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Abbreviation: WS
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Long forms: 564

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
Williams syndrome
(853 times)
Psychiatry
(198 times)
TD (123 times)
DS (66 times)
ASD (43 times)
1986 Wolfram's syndrome: a clinical, diagnostic, and interpretative contribution.
Werner syndrome
(438 times)
Geriatrics
(74 times)
WRN (65 times)
BS (21 times)
HGPS (14 times)
1977 A retarded rate of DNA replication and normal level of DNA repair in Werner's syndrome fibroblasts in culture.
Waardenburg syndrome
(219 times)
Genetics, Medical
(68 times)
MITF (21 times)
EDNRB (17 times)
EDN3 (13 times)
1978 Heterogeneity in Waardenburg's syndrome. Report of a family with ocular albinism.
West syndrome
(217 times)
Brain
(104 times)
EEG (38 times)
ACTH (28 times)
LGS (20 times)
1983 A pilot study on the anticonvulsive effects of a thyrotropin-releasing hormone analog in intractable epilepsy.
water-soluble
(83 times)
Ophthalmology
(30 times)
WI (20 times)
MALDI-TOF (6 times)
US (6 times)
1982 Delivery of vitamins E and C from parenteral alimentation solution.
walking speed
(73 times)
Geriatrics
(21 times)
GS (7 times)
CI (5 times)
TUG (4 times)
1997 Relationships between measures of function, strength and walking speed in patients with diabetes and transmetatarsal amputation.
water sorption
(69 times)
Dentistry
(40 times)
DC (36 times)
SL (30 times)
FS (21 times)
2003 Effect of bifunctional comonomers on mechanical strength and water sorption of amorphous calcium phosphate- and silanized glass-filled Bis-GMA-based composites.
wind speed
(67 times)
Environmental Health
(37 times)
RH (45 times)
SR (9 times)
Ta (9 times)
1996 Effects of ambient temperature, age and wind speed on the thermal balance of layer-strain fowls.
white striping
(63 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(37 times)
WB (35 times)
SM (7 times)
NORM (5 times)
2013 Occurrence of white striping under commercial conditions and its impact on breast meat quality in broiler chickens.
10  water stress
(54 times)
Botany
(19 times)
WW (19 times)
GY (7 times)
AM (3 times)
2006 Decreased Rubisco activity during water stress is not induced by decreased relative water content but related to conditions of low stomatal conductance and chloroplast CO2 concentration.
11  Warthin-Starry
(36 times)
Pathology
(15 times)
HE (7 times)
PCR (6 times)
IHC (4 times)
1983 A staining procedure for melanin in semithin and ultrathin epoxy sections.
12  whole saliva
(35 times)
Dentistry
(12 times)
PS (5 times)
SS (4 times)
GCF (3 times)
1996 The use of whole saliva in the differential diagnosis of Sjogren's syndrome.
13  weight suppression
(34 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(23 times)
BN (11 times)
ED (7 times)
BMI (6 times)
2006 Weight suppression predicts weight gain during inpatient treatment of bulimia nervosa.
14  wall stress
(29 times)
Cardiology
(16 times)
LV (8 times)
Vcfc (4 times)
EF (3 times)
1987 The influence of adenosine triphosphate on left ventricular function and blood flow distribution during aortic crossclamping in dogs.
15  water solubility
(29 times)
Biochemistry
(13 times)
WVP (13 times)
TS (10 times)
FTIR (7 times)
1982 Molecular connectivity: a novel method for prediction of bioconcentration factor of hazardous chemicals.
16  warning signal
(26 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
IS (7 times)
RT (6 times)
SD (6 times)
1982 Blink reflexes and preparation.
17  water-stressed
(26 times)
Botany
(10 times)
WW (16 times)
ABA (3 times)
HN (2 times)
2001 Gas exchange by pods and subtending leaves and internal recycling of CO(2) by pods of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) subjected to water deficits.
18  Wandering spleen
(21 times)
General Surgery
(8 times)
ARS (1 time)
CECT (1 time)
GI (1 time)
1992 [Volvulus of a wandering spleen on the 2nd day after birth].
19  weight stable
(20 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(9 times)
WL (17 times)
REE (4 times)
DI (3 times)
1996 Elevated TNF-alpha production by peripheral blood monocytes of weight-losing COPD patients.
20  Wiener spectrum
(20 times)
Radiology
(10 times)
MTF (12 times)
NEQ (7 times)
DQE (3 times)
1992 Imaging characteristics of different mammographic screens.
21  white syndrome
(19 times)
Science
(7 times)
BBD (4 times)
BrB (3 times)
GA (3 times)
2008 Coral pathogens identified for White Syndrome (WS) epizootics in the Indo-Pacific.
22  walnut shell
(18 times)
Environmental Health
(7 times)
AS (2 times)
BC (2 times)
PP (2 times)
2005 Biosorption of aqueous chromium(VI) by Tamarindus indica seeds.
23  wood shavings
(17 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(8 times)
SD (3 times)
RH (2 times)
SA (2 times)
1995 The effect of chopped computer and bond paper mixed with wood shavings as a litter material on broiler performance.
24  whole sections
(16 times)
Neoplasms
(9 times)
TMA (11 times)
IHC (7 times)
ER (3 times)
2002 Application of tissue microarray technology to the study of non-Hodgkin's and Hodgkin's lymphoma.
25  wrinkly spreader
(16 times)
Microbiology
(9 times)
A-L (4 times)
LPS (2 times)
SM (2 times)
2002 Adaptive divergence in experimental populations of Pseudomonas fluorescens. I. Genetic and phenotypic bases of wrinkly spreader fitness.
26  Wunderlich syndrome
(14 times)
Urologic Diseases
(3 times)
AML (3 times)
CT (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
2011 Wunderlich syndrome: cross-sectional imaging review.
27  water storage
(13 times)
Dentistry
(11 times)
SBS (3 times)
TC (3 times)
TCs (3 times)
2008 Adhesion to Er:YAG laser-prepared dentin after long-term water storage and thermocycling.
28  Watts-Strogatz
(13 times)
Biophysics
(5 times)
BA (4 times)
ER (4 times)
SF (2 times)
2003 Optimal paths in disordered complex networks.
29  warning stimulus
(11 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
IS (5 times)
CNV (3 times)
RT (3 times)
1981 Task redundancy and an enhancement of the late positive components in human visual evoked potentials.
30  Williams-Beuren syndrome
(11 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
ABP (1 time)
ASD (1 time)
CHD (1 time)
1999 A transcription factor involved in skeletal muscle gene expression is deleted in patients with Williams syndrome.
31  within-subject
(11 times)
Sports Medicine
(2 times)
BS (6 times)
EMA (5 times)
PA (3 times)
1991 Stimulus intensity and experimental design effects on motor response processing.
32  wood smoke
(11 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
CS (4 times)
MMP (2 times)
PM (2 times)
2004 Matrix metalloproteinases activity in COPD associated with wood smoke.
33  Workshops
(11 times)
Radiology
(6 times)
CC (6 times)
GL (6 times)
HL (6 times)
1986 Parameters of the event-related potential are related to functioning in the mentally retarded.
34  waterpipe smokers
(10 times)
Dentistry
(7 times)
NS (6 times)
CBL (5 times)
BOP (4 times)
2017 Comparison of peri-implant clinical and radiographic inflammatory parameters among cigarette and waterpipe (narghile) smokers and never-smokers.
35  watershed
(10 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
PET (2 times)
BKE (1 time)
CNPW (1 time)
1986 Borderzone infarctions distal to internal carotid artery occlusion: prognostic implications.
36  wet scrubber
(10 times)
Environmental Health
(10 times)
APCDs (9 times)
SCR (6 times)
EP (4 times)
2001 Removal efficiencies of PCDDs/PCDFs by air pollution control devices in municipal solid waste incinerators.
37  wet season
(10 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
DS (9 times)
BAF (2 times)
Ae. aegypti (1 time)
2002 Nitrate pollution in groundwater and strategies to reduce pollution.
38  wax synthase
(9 times)
Botany
(3 times)
FAR (4 times)
WEs (2 times)
ER (1 time)
2012 Identification of avian wax synthases.
39  white stripe
(9 times)
Endocrinology
(5 times)
TS (7 times)
IR (3 times)
ERalpha (2 times)
2005 Neuroendocrine correlates of behavioral polymorphism in white-throated sparrows.
40  whole smoke
(9 times)
Toxicology
(6 times)
GVP (5 times)
TPM (5 times)
ALI (3 times)
2008 Mutagenicity of native cigarette mainstream smoke and its gas/vapour phase by use of different tester strains and cigarettes in a modified Ames assay.
41  warm sensation
(8 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
CS (7 times)
CP (4 times)
QST (4 times)
1998 Thermosensory threshold: a sensitive test of HIV associated peripheral neuropathy?
42  water suppression
(8 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(7 times)
AFP (1 time)
CHESS (1 time)
CoV (1 time)
2001 Low-power water suppression by hyperbolic secant pulses with controlled offsets and delays (WASHCODE).
43  waveform score
(8 times)
Ophthalmology
(6 times)
ORA (6 times)
CH (4 times)
CRF (4 times)
2010 Evaluation of agreement between intraocular pressure measurements using Goldmann applanation tonometry and Goldmann correlated intraocular pressure by Reichert's ocular response analyser.
44  Wells score
(8 times)
Pathology
(1 time)
PE (4 times)
ACC (2 times)
AUC (2 times)
2013 The reticulin algorithm for adrenocortical tumor diagnosis: a multicentric validation study on 245 unpublished cases.
45  Williams
(8 times)
Psychiatry
(5 times)
TD (2 times)
DS (1 time)
DTI (1 time)
2005 Expressive and receptive vocabulary in children with Williams and Down syndromes.
46  Wistar
(8 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(3 times)
SD (6 times)
GK (2 times)
HOMA-IR (2 times)
1998 NaCl appetite in two strains of rat reported to be resistant to mineralocorticoid-induced hypertension.
47  wood sawdust
(8 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
MSW (2 times)
AC (1 time)
ASTM (1 time)
2006 Composting anaerobic and aerobic sewage sludges using two proportions of sawdust.
48  WoundStat
(8 times)
Traumatology
(5 times)
CG (3 times)
HC (3 times)
CX (2 times)
2007 Comparison of a new hemostatic agent to current combat hemostatic agents in a Swine model of lethal extremity arterial hemorrhage.
49  washing solution
(7 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
AAQ (1 time)
BSA (1 time)
CS (1 time)
2010 Detergent decellularization of heart valves for tissue engineering: toxicological effects of residual detergents on human endothelial cells.
50  watermelon stomach
(7 times)
Gastroenterology
(3 times)
GAVE (3 times)
GI (1 time)
SS (1 time)
1994 [A case of watermelon stomach].
51  weight shift
(7 times)
Geriatrics
(2 times)
COP (2 times)
NAS (1 time)
PD (1 time)
2007 Visuo-postural adaptation during the acquisition of a visually guided weight-shifting task: age-related differences in global and local dynamics.
52  white spots
(7 times)
Dentistry
(6 times)
A-SA (1 time)
BF (1 time)
DMFT (1 time)
2000 In situ acid resistance of in vivo formed white spot lesions.
53  workstation
(7 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
PET (3 times)
PACS (2 times)
ATM (1 time)
1997 Performance of asynchronous transfer mode (ATM) local area and wide area networks for medical imaging transmission in clinical environment.
54  Warfarin sodium
(6 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
IPA (2 times)
ACBH (1 time)
AWS (1 time)
1991 Micro-determination of warfarin sodium, nicoumalone and acebutolol hydrochloride in pharmaceutical preparations.
55  wasting syndrome
(6 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
PCP (2 times)
AIDS (1 time)
BCM (1 time)
1995 [Human immunodeficiency virus infection in women].
56  water spray
(6 times)
Spinal Cord Injuries
(2 times)
PP (2 times)
SCI (2 times)
TP (2 times)
2012 Validation comparing the effectiveness of a lactic acid dip with a lactic acid spray for reducing Escherichia coli O157:H7, Salmonella, and non-O157 Shiga toxigenic Escherichia coli on beef trim and ground beef.
57  Wexner score
(6 times)
Gynecology
(3 times)
AI (3 times)
FIQL (3 times)
FI (2 times)
2010 Quo vadis STARR? A prospective long-term follow-up of stapled transanal rectal resection for obstructed defecation syndrome.
58  whole stomach
(6 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
HRQL (3 times)
NGT (3 times)
ABI (1 time)
1998 The denervated stomach as an esophageal substitute is a contractile organ.
59  Worry Scale
(6 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(2 times)
GAD (3 times)
STAI (3 times)
FQ (2 times)
1992 Patient tolerance of ioxaglate and iopamidol in internal mammary artery arteriography.
60  warm-sensitive
(5 times)
Brain
(2 times)
cs (3 times)
FACS (1 time)
GST (1 time)
1975 Membrane resistance change of the frog taste cells in response to water and Nacl.
61  weight support
(5 times)
Brain
(2 times)
CME (2 times)
MEPs (2 times)
PP (1 time)
2003 Effects of periodic weight support in a simulated weightless environment in preventing bone demineralisation.
62  weighted score
(5 times)
HIV Infections
(1 time)
CS (1 time)
FASTEX (1 time)
GIQ (1 time)
2009 Clinical validation and applicability of different tipranavir/ritonavir genotypic scores in HIV-1 protease inhibitor-experienced patients.
63  wet sediments
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
Chl-a (1 time)
DO (1 time)
DOC (1 time)
2012 Biotic and abiotic interactions in aquatic microcosms determine fate and toxicity of Ag nanoparticles: part 2-toxicity and Ag speciation.
64  W-spiral
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
HAI (3 times)
2005 [Hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy using W-spiral (WS) catheter].
65  Waddell signs
(4 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
CLBP (1 time)
CMP (1 time)
CNSLBP (1 time)
2009 Illness behavior in patients on long-term sick leave due to chronic musculoskeletal pain.
66  water soluble fraction
(4 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
AS (1 time)
FF (1 time)
HCW (1 time)
2000 Application of matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry to insoluble glucose oligomers in decomposed cellulose.
67  wavelength sensitivity
(4 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(2 times)
AS (3 times)
PCF (3 times)
RI (3 times)
2019 Localized surface plasmon resonance biosensor: an improved technique for SERS response intensification.
68  wax ester synthase
(4 times)
Biotechnology
(3 times)
FAR (3 times)
CDW (1 time)
TAG (1 time)
2014 Wax esters of different compositions produced via engineering of leaf chloroplast metabolism in Nicotiana benthamiana.
69  Web Services
(4 times)
Medical Informatics
(3 times)
IST (1 time)
PIDS (1 time)
SRS (1 time)
2007 A services oriented system for bioinformatics applications on the grid.
70  weight stability
(4 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
WL (6 times)
BMD (1 time)
FBG (1 time)
2018 Effect of Intentional Weight Loss on Mortality Biomarkers in Older Adults With Obesity.
71  weight-stack
(4 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
FW (2 times)
RF (2 times)
VM (2 times)
2007 Resistance training using eccentric overload induces early adaptations in skeletal muscle size.
72  weighted sum
(4 times)
Cybernetics
(2 times)
LS (2 times)
AHP (1 time)
CDG (1 time)
2012 Evaluating methods for combining rare variant data in pathway-based tests of genetic association.
73  wetsuit
(4 times)
Sports Medicine
(4 times)
SS (3 times)
RPE (2 times)
AD (1 time)
1995 Thermal responses to swimming in three water temperatures: influence of a wet suit.
74  whirlpool sign
(4 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
CASP (2 times)
US (2 times)
AT (1 time)
2014 Ultrasonographic diagnosis of midgut volvulus with malrotation in children.
75  white semen
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
YS (2 times)
SP (1 time)
YSS (1 time)
1982 Morphology of the epididymal region of turkeys producing abnormal yellow semen.
76  whole raw soybeans
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
FA (3 times)
CON (2 times)
CSFA (2 times)
2017 Different durations of whole raw soybean supplementation during the prepartum period: Measures of cellular immune function in transition cows.
77  whole slice
(4 times)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
ADCs (1 time)
CS (1 time)
DCE-MRI (1 time)
1997 Determination and correlation of in vitro viability for hairless mouse and human neonatal whole skin and stratum corneum/epidermis.
78  whole soybeans
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
LO (2 times)
PF (2 times)
PO (2 times)
1996 The effect of dietary fat inclusion on growth, carcass characteristics, and chemical composition of rabbits.
79  whole tissue sections
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
DFS (2 times)
HER2 (2 times)
TMA (2 times)
2012 Tissue microarray and digital image analysis: a methodological study with special reference to the microenvironment in Hodgkin lymphoma.
80  Wicket spikes
(4 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
BEVs (1 time)
BSSS (1 time)
EEG (1 time)
2000 A case-control study of a benign electroencephalographic variant pattern.
81  Wickham striae
(4 times)
Dermatology
(4 times)
LP (4 times)
LPBP (1 time)
2014 Spectrum of dermoscopic patterns in lichen planus: a case series from China.
82  winged scapula
(4 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
AD (1 time)
BCS (1 time)
FSH (1 time)
2018 Unilateral winged scapula: Clinical and electrodiagnostic experience with 128 cases, with special attention to long thoracic nerve palsy.
83  winter solstice
(4 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
SS (4 times)
AE (2 times)
HPT (1 time)
1989 Time of the sidereal year affects responsiveness to the phase-resetting effects of photoperiod in the ewe.
84  wollastonite
(4 times)
Biocompatible Materials
(2 times)
CA (1 time)
Cd (1 time)
CPC (1 time)
2012 [Comparative study of the cytotoxicity induced by chrysotile asbestos, rock wool and substitute fibers in vitro].
85  working space
(4 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
ET (2 times)
BAA (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
2013 A novel method for creating working space during endoscopic thyroidectomy via bilateral areolar approach.
86  wait-and-see
(3 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
ART (2 times)
GI (1 time)
GU (1 time)
2014 Adjuvant radiotherapy versus wait-and-see after radical prostatectomy: 10-year follow-up of the ARO 96-02/AUO AP 09/95 trial.
87  wake-sleep
(3 times)
Brain
(2 times)
AP (1 time)
DIO (1 time)
HC (1 time)
2013 Waking and sleeping in the rat made obese through a high-fat hypercaloric diet.
88  walking shoes
(3 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
AOFAS (1 time)
c-SCP (1 time)
CST (1 time)
2012 Effects of unstable shoes on energy cost during treadmill walking at various speeds.
89  Waterlogging stress
(3 times)
Plant Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
ACC (1 time)
AMF (1 time)
AOA (1 time)
2020 A Comprehensive Transcriptomics Analysis Reveals Long Non-Coding RNA to be Involved in the Key Metabolic Pathway in Response to Waterlogging Stress in Maize.
90  watermelon skin
(3 times)
Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
HF (2 times)
LF (2 times)
WF (2 times)
2019 Intake of Watermelon or Its Byproducts Alters Glucose Metabolism, the Microbiome, and Hepatic Proinflammatory Metabolites in High-Fat-Fed Male C57BL/6J Mice.
91  Watson syndrome
(3 times)
Genetics, Medical
(3 times)
NF1 (3 times)
NS (2 times)
NFNS (1 time)
1993 Tandem duplication within a neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) gene exon in a family with features of Watson syndrome and Noonan syndrome.
92  Waugh's syndrome
(3 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
DJ (1 time)
2000 Waugh's syndrome: a report of six patients.
93  wave similarity
(3 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
AF (2 times)
CL (2 times)
RR (2 times)
2012 A time-domain approach for the identification of atrial fibrillation drivers.
94  wavefront shaping
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
cPART (1 time)
DMD (1 time)
FOV (1 time)
2016 In vivo deep tissue imaging using wavefront shaping optical coherence tomography.
95  waxy starch
(3 times)
Polymers
(1 time)
CHOox (1 time)
CM (1 time)
DR (1 time)
1996 The effects of pre-exercise starch ingestion on endurance performance.
96  weak-strong
(3 times)
Audiology
(2 times)
SW (2 times)
CAS (1 time)
PML (1 time)
1994 A metrical template account of children's weak syllable omissions from multisyllabic words.
97  wearable sensor
(3 times)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
BP (1 time)
DM (1 time)
IS (1 time)
2016 Patient-Centered Home Care Using Digital Medicine and Telemetric Data for Hypertension: Feasibility and Acceptability of Objective Ambulatory Assessment.
98  weather stations
(3 times)
Science
(1 time)
EOT (1 time)
HI (1 time)
2015 Extreme operative temperatures are better descriptors of the thermal environment than mean temperatures.
99  weight status
(3 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
BW (1 time)
RFI (1 time)
2011 Changes in adolescents' intake of sugar-sweetened beverages and sedentary behaviour: results at 8 month mid-way assessment of the HEIA study--a comprehensive, multi-component school-based randomized trial.
100  weightlifting shoes
(3 times)
Sports Medicine
(2 times)
AS (1 time)
LF (1 time)
RS (1 time)
2015 Influence of Footwear Type on Barbell Back Squat Using 50, 70, and 90% of One Repetition Maximum: A Biomechanical Analysis.