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Abbreviation: obs
Appearance Frequency: 127 time(s)
Long forms: 65

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
observed
(33 times)
Occupational Medicine
(19 times)
SMR (13 times)
exp (12 times)
CI (7 times)
1987 Respiratory cancer among chloromethyl ether workers.
observed rate constant, k
(15 times)
Chemistry
(10 times)
TOC (2 times)
act (1 time)
AOs (1 time)
1992 Kinetics and mechanism of proteinase-binding of pregnancy zone protein (PZP). Appearance of sulfhydryl groups in reactions with proteinases.
observed first-order rate constant, k
(5 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
alkDTCs (1 time)
arylDTCs (1 time)
BDNPP (1 time)
2002 Mechanisms of acid decomposition of dithiocarbamates. 3. Aryldithiocarbamates and the torsional effect.
observed. k
(4 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
CR (1 time)
CSI (1 time)
GTMAC (1 time)
2001 Cobalt(III) complexes of [3(5)] adamanzane, 1,5,9,13-tetraazabicyclo[7.7.3]nonadecane. Report of an inert, chelate hydrogen carbonate ion.
observed degradation rate k
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
ZVI (2 times)
HPLC (1 time)
NP (1 time)
2008 Rapid removal of flutriafol in water by zero-valent iron powder.
observed pseudo first order reaction rate constant, k
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CMC (1 time)
DOM (1 time)
FTIR (1 time)
2000 Effects of solution polarity and viscosity on peptide deamidation.
overall first-order rate constant related to attainment of equilibrium, k
(3 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
app (2 times)
2000 Assessment of rate of drug release from oil vehicle using a rotating dialysis cell.
obeyed the simple rate law k
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
DMTU (1 time)
tmtu (1 time)
TU (1 time)
2004 Role of chelate substituents and cis sigma-effect on the rate of ligand substitution at Pt(N-N-N) and Pt(N-N-C) centres.
observed gas velocity u
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2007 [Theoretical analysis and experimental research of ozone gas mass transfer efficiency in activated sludge].
10  observed numbers of deaths
(2 times)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
PAH (1 time)
1994 Lung cancer mortality in a French cohort of hard-metal workers.
11  basis of the k
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
iPrOH (1 time)
OD (1 time)
2008 Hydride reduction of NAD+ analogues by isopropyl alcohol: kinetics, deuterium isotope effects and mechanism.
12  correlation between self-report and the VAS
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
VAS (2 times)
2002 Observational visual analog scale in pediatric pain assessment: useful tool or good riddance?
13  first-order rate with respect to the MB dye concentration, K
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
MB (1 time)
SCP (1 time)
2012 Spectroscopic and kinetic studies on the degradation of methylene blue using the supramolecular coordination polymer [(Ph3Sn)4FeCN(6)] as catalyst.
14  obeys the rate law: k
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2003 Reaction of imidazole with toluene-4-sulfonate salts of substituted phenyl N-methylpyridinium-4-carboxylate esters: special base catalysis by imidazole.
15  obs, deltaH
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
ds (1 time)
1997 Thermodynamics of oligoarginines binding to RNA and DNA.
16  obs, the limiting value of the first-order rate constant, k
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2000 A general kinetic approach to investigation of active-site availability in macromolecular catalysts.
17  observability coefficients, we introduce the probability of visits of M(s)
(1 time)
Physics
(1 time)
--- 2012 Influence of the singular manifold of nonobservable states in reconstructing chaotic attractors.
18  observability manifold, M(s)
(1 time)
Physics
(1 time)
--- 2012 Influence of the singular manifold of nonobservable states in reconstructing chaotic attractors.
19  Observation of a bell-shaped pH-K
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
BNPP (1 time)
2006 Phosphodiester modification by zinc metalated adenine polymer with carboxyl pendants.
20  observation time tau_
(1 time)
Physical Phenomena
(1 time)
--- 2016 Hysteretic and intermittent regimes in the subcritical bifurcation of a quasi-one-dimensional system of interacting particles.
21  observed a steep increase of values of k
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2010 Accelerated decarboxylation of 6-nitrobenzisoxazole-3-carboxylate in imidazolium-based ionic liquids and surfactant ionic liquids.
22  observed absorbance, A
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
true (1 time)
2006 Absorption spectrometry by narrowband light in optically saturated and optically pumped collision and Doppler broadened gaseous media under arbitrary optical thickness conditions.
23  observed and calculated structure factors, F
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1972 The stereochemical structure of disodium DL-glycerol 3-phosphate hexahydrate, the D isomer of which is an inhibitor of triose phosphate isomerase.
24  observed capacity factor k
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
G-CD (1 time)
1998 Understanding molecular association and isomers recognition in isomer-cyclodextrin multiple complex formation by improved liquid chromatographic studies.
25  observed charges, Z
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
app (1 time)
CRM (1 time)
CYC (1 time)
2002 Charged states of proteins. Reactions of doubly protonated alkyldiamines with NH(3): solvation or deprotonation. Extension of two proton cases to multiply protonated globular proteins observed in the gas phase.
26  observed data are normalized to give unitary structure factors |U(h)|
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
ME (1 time)
2008 Solving the crystal structures of zeolites using electron diffraction data. II. Density-building functions.
27  observed data y
(1 time)
Statistics as Topic
(1 time)
HLM (1 time)
mis (1 time)
OLS (1 time)
2007 Just-identified versus overidentified two-level hierarchical linear models with missing data.
28  observed diffusion coefficient D
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CSI (1 time)
PFG (1 time)
2005 Intermolecular hydrogen bonding of steroid compounds: PFG NMR diffusion study, cold-spray ionization (CSI)-MS and X-ray analysis.
29  observed equilibrium constants, K
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2004 Studies on the formation of glutathionylcobalamin: any free intracellular aquacobalamin is likely to be rapidly and irreversibly converted to glutathionylcobalamin.
30  observed first-order decomposition rate constants, k
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
AP (1 time)
BPPP (1 time)
TFAP (1 time)
2001 Viscosity effects on the thermal decomposition of bis(perfluoro-2-N-propoxypropionyl) peroxide in dense carbon dioxide and fluorinated solvents.
31  observed from the linear dependence of pK(a)
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
--- 2001 Denatured state thermodynamics: residual structure, chain stiffness and scaling factors.
32  observed hydrolysis rate constants k
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
FFA (1 time)
PC (1 time)
2008 Physicochemical stability of phospholipid-dispersed suspensions of crystalline itraconazole.
33  observed in the estimated standard deviations, sigma
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
EDDs (1 time)
MEM (1 time)
2012 Maximum-entropy-method charge densities based on structure-factor extraction with the commonly used Rietveld refinement programs GSAS, FullProf and Jana2006.
34  observed isomerization rate constants, k
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
HPLC (1 time)
2004 Model studies on the photosensitized isomerization of bixin.
35  observed kinetic reaction rate, k
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CPS (1 time)
2011 A kinetic study of Cr(VI) reduction by calcium polysulfide.
36  observed linearity of plots of DeltaG degrees
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
ASA (1 time)
GuHCl (1 time)
2000 Thermodynamic analysis of interactions between denaturants and protein surface exposed on unfolding: interpretation of urea and guanidinium chloride m-values and their correlation with changes in accessible surface area (ASA) using preferential interaction coefficients and the local-bulk domain model.
37  observed over a time t
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2006 Nonequilibrium dynamics in amorphous Si3B3N7.
38  observed phenotypic variance for log
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CAC (1 time)
CACb (1 time)
CAD (1 time)
2020 Genetic risk scores for coronary artery disease and its traditional risk factors: Their role in the progression of coronary artery calcification-Results of the Heinz Nixdorf Recall study.
39  observed pK(a), pK(a)
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
--- 2001 Denatured state thermodynamics: residual structure, chain stiffness and scaling factors.
40  observed rate coefficient, k
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2009 Spectroscopic and kinetic properties of HO(2) radicals and the enhancement of the HO(2) self reaction by CH(3)OH and H(2)O.
41  observed rate constant for adenylyl cyclase (AC) activation or k
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
AC (1 time)
CT (1 time)
DA (1 time)
2002 Homologous regulation of the heptahelical D1A receptor responsiveness: specific cytoplasmic tail regions mediate dopamine-induced phosphorylation, desensitization and endocytosis.
42  observed rates fit the equation: k
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2003 Hydrolysis of cyclic phosphoramides. Evidence for syn lone pair catalysis.
43  observed reductions in both deltaH(o)
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
HTH (1 time)
LBDM (1 time)
LEM (1 time)
2003 Thermal and urea-induced unfolding of the marginally stable lac repressor DNA-binding domain: a model system for analysis of solute effects on protein processes.
44  observed structure factors, F
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
EDDs (1 time)
MEM (1 time)
2012 Maximum-entropy-method charge densities based on structure-factor extraction with the commonly used Rietveld refinement programs GSAS, FullProf and Jana2006.
45  observed wall loss rate, k
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2007 A novel flow reactor for studying reactions on liquid surfaces coated by organic monolayers: methods, validation, and initial results.
46  observed with a k
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2010 Hydride ion transfer from ruthenium(II) complexes in water: kinetics and mechanism.
47  observed yields, Y
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2002 Biological nutrient removal wastewater treatments and sewage sludge anaerobic mesophilic digestion performances.
48  observed, and the k
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2002 Spectroscopy, cytotoxicity and DNA-binding of the lanthanum(III) complex of an L-valine derivative of 1,10-phenanthroline.
49  obtained because k
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2005 Kinetics and mechanism of the reaction between ascorbic acid derivatives and an arenediazonium salt: cationic micellar effects.
50  obtained by the WLS method are upsilon
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
UFS (1 time)
WLS (1 time)
2013 [Application of wavenumber-linear scaling to the calculated Raman frequencies of polyenes and carotenoids].
51  obtained effective internuclear distances, reffj, k
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
AP (1 time)
calc (1 time)
PLA (1 time)
2018 Quantitative Analysis of Solid-State Homonuclear Correlation Spectra of Antiparallel beta-Sheet Alanine Tetramers.
52  obtained from comparisons at the level of delta deltaG
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
--- 1997 Thermodynamics of the interactions of lac repressor with variants of the symmetric lac operator: effects of converting a consensus site to a non-specific site.
53  obtained from linear plots of k
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 1996 Rates of Dimethyl Sulfoxide Exchange in Monoalkyl Cationic Platinum(II) Complexes Containing Nitrogen Bidentate Ligands. A Proton NMR Study.
54  obtained from plots of log k
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
MOEt (1 time)
2004 Nucleophilic displacement on 4-nitrophenyl dimethyl phosphinate by ethoxide ion: alkali metal ion catalysis and mechanism.
55  obtained from the rate constants, k
(1 time)
Chemistry, Bioinorganic
(1 time)
pa (1 time)
2007 New Dihydro OO'Bis(Salicylidene) 2,2' Aminobenzothiazolyl Borate Complexes: Kinetic and Voltammetric Studies of Dimethyltin Copper Complex with Guanine, Adenine, and Calf Thymus DNA.
56  obtained strong linear correlations between k
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2005 On the nonlinear relationship between k(obs) and reductant mass loading in iron batch systems.
57  obtaining activation parameters and k
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2002 Temperature-rate profiles by polarimetric variable-temperature kinetic experiments to study racemization reactions.
58  occurs besides the cycloaddition reaction and the k
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
BNAH (1 time)
t-BuBNAH (1 time)
2001 Metal ion-catalyzed cycloaddition vs hydride transfer reactions of NADH analogues with p-benzoquinones.
59  onwards, however, significant differences were noted between F
(1 time)
Embryology
(1 time)
REM (1 time)
1992 The temporal relationship between the onset of rapid eye movement period and the first micturition thereafter in the human fetus with advance in gestation.
60  opposite a G was extremely robust with a k
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
8-oxoG (1 time)
Ath (1 time)
Cal (1 time)
2009 Plant and fungal Fpg homologs are formamidopyrimidine DNA glycosylases but not 8-oxoguanine DNA glycosylases.
61  Oppositely, no considerable decrease of k
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
PCP (1 time)
2008 [Oxidation kinetics of pentachlorophenol by manganese dioxide].
62  otobasion superioris
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
obi (1 time)
TPF (1 time)
2008 Anatomy of tympanoparotid fascia relating to neck lift.
63  over substrate to provide the analogous parameters k
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2001 Kinetic and titration methods for determination of active site contents of enzyme and catalytic antibody preparations.
64  oxygen binding rate constant k
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
Hc (1 time)
2010 Structural basis of the lactate-dependent allosteric regulation of oxygen binding in arthropod hemocyanin.
65  upon binding ssDNA, affecting both DeltaH
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
ASA (1 time)
ss (1 time)
2006 Effects of monovalent anions on a temperature-dependent heat capacity change for Escherichia coli SSB tetramer binding to single-stranded DNA.