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Abbreviation: WT
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Long forms: 589

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
wild-type
(37509 times)
Biochemistry
(3721 times)
KO (4144 times)
Tg (951 times)
ROS (855 times)
1973 Comparative studies of wild-type and "cold-mutant" (temperature-sensitive) influenza viruses: polypeptide synthesis by an Asian (H2N2) strain and its cold-adapted variant.
Wilms tumor
(964 times)
Neoplasms
(417 times)
OS (63 times)
EFS (45 times)
SIOP (27 times)
1976 Studies of malformation syndromes of man XXIX: the Wiedemann-Beckwith syndrome. Clinical, genetic and pathogenetic studies of 12 cases.
wild-type mice
(426 times)
Neurology
(48 times)
KO (29 times)
TG (18 times)
AD (15 times)
1991 Biochemical and pharmacological characterization of MCF-7 drug-sensitive and AdrR multidrug-resistant human breast tumor xenografts in athymic nude mice.
weight
(339 times)
Pharmacology
(51 times)
Ht (62 times)
BMI (50 times)
HC (28 times)
1976 Correlation coefficients for electrocardiographic and constitutional variables.
wavelet transform
(294 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(80 times)
EEG (28 times)
PCA (22 times)
SVM (22 times)
1993 Using the discrete wavelet transform for time-frequency analysis of the surface EMG signal.
wall thickness
(199 times)
Cardiology
(45 times)
LV (25 times)
CT (22 times)
ID (20 times)
1980 Echocardiographic assessment of aortic stenosis.
wild-type littermates
(152 times)
Neurology
(25 times)
TG (20 times)
KO (13 times)
AD (6 times)
1997 Exercise in transgenic mice overexpressing GLUT4 glucose transporters: effects on substrate metabolism and glycogen regulation.
Warthin's tumor
(122 times)
Pathology
(24 times)
PA (47 times)
MEC (18 times)
FNA (14 times)
1985 Lymphoid stroma of Warthin's tumor: phenotypic analogies with gut-associated lymphoid tissue.
wall thickening
(92 times)
Cardiology
(44 times)
LV (25 times)
WM (15 times)
SPECT (12 times)
1987 Effects of left circumflex coronary flow transducer implantation on posterior wall innervation.
10  wide type
(86 times)
Botany
(10 times)
KO (11 times)
ABA (5 times)
AD (5 times)
1999 Oral operant ethanol self-administration in 5-HT1b knockout mice.
11  wild-type controls
(86 times)
Physiology
(13 times)
KO (7 times)
LV (5 times)
MI (4 times)
1999 Role of alpha2C-adrenoceptor subtype in spatial working memory as revealed by mice with targeted disruption of the alpha2C-adrenoceptor gene.
12  water temperature
(85 times)
Environmental Health
(61 times)
DO (33 times)
TP (27 times)
TN (23 times)
1986 Significance of physical exercise in hypertension. Influence of water temperature and beta-blockade on blood pressure, degree of cardiac hypertrophy and cardiac function in swimming training of spontaneously hypertensive rats.
13  waiting time
(69 times)
Pharmacology
(9 times)
DT (9 times)
ED (7 times)
LOS (7 times)
1993 Does functional reach improve with rehabilitation?
14  wild-type strain
(59 times)
Microbiology
(22 times)
AFB1 (3 times)
OE (3 times)
ROS (3 times)
2000 The superantigenic toxin of Yersinia pseudotuberculosis: a novel virulence factor?
15  wortmannin
(45 times)
Biochemistry
(11 times)
PI3K (13 times)
PI (8 times)
GFX (5 times)
1994 Neurite outgrowth of PC12 cells is suppressed by wortmannin, a specific inhibitor of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase.
16  wild-type AMPK
(44 times)
Biochemistry
(9 times)
EGFR (5 times)
EGF (3 times)
KO (3 times)
1992 Selective formation of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF) degradation products contributes to TNF mediated cytotoxicity.
17  whole tumor
(27 times)
Biophysics
(5 times)
TC (16 times)
ET (15 times)
BraTS (6 times)
1990 The accuracy of fine needle aspiration biopsy for flow cytometric determination of tumor DNA content.
18  wild-type enzyme
(26 times)
Biochemistry
(17 times)
MMLV RT (2 times)
PLP (2 times)
T/P (2 times)
1987 Tyrosine 70 increases the coenzyme affinity of aspartate aminotransferase. A site-directed mutagenesis study.
19  walking test
(24 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
FD (5 times)
PD (5 times)
PS (5 times)
1983 The diagnosis intermittent claudication. The value of walking test, ankle pressure index and calf plethysmography in relation to the clinical findings.
20  Ward's triangle
(23 times)
Orthopedics
(9 times)
FN (21 times)
BMD (18 times)
LS (9 times)
1993 Bone mass in females with different thyroid disorders: influence of menopausal status.
21  wavelet transformation
(22 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(6 times)
PLS (4 times)
FFT (2 times)
LS-SVM (2 times)
1997 The application in processing analytical chemistry signals of a cardinal spline approach to wavelets.
22  weight training
(22 times)
Exercise
(7 times)
HYB (3 times)
PT (3 times)
CSA (2 times)
1986 Proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation versus weight training for enhancement of muscular strength and athletic performance*.
23  Wingate test
(20 times)
Sports Medicine
(11 times)
PP (7 times)
MP (6 times)
BM (2 times)
1982 Changes in muscle metabolites in females with 30-s exhaustive exercise.
24  water
(19 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
CF (3 times)
CHO (3 times)
Bt (2 times)
2003 RPE during prolonged cycling with and without carbohydrate ingestion in boys and men.
25  wind turbine
(19 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(5 times)
MPPT (3 times)
PV (2 times)
SHM (2 times)
2014 Amplitude modulation of sound from wind turbines under various meteorological conditions.
26  wait time
(17 times)
Emergency Medicine
(4 times)
LOS (6 times)
ED (5 times)
CTAS (2 times)
2002 Provision of clinically based information improves patients' perceived length of stay and satisfaction with EP.
27  wild-type cells
(17 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
AKAPs (1 time)
APEC (1 time)
AQP3 (1 time)
1975 DNA repair in Proteus mirabilis. III.Survival, dimer excision, and UV reactivation in comparison with Escherichia coli K12.
28  water table
(16 times)
Environmental Health
(10 times)
bgl (1 time)
BWdr (1 time)
CF (1 time)
2005 Methane-oxidizing bacteria in a Finnish raised mire complex: effects of site fertility and drainage.
29  white tea
(16 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(5 times)
GT (7 times)
BaP (3 times)
CAT (2 times)
2008 Intraoperative application of "white test" to reduce postoperative bile leak after major liver resection: results of a prospective cohort study in 137 patients.
30  wild-type animals
(16 times)
Science
(3 times)
KO (3 times)
3-NP (1 time)
A2AR (1 time)
1999 L-type calcium current and contractility in ventricular myocytes from mice overexpressing the cardiac beta 2-adrenoceptor.
31  wild-type littermate controls
(14 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
KO (3 times)
ACE2 (2 times)
GDNF (2 times)
2002 Galanin overexpressing transgenic mice.
32  wild-type virus
(14 times)
Virology
(9 times)
DV (2 times)
HIV-1 (2 times)
MOI (2 times)
1980 Polyoma virus middle t antigen: a tumor progression factor.
33  walking training
(13 times)
Vascular Diseases
(4 times)
IC (4 times)
ST (4 times)
MWD (2 times)
1999 Walking training for intermittent claudication in diabetes.
34  wild-type control mice
(13 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
KO (3 times)
3-NP (1 time)
ACh (1 time)
2000 Ablation of tumor necrosis factor receptor type I (p55) alters oxygen-induced lung injury.
35  Warshaw technique
(12 times)
General Surgery
(8 times)
SVP (8 times)
SPDP (6 times)
DPS (3 times)
2013 Spleen-preserving distal pancreatectomy with and without splenic vessel ligation: a systematic review.
36  washout time
(12 times)
Radiology
(4 times)
TTP (10 times)
CEUS (6 times)
AT (5 times)
2011 Contrast-enhanced ultrasonography of hepatocellular carcinoma: correlation between quantitative parameters and arteries in neoangiogenesis or sinusoidal capillarization.
37  wiring transmission
(11 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
VT (11 times)
CNS (5 times)
ECS (2 times)
1991 Communication and computation in the central nervous system.
38  wall tension
(10 times)
Neurosurgery
(4 times)
ABP (6 times)
ICP (6 times)
CrCP (5 times)
1976 Effects of progesterone, prostaglandin F2alpha and its analogue ICI 81008 on the excitability and threshold of the uterus.
39  waste tires
(10 times)
Environmental Health
(8 times)
CS (2 times)
ANOVA (1 time)
ATP (1 time)
2010 Leaching characteristics of bottom ash from coal fired electric generating plants, and waste tire; individually and mixtures when used as construction site fill materials.
40  whole transcriptomic
(10 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
DEGs (2 times)
ATM (1 time)
BM (1 time)
2005 Novel isothermal, linear nucleic acid amplification systems for highly multiplexed applications.
41  wild-type protein
(10 times)
Biochemistry
(7 times)
alpha-LA (1 time)
C18S (1 time)
FKBP22 (1 time)
1994 Resonance Raman spectroscopic studies of ligated mutant myoglobins.
42  wrist temperature
(10 times)
Physiology
(8 times)
BAT (1 time)
BP (1 time)
CS (1 time)
2011 Crosstalk between environmental light and internal time in humans.
43  FLT3-wild-type
(9 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
AML (8 times)
FLT3 (6 times)
ITD (5 times)
2003 An innovative phase I clinical study demonstrates inhibition of FLT3 phosphorylation by SU11248 in acute myeloid leukemia patients.
44  waterpipe tobacco
(9 times)
Public Health
(3 times)
eCO (2 times)
MRTP (1 time)
PHWs (1 time)
2017 Developing a Point-of-Sale Health Communication Campaign for Cigarillos and Waterpipe Tobacco.
45  with
(9 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
ROS (2 times)
AOM (1 time)
AREs (1 time)
2003 Absence of exon 10 of the human luteinizing hormone (LH) receptor impairs LH, but not human chorionic gonadotropin action.
46  well-trained
(8 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
RT (2 times)
UT (2 times)
BLa (1 time)
1982 Square-wave endurance exercise test (SWEET) for training and assessment in trained and untrained subjects. II. Blood gases and acid-base balance.
47  non-wild-type
(7 times)
Drug Therapy
(2 times)
BMD (2 times)
CLSI (2 times)
CA (1 time)
2012 Antifungal drug resistance: mechanisms, epidemiology, and consequences for treatment.
48  Wada test
(7 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
fMRI (3 times)
TLE (3 times)
CI (1 time)
1988 Acoustic analysis of affective prosody during right-sided Wada Test: a within-subjects verification of the right hemisphere's role in language.
49  walking for transport
(7 times)
Public Health
(3 times)
WR (3 times)
CCD (1 time)
CD (1 time)
2009 Sex- and age-specific seasonal variations in physical activity among adults.
50  white
(7 times)
Toxicology
(3 times)
BT (2 times)
GT (2 times)
ACE (1 time)
2011 Inhibition of angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) activity by polyphenols from tea (Camellia sinensis) and links to processing method.
51  wild-type zebrafish
(7 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
CL (1 time)
DEGs (1 time)
DEPPs (1 time)
2017 The Vox mRNA and protein expression in zebrafish Pou5f3 MZspg mutant embryos.
52  walk test
(6 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
NYHA (2 times)
6MWT (1 time)
AAI (1 time)
2002 Long-term intravenous epoprostenol infusion in primary pulmonary hypertension: prognostic factors and survival.
53  wet tissue
(6 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
AR (1 time)
CT (1 time)
CZ (1 time)
1991 Immunohistochemical study of metallothionein in normal and benign prostatic hyperplasia of human prostate.
54  wild-type thermolysin
(6 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
FAGLA (2 times)
2006 Engineering of the pH-dependence of thermolysin activity as examined by site-directed mutagenesis of Asn112 located at the active site of thermolysin.
55  Wistar
(6 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
SHR (3 times)
SD (2 times)
CoPP (1 time)
1999 Differences in the effect of iron-deficient diet on tissue weight, hemoglobin concentration and serum triglycerides in Fischer-344, Sprague-Dawley and Wistar rats.
56  EGFR-wild-type
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
NSCLC (3 times)
EGFR (2 times)
BC (1 time)
2016 Epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors in previously treated advanced non-small-cell lung cancer with wild-type EGFR.
57  TP53-wild type
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
ATM (1 time)
CNV (1 time)
CRC (1 time)
2016 A novel TP53 pathway influences the HGS-mediated exosome formation in colorectal cancer.
58  wake time
(5 times)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
BT (2 times)
SL (2 times)
SOT (2 times)
2007 The effect of interstate travel on the sleep patterns and performance of elite Australian Rules footballers.
59  wave turbulence
(5 times)
Science
(2 times)
CSF (1 time)
ICP (1 time)
ITs (1 time)
1999 Spectral bifurcations in dispersive wave turbulence.
60  wavelet
(5 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
AAPE (1 time)
ANOVA (1 time)
AR (1 time)
2006 Wavelet transform: A better approach for the evaluation of instantaneous changes in heart rate variability.
61  wild-type counterparts
(5 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
ASIC3 (1 time)
BMD (1 time)
EGF (1 time)
2001 Alternative versus classical macrophage activation during experimental African trypanosomosis.
62  wild-type group
(5 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
AAA (1 time)
AFP (1 time)
ALS (1 time)
2013 Electroacupuncture Stimulation at CV12 Inhibits Gastric Motility via TRPV1 Receptor.
63  work therapy
(5 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
NET (4 times)
CGI (1 time)
CRT (1 time)
2001 Neurocognitive enhancement therapy with work therapy: effects on neuropsychological test performance.
64  LETM1-wild type
(4 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
aa (1 time)
AAV2 (1 time)
KO (1 time)
2010 Increased optic atrophy type 1 expression protects retinal ganglion cells in a mouse model of glaucoma.
65  near-wild-type
(4 times)
Virology
(3 times)
BCoV (2 times)
MHV (2 times)
nt (2 times)
2011 An optimal cis-replication stem-loop IV in the 5' untranslated region of the mouse coronavirus genome extends 16 nucleotides into open reading frame 1.
66  TRX-wild type
(4 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
CCK-8 (1 time)
Cdc42 (1 time)
DDIs (1 time)
2003 Redox-sensing release of human thioredoxin from T lymphocytes with negative feedback loops.
67  Waon therapy
(4 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
6MWD (1 time)
BA (1 time)
BNP (1 time)
2015 Waon therapy improves quality of life as well as cardiac function and exercise capacity in patients with chronic heart failure.
68  warming tolerance
(4 times)
Central Nervous System
(1 time)
CTmax (3 times)
ABT (1 time)
AF (1 time)
2015 Upper thermal tolerance plasticity in tropical amphibian species from contrasting habitats: implications for warming impact prediction.
69  water thawing
(4 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
AT (3 times)
MP (2 times)
RT (2 times)
2020 Effect of different thawing methods on the efficiency and quality attributes of frozen red radish.
70  water treadmills
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
CAR (1 time)
DT (1 time)
FET (1 time)
2017 Workload of horses on a water treadmill: effect of speed and water height on oxygen consumption and cardiorespiratory parameters.
71  wavelet thresholding
(4 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
SNR (2 times)
CEEMDAN (1 time)
ECG (1 time)
2013 [A new method of distinguishing weak and overlapping signals of proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy].
72  weight-trained
(4 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
ET (2 times)
LBNP (2 times)
GAST (1 time)
1986 Cardiovascular responses to lower body negative pressure in endurance and static exercise-trained men.
73  welfare technology
(4 times)
Rehabilitation
(2 times)
HBM (1 time)
2019 Older People's Attitudes And Perspectives Of Welfare Technology In Norway.
74  Wellcome Trust
(4 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
AVATAR therapy (1 time)
AVH (1 time)
NHS/HPFS (1 time)
2009 Looking for landmarks: the role of expert review and bibliometric analysis in evaluating scientific publication outputs.
75  wild-type receptor
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
GPCRs (1 time)
PAF (1 time)
1993 Mutation in a conserved motif next to the insulin receptor key autophosphorylation sites de-regulates kinase activity and impairs insulin action.
76  Wingate Anaerobic Test
(4 times)
Sports Medicine
(2 times)
FI (1 time)
MAOD (1 time)
MEAN (1 time)
1989 Effects of a task-specific warm-up on anaerobic power.
77  WorldTour
(4 times)
Sports Medicine
(4 times)
MMP (3 times)
PT (3 times)
PO (1 time)
2018 Training, Performance, and Physiological Predictors of a Successful Elite Senior Career in Junior Competitive Road Cyclists.
78  AMPK-wild type
(3 times)
Science
(1 time)
AMPK (2 times)
ACC (1 time)
AICAR (1 time)
2005 Immunohistochemical localization of senescence marker protein-30 (SMP30) in the submandibular gland and ultrastructural changes of the granular duct cells in SMP30 knockout mice.
79  NCL-wild type
(3 times)
Communicable Diseases
(2 times)
c-di-AMP (1 time)
CDK1 (1 time)
CFU (1 time)
2014 Induced expression of nucleolin phosphorylation-deficient mutant confers dominant-negative effect on cell proliferation.
80  p53-wild-type
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
CRH (1 time)
HIF (1 time)
IAPs (1 time)
2006 Mutant p53 facilitates pro-angiogenic, hyperproliferative phenotype in response to chronic relative hypoxia.
81  waiting time to be seen
(3 times)
Emergency Medicine
(2 times)
ED (2 times)
FTA (2 times)
LOS (2 times)
2004 Quality and effectiveness of an emergency department during weekends.
82  wake therapy
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
BLT (1 time)
DP (1 time)
EBP (1 time)
2017 The effect of chronotherapy on depressive symptoms. Evidence-based practice.
83  waste treatment
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
BF (1 time)
CMS (1 time)
DT (1 time)
2011 Use of inorganic and organic wastes for in situ immobilisation of Pb and Zn in a contaminated alkaline soil.
84  wastewater treatment
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
AB (1 time)
AQ (1 time)
Cd (1 time)
2007 Archaeal diversity in naturally occurring and impacted environments from a tropical region.
85  water extract
(3 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
PE (2 times)
AD (1 time)
AOF (1 time)
2017 Immune-Stimulating Effects of Mycoleptodonoides aitchisonii (Agaricomycetes) Water Extract via TNF-alpha and IFN-gamma.
86  water immersion thawing
(3 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
UT (2 times)
AT (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2020 Effect of ultrasound thawing, vacuum thawing, and microwave thawing on gelling properties of protein from porcine longissimus dorsi.
87  wear time
(3 times)
Orthodontics
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
GDMT (1 time)
PA (1 time)
2016 Effects of Varying Epoch Lengths, Wear Time Algorithms, and Activity Cut-Points on Estimates of Child Sedentary Behavior and Physical Activity from Accelerometer Data.
88  Wearable technology
(3 times)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
ASD (1 time)
CT (1 time)
ICF-CY (1 time)
2018 From A to Z: Wearable technology explained.
89  wet torrefaction
(3 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
DT (2 times)
CSD (1 time)
SDR (1 time)
2018 Comparative study of wet and dry torrefaction of corn stalk and the effect on biomass pyrolysis polygeneration.
90  whitening
(3 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
BS (2 times)
RE (2 times)
TC (2 times)
2004 Abrasion of eroded root dentine brushed with different toothpastes.
91  wild strain
(3 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
ARTP (1 time)
SmHb (1 time)
2016 Enhancing nosiheptide production in Streptomyces actuosus by heterologous expression of haemoprotein from Sinorhizobium meliloti.
92  wild type Arabidopsis
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
BPA (1 time)
LEA (1 time)
miRNAs (1 time)
2017 Biochemical responses and ultrastructural changes in ethylene insensitive mutants of Arabidopsis thialiana subjected to bisphenol A exposure.
93  wild type HIV-1
(3 times)
Science
(1 time)
5ptaseIV (1 time)
CA (1 time)
CM (1 time)
2011 Assembly and replication of HIV-1 in T cells with low levels of phosphatidylinositol-(4,5)-bisphosphate.
94  wild-type alpha-synuclein
(3 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
PD (3 times)
1998 Accelerated in vitro fibril formation by a mutant alpha-synuclein linked to early-onset Parkinson disease.
95  wild-type parent strain
(3 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
NO (1 time)
TPx-1 (1 time)
1998 Mitogen-activated protein kinase-defective Candida albicans is avirulent in a novel model of localized murine candidiasis.
96  Winter-Tozer
(3 times)
Drug Therapy
(2 times)
ESRD (2 times)
HD (1 time)
NICU (1 time)
2013 Characterization of unbound phenytoin concentrations in neurointensive care unit patients using a revised Winter-Tozer equation.
97  Wistar rats
(3 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
ALAN (1 time)
ET-1 (1 time)
mRNA (1 time)
2013 Evaluating the effects of oral morphine on embryonic development of cerebellum in wistar rats.
98  without
(3 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
APC (1 time)
cART (1 time)
CL (1 time)
2007 Phosphorylation barriers to skeletal and cardiac muscle glucose uptakes in high-fat fed mice: studies in mice with a 50% reduction of hexokinase II.
99  WT mice
(3 times)
Science
(2 times)
KO (3 times)
BW (1 time)
COX (1 time)
2010 Tubuloglomerular feedback is decreased in COX-1 knockout mice after chronic angiotensin II infusion.
100  Wuci traffic
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
TH (3 times)
TSP (2 times)
2005 Concentrations of ambient air particulates (TSP, PM2.5 and PM2.5-10) and ionic species at offshore areas near Taiwan Strait.