XPS (3 times)
SAMs (2 times)
2010 Protein resistant oligo(ethylene glycol) terminated self-assembled monolayers of thiols on gold by vapor deposition in vacuum.
57  vegan diet
(5 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
MD (5 times)
GM-CSF (1 time)
IL-10 (1 time)
1981 Nutrient intake and health status of vegans. Chemical analyses of diets using the duplicate portion sampling technique.
58  vein diameter
(5 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
AD (2 times)
NIR (2 times)
CNN (1 time)
1993 Effects of epidural and systemic lidocaine on sympathetic activity and mesenteric circulation in rabbits.
59  vessel length density
(5 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
OCTA (3 times)
PD (3 times)
FAZ (2 times)
2020 OCT Angiography Assessment of Retinal Microvascular Changes in Diabetic Eyes in an Urban Safety-Net Hospital.
60  visual disability
(5 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
AMD (1 time)
CI (1 time)
DM (1 time)
1997 Cataract surgery reduces subjective visual disability.
61  vitamin D3, 1 alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3
(5 times)
Cell Biology
(3 times)
VDR (2 times)
DEN (1 time)
DR3 (1 time)
1996 Potent gene regulatory and antiproliferative activities of 20-methyl analogues of 1,25 dihydroxyvitamin D3.
62  vagal denervation
(4 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
SAD (2 times)
AF (1 time)
AVP (1 time)
1986 Vagal regulation of arginine vasopressin in conscious dogs.
63  vascular discoloration
(4 times)
Genome, Plant
(1 time)
LN (2 times)
RL (2 times)
SL (2 times)
2011 Neofusicoccum parvum Associated with Grapevine Trunk Diseases in Chile.
64  vascular dysregulation
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
ACS (1 time)
CON (1 time)
DIS (1 time)
2009 Vasospastic individuals demonstrate significant similarity to glaucoma patients as revealed by gene expression profiling in circulating leukocytes.
65  vector Doppler
(4 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(3 times)
ST (2 times)
CFD (1 time)
RMS (1 time)
2010 Two-dimensional blood velocity estimation with ultrasound: speckle tracking versus crossed-beam vector Doppler based on flow simulations in a carotid bifurcation model.
66  vegetative dysfunction
(4 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
CTD (1 time)
DE (1 time)
IBD (1 time)
2003 [Clinicofunctional characteristics of primary mitral prolapse in adolescents].
67  vegetative dystonia
(4 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
ADD (1 time)
CCC (1 time)
CE (1 time)
1991 [Autonomic asthenia syndrome in children with primary and secondary generalized epilepsy (clinico-encephalographic data)].
68  venous diameter
(4 times)
Cardiovascular Diseases
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
AIC (1 time)
CDUS (1 time)
2008 Plus disease in retinopathy of prematurity: development of composite images by quantification of expert opinion.
69  ventilator dependence
(4 times)
Spinal Cord Diseases
(1 time)
AIIMS (1 time)
AKI (1 time)
ASIA (1 time)
2000 Physiologic determinants of ventilator dependence in long-term mechanically ventilated patients.
70  ventral D
(4 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
DD (4 times)
MN (1 time)
MNs (1 time)
1998 UNC-55, an orphan nuclear hormone receptor, orchestrates synaptic specificity among two classes of motor neurons in Caenorhabditis elegans.
71  ventral diencephalon
(4 times)
Genes
(1 time)
BD (1 time)
BM (1 time)
DA (1 time)
2008 Expression of Tbx2 and Tbx3 in the developing hypothalamic-pituitary axis.
72  ventral dilator
(4 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
LP (3 times)
PD (3 times)
AB (2 times)
1991 Temperature sensitivity of graded synaptic transmission in the lobster stomatogastric ganglion.
73  ventricular denervation
(4 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
LV (2 times)
beta-AR (1 time)
HF (1 time)
1996 Neurally mediated cardiac effects of forskolin in conscious dogs.
74  ventricular dysrhythmias
(4 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
VT (2 times)
ACS (1 time)
ARVD/C (1 time)
1984 Detection of cardiac dysrhythmias by continuous electrocardiographic recording in children undergoing cardiac surgery.
75  vitamin D supplementation
(4 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
CRP (2 times)
BPD (1 time)
CMAI (1 time)
2019 [Effects of vitamin D supplementation in early pregnancy on high-risk groups of gestational diabetes mellitus].
76  vitelline duct
(4 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
MD (2 times)
OMD (2 times)
PVDs (1 time)
2005 Symptomatic vitelline duct anomalies in children.
77  vocal dysfunction
(4 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
ACCT (1 time)
AD (1 time)
auto-HCT (1 time)
1988 [Long-term results of porcine bioprosthetic heterograft; a 13-years' experience].
78  voice disorders
(4 times)
Otolaryngology
(3 times)
MV-RQOL (2 times)
ROC (2 times)
LPR (1 time)
2015 Correlation Between Acoustic Measurements and Self-Reported Voice Disorders Among Female Teachers.
79  voiding difficulty
(4 times)
Gynecology
(3 times)
NNT (1 time)
OAB (1 time)
SNM (1 time)
2006 The prevalence of voiding difficulty after TVT, its impact on quality of life, and related risk factors.
80  volume discharge
(4 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(4 times)
SD (2 times)
SDs (2 times)
DBD (1 time)
2014 [Study on spectral line profile of volume discharge and surface discharge in dielectric barrier discharge].
81  1alpha,25-dihydroxy-vitamin D3
(3 times)
Aging
(1 time)
COVID-19 (1 time)
PTH (1 time)
RA (1 time)
1992 Coupled down-regulation of the RB retinoblastoma and c-myc genes antecedes cell differentiation: possible role of RB as a "status quo" gene.
82  deadspace ventilation
(3 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
PACO2 (2 times)
VE (2 times)
COPD (1 time)
1987 Congenital heart malformations and ventilatory efficiency in children. Effects of lung perfusion during halothane anaesthesia and spontaneous breathing.
83  dialysate volume
(3 times)
Nephrology
(2 times)
CAPD (2 times)
NP (1 time)
PD (1 time)
1989 Peritoneal solute clearances after four years of continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD).
84  vacuum distillation
(3 times)
Membranes
(2 times)
RO (2 times)
FO (1 time)
HHV (1 time)
2014 Hydrothermal liquefaction of microalgae for biocrude production: Improving the biocrude properties with vacuum distillation.
85  vacuum-assisted deliveries
(3 times)
Perinatal Care
(2 times)
LAM (2 times)
AoP (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
2016 Levator ani muscle injuries associated with vaginal vacuum assisted delivery determined by 3/4D transperineal ultrasound.
86  valgus deformity
(3 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
TKA (2 times)
C-TKA (1 time)
FTMA (1 time)
2010 Total knee arthroplasty in severe valgus deformity: interest of combining a lateral approach with a tibial tubercle osteotomy.
87  variance difference percentage
(3 times)
Plant Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
CR (3 times)
VR (3 times)
LDSS (2 times)
2007 A strategy on constructing core collections by least distance stepwise sampling.
88  vascular dystonia
(3 times)
Physical Medicine
(1 time)
AH (1 time)
AS (1 time)
CCVS (1 time)
1996 [The effect of balneotherapy on the autonomic indices in children with neurocirculatory dystonia].
89  vascular-type dementia
(3 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
ADL (1 time)
Ca (1 time)
2003 Are there inequities in the assessment of dementia under Japan's LTC insurance system?
90  ventilatory dead space
(3 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
VA (2 times)
VT (2 times)
BEPR (1 time)
1975 Stability in lobar ventilation distribution during change in thoracic configuration.
91  ventral decubitus
(3 times)
Nursing
(1 time)
DD (3 times)
ARDS (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
1998 Effects of ventilation in ventral decubitus position on respiratory mechanics in adult respiratory distress syndrome.
92  ventricular diverticulum
(3 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
SD (1 time)
2007 Endoscopic observation of pathophysiology of ventricular diverticulum.
93  ventricular drainage
(3 times)
Neurosurgery
(2 times)
ICP (2 times)
IP (2 times)
CI (1 time)
1981 CSF withdrawal for the treatment of intracranial hypertension in acute head injuries.
94  vertical disparity
(3 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
HD (3 times)
HP (1 time)
VP (1 time)
1998 Vergence eye movements elicited by stimuli without corresponding features.
95  very difficult
(3 times)
Urology
(2 times)
ED (2 times)
FD (2 times)
SD (2 times)
2001 Proposal for a "European Scoring System for Laparoscopic Operations in Urology".
96  video
(3 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
OR (2 times)
app (1 time)
AU (1 time)
2013 Is virtual reality always an effective stressors for exposure treatments? Some insights from a controlled trial.
97  visual deficit
(3 times)
Neurosurgery
(2 times)
OCI (1 time)
2005 [Functional prognosis in ocular trauma. Does visual deficiency help in localizing the injuries that cause it?].
98  visual deprivation
(3 times)
Science
(1 time)
AMPARs (1 time)
CRPs (1 time)
STR (1 time)
2011 Serotonin mediates cross-modal reorganization of cortical circuits.
99  visual distortions
(3 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
AMD (2 times)
CSR (2 times)
OCT (2 times)
2019 NGRID: A novel platform for detection and progress assessment of visual distortion caused by macular disorders.
100  voltage deviation
(3 times)
Radiotherapy
(1 time)
AYA (1 time)
DD (1 time)
DECA (1 time)
1992 Renal response to volume depletion and expansion in Milan hypertensive rats.