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Abbreviation: VP
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Long forms: 555

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
vasopressin
(1344 times)
Neurology
(329 times)
OT (337 times)
PVN (164 times)
SON (120 times)
1975 Renal effects of lithium administration in rats: alterations in water and electrolyte metabolism and the response to vasopressin and cyclic-adenosine monophosphate during prolonged administration.
ventriculoperitoneal
(1098 times)
Neurosurgery
(447 times)
CSF (212 times)
VA (55 times)
CT (54 times)
1975 Follow-up analysis of ventriculoperitoneal and ventriculoatrial shunts for hydrocephalus.
ventral pallidum
(247 times)
Neurology
(114 times)
NAc (38 times)
VTA (34 times)
DA (18 times)
1985 Efferent connections of the ventral pallidum: evidence of a dual striato pallidofugal pathway.
ventral prostate
(170 times)
Urology
(49 times)
SV (34 times)
DHT (19 times)
AR (17 times)
1977 Relative importance of 5alpha reduction for the androgenic and LH-inhibiting activities of delta-4-3-ketosteroids.
vertebroplasty
(160 times)
Orthopedics
(57 times)
KP (56 times)
VAS (33 times)
BKP (28 times)
2003 [Vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty:a review].
variegate porphyria
(112 times)
Molecular Biology
(20 times)
PPOX (34 times)
AIP (33 times)
HCP (24 times)
1976 Hereditary hepatic porphyrias in Finland.
N-vinylpyrrolidone
(106 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(24 times)
MAA (11 times)
EGDMA (10 times)
NIPAAm (10 times)
1990 [A polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) hydrogel as a soft contact lens material].
vascular parkinsonism
(104 times)
Neurology
(81 times)
PD (51 times)
IPD (11 times)
PSP (11 times)
1991 [MRI in Parkinson's disease and vascular parkinsonism--study on the lesion of substantia nigra].
vacuum packaging
(92 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(46 times)
MAP (34 times)
LAB (14 times)
AP (10 times)
1985 Methods of Chilling and Packaging of Beef, Pork and Lamb Variety Meats for Transoceanic Shipment: Physical and Sensory Characteristics.
10  viral protein
(92 times)
Virology
(24 times)
AAVs (6 times)
AAV (4 times)
EBOV (4 times)
1984 Nucleic acid and structural proteins of infectious bursal disease virus isolates belonging to serotypes I and II.
11  verapamil
(86 times)
Pharmacology
(21 times)
MDR (12 times)
P-gp (12 times)
CsA (10 times)
1981 Competitive effects of verapamil and calcium ion as regulators of myocardial enzyme leakage.
12  very preterm
(81 times)
Pediatrics
(39 times)
VLBW (18 times)
CI (8 times)
FT (8 times)
2006 Behavioural and emotional problems in very preterm and very low birthweight infants at age 5 years.
13  vascular permeability
(72 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(8 times)
VEGF (23 times)
OHSS (17 times)
hCG (5 times)
1982 Production of C2 toxin by Clostridium botulinum types C and D as determined by its vascular permeability activity.
14  ventricular pacing
(71 times)
Cardiology
(59 times)
AF (9 times)
AP (9 times)
SR (9 times)
1975 Mechanical and electrical causes for lack of frequency potentiation in normal patients, in coronary artery disease and in left bundle branch block.
15  verteporfin
(71 times)
Neoplasms
(15 times)
YAP (23 times)
PDT (11 times)
ROS (7 times)
2005 Competitive quenching: a possible novel approach in protecting RPE cells from damage during PDT.
16  virtual patient
(70 times)
Education
(20 times)
SP (4 times)
ABFM (3 times)
VOI (2 times)
2006 Development, implementation and pilot evaluation of a Web-based Virtual Patient Case Simulation environment--Web-SP.
17  velopharyngeal
(67 times)
General Surgery
(33 times)
VPI (8 times)
LVP (5 times)
MRI (5 times)
1988 Accuracy of pressure-flow estimates of velopharyngeal orifice size in an analog model and human subjects.
18  venous pressure
(61 times)
Nephrology
(10 times)
AP (5 times)
CI (4 times)
MAP (4 times)
1976 [Intracranial pressure--volumetric pressure and driving pressure].
19  versatile peroxidase
(60 times)
Biochemistry
(22 times)
MnP (27 times)
LiP (16 times)
Lac (6 times)
2001 Transcript and activity levels of different Pleurotus ostreatus peroxidases are differentially affected by Mn2+.
20  ventroposterior
(50 times)
Neurology
(26 times)
MD (5 times)
VL (5 times)
ACC (3 times)
1976 [Interaction between the systems involved in fast pain perception and in slow, persistent pain (author's transl)].
21  venous phase
(49 times)
Radiology
(19 times)
AP (38 times)
ROC (18 times)
IC (16 times)
2013 Quantitative iodine-based material decomposition images with spectral CT imaging for differentiating prostatic carcinoma from benign prostatic hyperplasia.
22  vincristine and prednisone
(23 times)
Neoplasms
(13 times)
ALL (9 times)
CR (5 times)
6-MP (3 times)
1975 Comparison of prednisolone, vincristine, methotrexate, and 6-mercaptopurine vs. vincristine and prednisone induction therapy in childhood acute leukemia.
23  ventroposterior nucleus
(21 times)
Neurology
(15 times)
Po (3 times)
VPI (3 times)
VPL (3 times)
1976 [Responses of neurons of the first and second somatosensory zones of the cortex to peripheral, thalamic and cortical stimulation].
24  verb phrase
(21 times)
Psychology
(11 times)
NP (7 times)
AG (1 time)
ATL (1 time)
1978 Acquisition of comprehension of the verb phrase anaphora construction.
25  visual perception
(21 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
VMI (8 times)
MC (4 times)
CP (2 times)
2000 Experience and visual perception in resident acquisition of laparoscopic skills.
26  voice prosthesis
(21 times)
Otolaryngology
(15 times)
TEP (8 times)
TL (5 times)
TE (2 times)
1996 The Groningen, Nijdam and Provox voice prostheses: a prospective clinical comparison based on 845 replacements.
27  variation potential
(20 times)
Plant Physiological Phenomena
(8 times)
PSI (2 times)
AP (1 time)
ATP (1 time)
1996 Both action potentials and variation potentials induce proteinase inhibitor gene expression in tomato.
28  vulnerable plaque
(20 times)
Cardiology
(7 times)
ACS (4 times)
SP (3 times)
IVUS (2 times)
2006 Assessment of vulnerable plaques causing acute coronary syndrome using integrated backscatter intravascular ultrasound.
29  vacuum phenomenon
(19 times)
Radiology
(6 times)
CT (7 times)
LR (2 times)
MR (2 times)
1987 Degenerative lumbar disk disease: pitfalls and usefulness of MR imaging in detection of vacuum phenomenon.
30  vibrational predissociation
(16 times)
Chemistry
(15 times)
c.m (4 times)
IVR (4 times)
REMPI (4 times)
2001 Size evolution of the vibrational predissociation process in Br2...Nen clusters: simulation and kinetic study.
31  vindesine and cisplatin
(16 times)
Neoplasms
(15 times)
NSCLC (12 times)
MVP (5 times)
CAP (3 times)
1988 Chemotherapy can prolong survival in patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer--report of a Canadian multicenter randomized trial.
32  volar plate
(16 times)
General Surgery
(8 times)
PIP (5 times)
DC (2 times)
RC (2 times)
1997 Hominid thumb strength predicted by high resolution magnetic resonance imaging and force measurements in living subjects.
33  vasa previa
(15 times)
Obstetrics
(10 times)
AFP (2 times)
hCG (2 times)
VCI (2 times)
2007 Prenatal ultrasound diagnosis of vasa praevia and analysis of risk factors.
34  venipuncture
(15 times)
Communicable Diseases
(2 times)
HP (3 times)
CT (2 times)
FS (2 times)
1981 Comparison of three serial blood sampling techniques on plasma hormone concentrations in the laying hen.
35  vestibular paroxysmia
(15 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
NVCC (3 times)
BMT (2 times)
CBZ (2 times)
2008 Vestibular paroxysmia: diagnostic features and medical treatment.
36  Voges-Proskauer
(15 times)
Microbiology
(7 times)
MR (3 times)
ATPS (1 time)
BRCs (1 time)
1965 CLASSIFICATION OF VIBRIO CHOLERAE (VIBRIO COMMA), INCLUDING EL TOR VIBRIOS, BY INFRASUBSPECIFIC CHARACTERISTICS.
37  variceal pressure
(14 times)
Gastroenterology
(5 times)
HVPG (2 times)
IAP (2 times)
PFM (2 times)
1988 Stimulation of opiate receptors in the dorsal pontine tegmentum inhibits reflex contraction of the urinary bladder.
38  ventricular pressure
(14 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
VF (4 times)
VT (4 times)
BP (2 times)
1986 Characteristics of cardiovascular responses of the bullfrog (Rana catesbeiana) to thermal stimulation of the spinal cord.
39  vinpocetine
(14 times)
Pharmacology
(8 times)
SBE-beta-CD (4 times)
AVA (2 times)
betaCD (2 times)
2002 Vinpocetine increases cerebral blood flow and oxygenation in stroke patients: a near infrared spectroscopy and transcranial Doppler study.
40  velopharynx
(13 times)
Otolaryngology
(3 times)
HRM (4 times)
UES (4 times)
OSA (3 times)
1996 Mechanical properties of the velopharynx in obese patients with obstructive sleep apnea.
41  virion protein
(13 times)
Virology
(5 times)
HSV-1 (2 times)
5-ALA (1 time)
AU (1 time)
1973 Trypsin action on the growth of Sendai virus in tissue culture cells. 3. Structural difference of Sendai viruses grown in eggs and tissue culture cells.
42  vancomycin powder
(12 times)
Orthopedics
(5 times)
PJI (2 times)
SSIs (2 times)
TKA (2 times)
2013 Adjunctive vancomycin powder in pediatric spine surgery is safe.
43  arginine-vasopressin
(11 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
NTS (2 times)
OT (2 times)
BDNF (1 time)
1982 The effect of antidiuretic hormone on intrarenal microsphere distribution.
44  vaginal progesterone
(11 times)
Obstetrics
(5 times)
PTB (6 times)
IMP (3 times)
CL (2 times)
2013 Prevention of preterm birth by progestational agents: what are the molecular mechanisms?
45  viral production
(10 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
Chl a (2 times)
FIC (2 times)
VA (2 times)
2009 Diel and daily fluctuations in virioplankton production in coastal ecosystems.
46  vulnerable period
(10 times)
Cardiology
(7 times)
APD (2 times)
DFT (2 times)
VFT (2 times)
1975 Ventricular fibrillation threshold and vulnerable period in the isolated perfused rat heart.
47  ventriculoperitoneal shunt
(9 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
CSF (2 times)
C/S (1 time)
ETV (1 time)
2007 Anaplastic ependymoma of the fourth ventricle causing obstrictive hydrocephalus.
48  valproate
(8 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
PTZ (3 times)
CAZ (1 time)
COX-2 (1 time)
1981 Inhibitory effects of sodium valproate on oxidative phosphorylation.
49  varicella pneumonia
(8 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
CXR (1 time)
HDU (1 time)
HIV (1 time)
1998 [Varicella pneumonia in the adult. A review of 25 cases].
50  vegetable protein
(8 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
AP (4 times)
AVP (2 times)
AVPR (2 times)
1987 Comparison of effects of vegetable protein diet and animal protein diet on the initiation of anemia during vigorous physical training (sports anemia) in dogs and rats.
51  ventral paleostriatum
(8 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
HVC (5 times)
RA (5 times)
ChAT (3 times)
1984 Retrograde transport of [3H]GABA in the striatotegmental system of the pigeon.
52  ventral prostate gland
(8 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(3 times)
DHT (2 times)
UGS (2 times)
AP (1 time)
1984 Tissue interactions and prostatic growth. I. Induction of adult mouse prostatic hyperplasia by fetal urogenital sinus implants.
53  ir-vasopressin
(7 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
ir (3 times)
AL (1 time)
ALP (1 time)
1983 Contribution of the supra-optic nucleus to brain and pituitary pools of immunoreactive vasopressin and particular opioid peptides, and the interrelationships between these, in the rat.
54  vagotomy and pyloroplasty
(7 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
APD (1 time)
AR (1 time)
ARG (1 time)
1971 Status of duodenal ulcer patients ten years or more after vagotomy-pyloroplasty (V-P).
55  vapour phase
(7 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(3 times)
MTS (2 times)
TD (2 times)
WS (2 times)
2011 Determination at low ppm levels of dithiocarbamate residues in foodstuff by vapour phase-liquid phase microextraction-infrared spectroscopy.
56  variable projection
(7 times)
Neural Networks (Computer)
(2 times)
LM (2 times)
SNLLS (2 times)
ALS (1 time)
2006 Combined genetic algorithm and multiple linear regression (GA-MLR) optimizer: Application to multi-exponential fluorescence decay surface.
57  ventroposterior thalamic nucleus
(7 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
HRP (2 times)
CNS (1 time)
DLG (1 time)
1977 Unit responses of the first and second somatosensory areas to stimulation of the ventroposterior thalamic nucleus.
58  verruca plana
(6 times)
Dermatology
(4 times)
SK (3 times)
5-FU (1 time)
C. albican (1 time)
2005 Detection and identification of human papillomavirus types isolated from Korean patients with flat warts.
59  visceral peritoneum
(6 times)
Obstetrics
(3 times)
CS (3 times)
VUS (2 times)
BF (1 time)
2009 Closure versus non-closure of the visceral peritoneum (VP) in patients with gestational hypertension--an observational analysis.
60  visual performance
(6 times)
Optometry
(3 times)
BCVA (3 times)
GFs (2 times)
SD-OCT (2 times)
2007 Uncorrected wavefront error and visual performance during RGP wear in keratoconus.
61  phenotypic variation
(5 times)
Genetics
(3 times)
AFLP (1 time)
BKD (1 time)
G E (1 time)
2006 Genetic mapping reveals a single major QTL for bacterial wilt resistance in Italian ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum Lam.).
62  vanishing point
(5 times)
Pattern Recognition, Automated
(2 times)
ADAS (1 time)
AIM (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
2013 SfM with MRFs: discrete-continuous optimization for large-scale structure from motion.
63  vascular prostheses
(5 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
EC (2 times)
AES (1 time)
AHSVEC (1 time)
1984 Adult human saphenous vein endothelial cells: assessment of their reproductive capacity for use in endothelial seeding of vascular prostheses.
64  vat photopolymerization
(5 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
SLA (1 time)
2018 3D printing processes for photocurable polymeric materials: technologies, materials, and future trends.
65  ventilatory power
(5 times)
Pulmonary Circulation
(1 time)
CP (3 times)
CPET (2 times)
PAH (2 times)
2015 Circulatory and Ventilatory Power: Characterization in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease.
66  ventricular preexcitation
(5 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
ACs (1 time)
AP (1 time)
AV (1 time)
1980 Unmasking of ventricular preexcitation by vagal stimulation or isoproterenol administration.
67  verapamil hydrochloride
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
RRS (2 times)
BP (1 time)
CAB (1 time)
1985 Bepridil hydrochloride alters potential-dependent and receptor-operated calcium channels in vascular smooth muscle of rabbit aorta.
68  viremic progressors
(5 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
EC (3 times)
ART (1 time)
HC (1 time)
2013 Elevated CD57 and CD95 expressions are associated with lower numbers of CD4⁺ recent thymic emigrants in HIV-1 infected immune responders following antiretroviral treatment.
69  VP group
(5 times)
Neurosurgery
(3 times)
IMP (2 times)
IRD (2 times)
MBB (2 times)
2016 Better Height Restoration, Greater Kyphosis Correction, and Fewer Refractures of Cemented Vertebrae by Using an Intravertebral Reduction Device: a 1-Year Follow-up Study.
70  vaginal patency
(4 times)
Toxicology
(3 times)
PPS (3 times)
UCVW (2 times)
AGD (1 time)
2002 Three-generation reproductive toxicity study of dietary bisphenol A in CD Sprague-Dawley rats.
71  Van Praagh
(4 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
C-E (1 time)
LPA (1 time)
TA (1 time)
2000 Congenital Heart Surgery Nomenclature and Database Project: truncus arteriosus.
72  vasopressinergic
(4 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
BNST (2 times)
IGF-I (1 time)
IGF-I-ir (1 time)
1992 Decline of vasopressin immunoreactivity and mRNA levels in the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis following castration.
73  velocity-pressure
(4 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
BiCGSTAB (1 time)
CO (1 time)
GALA (1 time)
2008 A study of preconditioned Krylov subspace methods with reordering for linear systems from a biphasic v-p finite element formulation.
74  ventricular pacemaker
(4 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
AMI (1 time)
DP (1 time)
ED (1 time)
1997 [Mechanism of hemodynamic effects of right cardiac shunting].
75  ventricular parasystole
(4 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
ExRP (1 time)
HRs (1 time)
MVER (1 time)
1981 Concealed ventricular parasystole uncovered in the form of ventricular escapes of variable coupling.
76  ventroposterior field
(4 times)
Biology
(2 times)
DP (4 times)
AI (3 times)
AAF (2 times)
1993 Functional organization of auditory cortex in the mongolian gerbil (Meriones unguiculatus). I. Electrophysiological mapping of frequency representation and distinction of fields.
77  verbal perseveration
(4 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
DTQ (1 time)
IP (1 time)
1995 Palinopsia as sensory epileptic phenomenon.
78  Vertex Potential
(4 times)
Psychophysiology
(1 time)
EEG (1 time)
ENG (1 time)
EP (1 time)
1984 Event related brain potentials and human pain: a first objective overview.
79  viral capsid protein
(4 times)
Communicable Diseases
(2 times)
EBOV (1 time)
GP (1 time)
HBoV (1 time)
2006 Human bocavirus infection in young children in the United States: molecular epidemiological profile and clinical characteristics of a newly emerging respiratory virus.
80  viral pneumonia
(4 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
BP (3 times)
CAP (3 times)
CRP (2 times)
2012 Aetiology of community-acquired pneumonia among adults in an H1N1 pandemic year: the role of respiratory viruses.
81  visceral pleura
(4 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
CT (1 time)
Pd (1 time)
PE (1 time)
1984 Role of pulmonary lymphatics and interstitium in visceral pleural fluid exchange.
82  visible plaque
(4 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
BOP (1 time)
CAL (1 time)
DMFT (1 time)
2007 Longitudinal study of dental caries in Brazilian children aged from 12 to 30 months.
83  VistaProof
(4 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
AUC (2 times)
DP (2 times)
ICC (2 times)
2011 Comparative in vitro validation of VistaProof and DIAGNOdent pen for occlusal caries detection in permanent teeth.
84  visual probe
(4 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(2 times)
AB (1 time)
EMA (1 time)
ODR (1 time)
1990 Visuospatial coding in primate prefrontal neurons revealed by oculomotor paradigms.
85  vitreous presentation
(4 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
BCVA (3 times)
PC (3 times)
AC (2 times)
2004 The effect of vitreous presentation during extracapsular cataract surgery on the postoperative visual acuity at one year.
86  volatile phenol
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
COD (3 times)
DO (1 time)
GWF (1 time)
2015 Volatile phenols depletion in red wine using molecular imprinted polymers.
87  Voronoi polyhedra
(4 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
CCO (1 time)
2003 Voronoi polyhedra analysis of optimized arterial tree models.
88  VP connect
(4 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
VL (4 times)
CG (3 times)
MH (3 times)
2013 Effect of different adhesives combined with two resin composite cements on shear bond strength to polymeric CAD/CAM materials.
89  4-vinylphenol
(3 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
EP (2 times)
VG (2 times)
DLLME (1 time)
2008 An integrated approach to biomonitoring exposure to styrene and styrene-(7,8)-oxide using a repeated measurements sampling design.
90  vagal paraganglioma
(3 times)
Otolaryngology
(2 times)
CCA (1 time)
CFD-US (1 time)
CPs (1 time)
2001 Cervical paragangliomas: diagnosis, management and complications.
91  valine-pyrrolidide
(3 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
DPP-IV (2 times)
GLP-1 (2 times)
AUC (1 time)
2000 Dipeptidyl peptidase IV inhibition enhances the intestinotrophic effect of glucagon-like peptide-2 in rats and mice.
92  vallate papillae
(3 times)
Anatomy
(1 time)
--- 1998 MDR1 in taste buds of rat vallate papilla: functional, immunohistochemical, and biochemical evidence.
93  valproic acid
(3 times)
Metabolism
(1 time)
AML (1 time)
ATRA (1 time)
CAT (1 time)
1989 Valproic acid induction of coma in rats: synergism with NH4+ and pentobarbital.
94  vapor permeation
(3 times)
Biotechnology
(2 times)
PV (3 times)
MD (1 time)
2019 Review: Membrane Materials for the Removal of Water from Industrial Solvents by Pervaporation and Vapor Permeation.
95  variable pressure
(3 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
SEM (2 times)
SNR (2 times)
BSE (1 time)
2001 Image quality improvement using helium gas in low voltage variable pressure scanning electron microscopy.
96  variable protein
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
ABPM (1 time)
DBP (1 time)
FMD (1 time)
2011 Nocturnal blood pressure in untreated essential hypertensives.
97  velocity-precision
(3 times)
Sports Medicine
(3 times)
LTPT (2 times)
VPE (2 times)
SHR (1 time)
1998 Evaluation of stroke performance in tennis.
98  ventral paraflocculus
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
FL (3 times)
DP (1 time)
MAO (1 time)
1997 Location of efferent terminals of the primate flocculus and ventral paraflocculus revealed by anterograde axonal transport methods.
99  ventral pons
(3 times)
Brain
(1 time)
AC (1 time)
BVL (1 time)
CBF (1 time)
1996 Comparison of locomotor patterns and the cerebellar complex in Ateles and Macaca.
100  ventral posterior area
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
CO (1 time)
DP (1 time)
MT (1 time)
1986 Ventral posterior visual area of the macaque: visual topography and areal boundaries.