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Abbreviation: VL
Appearance Frequency: 7601 time(s)
Long forms: 310

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
visceral leishmaniasis
(2932 times)
Tropical Medicine
(959 times)
CL (185 times)
PKDL (172 times)
DAT (150 times)
1977 Granulocyte function in visceral leishmaniasis.
viral load
(1888 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(598 times)
ART (572 times)
HAART (187 times)
CI (181 times)
1996 Quantitative HIV-1 RNA as a marker of clinical stability and survival in a cohort of 302 patients with a mean CD4 cell count of 300 x 10(6)/l.
vastus lateralis
(1212 times)
Physiology
(518 times)
RF (368 times)
VM (314 times)
EMG (289 times)
1978 Aerobic performance capacity in athletes.
ventrolateral
(220 times)
Neurology
(102 times)
DM (34 times)
VA (32 times)
VM (28 times)
1973 [Convergence of paleo- and neocerebellar impulses on single units of the ventro-lateral (VL) thalamic nucleus].
video laryngoscopy
(145 times)
Emergency Medicine
(41 times)
DL (77 times)
ETI (17 times)
CL (12 times)
2007 Laryngeal electromyography in adults with Parkinson's disease and voice complaints.
visible light
(87 times)
Environmental Health
(17 times)
ROS (11 times)
UV (8 times)
CQ (7 times)
1975 Effect of near ultraviolet and visible light on amoeba.
volume
(70 times)
Physiology
(34 times)
VT (11 times)
FRC (5 times)
VC (4 times)
1979 Effects of lung volume on collateral and airways resistance in man.
variable light
(66 times)
Biochemistry
(17 times)
VH (56 times)
scFv (18 times)
mAb (6 times)
1983 Amino acid sequence of the Fv region of a human monoclonal IgM (protein WEA) with antibody activity against 3,4-pyruvylated galactose in Klebsiella polysaccharides K30 and K33.
visceral
(53 times)
Parasitology
(13 times)
CL (11 times)
ML (3 times)
PCR (3 times)
1989 A comparison of the direct agglutination test and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in the sero-diagnosis of leishmaniasis in the Sudan.
10  ventrolateral nucleus
(50 times)
Neurology
(31 times)
CL (8 times)
MD (7 times)
VA (7 times)
1978 [Reactions of neurons in the reticular and ventral anterior thalamic nuclei to stimulation of the ventrolateral nucleus of the thalamus and motor cortex].
11  vastus lateralis muscle
(41 times)
Physiology
(13 times)
EMG (6 times)
VMO (6 times)
CSA (3 times)
1984 [Anatomical and mechanical studies of the extensor system of the knee joint].
12  variable region
(37 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(10 times)
VH (6 times)
CDR (4 times)
scFv (4 times)
1979 Anti-V region framework antibodies affect the ligand binding of VL dimer.
13  variable domain
(35 times)
Biochemistry
(15 times)
AL (6 times)
VH (5 times)
LC (4 times)
1978 Cold pepsin digestion: a novel method to produce the Fv fragment from human immunoglobulin M.
14  volume load
(33 times)
Physiology
(13 times)
RT (6 times)
BP (4 times)
TS (3 times)
1975 Contractility of the hypertrophied human left ventricle in chronic pressure and volume overload.
15  variable
(29 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(10 times)
IgL (4 times)
GL (2 times)
RA (2 times)
1976 A mathematical approach to the analysis of diversity in antibody gene families.
16  ventralis lateralis
(26 times)
Brain
(15 times)
VA (8 times)
CL (5 times)
CM (5 times)
1975 Functional significance of projection from the cerebellar nuclei to the motor cortex in the cat.
17  variable light chain
(25 times)
Molecular Biology
(9 times)
VH (22 times)
scFv (9 times)
ELISA (2 times)
1989 Generation of a catalytic antibody by site-directed mutagenesis.
18  ventrolateral thalamic nucleus
(19 times)
Neurology
(10 times)
ACh (3 times)
PPN (3 times)
fPP (2 times)
1979 Effects of ventrolateral thalamic nucleus cooling on initiation of forelimb ballistic flexion movements by conditioned cats.
19  ventrolateral thalamus
(18 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
DBS (2 times)
GPi (2 times)
PD (2 times)
1976 Anatomical analysis of ventrolateral thalamic input to primate motor cortex.
20  very long
(17 times)
Microbiology
(6 times)
OAg (6 times)
LPS (5 times)
APOE (4 times)
2000 The length of the CTLA-4 microsatellite (AT)N-repeat affects the risk for type 1 diabetes. Diabetes Incidence in Sweden Study Group.
21  vestibular lesion
(13 times)
Physiology
(6 times)
AP (4 times)
HR (2 times)
SAD (2 times)
2003 Roles of baroreflex and vestibulosympathetic reflex in controlling arterial blood pressure during gravitational stress in conscious rats.
22  Variolink II
(11 times)
Dentistry
(10 times)
PN (3 times)
RX (3 times)
CH (2 times)
2006 Bonding effectiveness of adhesive luting agents to enamel and dentin.
23  velocity loss
(11 times)
Sports Medicine
(8 times)
RT (5 times)
CMJ (3 times)
VBT (3 times)
2019 Rating of perceived exertion and velocity loss as variables for controlling the level of effort in the bench press exercise.
24  vestibular loss
(11 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
PL (4 times)
VSAD (2 times)
AP (1 time)
2001 Differential diagnosis of proprioceptive and vestibular deficits using dynamic support-surface posturography.
25  variable region of light chain
(10 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(5 times)
VH (8 times)
scFv (2 times)
BiP (1 time)
1977 Idiotypes of inulin-binding myeloma proteins localized to variable region light and heavy chains: genetic significance.
26  velocity
(10 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
SL (4 times)
2DST (1 time)
Bl (1 time)
1975 Isotonic relaxation in cardiac muscle.
27  visio.link
(10 times)
Dentistry
(8 times)
TBS (7 times)
MH (6 times)
CG (4 times)
2013 Effect of different adhesives combined with two resin composite cements on shear bond strength to polymeric CAD/CAM materials.
28  vision loss
(10 times)
Geriatrics
(3 times)
HL (6 times)
DSL (3 times)
CHA (2 times)
2009 Analysis of Vision loss caused by radiation-induced optic neuropathy after particle therapy for head-and-neck and skull-base tumors adjacent to optic nerves.
29  vitreous length
(10 times)
Ophthalmology
(8 times)
AL (10 times)
ACD (8 times)
LT (7 times)
2002 [A study on the effect of vitreous cavity length in primary ametropia].
30  delta-valerolactone
(9 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
CL (3 times)
5-FU (1 time)
beta-CD (1 time)
1991 Evaluation of new pasty-type implantable devices consisting of poly(epsilon-caprolactone/delta-valerolactone) and Estracyt or estramustine.
31  venous lake
(9 times)
Dermatology
(2 times)
ADT (2 times)
AI (1 time)
CH (1 time)
1992 A dual-radioisotope technique for the evaluation of penile blood flow during tumescence.
32  ventrolateral nucleus of the thalamus
(9 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
BSTLD (1 time)
CeL (1 time)
CL (1 time)
1978 Unitary acitvity of ventrolateral nucleus during placing movement and associated postural adjustment.
33  vein of Labbe
(8 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
SSV (3 times)
VT (3 times)
LTS (2 times)
1997 [Radiological anatomy of the vein of Labbe].
34  ventral lobe
(8 times)
Urology
(4 times)
DL (3 times)
MPG (2 times)
TEM (2 times)
1988 In vivo steroidogenic effects of homologous pituitary ventral lobe extract in the spiny dogfish, Squalus acanthias.
35  verbal learning
(8 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
EF (3 times)
IM (2 times)
MS (2 times)
2002 Neurocognitive dimensions characterising patients with first-episode psychosis.
36  video laparoscopy
(8 times)
General Surgery
(5 times)
EMG (1 time)
HCC (1 time)
MWA (1 time)
1991 In vivo myometrial activity in the rat during the oestrous cycle: studies with a novel technique of video laparoscopy.
37  visible lesions
(8 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(5 times)
bTB (3 times)
SICCT (3 times)
TB (2 times)
2009 The prevalence and distribution of Mycobacterium bovis infection in European badgers (Meles meles) as determined by enhanced post mortem examination and bacteriological culture.
38  vortex lattice
(8 times)
Medicine
(7 times)
PE (1 time)
SANS (1 time)
2001 Elastic moduli of vortex lattices within nonlocal London model.
39  variable regions of the light
(7 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
scFv (2 times)
mAb (1 time)
NK1R (1 time)
1993 Efficient production of a functional single-chain antidigoxin antibody via an engineered Bacillus subtilis expression-secretion system.
40  vertical lobe
(7 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
LTP (2 times)
5-HT-IR (1 time)
AL (1 time)
2006 Effects of dorsal and ventral vertical lobe electrolytic lesions on spatial learning and locomotor activity in Sepia officinalis.
41  vector length
(6 times)
Audiology
(1 time)
BIA (2 times)
AKI (1 time)
CD (1 time)
2003 Double dissociation of social functioning in frontotemporal dementia.
42  vessel length
(6 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
OCTA (2 times)
VD (2 times)
BVV (1 time)
2003 Intravital analysis of microcirculation in the regenerating mouse liver.
43  vaginal laxity
(5 times)
Gynecology
(3 times)
FSFI (3 times)
VLQ (2 times)
AEs (1 time)
2018 Vaginal Laxity, Sexual Distress, and Sexual Dysfunction: A Cross-Sectional Study in a Plastic Surgery Practice.
44  vascular laboratory
(5 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
APCA (1 time)
AR (1 time)
CE (1 time)
1989 Scoring of vascular disease in the lower extremities.
45  vascular leakage
(5 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
BK (2 times)
ASP (1 time)
CBT (1 time)
2005 Induction of vascular leakage through release of bradykinin and a novel kinin by cysteine proteinases from Staphylococcus aureus.
46  very late
(5 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
ISR (2 times)
AADs (1 time)
AF (1 time)
1987 Antigenic mapping of the surface proteins of infectious hepatitis B virus particles.
47  villus length
(5 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
BW (2 times)
CD (2 times)
FI (2 times)
1986 Effects on the fetal rat intestine of maternal malnutrition and exposure to nitrofen (2,4-dichlorophenyl-p-nitrophenyl ether).
48  vinyl laurate
(5 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
ara-C (1 time)
CD (1 time)
HC (1 time)
2005 A thermoresponsive chitosan-NIPAAm/vinyl laurate copolymer vector for gene transfection.
49  visceral leishmaniasis patients
(5 times)
Parasitology
(2 times)
ELISAs (1 time)
KMP-11 (1 time)
KMP-11-1 (1 time)
1995 Tumour necrosis factor-alpha (cachectin) in human visceral leishmaniasis.
50  visual loss
(5 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
ALL (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
CVA (1 time)
1998 Permanent visual loss and cerebrovascular accidents in giant cell arteritis: predictors and response to treatment.
51  vitiligo
(5 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
DEGs (2 times)
AA (1 time)
BCR (1 time)
2005 The role of T cells in cutaneous autoimmune disease.
52  HIV-viral load
(4 times)
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
(1 time)
ABC (1 time)
AHR (1 time)
ART (1 time)
2005 Early virologic failure in a pilot study evaluating the efficacy of therapy containing once-daily abacavir, lamivudine, and tenofovir DF in treatment-naive HIV-infected patients.
53  vaginal lymphocytes
(4 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(4 times)
AAb (2 times)
TCR (2 times)
Ab (1 time)
1996 T lymphocytes in the murine vaginal mucosa are phenotypically distinct from those in the periphery.
54  vapor-liquid
(4 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
L-L (1 time)
LLCP (1 time)
MTMS (1 time)
2009 Phase diagrams of model C60 and C70 fullerenes from short-range attractive potentials.
55  ventral lateral region
(4 times)
Brain
(1 time)
CCK (1 time)
DBB (1 time)
DL (1 time)
1984 Axonal endings terminating on dendrites of identified large trigeminospinal projection neurons in rat trigeminal nucleus oralis.
56  very low
(4 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
CPET (1 time)
CRF (1 time)
CV (1 time)
2001 Pediculosis capitis in northern Jordan.
57  violet light
(4 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
CP (1 time)
EEG (1 time)
HP (1 time)
2019 Color change, diffusion of hydrogen peroxide, and enamel morphology after in-office bleaching with violet light or nonthermal atmospheric plasma: An in vitro study.
58  virtual laryngoscopy
(4 times)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
AMIRA (1 time)
VE (1 time)
2001 [Virtual laryngoscopy of neoplastic pharyngeal and laryngeal pathology].
59  vitelline layer
(4 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
FE (1 time)
p.i (1 time)
1980 The vitelline layer of the sea urchin egg and its modification during fertilization. A freeze-fracture study using quick-freezing and deep-etching.
60  vaccine literacy
(3 times)
Vaccines
(1 time)
HL (1 time)
VA (1 time)
VQ (1 time)
2020 Validation of an Italian tool to assess vaccine literacy in adulthood vaccination: a pilot study.
61  vaccine-like
(3 times)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
NVL (2 times)
KSN (1 time)
PRRSV (1 time)
1984 Genetic characterization of poliovirus isolates in Canada, 1962-1981.
62  valgus
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
VR (3 times)
TD (2 times)
EXT (1 time)
2001 Design and validation of an unconstrained loading system to measure the envelope of motion in the rabbit knee joint.
63  value
(3 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
COPD (1 time)
CPXT (1 time)
MVC (1 time)
1982 An analysis of world records in three types of locomotion.
64  valued living
(3 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
ACT (2 times)
EA (1 time)
EUC (1 time)
2013 The Value of Workshops on Psychological Flexibility for Early Childhood Special Education Staff.
65  variable region genes
(3 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
scFv (2 times)
L-chain (1 time)
1995 Variable region light chain genes encoding human antibodies to HIV-1.
66  variant lymphocyte
(3 times)
Hematology
(3 times)
ALL (2 times)
AML (2 times)
BA (2 times)
1994 [Cell Dyn 3000: technical performance and applications in hematologic pathology].
67  venous leakage
(3 times)
Urology
(2 times)
ED (2 times)
IC (1 time)
PGE1 (1 time)
1992 Diagnosis of venous leakage by 133Xe corporeal clearance after intracavernous injection of prostaglandin E1 in poorly responding patients.
68  venous lines
(3 times)
Transplantation
(1 time)
AL (1 time)
AOPP (1 time)
BAF (1 time)
2002 Convective and diffusive losses of vitamin C during haemodiafiltration session: a contributive factor to oxidative stress in haemodialysis patients.
69  ventilatory-limited
(3 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(3 times)
NVL (2 times)
AT (1 time)
BRIAT (1 time)
1999 Pulmonary function threshold for distinguishing ventilatory- and nonventilatory-limited patients with airflow obstruction.
70  ventricle
(3 times)
Traumatology
(1 time)
BS (1 time)
C.NMTA (1 time)
CCT (1 time)
1983 Antinociceptive effect of centrally administered cyclo(N-methyl-L-Tyr-L-Arg) in the rat.
71  ventrolateral complex
(3 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
CIN (2 times)
SSM (2 times)
VB (2 times)
1978 The cerebellofugal projections in the brachium conjunctivum of the rat I. The contralateral ascending pathway.
72  vestibular lamina
(3 times)
Anatomy
(2 times)
DL (3 times)
CLSM (1 time)
EPOS (1 time)
1998 Observations on early development of the murine fetal oral vestibule.
73  video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy
(3 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
OL (3 times)
RL (2 times)
CI (1 time)
2014 Thoracoscopic lobectomy is associated with improved short-term and equivalent oncological outcomes compared with open lobectomy for clinical Stage I non-small-cell lung cancer: a propensity-matched analysis of 963 cases.
74  visceral form
(3 times)
Arbovirus Infections
(1 time)
IC50 (1 time)
2007 Isolation of antileishmanial sterol from the fruits of Cassia fistula using bioguided fractionation.
75  volume-loaded
(3 times)
Transplantation
(1 time)
NL (3 times)
AAo (1 time)
Ao (1 time)
2010 Non-volume-loaded heart provides a more relevant heterotopic transplantation model.
76  (DM)-ventrolateral
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
DM (2 times)
ORs (1 time)
OSN (1 time)
2014 Activity-dependent and graded BACE1 expression in the olfactory epithelium is mediated by the retinoic acid metabolizing enzyme CYP26B1.
77  vacuum level
(2 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
AVMF (1 time)
ClAlPc (1 time)
MMF (1 time)
2017 Relationship of goat milk flow emission variables with milking routine, milking parameters, milking machine characteristics and goat physiology.
78  vagal
(2 times)
Brain
(2 times)
FL (2 times)
LSL (1 time)
OT (1 time)
1992 Convergence of oral and extraoral information in the superior secondary gustatory nucleus of the channel catfish.
79  valsartan
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
AEs (1 time)
BP (1 time)
CD (1 time)
2016 In vitro and in vivo postmarketing surveillance of valsartan, alone or in combination with amlodipine or hydrochlorothiazide, among Palestinian hypertensive patients.
80  vanillin
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CA (1 time)
CN (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2019 Nitrite-Mediated Photooxidation of Vanillin in the Atmospheric Aqueous Phase.
81  Vargula hilgendorfii luciferase
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
CAT (1 time)
FL (1 time)
PRC (1 time)
1990 Vargula hilgendorfii luciferase: a secreted reporter enzyme for monitoring gene expression in mammalian cells.
82  Vascular leiomyoma
(2 times)
Dentistry
(1 time)
--- 2015 A rare case of intranasal vascular leiomyoma.
83  vascular lesions
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
BBL (1 time)
BMR (1 time)
CCH (1 time)
1992 Preclinical evaluation of recombinant human interleukin-4.
84  vascular loop
(2 times)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
CPA (1 time)
IAM (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
2013 [Vascularloops in reconstructive microsurgery: A review of the literature].
85  velar length
(2 times)
Clinical Medicine
(1 time)
PD (2 times)
VW (2 times)
2014 Correlation of morphological variants of the soft palate and Need's ratio in normal individuals: A digital cephalometric study.
86  Venice lagoon
(2 times)
Environmental Monitoring
(1 time)
NIS (1 time)
PM (1 time)
VC (1 time)
2007 The sediments of the Venice Lagoon (Italy) evaluated in a screening risk assessment approach: part II--lagoon sediment quality compared to hot spots, regional, and international case studies.
87  venous loading
(2 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
AL (2 times)
ROA (1 time)
VA/VA (1 time)
1990 Cardiogenic oscillations in He and SF6 expirograms during airway and venous loading.
88  ventilation length
(2 times)
Psychophysiology
(2 times)
AL (2 times)
CD (2 times)
CL (2 times)
2010 Cheyne-Stokes respiration in heart failure: cycle length is dependent on left ventricular ejection fraction.
89  ventricular layer
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
CRB2 (2 times)
CRB2S (1 time)
dVL (1 time)
1978 Presence of radial glia in foetal mouse cerebellum.
90  verapamil
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
BA (2 times)
IVAP (2 times)
PV (2 times)
2002 Differentiation of gut and hepatic first-pass effect of drugs: 1. Studies of verapamil in ported dogs.
91  verrucous leukoplakia
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
He (1 time)
Ice (1 time)
VC (1 time)
1985 Verrucous carcinoma, hyperplasia and leukoplakia of the oral mucosa: a clinico-histopathological and histometric study.
92  vertebral level
(2 times)
Shoulder
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
CT (1 time)
CVBI (1 time)
2016 Anatomical siting of the splenic flexure using computed tomography.
93  vertical length
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
AP (1 time)
BEVAR (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2011 Accuracy of in situ neck-shaft angle and shortening measurements of the anatomically reduced, varus malreduced and shortened proximal femur: can we believe what we see on the postoperative films?
94  Verticillium longisporum
(2 times)
Science
(1 time)
--- 2009 Silencing of Vlaro2 for chorismate synthase revealed that the phytopathogen Verticillium longisporum induces the cross-pathway control in the xylem.
95  very low risk
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
DTC (2 times)
LN (2 times)
WBS (2 times)
2020 Neck lymph node metastasis detection in patients with differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC) in long-term follow-up: a 131I-SPECT/CT study.
96  very low-dose
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
OFC (2 times)
CM (1 time)
2015 Better management of cow's milk allergy using a very low dose food challenge test: a retrospective study.
97  VFS length
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
EECs (2 times)
GSA (2 times)
VFS (2 times)
2012 Distinct influence of filter strips on acute and chronic pesticide aquatic environmental exposure assessments across U.S. EPA scenarios.
98  Viande Levure
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
Cys (1 time)
NB (1 time)
ST (1 time)
2005 Autoinducer 2-like activity in poultry-associated enteric bacteria in response to subtherapeutic antibiotic exposure.
99  video lectures
(2 times)
Dentistry
(1 time)
CAL (1 time)
EBI (1 time)
MTS (1 time)
2019 Comparing Stimulus Equivalence-Based Instruction to a Video Lecture to Increase Religious Literacy in Middle-School Children.
100  videolaparoscopic technique
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
--- 2010 Laparoscopic appendectomy for acute appendicitis.