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Abbreviation: WF
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Long forms: 270

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
Wistar Furth
(210 times)
Transplantation
(55 times)
LEW (20 times)
DA (18 times)
BN (17 times)
1980 Developmental patterns of catechol-O-methyltransferase in genetically different rat strains: enzymatic and immunochemical studies.
water footprint
(116 times)
Environmental Health
(79 times)
CF (13 times)
LCA (7 times)
EF (6 times)
2008 An improved water footprint methodology linking global consumption to local water resources: a case of Spanish tomatoes.
work function
(103 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(30 times)
PCE (14 times)
PSCs (11 times)
ITO (10 times)
2005 On the correlation between surface roughness and work function in copper.
Working Formulation
(63 times)
Neoplasms
(29 times)
NHL (33 times)
REAL (7 times)
CHOP (3 times)
1984 Clinico-pathological features of malignant lymphomas in 294 Hong Kong Chinese patients, retrospective study covering an eight-year period.
warfarin
(51 times)
Pharmacology
(15 times)
PT-INR (6 times)
CI (4 times)
HSA (4 times)
1989 Determination of free drug in protein binding equilibrium by high-performance frontal analysis using internal-surface reversed-phase silica support.
wound fluid
(42 times)
General Surgery
(10 times)
IORT (6 times)
EMT (3 times)
Gran (3 times)
1984 Inhibition of host immunity by fluid and mononuclear cells from healing wounds.
Wanfang Database
(27 times)
Medicine
(19 times)
CNKI (27 times)
CBM (24 times)
GRADE (7 times)
2013 [Incidence and risk factors of prehypertension among adults in mainland China: a meta-analysis].
wide-field
(25 times)
Ophthalmology
(7 times)
SS (5 times)
UWF (5 times)
OCTA (4 times)
2010 Wide field array calibration dependence on the stability of measured dose distributions.
word frequency
(25 times)
Psychology
(11 times)
ND (5 times)
AoA (4 times)
CD (3 times)
1974 The solution of anagrams: A reexamination of the effects of transition letter probabilities, letter moves, and word frequency on anagram difficulty.
10  wood flour
(24 times)
Polymers
(11 times)
PLA (7 times)
PP (6 times)
HDPE (4 times)
2010 A novel wood flour-filled composite based on microfibrillar high-density polyethylene (HDPE)/Nylon-6 blends.
11  water fraction
(21 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
EAF (10 times)
HAE (7 times)
NBF (5 times)
2006 Antimutagenic and antioxidant properties of phenolic fractions from Andean purple corn (Zea mays L.).
12  Word Fluency
(21 times)
Neurology
(11 times)
DSS (10 times)
DWR (9 times)
ARIC (7 times)
1996 Estrogen replacement therapy and cognitive functioning in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study.
13  worrisome features
(21 times)
Gastroenterology
(15 times)
HRS (19 times)
IPMN (9 times)
MPD (5 times)
2016 The safety and benefit of pancreatic juice cytology under ERCP in IPMN patients.
14  wavefront
(19 times)
Ophthalmology
(10 times)
CDVA (2 times)
HOAs (2 times)
LASIK (2 times)
2000 Electrogram characteristics indicative of a recurrent conduction site after ablation of the inferior vena cava-tricuspid annulus isthmus: a study in the canine blood-perfused atrioventricular preparation.
15  welding fume
(17 times)
Toxicology
(6 times)
Mn (6 times)
PD (5 times)
GMA-MS (3 times)
2006 Welding fume exposure and associated inflammatory and hyperplastic changes in the lungs of tumor susceptible a/j mice.
16  Willebrand factor
(16 times)
Therapeutics
(7 times)
AH (2 times)
ATIII (2 times)
CGN (2 times)
1977 Immunological evidence that human factor VIII is composed of two linked moieties.
17  Weil-Felix
(14 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
ELISA (2 times)
IF (2 times)
IIP (2 times)
1977 Serologic diagnosis of epidemic typhus fever.
18  Wanfang Data
(11 times)
Medicine
(7 times)
CNKI (11 times)
CBM (5 times)
ACU (2 times)
2013 Review of the rational use and adverse reactions to human serum albumin in the People's Republic of China.
19  wave function
(11 times)
Chemistry
(8 times)
DFT (6 times)
Bz (1 time)
CASSCF (1 time)
2007 Correlation effects in wave function mapping of molecular beam epitaxy grown quantum dots.
20  Wright-Fisher
(11 times)
Genetics, Medical
(3 times)
IBD (1 time)
MP (1 time)
MRCA (1 time)
2006 Exact coalescent for the Wright-Fisher model.
21  weight fluctuation
(9 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(4 times)
RRS (4 times)
CD (3 times)
SWLS (3 times)
1987 Restraint, bulimia, and psychopathology.
22  Wistar fatty
(9 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
WL (2 times)
ZF (2 times)
AAs (1 time)
1992 Insulin and glucose transporter gene expression in obesity and diabetes.
23  wood fiber
(9 times)
Polymers
(4 times)
BF (2 times)
SEM (2 times)
AE (1 time)
2019 Analysis and Identification of the Mechanism of Damage and Fracture of High-Filled Wood Fiber/Recycled High-Density Polyethylene Composites.
24  water fluoridation
(8 times)
Dentistry
(7 times)
ACI (1 time)
CIs (1 time)
DMFT (1 time)
1985 Prevalence of developmental defects of enamel and dental caries in New Zealand children receiving differing fluoride supplementation.
25  water flux
(8 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
DS (3 times)
FO (3 times)
GE (2 times)
1996 Simultaneous determination of gastric emptying and intestinal absorption during cycle exercise in humans.
26  well-fed
(8 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
UF (2 times)
AVP (1 time)
BCS (1 time)
2002 The effects of pregnancy and maternal nutrition on the maternal renin-angiotensin system in sheep.
27  Wiener filter
(8 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
KF (2 times)
BMI (1 time)
CC (1 time)
2000 Image restoration with the Viterbi algorithm.
28  weighting factor
(7 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
AUC (1 time)
CIC (1 time)
FMs (1 time)
1990 Interpretation of pathophysiology by laboratory data (3). A consultation program based on clinical laboratory data.
29  Wiedemann-Franz
(7 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
KG (1 time)
SE (1 time)
Tp (1 time)
2000 Determining the Wiedemann-Franz ratio from the thermal hall conductivity: application to Cu and YBa2Cu3O6.95.
30  Willebrand factor antigen
(7 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
ANC (1 time)
CRP (1 time)
DDAVP (1 time)
1975 Heterogeneity in biological activity of human factor VIII antibodies.
31  wrist flexion
(7 times)
Brain
(2 times)
FCU (3 times)
RD (3 times)
WE (3 times)
2004 Ballistic reactions under different motor sets.
32  Weber fraction
(6 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
PSE (2 times)
BDs (1 time)
CoV (1 time)
1994 Load detection in subjects with sleep-induced upper airway obstruction.
33  whole food
(6 times)
Food
(3 times)
PF (3 times)
GF (2 times)
TEM (2 times)
2000 Effects of meal form and composition on plasma testosterone, cortisol, and insulin following resistance exercise.
34  whole fruit
(6 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
BF (2 times)
MDA (2 times)
ANS (1 time)
2015 Baccaurea angulata fruit inhibits lipid peroxidation and induces the increase in antioxidant enzyme activities.
35  wall fraction
(5 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
mAbs (2 times)
WSSA (2 times)
AUC (1 time)
1983 Quantitative evaluation of exercise T1-201 myocardial scintigraphy before and after transluminal coronary angioplasty. A preliminary report.
36  Watts factor
(5 times)
Urology
(3 times)
PVR (3 times)
BCI (2 times)
BOO (1 time)
1995 A minipig model for urodynamic evaluation of infravesical obstruction and its possible reversibility.
37  wedge factor
(5 times)
Radiotherapy
(3 times)
d,s,c (1 time)
EDW (1 time)
MLC (1 time)
1994 The relation between wedge factors in air and water.
38  Weiner filtering
(5 times)
Brain
(1 time)
GLCM (2 times)
GLRM (2 times)
LBP (2 times)
2018 Breathing Pattern Interpretation as an Alternative and Effective Voice Communication Solution.
39  White Fulani
(5 times)
Tropical Medicine
(2 times)
AM (2 times)
HS (2 times)
HTC (2 times)
1997 Trace element levels in plasma/serum and erythrocytes of Keteku and white Fulani cattle.
40  whole flaxseed
(5 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
ALA (2 times)
GF (2 times)
AUC (1 time)
2011 Flaxseed but not flaxseed oil prevented the rise in serum cholesterol due to ovariectomy in the Golden Syrian hamsters.
41  wind farm
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
BC (1 time)
DER (1 time)
DFIG (1 time)
2012 A forensic investigation into the etiology of bat mortality at a wind farm: barotrauma or traumatic injury?
42  Wistar-Furth rats
(5 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
DA (2 times)
4NQO (1 time)
BB (1 time)
1996 Genetic controls of susceptibility and resistance to 4-nitroquinoline 1-oxide-induced tongue carcinomas in rats.
43  Water Flosser
(4 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
RMNPI (3 times)
AF (2 times)
BOP (2 times)
2012 Comparison of two power interdental cleaning devices on plaque removal.
44  wavelet filtering
(4 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
BCI (2 times)
CSP (2 times)
ERPs (2 times)
2011 Taking into account latency, amplitude, and morphology: improved estimation of single-trial ERPs by wavelet filtering and multiple linear regression.
45  white females
(4 times)
Anatomy
(1 time)
BF (4 times)
BM (3 times)
WM (3 times)
2002 Influence of school, class, ethnicity, and gender on agreement of fourth graders to participate in a nutrition study.
46  white finger
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
VWF (2 times)
HAV (1 time)
HAVS (1 time)
1991 White finger symptoms: a cross-sectional study.
47  whiteface
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
CIII (2 times)
BF (1 time)
Finn (1 time)
1985 Breed group differences in testicular growth patterns in spring-born ram lambs.
48  winter flounder
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
SF (2 times)
AFPs (1 time)
BSA (1 time)
1986 The immune response of a marine teleost, Pseudopleuronectes americanus, (winter flounder) to the protozoan parasite Glugea stephani.
49  workflows
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
MRL (2 times)
ATP (1 time)
ATS (1 time)
2019 First clinical experiences with a high field 1.5 T MR linac.
50  walking fatigability
(3 times)
Nervous System
(1 time)
HC (3 times)
pwMS (3 times)
EDSS (2 times)
2019 Day-to-day reliability, agreement and discriminative validity of measuring walking-related performance fatigability in persons with multiple sclerosis.
51  Wanfang
(3 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
CBM (1 time)
CI (1 time)
CNKI (1 time)
2014 [Meta-analysis of needle-knife treatment on cervical spondylosis].
52  waste factor
(3 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
d-SPE (1 time)
DPT (1 time)
EFRs (1 time)
2015 Multi-contaminant analysis of organophosphate and halogenated flame retardants in food matrices using ultrasonication and vacuum assisted extraction, multi-stage cleanup and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.
53  water flooding
(3 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
ARGs (1 time)
BSF (1 time)
GCMC (1 time)
2017 Validating the Water Flooding Approach by Comparing It to Grand Canonical Monte Carlo Simulations.
54  water-soluble fluorine
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
TF (2 times)
GNP (1 time)
NP (1 time)
2015 [Assessment of Soil Fluorine Pollution in Jinhua Fluorite Ore Areas].
55  watermelon flesh
(3 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
HF (2 times)
LF (2 times)
WR (2 times)
2019 Intake of Watermelon or Its Byproducts Alters Glucose Metabolism, the Microbiome, and Hepatic Proinflammatory Metabolites in High-Fat-Fed Male C57BL/6J Mice.
56  weaning failure
(3 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
MV (2 times)
SBT (2 times)
COP (1 time)
2013 Weaning failure: my heart is not up to it.
57  white fluorescent
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
5-HT (1 time)
LEDs (1 time)
P. tenue (1 time)
2002 Endocrine-mediated effects of UV-A irradiation on grass shrimp (Palaemonetes pugio) reproduction.
58  whole field
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
AEs (1 time)
CKD (1 time)
DM (1 time)
2005 Intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) of cancers of the head and neck: comparison of split-field and whole-field techniques.
59  wing flapping
(3 times)
Biology
(1 time)
BB (1 time)
DB (1 time)
DW (1 time)
2012 Visual accommodation and active pursuit of prey underwater in a plunge-diving bird: the Australasian gannet.
60  Women First
(3 times)
Microbiological Phenomena
(2 times)
CRP (1 time)
DRC (1 time)
MPO (1 time)
2019 Challenges of Implementing an Individual Randomized Controlled Trial (Women First: Preconception Maternal Nutrition Study) in a Rural Study Site: A Case Study From Pakistan.
61  word fluency test
(3 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
DSS (2 times)
SOL-INCA (2 times)
DF (1 time)
2002 Measures of cognitive function in persons with varying degrees of sleep-disordered breathing: the Sleep Heart Health Study.
62  work-family
(3 times)
Accidents, Occupational
(1 time)
F-W (1 time)
WFC/FWC (1 time)
2007 A review of research methods in IO/OB work-family research.
63  working fluid
(3 times)
Physical Phenomena
(1 time)
dl-PCBs (1 time)
HE (1 time)
LF (1 time)
2010 Modeling of a short-path distillation process to remove persistent organic pollutants in fish oil based on process parameters and quantitative structure properties relationships.
64  wrist fusion
(3 times)
Hand
(2 times)
TWA (2 times)
ABOS (1 time)
CPT (1 time)
2016 Trends in the Utilization of Total Wrist Arthroplasty versus Wrist Fusion for Treatment of Advanced Wrist Arthritis.
65  follows: without fat
(2 times)
Animal Diseases
(2 times)
DM (2 times)
LO (2 times)
PF (2 times)
2015 Lipid Sources with Different Fatty Acid Profile Alters the Fatty Acid Profile and Quality of Beef from Confined Nellore Steers.
66  Walker factor
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
PIF (2 times)
AP (1 time)
CAT (1 time)
2011 Increased oxidative stress in the placenta tissue and cell culture of tumour-bearing pregnant rats.
67  walking football
(2 times)
Men
(1 time)
6MWT (1 time)
AR (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
2022 Walking Football During Ramadan Fasting for Cardiometabolic and Psychological Health Benefits to the Physically Challenged and Aged Populations.
68  walking function
(2 times)
Spinal Diseases
(1 time)
DSW (1 time)
FM (1 time)
LSS (1 time)
2014 The Association of Each Disability Based on the Three Sub-Categories of the Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire during Hospitalization with Itself at 1 Year Postoperatively in Patients with Degenerative Lumbar Spinal Stenosis.
69  walnut flour
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
SUMAE (1 time)
TPY (1 time)
2017 Optimization of simultaneous microwave/ultrasonic-assisted extraction of phenolic compounds from walnut flour using response surface methodology.
70  Wannier functions
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
OSVs (1 time)
PAOs (1 time)
PM (1 time)
2015 Periodic local MP2 method employing orbital specific virtuals.
71  water flow stimulation
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
ICF (2 times)
SICI (2 times)
TMS (2 times)
2014 Whole-body water flow stimulation to the lower limbs modulates excitability of primary motor cortical regions innervating the hands: a transcranial magnetic stimulation study.
72  WaterpikWater Flosser
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
RMNPI (2 times)
BOP (1 time)
BSL (1 time)
2017 Comparison of Water Flosser and Interdental Brush on Plaque Removal: A Single-Use Pilot Study.
73  wavelet-Fourier
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
CNN (2 times)
HIE (2 times)
2020 Wavelet Spectral Deep-training of Convolutional Neural Networks for Accurate Identification of High-Frequency Micro-Scale Spike Transients in the Post-Hypoxic-Ischemic EEG of Preterm Sheep.
74  weak fluorescence
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
BF (2 times)
G6PD (2 times)
FST (1 time)
2001 Prevalence of G-6-PD deficiency in the Croatian Adriatic Coast population.
75  weaning foods
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
AOAC (1 time)
FA (1 time)
OB (1 time)
2003 Fatty acid, amino acid, and trace mineral analyses of five weaning foods from Jos, Nigeria.
76  web/computer normative feedback
(2 times)
Health Services Research
(2 times)
BAC (2 times)
CENTRAL (2 times)
CI (2 times)
2015 Social norms information for alcohol misuse in university and college students.
77  weed-free
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
WC (2 times)
AWE (1 time)
CB (1 time)
2022 The Impact of Different Weed Management Systems on Weed Flora and Dry Biomass Production of Barley Grown under Various Barley-Based Cropping Systems.
78  weight faltering
(2 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
GMS (1 time)
2022 How much do preverbal children signal a wish to be fed? Nested case control study comparing weight faltering and healthy infants.
79  weight fraction
(2 times)
Environmental Exposure
(1 time)
P/B (2 times)
Bo (1 time)
1993 Standards for quantification of elements in the otolithic membrane by electron probe X-ray microanalysis: calibration curves and electron beam sensitivity.
80  weighting function
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
OT (1 time)
2021 Useful relations for the analysis of stellar scintillation at the entrance pupil of a telescope.
81  western France
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
BSE (1 time)
MG (1 time)
SIR (1 time)
1985 Survey of monoclonal gammopathy in western France: incidence and unexpected high frequency of IgM.
82  wheat-fallow
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
AB-DTPA (1 time)
CRP (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2006 Carbon sequestration in dryland soils and plant residue as influenced by tillage and crop rotation.
83  white flakes
(2 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
SBM (2 times)
FM (1 time)
SB (1 time)
2006 Effect of extrusion on trypsin inhibitor activity and nutrient digestibility of diets based on fish meal, soybean meal and white flakes.
84  white flour
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
WWF (2 times)
GR (1 time)
PDI (1 time)
2020 Rheological characteristics of wheat-chickpea composite flour doughs and effect of Amla powder (Phyllanthus emblica L.) addition on the functional properties of bread.
85  white muscle fibres
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
PCNA (1 time)
1989 Catalysts of lipid oxidation in meat products.
86  wholegrain flour
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
FCMS (1 time)
PCA (1 time)
PLS (1 time)
2015 Use of fuzzy chromatography mass spectrometric (FCMS) fingerprinting and chemometric analysis for differentiation of whole-grain and refined wheat (T. aestivum) flour.
87  wide-field epi-fluorescence
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
EMCCD (1 time)
NLOM (1 time)
TIRF (1 time)
2015 Imaging local Ca2+ signals in cultured mammalian cells.
88  widefield microscopy
(2 times)
Flow Cytometry
(1 time)
FNTDs (1 time)
FRET (1 time)
LSM (1 time)
2020 Carbon ion dosimetry on a fluorescent nuclear track detector using widefield microscopy.
89  wildfires
(2 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
APM (1 time)
HBE (1 time)
PM (1 time)
2011 Fine particulate matter from urban ambient and wildfire sources from California's San Joaquin Valley initiate differential inflammatory, oxidative stress, and xenobiotic responses in human bronchial epithelial cells.
90  Wildland fires
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
ACE (1 time)
BP (1 time)
BRS (1 time)
2019 Measuring acute pulmonary responses to occupational wildland fire smoke exposure using exhaled breath condensate.
91  Wilemski-Fixman
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
D-A (1 time)
MNPs (1 time)
2004 Theoretical analysis and computer simulation of fluorescence lifetime measurements. II. Contour length dependence of single polymers.
92  WinFood
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
WF-L (2 times)
CF (1 time)
dw (1 time)
2013 The use of linear programming to determine whether a formulated complementary food product can ensure adequate nutrients for 6- to 11-month-old Cambodian infants.
93  winter fallow
(2 times)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
ITS (1 time)
LG (1 time)
SG (1 time)
2018 The role of soil bacterial community during winter fallow period in the incidence of tobacco bacterial wilt disease.
94  wire feed
(2 times)
WEDM (2 times)
DE (1 time)
EDS (1 time)
2020 Milling Microchannels in Monel 400 Alloy by Wire EDM: An Experimental Analysis.
95  wire fixation
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
BSSO (1 time)
RF (1 time)
RIF (1 time)
1997 Orthognathic surgery effects on maxillary growth in patients with vertical maxillary excess.
96  word-finding deficits
(2 times)
Audiology
(1 time)
ND (1 time)
1998 The nature of word-finding errors of preschoolers with and without word-finding deficits.
97  workforce
(2 times)
Health Policy
(1 time)
EA (1 time)
OAAI (1 time)
OASIS (1 time)
2021 Obstetric anesthesia services in Israel snapshot (OASIS) study: a 72 hour cross-sectional observational study of workforce supply and demand.
98  working face
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
LFG (2 times)
1999 Airborne Emissions of Mercury from Municipal Landfill Operations: A Short-Term Measurement Study in Florida.
99  Wortmannilatone F
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
5-LOX (1 time)
CCA (1 time)
CK19 (1 time)
2018 Killing the muscular larvae of Trichinella spiralis and the anti-fibrotic effect of the combination of Wortmannilatone F and recombinant G31P in a murine model of trichinellosis.
100  wound fibroblasts
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
ECM (1 time)
IL-1ra (1 time)
MAPK (1 time)
1997 Nitric oxide, an autocrine regulator of wound fibroblast synthetic function.